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A Register of the W. Langhorne Bond Papers
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biography Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: W. Langhorne Bond Papers
    Dates: 1930-1998
    Collection number: 2005C58
    Creator: Bond, W. Langhorne, 1893-1985.
    Collection Size: 4 manuscript boxes (1.6 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: The papers describe China during the period surrounding World War II and the Chinese Revolution. The documents, including correspondence, reports, writings, printed matter, personal documents, and photographs, contain descriptions, observations, and insights about political events in East Asia especially during the Sino-Japanese War and World War II. A majority of the material is documentation about the China National Aviation Corporation.
    Physical location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English Chinese

    Administrative Information


    The collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], W. Langhorne Bond Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives

    Acquisition Information

    Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2005.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biography Note

    1893 November 12 Born William Langhorne in Petersburg, Virginia, son of Thomas Baker Bond, a tobacco buyer, and Mary Potter Langhorne
    1917 Enlisted in World War I, serving in the army in France for the duration of the war
    1929 Started working for Curtiss-Wright Corporation
    1931 Accepted the position of Operations Manager for the China National Aviation Corporation (CNAC), in Shanghai
    1933 When Pan American Airways purchased Curtiss-Wright interests in CNAC, Bond became a Pan American employee
    1935 May 15 Married Katherine (Kitsi) Dunlop in Shanghai
    1937 When fighting broke out between Japan and China, Pan American withdrew from active operations in China during the United States policy of political neutrality. Bond became a CNAC employee to ensure the continued operations of CNAC as a Chinese civilian air transport company. After the war, he returned to work for Pan American
    1937-1942 CNAC continued to be active through the war despite evacuations from the main operating bases of Shanghai, Hankow and Hong Kong
    1941 Pioneered the "Hump" route between China and India, an essential air link to China during World War II
    1947 Promoted to vice president, Orient by Pan American Airlines
    1949 After the fall of the Nationalist Chinese government, CNAC assets were sold to China for the Civil Air Transport
    1950 Retired to his farm in Warrenton, Virginia
    1985 July 16 Died, Ponte Vedra, Florida
    2001 Author, Wings for an Embattled China, ed. James E. Ellis, Lehigh University Press, 2001. Posthumously published autobiography and history of the CNAC

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution in 2005, the W. Langhorne Bond papers describe China during the period surrounding World War II and the Chinese Revolution. The documents contain descriptions, observations, and insights about political events in East Asia during the time. A majority of the material is documentation of the China National Aviation Corporation (CNAC).
    CNAC was first established as a cooperative company by the Curtiss-Wright Corporation and the Chinese Government. The American interest in the company, known as China Federal Airways, was purchased by Pan American Airways in 1933. Bond, known to most as "Bondy," began as operations manager for the company in 1931 and continued to work for the company until his retirement from the post of Pan American's vice president, Orient in 1950.
    CNAC provided passenger, freight, and mail services to the Chinese Nationalist government. The small but effective airline was active during World War II, even as the Japanese took over large segments of China. The materials in the collection document events such as the evacuation of Hong Kong and a CNAC plane shot down by the Japanese. Bond also pioneered the "Hump" route over the Himalayas from China to India in 1941, which brought necessary supplies to the Chinese during the war. Prints in the Photographs document the first flight over the "Hump."
    Materials documenting the operations of CNAC may be found in the Correspondence series. Of note is correspondence between Bond and other Pan American employees including H. M. Bixby, a Pan American vice president in China and the Philippines, and S. E. Morgan, a corporation general purchasing agent in New York. However, most CNAC correspondence before 1937 was lost when moved from Shanghai to Hankow after the outbreak of war with the Japanese. Additional information on the overall history of CNAC may be found in materials the Writings series, as well as the CNAC Files.
    Images of the CNAC Staff, airplanes, airports, the Bond family, and travel in China during the 1930s and 1940s are found in the Photographs.
    Wings for an Embattled China, By W. Langhorne Bond, ed. James E. Ellis, published by Lehigh University Press in 2001 is an autobiography of Bond and overall history of CNAC.
    Throughout the collection description, the Romanization of Chinese place names have been kept as they were spelled by Bond in the 1930s and 1940s.


    Arranged in five series: Biographical File, Correspondence, Writings, China National Aviation Corporation (CNAC) Files, Photographs, and Printed Materials

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.


    China National Aviation Corporation.
    Pan American Airways Corporation.
    Sino-Japanese Conflict, 1937-1945.
    World War, 1939-1945--China.
    World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations.
    World War, 1939-1945--Transportation.