Inventory of the Fred L. Walker papers

Finding aid prepared by Beaudry R. Allen
Hoover Institution Library and Archives
© 2009, 2015
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA 94305-6003
hoover-library-archives@stanford.edu


Title: Fred L. Walker papers
Date (bulk): 1915-1947
Collection Number: 93001
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
Language of Material: English .
Physical Description: 10 manuscript boxes, 5 oversize boxes, 1 oversize folder (14.15 Linear Feet)
Abstract: Memoirs, diaries, speeches, correspondence, news clippings, printed matter, photographs, and memorabilia relating primarily to the American military campaign in Italy during World War II, especially to the Battle of the Rapido River. Also includes material on the Second Battle of the Marne in World War I, American troops in the Philippines, the Punitive Expedition into Mexico in 1916, and the Texas National Guard.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives

Access

The collection is open for research; materials must be requested at least two business days in advance of intended use.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 1993.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Fred L. Walker papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Biographical Note

1887 Born in Fairfield County, Ohio
1911 Graduated from Ohio State University with a degree in engineering and joined the Army as second lieutenant
1911-1914 Served in the Philippines with 13th U.S. Infantry
1914-1916 Served with 17th Infantry in the Punitive Expedition into Mexico
1917-1918 Served with the 30th Infantry Regiment in France
1918 Battalion Commander during the Second Battle of the Marne and awarded the Distinguished Service Cross
1927-1932 Infantry School instructor
1941-1944 Appointed commanding general of the 36th Infantry Division in Texas and fought at the Battle of Salerno at Paestum, Rapido River, Cassino, and Mt. Artemisio
1944 Awarded Second Distinguished Service Cross
1946-1947 Retired from the army as a major general and appointed lieutenant general and commander of the Texas National Guard
1969 Died in Washington, D.C.

Scope and Content of Collection

The collection consists of diaries, memoirs, speeches, correspondence, news clippings, printed matter, photographs, and memorabilia of Fred Livingood Walker, Commander of the 36th Infantry Division in World War II. Walker's papers detail his military career and relate to American troops in the Philippines in 1912, the Punitive Expedition into Mexico in 1916, and the Second Battle of the Marne in World War I. The bulk of the collection focuses on the 36th Division's campaign in Italy during World War II, especially to the Battle of the Rapido River, and Walker's later commandment of the Texas National Guard. The collection is arranged into five groups: Correspondence, Speeches and Writings, Military Career file, Photographs, and Scrapbooks and Printed material.

Related Collection

Fred L. (Fred Livingood) Walker typescript: Mission impossible at Cassino: the first assault across the Rapido River near Cassino in World War II, January 1944, Hoover Institution Library & Archives

 

Correspondence 1944-1947

Scope and Contents note

Contains letters and telegrams to and from Walker after his return from deployment in Italy in 1944 and mostly consists of correspondence from his tenure as commander of the Texas National Guard and Director of Military Training with Army Service Forces. The correspondence maintains the original order of the creator and is arranged into personal and professional correspondence.
 

Personal correspondence 1944-1947

box 1, folder 1

1944 July - September

box 1, folder 2

1944 October - December

box 1, folder 3

1945 January - June 30

box 1, folder 4

A-J 1945-1947

box 1, folder 5

K-S 1945-1947

box 9, folder 5

Keystone Wood Preserving Company 1946

box 1, folder 6

1946-1947

box 1, folder 7

Invitations, RSVP response letters 1946-1947

 

Professional correspondence 1945-1947

box 2, folder 1

Adjutant General's Office, War Department 1945-1947

box 2, folder 2

Ainsworth, H. Miller, Colonel 1945

box 2, folder 3

Albert, John E., Colonel, Air Corps 1945

box 2, folder 4

Army Service Forces 1945

box 2, folder 5

Barron, Gaines, Colonel 1945

box 2, folder 6

Biographical sketches and requests 1944-1946

box 2, folder 7

Bradley, Omar, General 1945

box 2, folder 8

Chase, Thorton, Colonel 1945

box 2, folder 9

Clark, Mark, General 1945

box 2, folder 10

Dahlquist, John, Major General 1945

box 2, folder 11

Dawes, B. G. 1945

box 2, folder 12

Delcher, Bill 1945

box 2, folder 13

Films, battlefield reels 1946

box 2, folder 14

Heraty, Francis (Mike), Colonel 1945

box 2, folder 15

Hobson, W.H. (Bunny) 1945

box 2, folder 16

Hume, Edgan, Brigadier General 1946

box 2, folder 17

Humphery, Walter 1945

box 2, folder 18

Kelley, William, Captain 1945

box 2, folder 19

Kerr, Clayton, Colonel 1945

box 2, folder 20

O'Connell, Arthur 1947

box 2, folder 21

Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus 1945

box 2, folder 22

Publicity 1946

box 2, folder 23

Salerno Memorial 1945

box 2, folder 24

Sevaried, Eric 1946

 

Speeches and Writings 1912-1947

Scope and Contents note

Consists of diaries and drafts of memoirs that relate to Walker's experiences in the military, which would later serve as material for his published memoir, From Texas to Rome, and speeches given upon his return from active duty and during his tenure as General of the Texas National Guard. Arranged by format.
 

Writings 1912-1947

box 2, folder 25

Diary and notebook undated

box 3, folder 2-6

Diaries 1912-1945

box 14, folder 1-5

Diaries 1941-1947

box 14, folder 6

Notebook undated

box 4, folder 1-5

Memoirs, typescript drafts undated

box 5, folder 1

Memoirs, typescript drafts undated

 

Speeches 1944-1947

box 5, folder 2

Untitled. speech, American Red Cross, undated

box 5, folder 3

"Some of my experiences and conclusions arrived at as the result of my service in the Italian Theatre of Operations with the 36th Division," undated

box 5, folder 4

Untitled. speech, State Board Conference, undated

box 5, folder 5

1944 July 7. speech, "Farewell Review by the Troops of the 36th Division at Paestum, Italy," 1944

box 5, folder 6

1944 November 11. speech, talk before the American Legion in Columbus, Ohio, 1944

box 5, folder 7

1944 November 28. speech, British Officers Dinner, 1944

box 5, folder 8

1944 December 7. speech, New York- War Bond trip, 1944

box 5, folder 9

1945 January 4. speech, dinner for Modern Small Arms and Ammunition Industry, 1945

box 5, folder 10

1945 January 26. speech, The Civitan Club in Birmingham, Alabama, 1945

box 5, folder 11

1945 January 29. speech, The Columbus Kiwanis Club, 1945

box 5, folder 12

1945 March 14. speech, for radio broadcast Dallas Morning News, 1945

box 5, folder 13

1945 March 17. speech notes, untitled, 1945

box 5, folder 14

1945 May 8. announcement, "Victory in Europe," 1945

box 5, folder 15

1945 May 15. speech, Detroit, Michigan, dedication of Hero's Square, 1945

box 5, folder 16

1946 May 26. speech, reorganization of the Texas National Guard, 1946

box 5, folder 17

1946 July 6. speech, Duty to Continued Peace in Austin, Texas, 1946

box 5, folder 18

1946 September 5. speech, American Legion of Galveston, Texas, 1946

box 5, folder 19

1946 November 11. speech, "Address of Governor-Elect Jester on the Occasion of the Return of the Colors to the State of Texas," 1946

box 5, folder 20

1947 April 13. address, American Legion in Childress, Texas, 1947

 

Military Career File 1918-1967

Scope and Contents note

Contains reports, bulletins, news clippings, memorandums, maps, and printed matter detailing United States military operations and Walker's military career. Arranged by subject, then chronologically.
 

World War I 1918-1922, 1967

box 5, folder 21

Marne Division bulletins and other printed matter 1918-1919

box 5, folder 22

Barrage sheet of German tactics on Marne 1918, 1967 July 15

box 5, folder 23

Campaign of 1918, Americans at the Second Battle of Marne circa 1921-1922

box 5, folder 24

Battle of Verdun Illustrated Guide undated

 

World War II 1941-1946

box 5, folder 25

Special orders, re: appointment lists 1941-1945

box 5, folder 26

Publicity clippings 1941-1942

box 9

Italian campaign maps 1940s

box 6, folder 1

Fort Benning memorandums 1945 January-February

box 6, folder 2

Po Valley campaign printed matter 1945

box 6, folder 3

Portrait presentation of Walker at the Texas Senate 1945 April 30

box 6, folder 4

Retirement file with the Adjutant General Office 1945-1946

box 6, folder 5

The Rapido River Crossing, Hearings before the Committee on Military Affairs from House of Representatives, 1946 February 20-1946 March 18 1946 February 20 - March 18

box 6, folder 6

"Intermission at Cassino," undated

box 6, folder 7

Texas National Guard lists, reports, plans, and constitution 1946-1947

box 6, folder 8

Charles Walker, awards and commendations 1959

 

Photographs 1889-1969

Scope and Contents note

Photographs include Walker's early years in the miltary from deployment to the Philippines and the Punitive Expedition, to World Wars I and II. The majority of the photographs are of the 36th Infantry Division activities during and after World War II. Also included are personal family photographs. Arranged chronologically by subject.
box 6, folder 10

Family photographs, 1889-1945

box 6, folder 11

Troop B drills, Columbus, Ohio, photo album 1908

box 6, folder 12

Family photographs while stationed in the Philippines 1912-1915

box 6, folder 13

Portraits of Fred Walker 1911-1947

box 7, folder 1

Portraits of Fred Walker 1911-1947

box 7, folder 2

Punitive Expedition into Mexico 1915-1917

box 7, folder 3

World War I, on the Banks of the Rhine and German soldiers prison camp 1917-1919

box 7, folder 4

Fred Walker, Jr. 1928-1935, 1944

box 6, folder 9

15th Infantry, Fort Lewis, Washington, photo album 1938-1939

box 7, folder 5

The 36th Infantry Division 1941-1969

box 8, folder 1-3

The 36th Infantry Division The 36th Infantry Division

box 8, folder 4-6

Campaign into Italy 1943-1944

box 8, folder 7

Perasano, Italy, photo album circa 1944

box 9, folder 1

Fort Benning, Infantry School and miscellaneous receptions and dinners post 1944

box 9, folder 2

P.R.O. photographs from Bunny (W. H.) Hobson 1945

box 9, folder 3

Colonel Ainsworth Ranch 1945

box 9, folder 4

Texas 1946-1947

box 10, Folder 1

Unidentified portraits, 3 prints, photographed by Mueller Studio, Newark, Ohio 1945

box 10, Folder 2

Unidentified portraits, 5 prints undated

box 10, Folder 3

Camp Bowie and Fourth Army Recruiting District, 4 prints undated

box 10, Folder 4

Portrait taken at Camp Mabry, Texas 1947

box 15, Folder 1

Aerial shot of Area "E" terrain to Cassino circa 1940s

box 15, Folder 2

Group portraits, Army War College 1936-1937

box 15, Folder 3

Unidentified portraits, Atlas Photos, Fort Worth undated

box 15, Folder 4

Aerial photograph BCA-3-91 1938 August 13

box 15, Folder 5

Mounted photograph of the Commandant's House, Fort Benning, Georgia 1944

 

Scrapbooks and Printed Material 1898-1968

Scope and Contents note

The scrapbooks contain photographs of the 36th Infantry Division's campaign from Africa into Italy, news clippings, and career and personal ephemera. Arranged by format.
box 9, folder 6

Infantry in Battle

box 10, Folder 5

2 certificates relating to service in the Army 1926 1935

box 10, Folder 6

Apron Latch Block, 1 blueprint 1905 June 8

box 10, Folder 7

6 art prints of monument to 36th Infantry Division, signed by E.M. ScHiwetz 1964

box 10, Folder 8

Engineer of Mines degree from Ohio State University 1911 June 14

box 10, Folder 9

36th Division at Velletri and assorted military observation drawings 1934-1944

box 10, Folder 10

Art reproduction prints undated

box 10, Folder 11

Certificate of appreciation from Chaplains Corps, Rome, Italy 1944 July

map_case J07

4 maps of Italy undated

box 11

Scrapbook 1898-1940s

box 12

News clippings scrapbook 1911-1968

box 13

Photograph scrapbook 1942-1944

box 15, Folder 6

Marriage certificate for Dillon Messmore and Maggie Bender 1883

box 15, Folder 7

Apostolic benediction undated

box 15, Folder 8

Office of Military Training organizational chart undated

box 15, Folder 9

Reprint of "Instrument of Surrender" by Japanese government circa 1945

box 15, Folder 10

Drawing of 37mm gun and cradle 1917 September 1

box 15, Folder 11

Diplomas 1931-1934

box 15, Folder 12

Newspaper clippings 1941-1955

box 15, Folder 13

1st Lieutenant of Infantry diploma 1916

box 15, Folder 14

5 copies of an untitled German-language map 1921

box 15, Folder 15

7 maps of Italy 1943-1952 undated

box 3, folder 1

Regulations for the Army of the United States. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1889