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Marmor (Judd) papers
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements
  • Conditions Governing Access
  • Conditions Governing Use
  • Preferred Citation
  • Provenance/Source of Acquisition
  • Processing Note
  • UCLA Catalog Record ID
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content
  • Organization and Arrangement
  • Related Material

  • Contributing Institution: UCLA Library Special Collections
    Title: Judd Marmor papers
    Creator: Marmor, Judd
    Identifier/Call Number: LSC.1795
    Physical Description: 35.15 Linear Feet (71 boxes, 1 half document box, 4 oversize flat boxes, and 1 map folder)
    Date (inclusive): 1923-2003
    Abstract: Judah (Judd) Marmor, M.D. (1910-2003), Los Angeles psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, acknowledged for his leadership role in the movement to declassify homosexuality as a mental disease, which was removed from DSM-II in 1973. The collection contains Dr. Marmor's research and reference materials, documents related to his professional and academic life, including his presidency of the American Psychiatric Association (APA); correspondence with colleagues; and some personal items.
    Physical Location: Stored off-site. All requests to access special collections material must be made in advance using the request button located on this page.
    Language of Material: Materials are in English.

    Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

    CONTAINS AUDIO AND AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS: This collection contains both processed and unprocessed audio and audiovisual materials. For information about the access status of the material that you are looking for, refer to the Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements note at the series and file levels. All requests to access processed audio and audiovisual materials must be made in advance using the request button located on this page.

    Conditions Governing Access

    Box 74 of this collection is restricted; biographical information from patient records may not be disclosed.
    In order to access materials that are protected under HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) or for which there is sensitive health information, please submit a research protocol to Library Special Collections at speccoll@library.ucla.edu.

    Conditions Governing Use

    Property rights to the physical objects belong to UCLA Library Special Collections. All other rights, including copyright, are retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Judd Marmor papers (Collection Number 1795). Department of Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, UCLA.

    Provenance/Source of Acquisition

    Gift of Judd Marmor, 1999. Subsequent gift from the estate in 2004.

    Processing Note

    Collections are processed to a variety of levels depending on the work necessary to make them usable, their perceived user interest and research value, availability of staff and resources, and competing priorities. Library Special Collections provides a standard level of preservation and access for all collections and, when time and resources permit, conducts more intensive processing. These materials have been arranged and described according to national and local standards and best practices.
    Processed by Amelia Acker, with assistance from Kelley Bachli, in the Center For Primary Research and Training (CFPRT), March 2008.

    UCLA Catalog Record ID

    UCLA Catalog Record ID: 6088506 


    Judah (Judd) Marmor, M.D. (1910-2003) was an important Los Angeles psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, acknowledged for his leadership role in the movement to declassify homosexuality as a mental disease, which was removed from DSM-II in 1973.
    Born on May 1, 1910 in London, England, Dr. Marmor grew up in Chicago and New York. He attended Columbia College as a Pulitzer scholar and graduated from the Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1933. Afterwards he began his postgraduate training in neurology and psychiatry and went into private psychiatric practice. Dr. Marmor began his psychoanalytic training four years later at the New York Psychoanalytic Institute in 1937.
    After serving as a Senior Attending Surgeon (Lt.) in the Navy during WWII, Dr. Marmor and his wife Katherine moved to Los Angeles where he began as the Senior Attending Psychiatrist at Cedars of Lebanon Hospital in 1947. At this time he began visiting professorships in psychology and social welfare at the University of Southern California (USC) and the University of California, Los Angles (UCLA). In 1952, Dr. Marmor was appointed Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at the UCLA School of Medicine and a year later began as a Training Analyst for the Southern California Psychoanalytic Institute. In 1965 Dr. Marmor assumed the position of Director of the Division of Psychiatry at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and in 1972 became the first Franz Alexander Professor of Psychiatry Chair at the USC School of Medicine.
    Dr. Marmor rose to prominence early in his career in academic and professional psychiatric and psychoanalytic communities; he was known as a talented educator, prolific writer and a compassionate clinician. He was respected for his analytic work with Hollywood celebrities, his strong commitment to the civil and women's rights movements, and was also known to the public as Abigail Van Buren's mental health expert in "Dear Abby" advice columns.
    Judd Marmor was also a leading figure in the movement to declassify homosexuality as a mental disease. Dr. Marmor worked for many years with homosexual patients beginning in the 1940s, and his first book Sexual Inversion and early publications regarding the subject were some of the first to feature biopsychosocial approaches to the issue of homosexuality. In 1967, Evelyn Hooker, chairwoman of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Task Force on Homosexuality, nominated Judd to be a member. The NIMH Task Force produced an influential final report two years later, the recommendations of which would have far-reaching effects for social policy, training, treatment, and government funded research.
    From 1970 to 1973 annual APA conferences were disrupted by protests from gay activists. Shortly after Dr. John Fryer's now famous "Dr. H. Anonymous" presentation at the annual APA conference in Dallas in May of 1972, the Nomenclature Committee, Dr. Marmor then the Vice President and Dr. John P. Spiegel the President-elect of the APA met with gay activist groups to discuss the category of homosexuality as it appeared in the Diagnostics and Statistics Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). In 1973, a DSM-II development committee led by Dr. Robert Spitzer put forth a vote to the APA Board of Trustees, and a year later the APA membership would vote to remove homosexuality from the DSM-II. Dr. Marmor had long been an outspoken critic of classifying homosexuality as a mental illness and was influential in many historic events that ended discrimination against homosexuals in the psychiatric community.
    Dr. Marmor sat on numerous journal editorial boards and boards of directors, and was the president and/or vice-president of six professional medical organizations and societies; including the American Academy of Psychoanalysis, American Psychiatric Association, Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry, Southern California Psychoanalytic Institute, and Southern California Psychoanalytic Society. He was the principle author and editor of 8 books and over 350 scientific journal articles featuring a spectrum of psychiatric and psychoanalytic topics.
    Judd and his wife Katherine, a clinical psychologist, were also collectors of contemporary art. Both sat on the Contemporary Art Council board of directors at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) and were known to have lent and donated artworks to LACMA and MOCA.
    Dr. Marmor died on December 16, 2003 at the age of 93.

    Scope and Content

    Collection consists of Dr. Marmor's professional papers, including his research and reference files by subject; lectures and manuscripts; correspondence with colleagues; and materials related to his involvement in a variety of professional and academic organizations and institutions, including the American Psychiatric Association and the Southern California Psychoanalytic Institute and Society. The collection does not contain any of Dr. Marmor's patient records.

    Organization and Arrangement

    The collection is arranged into seven series; alphabetically by topic, title or author's last name.
    Abbreviations Used in Container List:
    • APA = American Psychiatric Association
    • DSM = Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders
    • GAP = Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry
    • LACMA = Los Angeles County Museum of Art
    • NIMH = National Institute of Mental Health
    • SCPS = Southern California Psychoanalytic Society
    • UCLA = University of California, Los Angeles
    • USC = University of Southern California
    • USPHS = United States Public Health Service.

    Related Material

    The Judd Marmor papers [ html  ]/[ pdf  ]. Available at the ONE archives.
    The One National Gay & Lesbian Archives in Los Angeles have 4 boxes (approximately 1.7 linear feet) of Dr. Marmor's research, legal consulting, and subject files on homosexuality, including correspondence with Evelyn Hooker; photographs with gay activists at the 1972 annual APA meeting; and litigation proceedings where he was called to participate as an expert witness.
    Judd and Katherine's son and daughter-in-law, Mike and Jane Marmor manage the Marmor Foundation which has donated a contemporary art collection to the Cantor Art Center at Stanford University.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Psychiatrists -- California -- Los Angeles -- Archives.
    Universities and colleges -- California -- Los Angeles -- Faculty -- Archives.
    Psychoanalysts -- California -- Los Angeles -- Archives.