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St. Denis (Ruth), Photograph Collection on
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Processing History
  • Biography
  • Collection Scope and Content Summary
  • Collection Arrangement

  • Contributing Institution: Special Collections and Archives, University of California, Irvine Libraries
    Title: Photograph collection on Ruth St. Denis
    Identifier/Call Number: MS.P.070
    Physical Description: 0.3 Linear Feet (1 box and 1 oversized folder)
    Date (inclusive): 1893-1949
    Abstract: The collection comprises over 100 photographic prints of Ruth St. Denis, who influenced the development of American modern dance. The photographs feature St. Denis posing alone in costume, with fellow dancers, traveling, and at leisure with her husband and partner, Ted Shawn. Several of the photographs are autographed by St. Denis and some have annotations on the reverse.
    Language of Material: English .


    The collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    Property rights reside with the University of California. Copyrights are retained by the creators of the records and their heirs. Some of these materials are in the public domain. For permissions to reproduce or to publish, please contact the Head of Special Collections and Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    Photograph Collection on Ruth St. Denis. MS-P070. Special Collections and Archives, The UC Irvine Libraries, Irvine, California. Date accessed.
    For the benefit of current and future researchers, please cite any additional information about sources consulted in this collection, including permanent URLs, item or folder descriptions, and box/folder locations.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired, 2007.

    Processing History

    Processed by Cyndi Shein, 2008.


    Ruth St. Denis was an innovative dancer, choreographer, and instructor who pioneered early forms of modern dance. Born Ruth Dennis in Newark, New Jersey in 1877, she performed in musical comedies and vaudeville shows during her youth. She adopted the stage name "Ruth St. Denis" in 1906 when she achieved success as a dance soloist in New York City. She approached dance as a philosophical and spiritual experience rather than as entertainment, and incorporated Eastern and Western cultural and religious themes into her work. In 1914 she married her dance partner, Ted Shawn, and in 1915 they founded Denishawn, a dance school and company in Los Angeles. Denishawn was one of the first significant schools of dance in the United States, molding young dancers such as Martha Graham and Doris Humphrey. The non-ballet movements developed at Denishawn became known as "modern dance." St. Denis also founded the Society of Spiritual Arts, the dance department at Adelphi University, and the School of Natya. She was often called the "first lady of American dance." She died in Los Angeles in 1968.

    Collection Scope and Content Summary

    The collection comprises over 100 photographic prints of Ruth St. Denis, primarily featuring St. Denis posing in costume alone or with fellow dancers. Many photographs include her husband and partner, Ted Shawn. Some of the dances portrayed include The Cobra, The Yogi, The Peacock, and The Nautch. The collection includes cabinet cards, professionally produced black-and-white prints, and personal snap shots of St. Denis traveling and at leisure. Several of the photographs are autographed by St. Denis and some have annotations on the reverse. The collection also includes a handwritten index, compiled by a previous owner, providing a brief description of the subject of each print. Not all photographs are numbered and not all items listed in the index are represented in the collection.

    Collection Arrangement

    The photographs in this collection are numbered on the reverse and arranged in rough numerical order.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Photographic prints -- 20th century.
    Photographic prints -- 19th century.
    Modern dance -- Photographs.
    Dancers -- United States -- Photographs.
    St. Denis, Ruth, 1880-1968 -- Photographs
    Shawn, Ted
    St. Denis, Ruth, 1880-1968 -- Archives