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Finding Aid of the Houston Flournoy papers 0219
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Collection Details
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  • Biographical note
  • Arrangement
  • Scope and Content
  • Conditions Governing Access
  • Conditions Governing Use
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition

  • Title: Houston Flournoy papers
    Collection number: 0219
    Contributing Institution: USC Libraries Special Collections
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 15.85 Linear feet 38 boxes
    Date (inclusive): 1956-1974
    Abstract: The collection includes correspondence, administrative records, regulations and legislation, campaign finances, budget reports for the State of California, commission and agency agendas, speeches, newspaper clippings, articles, and photographs from Houston Flournoy's political career from 1956 to 1974.
    creator: Flournoy, Houston I., (Houston Irvine), 1929-

    Biographical note

    Houston Irving Flournoy, better known as Hugh, was born on October 7, 1929 in New York City, New York. He spent most of his childhood on Long Island with brief stints in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. Flournoy was an excellent student and attended Garden City High School where he played in the band and managed the soccer team. In 1946, at the age of 16, Flournoy enrolled at Cornell University where he studied under Clinton Rossiter, a Cornell faculty member who was an authority on The Federalist. Flournoy was active in campus organizations and was a member of the Cornell University Glee Club, the Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity, the Senior Class Council, and in the Air Force Reserve Training Corps. He graduated from Cornell in 1950 with a degree in government and proceeded to enroll in a graduate studies program at Princeton University. He entered Princeton as the holder of the Henry P. DuBois Fellowship in American Government and received a Master's degree in Political Science in June of 1952, the same year he was called for military service.
    While stationed in Denver as a student in Combat Intelligence Officer's School, Flournoy met his future wife, Marjorie (Midge) Westerkemp. In 1953 the two became engaged, and shortly thereafter, Flournoy was shipped out to Taegu, Korea to serve a year's tour as a combat intelligence officer with a fighter-bomber group. Midge and Flournoy married in July of 1954 and together they had three children, Jean, Ann, and David.
    Following his military service, Flournoy re-enrolled at Princeton University to pursue a doctorate degree in politics. During this time, he worked part-time as a Research Assistant in the Division of Legislative Information and Research of the New Jersey Legislature. In October of 1955, Flournoy became the Legislative Assistant to New Jersey State Senator H. Alexander Smith. He remained so until he finished his dissertation and received his Ph.D. in June of 1956.
    In 1957, Flournoy took an Assistant Professor position in the Pomona College Department of Political Science and thus moved his family to California. He quickly earned tenure status and remained at Pomona College until 1960 when he decided to run for office. In 1960, he successfully ran for California State Assembly as a Republican Party candidate. At this time, members of the legislature only had to serve for half the year so Pomona College agreed to give Flournoy a leave of absence every Spring to go to Sacramento. Early in his Assembly career, he was recognized as an expert in the field of education and school financing. He served in the Assembly from 1961 to 1966.
    In 1966, he ran for California State Controller. He beat out incumbent Alan Cranston for the position and served as Controller from 1966 to 1974. As a legislator, Flournoy supported a state land-use plan and a full-time air-pollution control board. He also advocated a larger state role in equalizing the funding of rich and poor school districts, in part by imposing a statewide property tax.
    In 1974, Flournoy ran for Governor of California. He defeated the Lt. Governor Ed Reinecke in the GOP primary but lost a close election to Democratic candidate, Edmund G. "Jerry" Brown, Jr. Flournoy blamed the loss on President Ford's pardon of ex-President Richard Nixon which came just a few weeks before California's general election. This move damaged the political campaigns of many Republican candidates, even moderates such as Flournoy. Flournoy never ran for office again.
    In 1976, Flournoy was appointed a Professor position at USC. He taught at the School of Public Administration (now part of the School of Policy, Planning, and Development) until 1993. He also served as a governmental affairs advisor for USC administration until 1999. In addition, Flournoy served on the boards of several corporations. After retirement he resided in Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida, and Bodega Bay, California. Flournoy was a heavy smoker for years and developed emphysema. He died of heart failure during a flight from San Diego to Santa Rosa on January 7, 2008.


    The collection is arranged into three series correspondence, subject files related to Flournoy, and subject files related to other republican party politicians, events, and activities. For the most part, original folder titles were kept in describing the collections contents.

    Scope and Content

    The collection includes correspondence, administrative records, regulations and legislation, campaign finances, budget reports for the State of California, commission and agency agendas, speeches, newspaper clippings, articles, and photographs from Houston Flournoy's political career from 1956 to 1974. The material is primarily print, originals, and photocopies.

    Conditions Governing Access

    COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE. Advance notice required for access.

    Conditions Governing Use

    The collection contains published articles; researchers are reminded of the copyright restrictions imposed by publishers on reusing their articles and parts of books. It is the responsibility of researchers to acquire permission from publishers when reusing such materials. The copyright to unpublished materials belongs to the heirs of the writers. Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository and the copyright holder.

    Preferred Citation

    [Box/folder# or item name], Houston Flournoy papers, Collection no. 0219, Regional History Collections, Special Collections, USC Libraries, University of Southern California


    USC acquired the collection in 1987.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Brown, Jerry, 1938- -- Archives
    California. Governor's Office. -- Archives
    California. Legislature. Assembly. -- Archives
    California. Office of State Controller. -- Archives
    California. Tax Reform Advisory Commission. -- Archives
    Flournoy, Houston I., (Houston Irvine), 1929- -- Archives
    Goldwater, Barry M., (Barry Morris), 1909-1998 -- Archives
    Nixon, Richard M., (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994 -- Archives
    Pomona College (Claremont, Calif.). -- Archives
    Reagan, Ronald -- Archives
    Republican National Convention. -- Archives
    Republican Party (Calif.). -- Archives
    Rockefeller, Nelson A., (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979 -- Archives
    Unruh, Jesse, 1922-1987 -- Archives
    California--Politics and government--1951---Archival resources
    Education, Higher--California--Archival resources
    Elections--California--Archival resources
    Political campaigns--California--History--20th century--Archival resources
    Political campaigns--United States--Archival resources
    Political parties--Law and legislation--California--Archival resources
    Politicians--California--Archival resources
    Speeches, addresses, etc., American--Archival resources