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Lechin Oquendo (Juan) papers
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Collection Details
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  • Access
  • Use
  • Acquisition Information
  • Preferred Citation
  • Biography Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement

  • Title: Juan Lechín Oquendo papers
    Date (inclusive): 1952-2002
    Collection Number: 2004C14
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 21 manuscript boxes, 2 oversize boxes (8.8 Linear Feet)
    Abstract: The papers provide an overview of the life and career of a prominent Bolivian trade unionist and politician, Juan Lechín Oquendo who served as head of the powerful Central Obrera Boliviana for 35 years (1952-1987), and was vice president of Bolivia from 1960-1964. Correspondence, speeches and writings, reports, studies, copies of government documents and trade union records, printed matter, sound recordings of interviews, photographs, and memorabilia in the papers relate to miners' unions in Bolivia and the Central Obrera Boliviana, the Bolivian revolution of 1952, as well as subsequent political and economic developments in Bolivia.
    Creator: Lechín Oquendo, Juan
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives


    Box 23 may not be used without permission of the Archivist. The remainder of the collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.


    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives

    Acquisition Information

    Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 2004

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Juan Lechín Oquendo papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives

    Biography Note

    1914 May 18 Born, Corocoro, Bolivia
    1944 Elected general secretary, Federación Sindical de Trabajadores Mineros de Bolivia (FSTMB)
    1952 Participates in Bolivian National Revolution as a member of the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario (MNR), and is named Minister of Mines. Becomes Executive Secretary of the Central Obrera Boliviana (COB)
    1960 Elected vice-president of Bolivia
    1964 Leaves MNR and forms the Partido Revolucionario de Izquierda Nacional (PRIN)
    1965-1971 In political exile
    1971 Returns to Bolivia and is active in the creation of the Asamblea Popular
    1972-1978 In political exile
    1980 Runs unsuccessfully for president as candidate of the PRIN
    1987 Retires as leader of the FSTMB and COB
    2000 Author, Memorias
    2001 Died

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Acquired in 2004, the Juan Lechín Oquendo papers in the Hoover Institution Library & Archives provide an overview of the life and career of a prominent Bolivian trade unionist and politician. Lechín Oquendo served as head of the powerful Central Obrera Boliviana for 35 years (1952-1987), and in this capacity he not only defended the interests of Bolivian workers, but became involved in the turbulent politics of his country. At various times, Lechín Oquendo served as government minister, as vice-president of Bolivia, and as the leader of an important opposition party. During several periods of military rule in Bolivia, Lechín Oquendo was forced into political exile.
    There are significant biographical materials in the papers. In addition to numerous clippings, the Biographical File contains a number of writings on Lechín Oquendo, including a major biography. The Speeches and Writings series contains Lechín Oquendo's autobiography, and in the Sound Recordings series there are a number of extensive interviews with him. The Photographs series contains a large number of prints depicting Lechín Oquendo, including many relating to his political and trade union activities.
    The Political Parties and Trade Unions File is comprised largely of publications by Bolivian political parties and trade unions, including the organizations that Lechín Oquendo was affiliated with: the Central Obrera Boliviano, the Federacíon Sindical de Trabjadores Mineros de Bolivia, and the Partido Revolucionario de Izquierdo. Materials about the Bolivian economy, and especially its mining sector, can be found in the Subject File.
    The Juan Claudio Lechín Weise File is devoted to Lechín Oquendo's son, and consists primarily of his published writings. The Printed Matter series consists largely of publications relating to Bolivian politics and history, with an emphasis on the National Revolution of 1952.


    The collection is organized into 11 series: Biographical File, Correspondence, Speeches and Writings, Political Parties and Trade Unions File, Juan Claudio Lechín Weise File, Subject File, Writings by Others, Printed Matter, Photographs, Sound Recordings, and Oversize Materials

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Bolivia -- Politics and government
    Labor unions -- Bolivia
    Miners -- Bolivia
    Bolivia -- History -- Revolution, 1952
    Bolivia -- Economic conditions
    Central Obrera Boliviana