Register of the Felikss Cielens papers

Finding aid prepared by David Jacobs
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6003
(650) 723-3563
hooverarchives@stanford.edu
© 2003


Title: Felikss Cielens papers
Date (inclusive): 1913-1960
Collection Number: 66003
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: Latvian
Physical Description: 5 manuscript boxes (2.0 linear feet)
Abstract: Memoirs, writings, correspondence, memoranda, and printed matter, relating to Latvian foreign relations and political conditions.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Cielens, Felikss

Access

The collection is open for research; materials must be requested at least two business days in advance of intended use.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Felikss Cielens papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

1888 Born, Latvia
1905 Participates in revolution against Czarist rule
1906-1909 Studies law in St. Petersburg
1910 Emigrates to Paris
1919 Returns to Latvia, and is elected to the Saeima (parliament) as a member of the Latvian Social Democratic Party
1926-1928 Latvian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1933-1934 Latvian Minister to France, Spain, and Portugal
1934-1940 Lives in exile in Paris
1940 Returns to Latvia
1944 Flees occupied Latvia to Sweden
1961-1964 Laikmetu maiņā, memoirs, published in three volumes
1964 Died, Stockholm

Scope and Content Note

Acquired in 1966, with increments received in 1979 and 1984, the Felikss Cielens papers in the Hoover Institution Archives comprise a small but comprehensive set of materials relating to the career of an important twentieth-century Latvian political figure. Nearly all of Cielens's extant writings, both literary and political, are to be found in the collection, as are documents pertaining to his tenure as Latvian Minister of Foreign Affairs in the 1920s.
Like many Latvians, Cielens was swept up in the turbulent events of the 1905 revolution against Czarist rule in the Russian empire, which then included the Baltic peoples. The failure of the revolution, and the subsequent severe repression by Czarist forces, drove many activists into exile, including Cielens. Although a Social Democrat and an opponent of the Bolsheviks, Cielens came into personal contact with many leading personalities of the Russian revolutionary milieu, including Lenin. His impressions of this time are contained in his memoirs and a lengthy unpublished novel set in the period of the 1917 Russian Revolution and its aftermath; both works are to be found in the SPEECHES AND WRITINGS series.
A strong advocate of Latvian independence, Cielens rose to prominence in the Social Democratic party in the new Latvia of the 1920s, and served as the country's Minister of Foreign Affairs at the end of that decade. The FOREIGN MINISTRY FILE series contains materials relating to Cielens's ministerial activities; there are also press interviews from this time in the INTERVIEWS AND PRESS CONFERENCES series.
During 1933-1934, Cielens served as Latvian Minister to France. There is unfortunately little record of this period in the collection. The emergence of the authoritarian Ulmanis regime in Latvia in the mid-1930s, and the loss of Latvian independence in 1940, effectively ended Cielens's political career within Latvia. Leaving occupied Latvia for Sweden in 1944, Cielens continued to be active both as a writer and as an émigré spokesman. Immediately upon his arrival in Sweden, he wrote a number of reports on the situation in occupied Latvia for the American embassy in Stockholm. These form a separate series in the collection.
Cielens's interests included Latvian literature, and he published a number of studies on the subject, including a short work on Latvian drama that is included among the papers. He wrote prolifically until the end of his life, and the collection assembles the articles he wrote for Latvian émigré publications, principally in Sweden. The majority of the documents in the collection are in Latvian, but there are also materials in French, English, Swedish, and Russian.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Diplomats--Latvia.
France--Foreign relations--Latvia.
France.
Latvia--Foreign relations--France.
Latvia--Foreign relations.
Latvia--Politics and government.
Latvia.
Statesmen--Latvia.

 

Biographical File 1963-1966

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence and printed matter, arranged alphabetically by physical form
Box/Folder 1 : 1

Correspondence 1966

Scope and Contents note

Fragment of a letter from Cielens's widow, Maija Cielena, and a descriptive note from Witold Sworakowski
Box/Folder 1 : 2

Printed matter 1963

Scope and Contents note

Printed copies of two biographical articles published on the occasion of Cielens's seventy-fifth birthday
 

Correspondence 1923-1963

Scope and Contents note

Letters and enclosures, arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent
Box/Folder 1 : 3

Unidentified 1923-1929

Box/Folder 1 : 4

Attlee, Clement 1945

Box/Folder 1 : 5

Auriol, Vincent 1951

Box/Folder 1 : 6

Berends, K. 1963

Box/Folder 1 : 7

Bevin, Ernest 1947

Box/Folder 1 : 8

Byrnes, James F. 1946

Box/Folder 1 : 9

Čakste, Janis 1946

Box/Folder 1 : 10

Grosvalds, O. 1946

Box/Folder 1 : 11

Hansson, Albin 1944

Box/Folder 1 : 12

International Conference of Social Democratic Parties 1946

Box/Folder 1 : 13

Kennedy, John F. 1960

Box/Folder 1 : 14

Krēsliņš, M. 1934

Box/Folder 1 : 15

Liepiņš, Robert 1948

Box/Folder 1 : 16

Palkavnieks, [?] 1934

Box/Folder 1 : 17

Rei August, 1933

Box/Folder 1 : 18

Rusk, Dean 1961

Box/Folder 1 : 19

Salnais, Voldemārs 1944

 

Speeches and Writings 1914-1964

Scope and Contents note

Articles, monographs, and unpublished writings, arranged chronologically by title
Box/Folder 1 : 20

"Latwijas autonomijas projekta galwenas - tēzes," 1915

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 1 : 21

Vēstures tiesa par muižnīecību 1924

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 1 : 22

"Great Britain, the Baltic States and Russia," 1924 February

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 1 : 23

Article on Latvian foreign policy 1927

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 1 : 24

"Vozniknet li novaia mirovaia voina iz-za dal'ne-vostochnykh sobytii?" Segodnia vecherom 1931 December 3

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 1 : 25

"Latvijas valdības tēzes atbruņošanās konferencē," 1932

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 1 : 26

"Le trio germano-italo-russe sur les crêtes des Balkans," 1939

Box/Folder 1 : 27

"La tragédie de la Pologne," 1940

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 1 : 28

"The Drama of the North," Europe 1940 April

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 1 : 29

"La situation en Lettonie et les devoirs actuels du peuple letton," 1943

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 1 : 30

"Statement on the Situation in Latvia and in the Other Baltic States," 1943

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 1 : 31

Appeal by Latvian intellectuals 1944 April

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 1 : 32

"Nordens stora drama," Svensk Tidskrift, no. 5 1944 May

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 1 : 33

"Tyskarna i Balticum," Morgon-Tidningen 1944 July 7

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 1 : 34

"The Baltic States: Europe Cannot Be Free if the Baltic Peoples Are Enslaved," New Leader 1945 April 14

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy of anonymous article to which Cielens contributed
Box/Folder 1 : 35

"The Baltic Problem," 1945 June 28

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 1 : 36

Latvia and the Other Baltic States and Their International Case 1946

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 1 : 37

"Latvijas starptautiskais stāvoklis," Latvju Ziņas, no. 76 1946

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 1 : 38

La Lettonie et les autres états baltes dans la politique internationale 1946

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy in French and typescript of Latvian original
Box/Folder 1 : 39

Memorandum on Latvian politics 1946

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 1 : 40

"Kad Dievs svētīs Latviju?" Latvju Ziņas 1946 November 16

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 1 : 41

"Eine konsentrierte gemeinsame Aktion für die Selbständigkeit der baltischen Staaten," 1947 January

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 1 : 42

"Baltijas valstu starptautiskais stāvoklis un mūsu uzdevumi," 1947 February 22

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 1 : 43

"Maskavas konferences neveiksme," Latvju Ziņas 1947 May 3

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 1 : 44

"Maskavas un Vašingtonas ofensīvas un pretofensīvas," Latvju Ziņas 1947 June 18

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 1 : 45

Nāves pavēnī 1948

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 1 : 46

"Rietumu bloks," Latvju Ziņas 1948 January 28

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 1 : 47

"Par brīvību," Latvju Ziņas 1948 February 7

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 1

"Jauni vēji Balkānos," Latvju Ziņas 1948 July 3

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 2

"Starptautiskais rakstnieku kongress," Latvju Ziņas 1948 June 16

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 3

"Starptautiskais rakstnieku kongress," Latvju Ziņas 1948 June 19

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 4

"Ideoloğiskas pārdomas," Brīvība, no. 1 1948 August

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 5

"Voldemāru Salno pieminot," Latvju Ziņas 1948 August 7

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 6

"The Strategic Importance of Northern Europe in World War III," 1949 March 12

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 2 : 7

The Latvian Drama 1950

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 8

"18. Novembra pārdomas," Latvju Ziņas 1950 November 16

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 9-11

"The Red Inquisitor General: A Historical Novel," circa 1952

Box/Folder 2 : 12

"15. maija morāle," Latvju Ziņas 1952 March 13

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 13

"Politikas un rakstniecības satuve Francijā," Ceļa Zīmes 1952 July

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 14

"Padomju imperijas valdīšana Baltijas jūrā," Dzimtenes Balss 1952 September

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 15

"Revolution I faraonernas rike," Göteborgs Handels-Och Sjöfarts-Tidning 1952 September 4

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 16

"Nacionālā vienība," Latvju Ziņas 1952 September 18

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 17

"ASV prezidenta vēlēsanas," Dzimtenes Balss 1952 October

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 18

"ASV pasaules politika," Latviešu Almanachs 1953

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 19

"Varas lāsts," Ceļa Zīmes, no. 18 1954 March

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 20

"Vēstures tradīciju nozīme," Ceļa Zīmes, no. 29 1956

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 21

"Vēstures tradīciju nozīme," Ceļa Zīmes, no. 30 1956

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 22

"The International Baltic Problem: The European Importance of the Free Baltic Sea," Labour's Call 1957 April

Scope and Contents note

Typescript and printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 23

"Latvijas valsts idejas pamatojums," 1960

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 2 : 24

"Baltijas valstu savienība," 1960 January

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 2 : 25

"Mana divkauja ar Trocki pie Volgas 1918. g. augustā," Ceļa Zīmes, no. 39 1961

 

Laikmetu maiņā 1961-1964

Box/Folder 3 : 1

Typescript errata

 

Printed copies

Box/Folder 3 : 2

Brochure announcing publication

Box/Folder 3 : 3

Volume one

Box/Folder 3 : 4

Volume two

Box/Folder 3 : 5

Volume three

 

Foreign Ministry File 1923-1933

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, memoranda, and reports, arranged alphabetically by physical form
 

Correspondence

Box/Folder 4 : 1

General. Circular letters to Latvian envoys 1927

Box/Folder 4 : 2

Unidentified 1927

Box/Folder 4 : 3

Balodis, A. 1927

Box/Folder 4 : 4

Bilmanis, Roberts 1927

Box/Folder 4 : 5

Duzmans, K. 1927

Box/Folder 4 : 6

Krasts, E. 1927

Box/Folder 4 : 7

Löfgren, Eliel 1927

Box/Folder 4 : 8

MacDonald, Ramsay 1927

Box/Folder 4 : 9

Ozols, K. 1927

Box/Folder 4 : 10

Sēja, P. 1927

Box/Folder 4 : 11

Seskis, J. 1927

Box/Folder 4 : 12

Sventorzecki, M. 1927

Box/Folder 4 : 13

Vanderveld, Émile 1925

Box/Folder 4 : 14

Vecozols, Julijs 1927

Box/Folder 4 : 15

Vesmans, Fridrichs 1927

Box/Folder 4 : 16

Zariņš, K. 1927-1933

 

Memoranda written by Cielens

Box/Folder 4 : 17

"Le traité de commerce avec l'Union des R.S.S.," 1927

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 18

"Latvijas ārējā saimnieciskā politika," 1927 February 11

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 19

"Tirdzniecības līgums ar Grieķiju," 1927 February 26

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 20

"Latvijas un Igaunijas ārlietu ministru aspriede Tallinā 28. februarī un 1. martā," 1927 March 2

Scope and Contents note

Typescript fragment
Box/Folder 4 : 21

"Negotiations with SSSR [ sic] about the Treaty of Non-Agression [ sic]," 1927 March 10

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 22

"Die internationale Lage der baltischen Staaten und die Aufgaben der Aussenpolitk Lettlands," 1927 March 28

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 23

"Par saimniecisko līgumu ar Padomju Krieviju," 1927 August 29

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
 

Reports

 

Written by Cielens

Box/Folder 4 : 24

"Pausales ekonomiskais stāvoklis," 1927

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 25

"Austrumu nodaļas darbibas pārskats pār 1927 g.," 1928

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
 

Written by others

Box/Folder 4 : 26

Report on Polish military 1923

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 27

Ozols, K., "10 gadi lielniecisma Krievijā," 1927 November 7

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
 

Reports Written By Cielens For the American Embassy in Stockholm 1944-1945

Scope and Contents note

Arranged chronologically by title
Box/Folder 4 : 28

"Die Tragödie Finnlands," 1944 June 16

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 29

"Das grosse Drama des Nordens," 1944 June 29

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 30

"Die internationale Bedeutung der baltischen Staaten," 1944 July 12

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 31

"Die gegenwärtige militärische und politische Lage in Lettland," 1944 August 15

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 32

"Der Kampf der Sowjetgrossmacht um die Vernichtung des unabhängigen polnischen Staates und dessen internationale Bedeutung," 1944 September 15

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 33

"Der aussenpolitische Drang der russischen Sowjet-Grossmacht," 1944 October 1

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 34

"Der Entscheidungskampf zwischen den Russen und den Deutschen um die Herrschaft in der Ostsee," 1944 October 1

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 35

"Die politische Bedeutung des Kampfes um Balticum," 1944 October 1

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 36

"Der Drang Russlands nach Balkan und Konstantinopel," 1944 October 14

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 37

"Ist die Sowjetisierung Deutschlands unvermeidlich?" 1944 November 1

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 38

"Will Moskau seine Japanpolitik ändern?" 1944 November 15

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 39

"Die innenpolitische Lage in Lettland am Ende des vierten Jahres der fremden Okkupation," 1944 December

Scope and Contents note

typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 40

"Was ist das Russland von heute?" 1944 December

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 41

"Die Schrecken und Grausamkeiten des Krieges in Lettland," 1944 December 1

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 42

"Die Uneinigkeit der alliierten Mächte und der Verstress Russlands in Europa," 1944 December 14

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 43

"Die russische Politik Polnen gegenüber," 1944 December 30

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 44

"Die russische Sowjet-Grossmacht," 1945

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 45

"Nachrichten über Lettland," 1945 January 15

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 46

"Der Panslavismus und die orthodoxale Kirche im Dienste der Sowjetgrossmacht" 1945 March

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
 

Interviews and Press Conferences Given By Cielens 1924-1933

Scope and Contents note

Articles and transcripts, arranged chronologically
 

Interviews

Box/Folder 4 : 47

Jaunākās Ziņas 1924 July 11

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 4 : 48

Segodnia Vecherom 1926 December 21

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 4 : 49

Rigasche Rundschau 1926 December 21

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 4 : 50

Vossische Zeitung 1927

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 51

Segodnia 1927 January 15

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/folder 4 : 52-54

Press conferences 1927 February

Box/Folder 4 : 55

Interview, Valdības Vēstnesis 1927 February 12

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 4 : 56-61

Press conferences 1927 March-July

 

Interviews

Box/Folder 4 : 62

Leipziger neueste Nachrichten 1927 July 8

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 63

Lieutuva 1927 August 4

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 64

Wolff Agency 1927 August 15

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 4 : 65

Baltische Presse 1927 August 19

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/folder 4 : 66-67

Press conferences 1927 August

Box/Folder 4 : 68

Interview, Bogholm Agency 1927 August 29

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/folder 4 : 69-70

Press conferences 1927 September

Box/Folder 4 : 71

Interview, Izvestia 1927 September 23

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/folder 4 : 72-80

Press conferences 1927 September-December

 

Interviews

Box/Folder 4 : 81

Dnia 1933 March 19

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 4 : 82

Jaunakas Ziņas 1933 March 27

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
 

Miscellany 1918-1946

Scope and Contents note

Printed fragment and typescripts, arranged chronologically
Box/Folder 5 : 1

"Latviesu Pagaidu Nacionālās Padomes Darbības Pārskats no 10. Oktobera lidz 5. Decembrim 1918 gadā," 1918 December

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 5 : 2

List of Latvian prime ministers circa 1940

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 5 : 3

"The Atlantic Charter: What It Means to the Baltic Peoples," Baltic Committee for Studies and Cooperation 1944 May

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy (incomplete)
Box/Folder 5 : 4

"Apkartraksts: Orrtskommandanta rīkojums," 1944 December 20

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder 5 : 5

Excerpt from Journal officielof speech by Edouard Daladier 1946 July 19

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
 

Printed Matter 1919-1964

Scope and Contents note

Monographs and serials issues, arranged by physical form and therein chronologically
 

Monographs

Box/Folder 5 : 6

Protection of Minorities in Latvia, League of Nations 1922

Box/Folder 5 : 7

Herbert Schroeder, Russland und die Ostsee, Riga 1927

Box/Folder 5 : 8

Itogi Latviisko-Sovetskogo torgovogo dogovora, Riga 1929

Box/Folder 5 : 9

Birger Newman, et al., Balticums Rätt, Uppsala 1944

Box/Folder 5 : 10

August Rei, Have the Baltic Countries Voluntarily Renounced Their Freedom? New York 1944

Box/Folder 5 : 11

The International Post-War Settlement, Labour Party, London 1944 June 29

Box/Folder 5 : 12

Nazi-Soviet Conspiracy and the Baltic States: Diplomatic Documents and Other Evidence, London 1948

Box/Folder 5 : 13

Arveds Schwabe, The Story of Latvia: A Historical Survey, Stockholm 1949

Box/Folder 5 : 14

Klāra Kalniņa, Liesmainie Gadi, Stockholm 1964

 

Serial issues

Box/Folder 5 : 15

Brihwais Latwis, nos. 3 and 4 1919 April 19-26

Box/Folder 5 : 16

Segodniia 1929 February 28

Box/Folder 5 : 17

Le Temps 1939 September 29

Box/Folder 5 : 18

Revue parlementaire 1948 April 15

Box/Folder 5 : 19

Astoņpadsmitais Novembris 1944 November 18