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Ghioldi (Americo) papers
2006C41  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Use
  • Acquisition Information
  • Preferred Citation
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement

  • Title: Américo Ghioldi papers
    Date (inclusive): 1857-2006
    Collection Number: 2006C41
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
    Language of Material: Spanish; Castilian
    Physical Description: 61 manuscript boxes, 3 card file boxes, 2 oversize boxes (27.6 Linear Feet)
    Abstract: The Américo Ghioldi papers in the Hoover Institution Library & Archives document the multifaceted career of a prominent Argentine politician, journalist, and educator. Joining the Partido Socialista at an early age, Ghioldi wrote prolifically for the socialist press, principally for the newspaper he helped to edit, La Vanguardia. He was also a lecturer and orator, giving numerous talks at socialist meetings and campaign rallies. Rising to a leadership position in the Partido Socialista, he was elected repeatedly to the Argentine Cámara de Diputados de la Nación.
    Creator: Ghioldi, Américo, 1899-
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives

    Access

    The collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.

    Use

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives

    Acquisition Information

    Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 2006

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Américo Ghioldi papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives

    Biographical Note

    1899 Born, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    1917 Joins Partido Socialista
    1920 Graduates from teachers' college
    1924-1947 Member, editorial board, La Vanguardia
    1926-1930 Member, Concejo Deliberante de la Municipalidad de Buenos Aires
    1932-1943 Member, Cámara de Diputados de la Nación
    1933 Juan B. Justo, sus ideas políticas, sus ideas socialistas, sus ideas filosóficos
    1940s-1970s Professor, Universidad Nacional de la Plata and Universidad de Buenos Aires
    1951-1955 In political exile, Montevideo, Uruguay
    1955-1958 Member, Junta Consultiva Nacional
    1957 Delegate, constitutional convention, Santa Fé, Argentina
    1958 Founding member of Partido Socialista Democrático
    1963-1966 Member, Cámara de Diputados de la Nación
    1967 Ejército y política: el golpe del 28 junio de 1966
    1973 Candidate for president of Argentina
    1976-1979 Argentine ambassador to Portugal
    1985 Died

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Acquired in 2006, the Américo Ghioldi papers in the Hoover Institution Library & Archives document the multifaceted career of a prominent Argentine politician, journalist, and educator. Joining the Partido Socialista at an early age, Ghioldi wrote prolifically for the socialist press, principally for the newspaper he helped to edit, La Vanguardia. He was also a lecturer and orator, giving numerous talks at socialist meetings and campaign rallies. Rising to a leadership position in the Partido Socialista, he was elected repeatedly to the Argentine Cámara de Diputados de la Nación.
    A staunch opponent of the government of Juan Perón, Ghioldi spent the early 1950s as a political exile in Uruguay. Following the military overthrow of Perón, Ghioldi returned to Argentina and joined the government as a member of the Junta Consultiva Nacional. This collaboration with military rule was controversial, as was Ghioldi's later service as Argentine ambassador to Portugal under another military junta, but throughout his political itinerary Ghioldi saw himself as remaining true to his socialist principles. After a split in the Partido Socialista in 1958, Ghioldi became one of the leaders of the Partido Socialista Democrática, in whose ranks he was active until the end of his life.
    In addition to his political activities, Ghioldi taught at several Argentine universities, and showed a keen interest in the field of public education in Argentina, both as a legislator and as an author.
    The largest series in the Américo Ghioldi Papers is comprised of his Speeches and Writings. These consist largely of his numerous newspaper articles, most of which deal with Argentine political issues of his era. Among the many topics addressed by Ghioldi are Peronism, economics, and the political turbulence of Argentina in the 1960s and 1970s. There are also numerous writings on the subject of education in Argentina, as well as others devoted to historical and philosophical subjects.
    The Lecture Notes series in the papers contains notes used by Ghioldi in his talks on a wide variety of subjects, ranging from socialism to Argentine history.
    The Correspondence series includes exchanges of letters between Ghioldi and a number of socialist personalities, including Alfredo Lorenzo Palacios and Nicolás Repetto, as well as extensive correspondence between Ghioldi and his wife, Delfina Varela Dominguez de Ghioldi.
    The Biographical File contains a large number of clippings that contain accounts of Ghioldi's political activities and his many speaking engagements. Ghioldi's legislative career is documented in the Political Career File series in the papers. There are a number of lengthy recorded interviews with Ghioldi in the Sound Recordings series.
    The Subject File contains significant materials relating to the Argentine educational system. The Printed Matter series contains a significant number of Argentine serial issues, ranging across the political spectrum.

    Arrangement

    The collection is organized into 15 series: Biographical file, correspondence, speeches and writings, diaries and notebooks, lecture notes, study guides, conference materials, card files, political career file, subject file, writings by others, printed matter, photographs, sound recordings, and oversize materials

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Argentina -- Politics and government -- 20th century
    Socialism -- Argentina
    Education -- Argentina
    Partido Socialista (Argentina)
    Partido Socialista Democrático (Argentina)