Collection Scope and Contents
Title: Photograph Collection on Venustiano Carranza
Date (inclusive): 1910-1920
Collection Number: MS 036
1.96 Linear Feet
(1 photograph album, 1 box)
Rivera Library. Special Collections
Abstract: The collection consists of photographs
of Mexican revolutionary and President Venustiano Carranza, including depictions of Carranza
on national tours and in areas being attacked by Revolutionaries during his time as Mexico’s
president (1917-20). Photographs in the collection also include portraits of Carranza and
other prominent Mexican figures, including Isidro Fabela and Álvaro Obregón.
Languages: The collection is in Spanish.
This collection is open for research.
Copyright Unknown: Some materials in these collections may be
protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.). In addition, the reproduction,
and/or commercial use, of some materials may be restricted by gift or purchase agreements,
donor restrictions, privacy and publicity rights, licensing agreement(s), and/or trademark
rights. Distribution or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond that allowed
by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. To the extent other
restrictions apply, permission for distribution or reproduction from the applicable rights
holder is also required. Responsibility for obtaining permissions, and for any use rests
exclusively with the user.
[identification of item], [date if possible]. Photograph Collection on Venustiano Carranza
(MS 036). Special Collections & University Archives, University of California,
Purchased from Randy Raymond, 1999.
Processed by Julianna Gil, 2017.
Processing of the Photograph Collection on Venustiano Carranza was completed by
undergraduate students from the University of California, Riverside as part of the Special
Collections & University Archives Backlog Processing Project started in 2015. This
project was funded by the UCR Library and administered by Jessica Geiser, Collections
Venustiano Carranza Garza was born in 1859 in Cuatro Ciénegas, Coahuila, Mexico, to a
wealthy cattle-ranching family. He attended good schools and used his wealth to rise in the
political scene, where he gave his support to Francisco Madero’s revolution in 1910 and
became Madero’s Minister of War in 1911. Carranza returned later that year to Coahuila,
where he was elected governor and implemented a wide array of judicial, labor and tax
Soon into Madero’s presidency, his relationship with Carranza deteriorated, and Carranza
distanced himself from the President who he felt was weak and ineffectual. After Madero’s
presidency was overthrown in 1913 and Victoriano Huerta became president, Carranza saw this
as his opportunity to take power and lead as he felt Madero had not.
In 1913 Carranza joined forces with a number of other revolutionaries against Huerta,
including Álvaro Obregón, Pancho Villa, Felipe Ángeles, and Emiliano Zapata, to form the
Constitutionalist Army. After a series of battles the Constitutionalist Army forced Huerta
out of office in 1914, and as the head of the army Carranza stepped in as the new President
After Carranza took office, his former alliances began to break over issues of social
reform, which Carranza was unwilling to implement in his new government. Emiliano Zapata and
Pancho Villa’s troops then began their own revolution against Carranza, but were ultimately
unsuccessful. Carranza was also able to secure the U.S. government’s recognition of his
presidency in 1915, and establish a new constitution for Mexico in 1917 after which he was
formally elected as the constitutional President of Mexico.
During his presidency, Carranza carried through a number of reforms, many of which focused
on maintaining an independent judiciary and reducing the power of foreign companies to
exploit and develop natural resources in Mexico.
In 1920, Carranza decided not to run for re-election, but attempted to have Ignacio
Bonillas, a virtually unknown politician, elected as his successor. In response Álvaro
Obregón and his allied generals then drafted the Plan of Agua Prieta, which repudiated
Carranza’s government and renewed the revolution. After an aide of Obregón attempted to
assassinate Carranza and Obregón’s troops invaded Mexico City, Carranza fled to regroup his
troops but was killed on May 20th, 1920 after his forces were attacked in the Sierra Norte
de Puebla Mountains.
Collection Scope and Contents
The collection consists of approximately 350 photographs of Mexican revolutionary and
President Venustiano Carranza, including photographs of Carranza on national tours, visiting
troops, with his family, and at his funeral in 1920. Photographs in the collection also
include portraits of Carranza and other prominent Mexican figures, including Isidro Fabela
and Álvaro Obregón.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the
library's online public access catalog.
Carranza, Venustiano, 1859-1920
Fabela, Isidro, 1882-1964
Obregón, Álvaro, 1880-1928
Presidents -- Mexico.
Revolutions -- Latin America.
Genres and Forms of Materials