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Collection Details
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  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Alternative Form Available
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content Note

  • Title: Kyril Drenikoff papers
    Date (inclusive): 1849-2002
    Collection Number: 88009
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: Bulgarian
    Physical Description: 223 manuscript boxes, 42 oversize boxes, 1 cubic foot box, 14 card file boxes, 7 slide boxes, 2 oversize folders, 2 motion picture film reels, 22 sound cassettes, 1 videocassette, 106 sound discs, 1 microfilm reel, memorabilia (125.0 linear feet)
    Abstract: Correspondence, writings, conference proceedings, reports, bulletins, serial issues, clippings, other printed matter, photographs, maps, other pictorial materials, and memorabilia, relating to the history and culture of Bulgaria, activities of the post-World War II Bulgarian émigré community, and activities of the World Anti-Communist League, the Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations and other anti-communist organizations. Includes diaries of Georgi Drenikov, father of K. Drenikoff, and commander of the Bulgarian Air Force during World War II.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Drenikoff, Kyril


    Collection is open for research.
    Use copies of some sound recordings, video recordings, or motion picture material in this collection are available for immediate access. To access other sound recordings, video recordings, or motion picture material, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Kyril Drenikoff papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1988.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Alternative Form Available

    Also available on microfilm (209 reels).

    Biographical Note

    1930 July 30 Born in Sofia, Bulgaria
    1943 November 12 Gliding license
    1948 High school diploma, Institut des Frères des Écoles Chrétiennes, Collège St. St. Cyrille et Méthode, Sofia, Bulgaria
    1956 Law degree, State University, Sofia, Bulgaria
    1957 June 5 Diploma in international public law, La Sorbonne, Paris, France
    1959 March 2 Doctorat en droit international, La Sorbonne, Paris, France
    1960-1965 In charge of programs in Bulgarian, Radio Vaticana
    1960-1966 President, Association des Anciens Elèves des Frères des Ecoles Chrétiennes de la Bulgarie
    1960 March 15 Diploma, Institut des Hautes Etudes Internationales, Paris, France
    1962 Bulgarian delegate to the Central Committee of the Anti-Bolshevik Block of Nations (ABN)
    1962 June 24 Married Michèle Françoise Bihan-Faou
    1962-1983 Member, Political Council of Simeon II, King of Bulgaria, and counselor to the King
    1963 Degree, Hague Academy of International Law (International Law Fund laureate)
    1965-1984 Chancellor of the Royal Bulgarian orders and decorations
    1967-1968 State Counselor of Biafra
    1968 Author, L'église catholique en Bulgarie
      Author (under the pseudonym of Strachimir Belphegoroff), La mort mystérieuse d'un roi
    1970 Founder (with Ivan Drenikoff) and director, Centre de Recherches et de Documentation Balkaniques, Brussels, Belgium
    1970-1983 Permanent Bulgarian representative to the World Anti-Communist League (WACL), and member of its council
    1972 October 4 Allowed to use the name Kyril Drenikoff de Velboudj
    1975 February 9 Became French citizen and allowed to use the name Cyrille Drenec
    1978-1980 President, Ligue Bulgare des Droits de l'Homme
    1981 Author, Bulgarska literatura v izgnanie
    1982 Author, Bibliografi'i'a za Makedoni'i'a
    1983 December 22 Died in Brussels, Belgium

    Scope and Content Note

    The Kyril Drenikoff papers constitute a major resource on Bulgaria and reflect Drenikoff's life and work as a writer, bibliographer, and political activist in the Bulgarian émigré community.
    Kyril Drenikoff's involvement in that community is well documented in the extensive Correspondence series, as well as in several series dedicated to the activities of the World Anti-Communist League, the Anti-Bolshevik Block of Nations, and the Bulgarian League for Human Rights, organizations in which he held a prominent role. Material on other anti-communist organizations, such as the Assembly of Captive European Nations, can be found in the Subject File.
    Another focus of the collection is Kyril Drenikoff's life-long interest in promoting Bulgarian history and culture. With his brother Ivan Drenikoff, he co-founded the Centre de Recherches et de Documentation Balkaniques, formerly named the Balkan Archives, for which they collected thousands of volumes. Kyril Drenikoff was also the publisher of Informations Bulgares and headed the Institut Culturel Bulgare, which published Edin Zavet. Much of his bibliographic effort was concentrated on Macedonia as well as on Bulgaria. Though of Macedonian origin, he strongly believed that the population of Macedonia is part of the Bulgarian nation and refuted the existence of an independent Macedonian nation and church.
    Also important in the collection are Kyril Drenikoff's speeches and writings on Bulgarian and Macedonian culture, politics, and religious issues, often written under one of the following pseudonyms: D. B., D. D., K. G. D., D. G., D. K. G., D. L. G., G. G., D. V., Strachimir Belphegoroff, G. Bertram, Ieromonakh Danail, Konstantin Dragashov, Gavrets, Gavriil Gorianin, Dr. Gorski, K. D. Gueorguief, Serafim Ionov, Dimiter Iskrenov, S. Kirov, Kolezhanin, G. or Goge or Georgi Lazov, Iskren Ognianov, Pantelei Petnik, G. L. Starozemets, C. D. de Velboudj, and Iurdan Zambakov. Included in the Speeches and Writings series are Kyril Drenikoff's academic theses of 1959, 1960, and 1963, but his diaries, covering the period from 1971 to 1976, can be found in their own series.
    Separate series were also created for King Simeon II of Bulgaria, to document Kyril Drenikoff's role as his counselor and member of his political council, as well as for King Simeon's father, Czar Boris III of Bulgaria. However, material relating to Czar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria can be found in the Subject File.
    Apart from the Biographical File devoted to Kyril Drenikoff, there is a wealth of material related to several members of his family, in particular his brother, Ivan Drenikoff, and his father, Georgi Drenikoff, commander of the Bulgarian Air Force during World War II. Not only is Georgi's participation in both World Wars well documented, there is also material relating to his passion for gliding. Indeed, he founded the practice of gliding in Bulgaria and won the bronze medal in the gliding competition during the Olympic Games of 1936 in Berlin, the first Bulgarian Olympic trophy. An accomplished track athlete, he also set the 1924 Bulgarian national record in hurdle racing.
    Finally, the collection is very rich in audio-visual material, with extensive series of photographs, postcards, maps, artwork, and sound recordings, relating mostly to Bulgarian history and culture.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations.
    Drenikov, Georgi.
    World Anti-Communist League.
    Anti-communist movements.
    Bulgarians in foreign countries.
    Slides (Photography).
    Video tapes.
    World War, 1939-1945--Bulgaria.
    World War, 1939-1945.