Finding Aid to the Margaret Hart Surbeck Papers, 1916-1999

Finding Aid written by Valerie Wheat and Josue Hurtado
Funding for processing this collection was provided by INDNJC Inc.
UCSF Library and Center for Knowledge Management, Archives and Special Collections
University of California, San Francisco
530 Parnassus Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94143-0840
Phone: (415) 476-8112
Fax: (415) 476-4653
© 2008
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Finding Aid to the Margaret Hart Surbeck Papers, 1916-1999

Collection Number: MSS 2002-07

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, California Funding for processing this collection was provided by INDNJC Inc.
Finding Aid Written By:
Valerie Wheat and Josue Hurtado
Date Completed:
May 2008
© 2008 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: Margaret Hart Surbeck papers
Date (inclusive): 1916-1999
Collection Number: MSS 2002-07
Creators : Surbeck, Margaret Hart
Extent: Number of containers: 18 cartons, 5 boxes, 3 oversize folders Linear feet: 28.75
Repository: The UCSF Library and Center for Knowledge Management, Archives and Special Collections
University of California, San Francisco
530 Parnassus Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94143-0840
Phone: (415) 476-8112
Fax: (415) 476-4653
Abstract: Collection of correspondence, research data, articles, reprints, images, drawings, and artifacts produced and or collected by Margaret Hart Surbeck.
Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English
Physical Location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the library's online catalog: .

Information for Researchers


Collection is open for research. The UCSF Archives and Special Collections policy places access restrictions on material with privacy issues for a specific time period from the date of creation. Access to records that contain personal and confidential information about an individual or individuals is restricted for 75 years from date of creation or until the death of the individual mentioned in the records, whichever is longer. Medical records are restricted for 50 years after an individual's date of death, if known. If the date of death is unknown, access is restricted for 100 years from the individual's date of birth or 100 years from the date of record creation, whichever occurs first. Access to student records is restricted for 75 years from the latest date of the materials in those files. All other restricted materials will be opened in 2019. Access restrictions are noted at the series level. Please contact the Head of Archives and Special Collections for information on access to these files.

Publication Rights

Copyright has been assigned to the UCSF Library and Center for Knowledge Management. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Archives and Special Collections.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Margaret Hart Surbeck Papers, MSS 2002-07, The UCSF Library and Center for Knowledge Management, Archives and Special Collections, University of California, San Francisco.

Alternate Forms Available

There are no alternate forms of this collection.

Related Collections

MSS 2005-05 - Margaret Hart Surbeck Instruments Collection

Separated Material

37 monographs on consumer health, anatomy, homeopathy and alternative medicine, physics, electromagnetic health or hazards, color therapy have been separated from the collection.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Surbeck, Margaret Hart, 1915-2000
Surbeck, Leighton Homer, 1902-1997
Hart, Frederic J
Diagnosis, radioscopic

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

The Margaret Hart Surbeck Papers were donated to the UCSF Library by INDNJC Inc. on September 23, 2002. Additions were made in December, 2002, September 2004 and September 2005

Processing Information

Processed by Valerie Wheat, in 2003-2006. Processing completed by Josue Hurtado in 2007

Biographical Information

Margaret Hart was born in 1915 in Salinas, California. Her father, Fred Hart, a proponent of electronic medicine and an innovator, received patents for the Oscilloclast and other treatment devices. He volunteered at the Electronic Medical Foundation, eventually becoming president of the College of Electronic Medicine in San Francisco. After a ten-year battle with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration over the validity of treatment with electronic frequencies, the Foundation was dissolved. Fred Hart's other enterprises included running for state senator and establishing the first radio station in San Jose, KQW.
Throughout her lifetime, Margaret maintained her interest in the agriculture business of the Salinas Valley, overseeing the rich farmland that had been in her family for generations. She also observed and recorded her father's therapeutic methods and inherited his collection of Oscilloclasts and other devices. Events in Margaret's childhood contributed to her later interest in applying contemporary engineering technology to the original instrumentation developed by her father.
Margaret graduated from Stanford University in 1937 with a bachelor's degree in education. She studied voice under Andres de Segurola in Hollywood and Lucy Valpey in Carmel. Throughout her life she contributed to many public events as a soloist, appearing on radio, television and before charity groups and conventions. She was guest soloist at many seminars led by Dr. Norman Vincent Peale in New York. Margaret married Gordon Packard, an executive with IBM, in 1960; Packard died in 1970.
Margaret was a member of the board of trustees of Golden Gate University in San Francisco, Eastern Baptist College and Eastern Baptist Seminary in Pennsylvania, Judson College in Elgin, Illinois, First Baptist Church in Menlo Park and American Baptist Seminary of the West in Berkeley, California. She was an active member of the First Baptist Church in Salinas where her grandfather, Robert Porter, was a founding member. She received an honorary degree from Judson College. In 1988, the Surbeck Auditorium (named for Margaret and Homer) at Dr. Norman Vincent Peale's School of Practical Christianity in Pawling, New York, was dedicated.
Margaret's second marriage in 1976 to Leighton Homer Surbeck led to a shared commitment to further investigate the potential of electromagnetic radiation therapy. Leighton Homer Surbeck, had a 50-year career as a trial lawyer and an expert on antitrust law. With undergraduate and graduate degrees from the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, he graduated from Yale Law School where he ranked first in his class. He served as law secretary to Supreme Court Chief Justice William Howard Taft and then entered the law firm of Charles Evans Hughes, later Chief Justice of the United States. He was a founding partner of Hughes, Hubbard and Reed in New York City. During World War II, Surbeck was a Colonel and Chief of the Economic Branch, Military Intelligence Service, War Department.
Leighton Homer Surbeck was a recipient of a number of awards and honors, including membership in the Horatio Alger Association of Distinguished Americans, and the Yale Medal in 1974. In 1963, the Surbeck Student Union at South Dakota School of Mines and Technology was named in his honor. Leighton Homer Surbeck died in 1997 at the age of 94.
After Margaret Surbeck's death in 2000, her will established INDNJC, Inc., to fund health-related research. INDNJC, Inc. endowed the Margaret Hart Surbeck Program in Advanced Imaging at UCSF in 2002.

Scope and Content of Collection

This collection of correspondence, research data, articles, reprints, images, drawings, and artifacts was produced and collected by Margaret Hart Surbeck. It strongly reflects her lifelong interest and research on electromagnetic radiation and its potential diagnostic and therapeutic uses.
The collection consists largely of materials related to Margaret and Homer Surbeck's research on medical applications of electromagnetic radiation, including correspondence, reports, testimonials, and patent information.
There are also family portraits of Margaret Hart as a child, as well as photographs of her father Frederic J Hart. The founding documents of INDNJC Incorporated are also found in this collection.
Researchers interested in the history and development of medical technology, especially with regards to the development of magnetic imaging, will likely find this collection interesting and useful.
The materials are organized into the following 7 series and one sub-series:
  • Series 1: Biographical and Personal, 1916-1999
  • Series 2: Fred Hart and His Predecessors, 1923-1977
  • Series 3: South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Project and Research, 1976-1997 [Restricted]
  • Series 4: Published Research Materials, 1960-1997
  • Series 5: Human Subjects Research, 1979-1999 [Restricted]
  • Series 6: Patent Matters, 1946-1999 [Restricted]
    • Sub-Series 6.1: Schematics and Drawings, 1946-1992
  • Series 7: INDJNC Incorporated, 1998-2001 [Restricted]

Container List


Series 1 Biographical and Personal 1916-1999

Physical Description: 1 Carton, 24 Folders

Scope and Content Note

This series consists of correspondence, photographs, posters, and other ephemera reflecting various aspects of Margaret and Homer Surbeck's personal life.
Carton 1, Folder 1

Photograph of First Baptist Church group, Margaret Surbeck on her mother's lap Circa 1916

Carton 1, Folder 2

Margaret Surbeck correspondence and news clippings 1976-99

Carton 1, Folder 3

Correspondence from Norman Vincent Peale 1980-82

Carton 1, Folder 4

"This is My Faith" statement by Margaret Surbeck Undated

Carton 1, Folder 5

5 Posters for Surbeck wedding anniversary by Robert DeVries October 8, 1986

Carton 1, Folder 6

"Impressions of the School of Mines" manuscript with revisions by Homer Surbeck Undated

Carton 1, Folder 7

Program from first SDSM Honors Day 1952

Carton 1, Folder 8

Yale Medal award to Homer Surbeck March 1, 1975

Carton 1, Folder 9

School of Practical Christianity program brochure October, 1981

Carton 1, Folder 10

"Nomination of Leighton Homer Surbeck for Guy E. March Medal February, 1981

Carton 1, Folder 11

Homer Surbeck obituaries and memorial service 1997

Carton 1, Folder 12

Obituary 1997

Carton 1, Folder 13

Folder of ephemera 1997

Carton 1, Folder 14

"Origin, Purposes and Description of the LHS Memorial at Yale Law School" 1998

Carton 1, Folder 15

Margaret's notes recording treatment of her Doberman (Eric) 1978

Carton 1, Folder 16

Veterinarian notes on Surbecks' pet Doberman 1980

Carton 1, Folder 17

Testimonial about pet Doberman undated

Carton 1, Folder 18

Photographs of Eric receiving treatment 1974-1980

Carton 1, Folder 19

Photograph of Homer and Margaret Surbeck with dogs Tammy and Eric 1980

Carton 1, Folder 20

Judson College honorary degree copy and photograph Undated

Carton 1, Folder 21

Billing and treatment records of dog Michado at animal hospital Undated

Carton 1, Folder 22

Logs of Michado blood analysis and therapeutic electromagnetic treatment 1997-98

Carton 1, Folder 23

Photographs of Margaret treating Michado's eye 1998

Carton 1, Folder 24

Photographs of Frederick J. Hart, Margaret Surbeck's father Undated


Series 2 Fred Hart and His Predecessors 1923-1977

Physical Description: 2 Cartons, 27 Folders

Scope and Content Note

Fred J. Hart was Margaret Surbeck's father. A well-known proponent of electromagnetic therapy, he drew on the theories and patented inventions of Albert Abrams (1863-1924), who founded the Electronic Medical Foundation. Hart collaborated with Thomas Colson, editor of the EMF journal from 1928-1946. From childhood Margaret was familiar with Hart's practice and knew how to operate the Abrams' Oscilloclast to stimulate healing and the Radioscope for blood diagnosis).
Carton 2, Folder 1

Correspondence 1946-68

Carton 2, Folder 2

Ephemera Undated

Carton 2, Folder 3

Radio station KQW Undated

Carton 2, Folder 4

Electronic Medical Digest 1950, 1951, 1953, 1960

Carton 2, Folder 5

Journal of Electronic Medicine November 1942

Carton 2, Folder 6

National Health Federation Bulletin issues June 1975

Carton 2, Folder 7

"The Truth About This Man, Fred J. Hart" Undated

Carton 2, Folder 8

Legal file Undated

Carton 2, Folder 9

Correspondence with Henry M. Claussen 1946-1953

Carton 2, Folder 10

"Electronic Blood Analysis" Undated

Carton 2, Folder 11

Electronic Medical Foundation legal situation Undated

Carton 2, Folder 12

Directions for use of E.M.F. Electropad Undated

Carton 2, Folder 13

Electronic blood chemistry report forms Undated

Carton 2, Folder 13

Electronic Disease Classification list Undated

Carton 2, Folders 14-15

Oscillotron/Oscilloclast Undated

Carton 2, Folder 14

Articles, photograph, schematic drawing, manual Undated

Carton 2, Folder 15

Procedure Manuals Undated

Carton 2, Folders 15-16

Dr. Albert Abrams Undated

Carton 2, Folder 15

"Report on the Electronic Reactions of Abrams" by Dr. T. Proctor Hall 1923

Carton 2, Folder 16

Printouts from Robert DeVries' web search on Abrams Undated

Carton 2, Folders 17-20

Dr. Thomas Colson Undated

Carton 2, Folder 17

Article Reprints Undated

Carton 2, Folder 18

"Molecular Radiations" Undated

Carton 2, Folder 19

Colson's Thesis Undated

Carton 2, Folder 20

Surbeck notes on theories of Abrams and Colson 1976-77

Carton 3, Folder 1

Improved Pocket Guide to Human Anatomy 1930

Carton 3, Folder 2

Electronic Atlas photocopy Circa 1928

Carton 3, Folder 3

Electronic Atlas by Thomas Colson 1940

Carton 3, Folder 4

Molecular Radiations by Thomas Colson 1953

Carton 3, Folder 5

Introduction to Electronic Therapy by Thomas Colson 1936


Series 3 South Dakota School of Mines & Technology, Project History and Research [Restricted] 1976-1997

Physical Description: 7 Cartons, 54 Folders

Scope and Content Note

The Surbecks funded a research project in which low level radio frequency energy was applied to cancerous mice and the effect measured by tumor growth and health of the specimen. All mouse experiment activity took place at the South Dakota School of Mines laboratory. In Palo Alto, California, the Surbecks received daily reports of the readings and Robert DeVries plotted this data on a computer.
This series is restricted until 2019. Student and patient records are also restricted according to HIPAA and FERPA regulations.
Carton 4, Folder 1

Letter, Stanford Medical Center and Hardin Jones at UC Donner Laboratory 1977-1978

Carton 4, Folder 2

Correspondence with Richard Gowen 1977-82

Carton 4, Folder 3

"A Survey of the Effects of Electromagnetic Energy on Biological Tissues" (draft) January 1979

Carton 4, Folder 4

Richard Gowen Proposed Work Statement and C.V. Undated

Carton 4, Folder 5

Correspondence and information packet on histological survey from Cindy Gowen Circa 1984

Carton 4, Folder 6

"The Mouse House" Circa 1983

Carton 4, Folder 7

Mouse treatment reports from Cindy Gowen Circa 1985

Carton 4, Folder 8

Letter on mouse environment and hygiene from Cindy Gowen October 6, 1986

Carton 4, Folder 9

Notes on diagnosis of mice in 1985 and "Forward Program" 1986, 1987

Carton 4, Folder 10

Experiment Procedures regarding Mouse House Circa 1987

Carton 4, Folder 11

Resume of Dr. Sookie Bang, and letter from Richard Gowen 1986/87

Carton 4, Folder 12

SDSM memos and letter 1988

Carton 4, Folder 13

SDSM letters from Richard Gowen and experimental protocol and "Proposal to Evaluate the Effects of Selected Electromagnetic Energy on Biological Tissue" 1989

Carton 4, Folder 14

Testing Bill's Carton July 7, 1989

Carton 4, Folder 15

Correspondence and data from Richard Gowen 1989, 1990

Carton 4, Folder 16

Surbeck letter regarding Gowen February 1991

Carton 4, Folder 17

Nancy Scofield letters 1991-92

Carton 4, Folder 18

Karry Luthy reference material and data Circa1992

Carton 4, Folder 19

Letter from Bill Campbell to Gowen December 1992

Carton 4, Folder 20

Mouse House reports Dr. Sookie Bang 1992

Carton 4, Folder 21

"Histological Review and Study of Mouse Mammary Gland Tumors" by Kary Luthy February 1995

Carton 4, Folder 22

"A Histological Look and Review on the Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Cancerous C3H Mice" by Karry Luthy May 1995

Carton 4, Folder 23

"Electromagnetic Research" by Sookie Bang, Homer and Margaret Surbeck, Karry Luthy, Bob DeVries July 1, 1995

Carton 4, Folder 24

"Electromagnetic Research" by Homer and Margaret Surbeck, Karry Luthy, Bob DeVries July 1, 1995

Carton 4, Folder 25

"Electromagnetic Research 1995-1996" by Sookie Bang, Homer and Margaret Surbeck, Robert DeVries July 1, 1996

Carton 4, Folder 26

Mouse House final report, by Margaret Surbeck June 1 1996

Carton 4, Folder 27

Letter, Gowen to Surbecks 1994-1997

Carton 4, Folder 28

Surbeck memo regarding end of project December 1996

Carton 4, Folder 29

Student workers Undated

Carton 4, Folder 30

Student workers Undated

Carton 4, Folder 31

Color photographs taken by Robert DeVries Circa 1987

Carton 4, Folder 32

Surbeck mouse treatment books 1992-1997

Carton 4, Folder 33

Measurement of tumor mice book January - April 1993

Carton 4, Folder 34

Jackson mice experiments 1996

Carton 4, Folder 35

Histograms from the biopsies of excised malignancy tissue from mice with tumors, and lab preparation material in wax Undated

Carton 5, Folder 1

Project Expenses Undated

Carton 5, Folder 2

SDSM billing statement envelopes from Circa 1970s

Carton 6, Folder 1

Mouse Experiment Reports 1984-1995

Carton 7, Folder 1

Mouse Plots and Data 1987-1997

Carton 8, Folder 1

Project Observations Undated

Carton 9, Folder 1

Radioscope study devices Undated

Carton 9, Folder 2

9/2 Radionics seminar, Reno 1985

Carton 9, Folder 3

Plant research, photographs 1976

Carton 10, Folder 1

Crystal assortment and data 1992-1994, 1999

Carton 10, Folder 2

Saunders & Associates manual for crystal test system Undated

Carton 10, Folder 3

Saunders & Associates product literature and correspondence with DeVries 1990-1996

Carton 10, Folder 4

CTS Knight's correspondence and test data and DeVries crystal lists 1990-1991

Carton 10, Folder 5

Surbeck and DeVries crystal lists 1991

Carton 10, Folder 6

Crystal information 1992

Carton 10, Folder 7

Crystal information, specifications, data files 1994

Carton 10, Folder 8

ICM invoices and crystal lists 1996

Carton 10, Folder 9

ICM test data sheets and computer files 1981, 1996

Carton 10, Folder 10

Mouse House backup discs, DeVries September 28, 1995


Series 4 Published Research Materials 1960-1997

Physical Description: 2 Cartons, 2 Folders

Scope and Content Note

This series consists of news clippings and photocopies, articles from, popular and science magazines, newsletters. The news clippings collected by Margaret Surbeck are from sources as diverse as the Salinas Californian to the New York Times, and cover topics such as magnetic fields, cancer, pain, breast cancer treatments, and new drugs.
Carton 11, Folder 1

Clippings and photocopies 1960-97

Carton 12, Folder 1

Technical articles and research Undated


Series 5 Human Subject Research [Restricted] 1979-1999

Physical Description: 2 Cartons, 1 oversized box, 9 Folders

Scope and Content Note

Various individuals and friends of the Surbecks consented to blood analysis and therapeutic treatment using electromagnetic devices over the period of 1979-1999. This series contains patient records, case histories, and testimonials. Also, medical records for Homer and Margaret Surbeck.
This series is restricted according to HIPAA regulations.
Carton 15, Folder 1

Blood analysis from human subjects Undated

Carton 16, Folder 1

Surbeck Medical Records Undated

Carton 16, Folder 2

Photographs, treatment diaries Undated

Carton 16, Folder 3

Pocket magnifier and flashlight Undated

Carton 16, Folder 4

Frederick Hart reports of tests for Gordon and Margaret 1968

Carton 16, Folder 5

Letters from Grace Klebe to Gordon Packard & Margaret 1968-1970

Oversize Box 17, Folder 1

Ultrasound, abdomen, Dr. Dennis Sheehan (oversized) May 20, 1999

Oversize Box 17, Folder 2

CT scan (oversized) April 26, 1999

Oversize Box 17, Folder 3

Unidentified X-ray films (oversized) Undated


Series 6 Patent Matters [Restricted] 1946-1999

Physical Description: 4 Cartons, 19 Folders

Scope and Content Note

This series contains information on patents in the field of electromagnetic radiation therapy. Included in this series is subseries consisting of schematics and drawings, several of which are hand drafted.
This series is restricted until 2019.
Carton 18, Folder 1

Townsend & Townsend 1976

Carton 18, Folder 2

Surbeck/Banse Undated

Carton 18, Folder 3

Pre-patent attempts Undated

Carton 18, Folder 4

Corporate correspondence Undated

Carton 18, Folder 5

Hughes Hubbard & Reid/Ronald Abramson 1996-1999

Carton 18, Folder 6

Patent filings, S.I.R. binder Undated

Carton 19, Folder 1

Patents issued to Hart, Abrams Undated


Subseries 6.1 Schematics and Drawings 1946-1992

Physical Description: 3 Cartons, 12 Folders

Scope and Content Note

This subseries contains mounted drawings and schematics various therapeutic and diagnostic devices utilizing electromagnetic radiation.
Carton 19, Folder 2

Frequencies and Generator Dial Settings and the Gamut Undated

Carton 20, Folder 1

Drawings mounted on cardboard by Saine 1946-1952

Carton 21, Folder 1

Patent Schematics 1947-1955

Carton 21, Folder 2

Photocopies 1952-1953

Carton 21, Folder 3

Copies of Depolatherm, by Saine. Parnell Studio, Salinas January 11, 1954

Carton 21, Folder 4

Photocopy and Photostat of Radioscope by Saine January 11, 1954

Carton 21, Folder 5

DeVries drawings of Setting 8640 Sig Core, with cover letter to Surbecks 1992

Carton 21, Folder 6

Documents on Depolaray and Depolaration and patent information 1949

Carton 21, Folder 7

Documents on Depolaray and Depolaration and patent information 1949

Carton 21, Folder 7

Pulsed Oscillator and SCPO schematics and letter, DeVries 1976-1982

Carton 21, Folder 8

Pulsed Oscillator and SCPO schematics and letter, DeVries 1976-1982

Carton 21, Folder 9

Folder of drawings for mouse treatment devices, and letter 1996


Series 7 INDJNC Incorporated [Restricted] 1998-2001

Physical Description: 2 Cartons, 10 Folders

Scope and Content Note

This series contains materials created by INDJNC (Latin for "In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ") Inc. - a foundation established by Margaret Surbeck's will to fund health-related research, reflecting her lifelong interest in electromagnetic radiation. INDNJC, Inc. endowed the Margaret Hart Surbeck Program in Advanced Imaging at UCSF in 2002.
This series is restricted until 2019.
Carton 22, Folder 1

Patent "early version, final" for Medical Diagnostic Apparatus April 9, 1998

Carton 22, Folder 2

Abramson to Surbeck April 13, 1998

Carton 22, Folder 3

International July 1998

Carton 22, Folder 4

Abramson to Hudnut December 1998

Carton 22, Folder 5

Abramson, SIR Radioscope Office Action April 21, 1999

Carton 22, Folder 6

Continuation-in-part March 13, 2001

Carton 22, Folder 7

Preliminary Amendment December 21, 2001

Carton 23, Folder 1

Published patent application and Notice of Publication August 9, 2002

Carton 24, Folder 2

Walter Killmer to Hudnut - founding documents INDNJC 1999

Carton 24, Folder 3

In Nomine Dei Foundation, clipping March 26, 1999