Register of the Peng Shu-tse and Chen Bilan papers

Dale Reed
Hoover Institution Library and Archives
© 2003, 2012, 2021
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA 94305-6003
hoover-library-archives@stanford.edu


Title: Peng Shu-tse and Chen Bilan papers
Date (inclusive): 1924-1987
Collection Number: 92034
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
Language of Material: In English and Chinese.
Physical Description: 5 manuscript boxes (2.0 Linear Feet)
Abstract: Speeches and writings, correspondence, theses, and resolutions relating to the early communist movement in China, and to Trotskyist activities in China and elsewhere. Includes memoirs, other writings, and correspondence of Chen Bilan, the companion of Peng Shu-tse, relating to the same topics and also to the condition of women in Chinese society.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives

Access

The collection is open for research; materials must be requested at least two business days in advance of intended use.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Peng Shu-tse and Chen Bilan papers papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Acquisition Information

Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 1992.

Biographical Note

1895 Peng born, Hunan Province, China
1902 Ch'en born, Hupei Province, China
1920 Peng joined Chinese Communist Party
1921-1924 Peng student at University of Toilers of the East, Moscow
1922 Ch'en joined Chinese Communist Party
1924-1925 Ch'en student at University of Toilers of the East, Moscow
1925 Peng and Ch'en established household
1925-1927 Peng member of national Political Bureau of Chinese Communist Party and editor of Hsiang-tao chou-pao and Hsin ch'ing-nien. Ch'en member of Shanghai Region Political Bureau of Chinese Communist Party and secretary of Shanghai Region Women's Commission
1929 Peng and Ch'en charter members of Chinese Left Opposition. Expelled from Chinese Communist Party
1931 Peng and Ch'en charter members of Communist League of China
1932-1937 Peng imprisoned in Nanking
1948 Peng and Ch'en moved to Hong Kong. Charter members of Revolutionary Communist Party of China
1950 Peng and Ch'en moved to Vietnam
1951 Peng and Ch'en moved to France. Continued as leaders of exiled Chinese section of Fourth International. Peng for many years member of International Executive Committee of Fourth International
1975 Peng and Ch'en moved to United States
1983 Peng died
1987 Ch'en died

Scope and Content Note

The papers of the veteran Chinese Trotskyist leader Peng Shu-tse [P'eng Shu-chih] include also those of his lifelong companion Ch'en Pi-lan [Chen Bilan]. They date overwhelmingly from the post-1949 period, during which Peng, Ch'en and other Chinese Trotskyists were in exile. Many of their writings deal, however, with their early political activity, and with their participation in the early years of the Chinese Communist Party and especially in the revolutionary events of 1925-1927. The book-length memoirs of Ch'en Pi-lan are particularly notable. They, and others of her writings, are concerned not only with the Chinese revolutionary movement in general, but also with the Chinese women's movement in particular.
Material from the post-1949 period is also of value in documenting activities of the Fourth International and of its exiled Chinese section, and of Trotskyist analysis of the Maoist regime in China, the Chinese commune system, and the Chinese Cultural Revolution. More than half of the material in the collection is in English, but a sizable proportion of it is in Chinese.
The papers were formerly housed in New York City in the Library of Social History, an affiliate of the Socialist Workers Party of the United States. Together with other holdings of the Library of Social History, they were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives from the Anchor Foundation in 1992.

 

Biographical File 1973-1987

Scope and Contents note

Bibliographies, obituaries, and other biographical data, relating to Peng Shu-tse and Ch'en Pi-lan
box 1, folder 1

General. Bibliographies, obituaries, and miscellany 1977-1987

box 1, folder 2

Miller, Joseph T., "P'eng Shu-chih and the Chinese Revolution: A Tentative Political Biography," 1973

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
 

Speeches and Writings of Peng Shu-tse 1924-1976

Scope and Contents note

Arranged chronologically
box 1, folder 3

["The October Revolution and Leninism: For the Commemoration of the Seventh Anniversary of the October Revolution"], Hsiang-tao chou-pao 1924 November 7

Scope and Contents note

Holograph English translation
box 1, folder 4

["The Historical Significance of the Fighting Period of May 4th Movement in 1919"] 1946 May

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy (in Chinese)
box 1, folder 5

["Le caractère de classe du Parti communiste chinois et du nouveau régime"], 1951 November 8

Scope and Contents note

Typed French translation
box 1, folder 6

["Remarques supplementaires et corrections au 'Rapport sur la question chinois'"] 1952 May 10

Scope and Contents note

Typed French translation
box 1, folder 7

"Criticisms on the Draft Resolution on the Third Chinese Revolution," 1952 June 2

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 8

"An Open Letter to the Central Executive Committee of the Chinese Communist Party: In Protest against Persecutions of Trotskyists in China," 1953 April 14

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 9

"Rise and Decline of Stalinism," 1953 June

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 10

"A Few Criticisms to Serve as Amendments on the Resolution on the Third Chinese Revolution," 1954 March

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
box 1, folder 11

"Letter to the Chinese Trotskyist Organization," 1954 April 4

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 12

"A Review on Pabloism: From Pablo to Cochran, Clarke and Mestre," 1955 January 1

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 13

"Resolution on the Parity Commission," 1955 November 7

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 14

"Declaration on the Resolution of Solidarity with the Algerian Struggle for National Liberation," 1956 January 15

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 15

"Draft Resolution on the Evolution of the Post-War International Situation, Its Perspectives and the Tasks of the Fourth International," 1956 December

Scope and Contents note

Mimeograph
box 1, folder 16

Article on anniversary of assassination of Leon Trotsky 1958

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 17

Article on invitation to Nikita Khrushchev to visit the United States 1959

Scope and Contents note

Holograph (in Chinese)
box 1, folder 18

"Are the Communes a 'Superior Type of Economic Organization', or an Effective Instrument for Exploiting and Controlling the Peasants by the CCP?" 1959

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 19

"Communes Are 'Voluntary Peasant Cooperation' and 'Are Administered by Elected Councils Not by Bureaucratic Edict'?" 1959

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 20

"'The Great Productive Increase in Farming' and 'From Enslavement for Women to Equality'," 1959

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 21

"The Criticism of the Several Opinions in Support of the Chinese Rural People's Communes and Our Attitude toward the Chinese Rural People's Communes," 1959

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 22

"A Few More Words on Comrades Liang and Swabeck," 1959 August 18

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 23

"A Supplement to 'The Criticism of the Several Opinions in Support of the Chinese Rural People's Communes and Our Attitude toward the Chinese Rural People's Communes'," 1959 September 15

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 24

Article on situation in France 1959 December 27

Scope and Contents note

Holograph (in Chinese)
box 1, folder 25

"On the Nature of the Chinese Communist Party and Its Regime: Political Revolution or Democratic Reform?" 1960 April

Scope and Contents note

Mimeograph
box 1, folder 26

"On the Suggestions and Proposals on the Unity of the World Trotskyist Movement," 1961 May 8

Scope and Contents note

Mimeograph
box 1, folder 27

"My Opinion on the Following Two Questions: The Question of the Cuban Revolution: The Question of China," 1961 June 6

Scope and Contents note

Mimeograph
box 1, folder 28

"A Draft Resolution on the Cuban Revolution and the Task of the Trotskyists," 1961 July 20

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 29

"Where Is Burns Taking the S.L.L.? On the Peril of the Sectarian Tendency of the S.L.L.," 1962

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 30

"Two Extreme Attitudes of the S.L.L. towards the Algerian Struggle of Liberation: From the Policy of Right Adaptation to the Policy of Left Sectarianism," 1963

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 31

"To Continue the Split or to Re-unify the Movement?" 1963 January 14

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 32

"The Evolution of Pabloism and the Struggle against Pabloism by SLL Leaders," 1963 January

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 33

Article upon reading Pravda 1963 February 22

Scope and Contents note

Holograph (in Chinese)
box 1, folder 34

Article on Pabloism circa 1964

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
box 1, folder 35

Article on Chinese Cultural Revolution 1967

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
box 1, folder 36

"The Relationship and Differences between Mao Tse-tung and Liu Shao-chi" [interview with Antonio Farien] 1967 July 6

Scope and Contents note

Mimeograph
box 1, folder 37

Article on Chinese Cultural Revolution circa 1968

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
box 1, folder 38

"The New Developments in the Chinese Situation," 1969

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 1, folder 39

["Maintain the Truth of History, or Fake History?"] 1970 June 28

Scope and Contents note

Holograph (in Chinese)
box 1, folder 40

Introduction to Leon Trotsky, Problems of the Chinese Revolution [new edition] 1974

Scope and Contents note

Holograph (in Chinese)
box 1, folder 41

Message to Intercontinental Press banquet [with Ch'en Pi-lan] 1974 April 24

Scope and Contents note

Holograph (in Chinese)
box 1, folder 42

P'ing Chang Kuo-t'ao ti "Wo ti hui i": Chung-kuo ti erh tz'u ko ming shih pai ti ch'ien yin hou kuo ho chiao hsün [A Criticism of Chang Kuo-t'ao's "My Memoirs": The Course, Consequences and Lessons of the Defeat of the Second Chinese Revolution], 1975

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy (in Chinese)
box 1, folder 43

"Comments on the LTF Draft Resolution 'The Key Issues in the Portuguese Revolution'," 1975 August 1

Scope and Contents note

Mimeograph
box 1, folder 44

"A Statement on the Slanders Circulated by the Healy Group against Hansen, Novack, and the Socialist Workers Party" [with Ch'en Pi-lan and Louis Sinclair] 1976

Scope and Contents note

Mimeograph
box 1, folder 45

["Questions and Answers on the Civil War in China"] undated

Scope and Contents note

Holograph (in Chinese)
box 1, folder 46

Articles on Chinese Cultural Revolution undated

Scope and Contents note

Holographs (in Chinese)
box 2, folder 1

Notes and fragments (mainly in Chinese) undated

 

Speeches and Writings of Ch'en Pi-lan 1933-1981

Scope and Contents note

Arranged chronologically
box 2, folder 2

["The Evolutionist View of Sexual Selection"], Tung-fang tsa-chih 1933

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy (in Chinese) and typed English translation
box 2, folder 3

["Village Women and the Bankruptcy of Villages"], Tung-fang tsa-chih 1935

Scope and Contents note

Typed English translation
box 2, folder 4

["The Modern Family Institution and the Question of Children"], Tung-fang tsa-chih 1935 July-September

Scope and Contents note

Typed English translation
box 2, folder 5

["Examining the Problem of Women's Suicide"], Tung-fang tsa-chih 1936

Scope and Contents note

Typed English translation
box 2, folder 6

"Attitude to Life / Attitude à la vie," 1947

Scope and Contents note

Typescript (in English and French)
box 2, folder 7

"Looking Back Over My Years with P'eng Shu-tse," 1965 November

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy
box 2, folder 8

["Lies Loving No Facts"] 1968 September 16

Scope and Contents note

Printed copy (in Chinese) and holograph and typed English translations
box 2, folder 9

"A Criticism of 'Guerrilla Warfare: Lessons of China'," 1971 January 10

Scope and Contents note

Holograph and typescript
box 2, folder 10

"In Memory of My Son, Yau Ming," 1971 May 28

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 2, folder 11

"A Statement on Portugal," 1975

Scope and Contents note

Mimeograph
box 2, folder 12

"My Experiences on Women's Movement in China," circa 1970s

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 2, folder 13

Article on Chinese women's movement circa 1970s

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
 

["My Memoirs"] circa 1981

box 2, folder 14-17

Chinese text

Scope and Contents note

Holograph
box 3

English translation

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
box 3, folder 1

Chapter 1. "Childhood: At Home and at School"

box 3, folder 2

Chapter 2. "Life and Struggles at the College of Education for Women"

box 3, folder 3

Chapter 3. "'Entering the Party' and 'Cancelling the Marriage Agreement'"

box 3, folder 4

Chapter 4. "From Wuhan to Peking"

box 3, folder 5

Chapter 5. "Life and Study in Shanghai"

box 3, folder 6

Chapter 6. "Setback on the Journey to the Soviet Union"

box 3, folder 7

Chapter 7. "To the Soviet Union"

box 3, folder 8

Chapter 8. "Studies and Party Education in the Chinese Section of the Communist University of the Toilers of the East in Moscow"

box 3, folder 9

Chapter 9. "Studies and Party Education in the Chinese Section of the Communist University of the Toilers of the East in Moscow [continued]"

box 3, folder 10

Chapter 10. "The Outbreak of the May 30th Movement and Preparations to Return to China"

box 3, folder 11

Chapter 11. "My Work in Honan, " August-October 1925

box 3, folder 12

Chapter 12. "Work in Shanghai, " 1925-1927

box 3, folder 13

Chapter 13. "A Month in Canton: After Chiang Kai-shek's Coup of " March 20, 1926

box 3, folder 14

Chapter 14. "Back to Shanghai"

box 3, folder 15

Chapter 15. "The Northern Expedition and the Armed Uprising of the Shanghai Workers"

box 3, folder 16

Chapter 16. "The Wuhan Period and the Fifth Congress of the Chinese Communist Party"

box 3, folder 17

Chapter 17. "The Wuhan Government's Liquidation of Communists, and My Life"

box 3, folder 18

Chapter 18. "Two Months in the North"

box 3, folder 19

Chapter 19. "Our Life after Returning to Shanghai from the North, and Chü Ch'iu-pai"

box 3, folder 20

Chapter 20. "The Beginning of Our Life of Hardship"

box 3, folder 21

Chapter 21. "The Beginning of the Chinese Trotskyist Movement and Our Expulsion from the CCP"

box 3, folder 22

Chapter 22. "A Catastrophe Brought on by a Traitor"

box 3, folder 23

Chapter 23. "Peng Shu-chih's Arrest on " October 15, 1932

box 3, folder 24

Chapter 24. "Life during the Five Years Following Shu-chih's Arrest"

box 3, folder 25

Chapter 25. "Life during the Five Years Following Shu-chih's Arrest [continued]"

box 3, folder 26

Chapter 26? "The Socialist Cultural Movement after the Failure of the Revolution, and the Trotskyist Faction"

box 3, folder 27

Chapter 27? "P'eng Shu-chih and Ch'en Tu-hsiu's Release from Prison and their Subsequent Separation"

box 3, folder 28

Chapter 28? "Leaving China: From Hong Kong to Vietnam, " 1950

box 3, folder 29

"A Week in Hospital," undated

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
 

Correspondence 1952-1981

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence of Peng Shu-tse and Ch'en Pi-lan, interfiled, arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent
box 4, folder 1

Barbaria, Frank 1953

box 4, folder 2

Barnes, Jack 1971-1976

box 4, folder 3

Bombaro, Natalie 1975-1978

box 4, folder 4

Burton, Robert A. 1966

box 4, folder 5

Cannon, James P. 1953-1958

box 4, folder 6

Charlier, Fernand 1966

box 4, folder 7

Cornelissen, Igor 1971-1972

box 4, folder 8

Dobbs, Farrell 1958-1960

box 4, folder 9

Dowson, Ross 1962-1973

box 4, folder 10

Evans, Les 1972-1975

box 4, folder 11

Feeley, Dianne 1974

box 4, folder 12

Fourth International. International Committee 1957-1958

box 4, folder 13

Fourth International. International Executive Committee 1967-1976

box 4, folder 14

Fourth International. International Secretariat, (including draft in Chinese) 1953-1954

box 4, folder 15

Fourth International. United Secretariat 1966-1977

box 4, folder 16

Frank, Pierre 1954-1976

box 4, folder 17

Genecin, Alvin 1972

box 4, folder 18

Hamilton, Betty 1957-1959

box 4, folder 19

Hansen, Joseph 1966-1973

box 4, folder 20

Hansen, Reba 1966-1969

box 4, folder 21

Harris, Alan and Connie 1970

box 4, folder 22

Healy, Gerry 1954-1962

box 4, folder 23

Hillery, Mary 1973

box 4, folder 24

Horowitz, Gus 1972-1973

box 4, folder 25

Hsin-ch'eng, (in Chinese) 1972

box 4, folder 26

Institut Léon Trotsky, 1977

box 4, folder 27

Japan Revolutionary Communist League 1954-1973

box 4, folder 28

Jarvis, Helen 1973

box 4, folder 29

Jenness, Doug 1978

box 4, folder 30

Kagan, Richard C., (partly in Chinese) 1971-1972

box 4, folder 31

Keil, David 1967-1979

box 4, folder 32

Kerry, Karolyn 1966-1967

box 4, folder 33

Lee, Shee, (partly in Chinese) 1956-1975

box 4, folder 34

Lequenne, Michel undated

box 4, folder 35

Lesnik, Rich 1971-1972

box 4, folder 36

Mandel, Ernest 1973-1979

box 4, folder 37

Mandel, Gisela 1970-1971

box 4, folder 38

Meyer, Roger 1966

box 4, folder 39

Miller, Joseph T. 1972-1976

box 4, folder 40

Nabata, Hisashi, (partly in Chinese) 1966-1972

box 4, folder 41

Nakajima, Mineo 1969-1971

box 4, folder 42

Nishi, Kyoji 1960-1965

box 4, folder 43

Novack, George 1952-1973

box 4, folder 44

Peng family, (in Chinese) 1967-1973

box 4, folder 45

Petros undated

box 4, folder 46

Pinot, Jean-Christian undated

box 4, folder 47

Polan, Tony 1970

box 4, folder 48

Reed, Evelyn 1953-1963

box 4, folder 49

Revolutionary Communist Party [China], (in Chinese with English translation) 1954

box 4, folder 50

Riddell, John 1970-1972

box 4, folder 51

Roberts, Demila 1964-1967

box 4, folder 52

Sakai 1973

box 4, folder 53

Seabold, Mr. and Mrs. 1966-1967

box 4, folder 54

Sharon, Art 1966-1967

box 4, folder 55

Socialist Workers Party [U.S.] 1971

box 4, folder 56

Stone, Betsey 1981

box 4, folder 57

Tam, Jane 1953-1954

box 4, folder 58

Tilak, S. 1952-1957

box 4, folder 59

Unidentified, (mainly in Chinese) 1958-1964

box 4, folder 60

Vergeat, G. 1970-1973

box 5, folder 1

Wataru, Yakushiji 1972-1973

box 5, folder 2

Waters, Mary-Alice 1973-1976

box 5, folder 3

Weissman, George 1955

box 5, folder 4

Whitney, W. J. 1962-1963

box 5, folder 5

Wong, W. H. 1952

box 5, folder 6

Wu, Chung-hsin, (in Chinese) 1973

box 5, folder 7

Yamanishi, Eiichi 1952-1971

box 5, folder 8

Yin, (in Chinese) 1969

 

Socialist Workers Party Correspondence 1953-1981

Scope and Contents note

Letters exchanged between members of the Socialist Workers Party (U.S.) relating to Peng Shu-tse and Ch'en Pi-lan, arranged chronologically. Includes discussion of assistance to Peng and Ch'en, their writing projects, and their move to the United States
box 5, folder 9

1953-1974

box 5, folder 10

1975

box 5, folder 11

1976-1981

 

Fourth International Subject File 1930-1975

Scope and Contents note

Circulated letters, reports, discussion documents, resolutions, declarations, minutes, and bulletins, relating to political discussions within the Fourth International. Arranged alphabetically by country under discussion
 

General

box 5, folder 12

1953-1955

box 5, folder 13

1961-1966

box 5, folder 14

1971-1973

box 5, folder 15

Undated

 

China

box 5, folder 16

(partly in Chinese) 1949-1959

Scope and Contents note

Includes 1953 appeal of Trotskyists in Shanghai
box 5, folder 17

(partly in Chinese) 1966-1975

Scope and Contents note

Includes 1972 document in Chinese on Chinese Trotskyist military struggle
box 5, folder 18

Undated

box 5, folder 19

Wang, Fan-hsi. Letters, memoirs, and other writings 1966-1973

box 5, folder 20

Printed articles from Chinese Trotskyist press, (in Chinese) 1955-1967

box 5, folder 21

India 1930-1973

box 5, folder 22

Japan, (partly in Chinese) 1953-1960

box 5, folder 23

Sri Lanka 1954-1967