Guide to the Donald Stewart Lucas Papers,
Processed by Martin Meeker and Isaac Martin.
The Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society. All rights reserved.
Guide to the Donald Stewart Lucas Papers,
Accession number: 1997-25
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society
San Francisco, California
- Processed by:
- Martin Meeker and Isaac Martin
- Date Completed:
- February, 2003
© 2003 The Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society. All rights reserved.
Title: Donald Stewart Lucas Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1941-1998
Accession number: 1997-25
Lucas, Donald S. (1926-)
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society.
San Francisco, California.
Abstract: This collection documents the professional life of Donald (Don) S. Lucas. It contains significant holdings relating to the
Mattachine Foundation, the Mattachine Society, Pan-Graphic Press, the Council on Religion and the Homosexual, the Society
for Individual Rights, and the Economic Opportunity Council of San Francisco, particularly the Central City Target Area. The
collection contains a small cache of personal correspondence, mementos, and subject files.
Collection is open for research.
Copyright to unpublished manuscript materials has been transferred to the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society.
[Identification of item], Donald S. Lucas Papers, 1997-25, Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society.
First items were donated to the GLBT Historical Society by Donald Lucas in 1997; over the next six years he continued to donate
Biography and Organizational Histories
Donald Stewart Lucas
Donald Stewart Lucas was born in rural Colorado in 1926. He was raised on a farm mostly by his mother; work took his father
away from the family frequently and divorce separated his parents permanently when Lucas was 16. Lucas had one brother who
was three years his elder and who had cerebral palsy. Lucas spent a good deal of his adolescence caring for his brother, who
died when Lucas was 18. Lucas finished high school at the age of 16 and then attended the local junior college, in Pueblo,
Colorado, until he was 18. With his brother dead and his parents divorced, Lucas left for Tacoma, Washington, where he lived
for five years. He worked in the shipyards during wartime. In his spare time he also worked in children's theater, the production
of educational films, and performed on the stage as the magician, "Jus Foo Ling." Lucas had visited San Francisco once, in
1943, and was impressed with the beauty and magic of "The City." Six years later, while making a stopover in San Francisco
while driving back to Colorado, Lucas decided to stay and settle in the city. He first lived in a rooming house near the corner
of Haight Street and Market Street. He continued performing in local theater until the middle 1950s and worked for North British
Insurance Company between 1949 and 1960.
Although Lucas studied "abnormal psychology" in junior college, he claims to have not thought of himself as a sexual "deviant"
during those years; he also remembers having dated women at the time. Lucas's first exposure to a gay subculture came when
he was living and working in Tacoma. When Lucas moved to San Francisco in 1949 his homosexuality was not at issue, but in
that city he was introduced to the Mattachine Society and the idea of homosexual education and activism. An acquaintance invited
Lucas to a meeting of a San Francisco chapter of the recently re-formed Mattachine Society in mid-1953. In November 1953 Lucas
attended a Constitutional Convention of the Society in Los Angeles and from that point in time became progressively more involved
in the organization. As the leadership of the Society migrated from southern to northern California, Lucas assumed greater
leadership responsibilities. In 1954, Lucas was a representative of the San Francisco Area Council and in 1955 he moved into
the position of chair of the Society's Legal-Legislative Committee. Beginning in 1955, he also worked with Hal Call on publishing
Mattachine Review in the position of Business Manager.
Joining with Hal Call and two other investors, Lucas founded Pan-Graphic Press in 1954. Pan-Graphic was a private enterprise
that provided printing services for a range of clients but whose main responsibility was publishing the
Mattachine Review, beginning in late 1955. Along with printing the
Mattachine Review and other Society documents, Pan-Graphic published gay-related novels, non-fiction, poetry, and transcripts of radio and
television programs; the press also published the
Dorian Book Service Quarterly, a journal that joined news about obscenity laws with a mail-order catalogue, and
Town-Talk, one of the first gay bar-oriented gay newspapers to carry advertising. Lucas left his job as assistant claims manager at
the North British Insurance Company in 1960 to work fulltime for Pan-Graphic and the Society, which he did between 1960 and
1966. During that period of time, he kept the books for Pan-Graphic, but spent most of his time performing what he called
"lay counseling" for the Society. This activity included working with individuals who contacted the Society with a whole variety
of problems relating to employment, housing, civil rights, arrests, family, gender identity, and psychology; to help the individuals,
Lucas worked with social workers, psychologists, lawyers, journalists, business owners, clergy, and landlords. This work occurred
at a time when the San Francisco homophile movement experienced a period of significant growth. Lucas played an important
role in the expansion of the movement as he helped to found the Council on Religion and the Homosexual in 1964 and worked
with several other organizations including the Society for Individual Rights and the Committee to Fight the Exclusion of Homosexuals
from the Armed Forces.
As Lucas's interest in social services and counseling increased in the middle 1960s, he was exposed not only to homosexuals
in need, but to others (like runaway youth, hustlers, drug addicts, the elderly, and transgender youth) in the Tenderloin
and South of Market area who were confronted with a variety of problems. At the same time, Lyndon Johnson's Great Society
agenda started spawning a variety of antipoverty programs. In San Francisco, the Economic Opportunity Council was formed to
distribute grants and establish neighborhood-based programs. In 1966, Central City (comprised of the Tenderloin and South
of Market) became one of the five "Target Areas" within the city of San Francisco. Shortly thereafter, Lucas was hired as
the administrative assistant and then assistant director to the Central City Area Director, Calvin Colt. When Colt transferred
to the main EOC office in the Fall of 1967, Lucas was promoted to the position of Director of the Central City Multi-Service
Center. He served in that position until May 1969, when the Nixon administration already had made severe budget cutbacks in
Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, Lucas continued to work for communities in need by serving on the boards of North of Market
Senior Services and the Haight-Ashbury Free Medical Clinic. However, after leaving the Central City Multi-Service Center,
Lucas primarily worked as a bookkeeper and private consultant until retirement. As of February 2003, Lucas continues to live
in San Francisco and makes periodic visits to his hometown in Colorado where he is active in the local historical society.
The Mattachine Foundation and the Mattachine Society
The Mattachine Society is perhaps the best known but also among the least understood organizations of the homophile movement.
The Mattachine Society experienced three distinct stages in its organizational history and they can be categorized along the
following lines: the Mattachine Foundation (1951-1953); the Mattachine Society as a national organization with local chapters
(1953-1961); and the Mattachine Society as an independent organization (1961-1967).
The Mattachine Foundation was formed in Los Angeles in 1951 and initiated the process of incorporating in 1952, but it can
date its origins as far back as 1948. Harry Hay, a Los Angeles-based actor who was active in the Communist Party, met with
a group of like-minded gay men and suggested that they mobilize support for Presidential candidate Henry Wallace with whom
they had political sympathies. Although the gathering never moved beyond coining a name ("Bachelors for Wallace"), it did
provide the impetus for Hay and others to found a more permanent group three years later. Hay suggested the name Mattachine--which
he had learned were groups of traveling performers in Medieval Europe that staged satires while wearing masks--because he
thought that the description resonated with the experiences of many American homosexuals who too were forced to hide behind
masks. Many of the founders shared Hay's leftist politics and they agreed that the Foundation should be organized along the
secretive, cell-like structure of the Communist Party, which also needed to protect the identities of its leaders.
The main activity of the nascent organization was sponsoring groups to discuss homosexuality from both subjective and objective
perspectives. Between 1951 and early 1953, the organization grew throughout Southern California and in the San Francisco Bay
Area. The organization made tentative steps into the arenas of public relations and the law. Yet the leaders of the Foundation
simultaneously choose to remain anonymous and secretive. This worried rank-and-file members and attracted the attention of
at least one journalist, who wrote an article suggesting that the organization was a front for a subversive organization.
In a pair of membership conventions in April and May of 1953, the leadership of the Foundation abandoned its secretive structure
and opened the organization to democratic elections. In a climate of suspicions about everything from financial improprieties
to self-misrepresentation to communist infiltration, the membership elected a new slate of leaders, including Kenneth Burns
and Marilyn Rieger of Los Angeles and Harold "Hal" Call of San Francisco.
At the May 1953 convention of the Mattachine Society, the leaders of the Foundation signed a document that officially dissolved
the Foundation and recognized the establishment of the Society. The next two years witnessed a great deal of change within
the organization. As the Society sought to establish itself, some members dropped away, new ones took their place, and some
rose to positions of influence. Both Hal Call and Donald Stewart Lucas were among the latter group. Call had moved to San
Francisco in 1952 and shortly thereafter became involved in the Foundation's Berkeley chapter. Immediately after the May 1953
convention, Call established a "publications chapter" of the organization in San Francisco and became the Publications Committee
Chair. From that institutional position, Call published newsletters and proposed that the organization publish a journal to
provide a public voice for homosexuals and to end what he called the "conspiracy of silence" surrounding the objective discussion
of homosexuality. The journal, which came to be known as the
Mattachine Review, first appeared in February 1955. As the central activity of the Society, the publication of the
Review in San Francisco played an important role in shifting the locus of power within the organization to that city as well. Not
without some wrangling between leaders in Los Angeles and those in San Francisco, the national headquarters of the organization
officially moved to San Francisco in January 1957.
In addition to publishing the
Review, the Society's San Francisco chapter, first as a local chapter and then as the national headquarters, greatly expanded the
educational activities of the organization. Lucas claims that education was the main priority of the Society. Education encompassed
not merely the transmission of information about specific items of interest, but it meant the complete enlightenment of society,
including both heterosexuals and homosexuals, about the scientific, objective truths of homosexual behavior and identity.
The leaders of the Society were heavily influenced by the decidedly non-homophobic researchers, Alfred Kinsey and Evelyn Hooker.
The Society pursued its education program through the
Review as well as through: the Pan-Graphic Press publications; the research sponsored by the Society; the public relations activities
and work with journalists, broadcasters, and photographers; the exchanges with social workers, clergy, parole officers, lawyers,
and psychologists; and the hosting of conventions and meetings addressing the topic of homosexuality.
As the national headquarters of the Society pursued these activities throughout the second half of the 1950s, a sense of dissatisfaction
arose among the branch chapters, particular in New York and Washington DC. The struggle largely centered on questions of autonomy
and independence and it resulted in the dissolution of the Society's national structure in 1961. Several of the branch chapters
continued and some even thrived. The national chapter in San Francisco became known simply as the Mattachine Society, Inc.,
while some branch chapters kept their names (e.g. the Mattachine Society of New York) and others changed theirs (e.g. the
Philadelphia chapter evolved into the Janus Society). In San Francisco, Call and Lucas continued to lead the organization,
which by this time had become less a membership organization and more of an education and social service organization. A mixture
of increased demand of services from the organization (partially due to the vastly expanded public visibility of the Society)
along with diminishing financial and human resources resulted in the decline of the group between 1965 and 1967. Not coincidently,
a new generation of homophile organizations appeared between 1960 and 1966 in San Francisco, including: the Council on Religion
and the Homosexual, the League for Civil Education, the Tavern Guild, the Coits, the Imperial Court, Vanguard, and the Society
for Individual Rights.
Council on Religion and the Homosexual
The Council on Religion and the Homosexual (CRH) was an outgrowth of San Francisco-based homophile organizations the Mattachine
Society, the Daughters of Bilitis, and the League for Civil Education. Since the late 1950s, one goal of these organizations
was to build alliances with liberal, mostly Protestant, ministers with hopes that they would become allies in the fight for
homosexual civil rights. The immediate impetus of the organization dates to June 1964 when a two-day "Consultation" on "The
Church and the Homosexual" was held in Marin County. The Consultation was sponsored by the Glide Foundation, two other agencies
of the Methodist Church, and several homophile organizations. Out of this Consultation grew CRH. Along with the general goal
of increasing understanding and tolerance of homosexuals was the more specific goal of addressing the problems and needs of
young homosexuals and gender variants, many of whom ended up on drugs and working in prostitution in San Francisco's Tenderloin,
where many of the homophile and religious organizations were located.
The key event in CRH history was the New Year's Day Mardi Gras Ball of 1965. This Ball, held at California Hall on Polk Street,
was a fundraiser for CRH and was sponsored by the city's homophile organizations. Although all the proper permits had been
obtained, the members of the San Francisco Police Department photographed and otherwise harassed attendees; they also arrested
several ministers, three lawyers, and a housewife for supposedly interfering with police work. What happened next is well
documented: the behavior of the police backfired and, with the help of the CRH ministers, the event turned into an extremely
important public relations coup not only for CRH and the homophile movement, but for San Francisco homosexuals in general.
In the second half of the 1960s, the CRH focused its activities on educating clergy and seminarians. It also helped legitimize
sexuality as a topic worthy of discussion in universities and other establishments of higher education, like the National
Sex Forum (which emerged out of Glide Church) and the Institute for the Advanced Study of Human Sexuality (which developed
out of the National Sex Forum).
Central City Target Area, Economic Opportunity Council of San Francisco
Simultaneous with 1960s homophile activism, President Lyndon Johnson declared that a key feature of his Presidency would be
waging a war on poverty. Johnson's "war" was subsidized through the Economic Opportunity Act (EOA), which he signed into law
in August 1964. The EOA provided for the establishment of a national Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO), which in turn called
for the founding of local Economic Opportunity Councils (EOC). The EOC of San Francisco decided to distribute funds according
to geographically and racially-based zones of poverty; the EOC initially established four of these zones, called "Target Areas,"
and formed boards that were to oversee the hiring of directors and staff and the running of programs. The four "Target Areas"
were the Western Addition (primarily African-American), Chinatown-North Beach (primarily Asian-American), the Mission (primarily
Latino), and Bayview-Hunter's Point (primarily African-American).
Although being one of the most depressed areas of the city, the Tenderloin and South of Market (otherwise known as Central
City) were not designated Target Areas because they were home mostly to white residents and thus did not conform to the racialized
definition of poverty as employed by the EOC. In 1966, a multi-racial group of residents of and service professionals who
worked in Central City formed the Central City Citizen's Council. Their goal was to make the EOC recognize Central City as
an official Target Area. They succeeded in 1966. Calvin Colt was hired as the first director of the Central City Target Area,
followed by Lucas from 1967 to 1969. The majority of funds in Central City were devoted to the establishment of a "Multi-Service
Center." This office, which was located at the corner of Third and Mission Streets, catered to the social, economic, legal,
health, and psychological needs of Central City's impoverished residents.
Scope and Content of Collection
This collection documents the activist and professional activities of Donald S. Lucas; there also are a limited number of
documents of a personal nature. The period covered ranges from 1941 to 1998. The vast majority of the collection, however,
dates from 1953 to 1969. The strength of the collection lies in the administrative and work files of the Mattachine Society,
Mattachine Review, Pan-Graphic Press, and the Central City Target Area of the San Francisco EOC. The collection includes: correspondence, meeting
minutes, constitutions and by-laws, newsletters, manuscripts, financial documents, reports, statistics, legal decisions, surveys,
counseling records, funding proposals, and subject files. As the collection came to the Historical Society at various times
and in a variety of formats (including binders, files, notebooks, and loose leafs), original order could not be maintained
and processing was done according to standard archival practice.
The Lucas collection contains an abundance of material relating to the early homosexual civil rights movement (the homophile
movement) and the San Francisco manifestation of President Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty. Within the Mattachine Society
records, researchers may want to pay attention to the complete series of Board and Coordinating Council meeting minutes, the
files related to annual conventions, and the remaining correspondence files. Also of interest are the files relating to the
main activity of the Mattachine Society, "education"; these include: publication records, counseling/social service records,
and research data and findings. Because Lucas served on the boards of both CRH and SIR, researchers will find important records
pertaining to those organizations. The antipoverty program files document the process by which Central City came to be designated
an official Target Area and the administration of that Target Area, especially in regards to the establishment of the Multi-Service
Center and its related activities.
Additionally, researchers will find useful material in the collection on the following individuals: Harry Benjamin, Eliot
Blackstone, Kenneth Burns, Hal Call, Donald Webster Cory (Edward Sagarin), Mark Forrester, Dr. Joel Fort, Anthony Grey, Carl
Harding (Elver Barker), Evelyn Hooker, Alfred Kinsey, Phyllis Lyon, Paul Mariah, Del Martin, Wallace de Ortega Maxey, Ted
McIlvenna, José Sarria, Randy Wicker (Charles Hayden), and Reverend Robert Wood.
The collection is divided into four series:
Subjects and Indexing Terms
Items removed the collection totaled about one and a half cartons and included the following materials:
Artifacts: A half-dozen Mattachine Society lapel pins have been removed to the GLBTHS Button Collection.
Books: A few dozen books were removed from the Lucas Papers, including third copies of Pan-Graphic Press books (de-accessioned from
GLBTHS); copies of
Who's Who books in which Lucas was listed (photocopies of his entries have been placed in the collection); miscellaneous non-gay books
(de-accessioned from GLBTHS); and about two dozen gay paperback "pulp" novels (moved to the GLBTHS Paperback Books Collection).
The vast majority of the paperback novels were published by Fabian/Saber/Vega Books, a small publishing company owned by Sanford
Aday and Wallace de Ortega Maxey, the latter of whom was an early member of the Mattachine Society and an associate of Lucas's.
Magazines: About two boxes of magazines were removed from the Lucas Papers. The majority of these were European homophile publications,
Der Kreis/Le Cercle/The Circle,
Vennen; many of these publications bear the stamp: "Property of the Mattachine Society Board of Directors." Moreover, the first
two issues of
Sex and Censorship magazine were removed from the collection. All queer-related publications were placed in the GLBTHS Periodical Collection.
A few mainstream, non-queer publications also were removed and placed in the GLBTHS Ephemera Collection. Duplicate copies
Mattachine Review were moved to the GLBTHS Periodical Collection while third copies were de-accessioned from the GLBTHS.
Newsletters: The Lucas Papers contained an extensive collection of chapter newsletters from the Mattachine Society dating from 1953 through
1960. Chapters represented included not only San Francisco Area Council chapters, but also those from Denver, Los Angeles,
Long Beach, New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, and Washington DC. These newsletters were removed and placed in the GLBTHS Periodical
Collection. A few non-Mattachine newsletters (e.g. CRH) also were removed to the Periodical Collection.
Meeting Minutes: The Lucas Papers contained a complete run of minutes for the Mattachine Society Board of Directors and Coordinating Council.
In all cases, two copies of each set of minutes were retained in the Lucas Papers; in cases in which the minutes were altered
with notes and marginalia, third and fourth sets of minutes were retained. In other cases, surplus copies of meeting minutes
were de-accessioned from the Historical Society.
Scope and Content Note
This series includes documents pertaining to the United States homophile movement, which flourished between 1951 and 1969
in several major cities, including Los Angeles, San Francisco, New York, Chicago, Washington DC, and Denver. The homophile
movement focused on improving the situation of American homosexuals through educating heterosexuals and homosexuals, pushing
for legal reform, and building relationships with expert opinion-makers in the fields of law, religion, policing, and psychology.
Because Lucas was a member of the Mattachine Society (post-1953), CRH, and SIR, it is those organizations that are primarily
represented within this series.
There are six subseries within this series: A. Mattachine Foundation; B. Mattachine Society; C. Pan-Graphic Press; D. Council
on Religion and the Homosexual (CRH); E. Society for Individual Rights (SIR); F. Other Homophile Organizations.
Scope and Content Note
The Mattachine Foundation was the first incarnation of the Mattachine Society. Founded in 1951, it dissolved in May 1953,
making way for the Mattachine Society. This subseries contains a small cache of files relating to administration of the Foundation.
In particular, this subseries documents the stated goals of the Foundation; it also documents the internal controversy that
led to calls for the democratization of the Foundation's leadership by its rank-and-file members.
7 Boxes, 25 Folders
Scope and Content Note
This subseries contains the main documents of the national headquarters and San Francisco chapters of the Mattachine Society
(1953-1961) and the independent Mattachine Society, Inc. (1961-1967). Along with the Hal Call Papers held by the ONE Institute
and Archive, this subseries contains the most complete and exhaustive collection of papers relating to the national and San
Francisco-based activities of the Mattachine Society. The subseries is organized into the following groups of documents: founding
documents and constitutions; minutes for the Coordinating Council and the Board of Directors; files relating to the annual
membership conventions; documents, including meeting minutes, relating to various Area Councils and branch chapters; financial
files; general correspondence received by and sent from the Society's San Francisco offices; documents pertaining to Society
publications, including the
Mattachine Review; records documenting the counseling and social service activities of the organization; files relating to legal reform efforts;
research files; documents relating to the 1959 San Francisco mayor campaign scandal in which the Society became embroiled;
and miscellaneous subject files pertaining to the Society.
Articles of Incorporation,
Application for Articles of Incorporation, Legal Size,
Constitution and Bylaws,
Draft Constitution, Legal Size,
Box-folder 1/9-2/13, 19/3
Coordinating Council Meeting Minutes
Board of Directors Minutes
Box-folder 2/20-3/7, 19/4-19/5
Affiliated Meetings and Conferences
Daughters of Bilitis Discussion,
Phoenix, Arizona, Meeting,
Anthony Grey Reception,
Chapters and Area Councils
Constitutions and Bylaws,
Dissolution of Chapters,
Box-folder 3/15-3/19, 19/6-19/9
Statement of Assets/Liabilities,
Property Tax Records,
Money Received Per Month,
Cash Received, Legal Size,
Statistics, Legal Size,
Bailey, Ohmer, Estate, Legal Size,
Dutra, Thomas, Estate, Legal Size,
Box-folder 3/20-5/19, 19/10-19/11
Cory, Donald Webster,
Wood, Reverend Robert,
Letters of Reference,
Letters to Use for Promotional Work, Legal Size,
Letters to Subscribers,
Expiration and Renewal Statistics,
Distribution by Month,
Geographical Distribution of Subscriptions,
Mattachine Society Today,
Education Handbook and drafts,
The Homosexual and the Church,
Mattachine Symposium - Harry Benjamin,
Towards a Quaker View of Sex,
"Break-Through in the Conspiracy of Silence",
5 x 4 - Year End Poetry Supplement,
Office Calls Statistics,
Telephone Calls Statistics,
Mail Received Statistics,
Personal Lay Counseling Records,
Discussion Group Topics,
"Your Rights in Case of Arrest",
"Proposal for Confronting the Tenderloin Problem",
"Some Facts About Suicide Prevention",
Box-folder 6/10-6/17, 19/12
Records of Arrests (288),
San Francisco Court Cases by Month (286, 288A),
Maxey and Aday Obscenity Case,
People of California v. Slade,
Vallerga and Azar v. ABC,
Wolfenden Bill, Legal Size,
Blackmail of Homosexuals Questionnaire,
UC Berkeley Psychological Survey,
Questionnaire and Correspondence,
Lucas, Don, "Some Psycho-Sexual Aspects of Homosexuality",
Survey Subject Keys,
Bibliography on Homosexuality,
Homosexual and the Church Manuscript
1959 San Francisco Election Scandal
Wolden Campaign Scrapbook,
Wolden Campaign Libel Suit,
Miscellaneous Writings and Subject Files
Miscellaneous Writings and Related Correspondence,
Outline for a General Talk on Mattachine,
Speeches and Drafts,
Box-folder 7/11-8/7, 19/13-19/16
Other Homophile-Related Writings,
Collins, Don, various writings,
Collins, Don, "Causes of Homosexuality," Legal Size,
"Challenge of Homosexual Law Reform",
Dudley, Colbert, "Criminal Arrests," Legal Size,
Dutch Society of Homosexuals Discussion Paper, Legal Size,
Guyon, René, "Human Rights and the Denial of Sexual Freedom",
Kinsey, Alfred, "Homosexuality: Criteria for a Hormonal Explanation of the Homosexual",
Kinsey, Alfred, et. al., "Concepts of Normality and Abnormality in Sexual Behavior",
Kirkendall, Lester and Thomas Poffenberger, "Parents, Children, and the Sex Molester",
Lentz, Richard, "The Challenge of the Kinsey Report",
McNoll, John, "A Child Molester Grows Up",
Mei, Lynn, "Female Homosexuality",
National Institute of Mental Health, "Report of the Task Force on Homosexuality",
"Psychiatrically Deviated Sex Offenders",
Rubin, Isadore, "Homosexuality",
Miscellaneous Newspaper Clippings,
Newspaper/Magazine Clippings, Legal Size,
"Mattachini Puppeteers" Program,
Scope and Content Note
This subseries contains documents pertaining to the administration of Pan-Graphic Press. Pan-Graphic was owned by Lucas and
Call. In addition to being one of the first gay-owned small presses in the country to publish homosexual-related books, Pan-Graphic
also published, for the Society, the
Mattachine Review and other Society documents. Also included in this subseries are the complete GLBTHS holdings of books published by Pan-Graphic,
most of which were donated by Lucas, but a few were moved from other collections, including the GLBTHS Ephemera Collection
and the Patrick Butler Papers. Periodicals printed by Pan-Graphic Press, including the
Dorian Book Review Quarterly, and
Sex & Censorship, are filed in the GLBTHS Periodical Collection.
Contract with Mattachine Society, Legal Size,
Pan-Graphic and Dorian Book Service Catalogs,
The Circle of Sex,
Every Tenth Man,
Le Guide Gris,
1962, 1968, 1972
Benjamin, Harry, "Transsexualism and Transvestism",
The Furtive Fraternity,
Four from the Circle,
Harry's Fare and Other Stories,
The Homosexual in Our Society,
The Homosexual Next Door,
A Cretan Adventure,
Van Den Haag, Ernest,
The Social Setting of Homosexuality,
Council on Religion and the Homosexual (CRH),
1 Box, 11 Folders
Scope and Content Note
This subseries contains files relating to the founding, the administration, and the projects of CRH. Along with the founding
documents, of particular interest to researchers are files pertaining to the 1965 New Year's Day Mardi Gras Ball and its aftermath
and the 1966 Consultation on the church and homosexuality held in the United Kingdom.
By-Laws and Founding Summary, Legal Size,
Board of Directors Meeting Minutes and Related Documents,
Board of Directors Elections,
Meeting Minutes and Other Documents, Legal Size,
Box-folder 9/14-10/4, 19/20-19/21
Conferences and Other Events
New Year's Day Mardi Gras Ball
"Brief of Injustices",
Box-folder 9/17-10/1, 19/20
Consultation on the Church and Homosexuality,
Documents, Legal Size,
Armed Forces Demonstration,
Clergyman's Role in Illness Conference,
Glide Symposium on the Homosexual Life Style, Legal Size,
Christopher Street West March,
Flyers and Pamphlets,
"Churchmen Speak Out on Homosexual Law Reform",
"Essays on Religion and Homosexuality",
Miscellaneous Subject Files
"The Church and the Homosexual"
Box-folder 10/9, 19/22
Diocesan Committee on Homosexuality,
Documents, Legal Size,
Gross, Alfred, "The Church's Mission to the Sexually Deviated",
Moore, John, "Man, Sex, and the Gospel",
Morgan, W.L.D., "The Homosexual and the Church",
St. George, Edwin,
You Can Talk With God!,
The Church Cares,
Society for Individual Rights (SIR),
Scope and Content Note
This subseries contains a small cache of files relating to the administration of SIR.
Constitution and By-Laws,
"Abstracts and Bibliography on Homosexuality",
Other Homophile Organizations,
Scope and Content Note
This subseries contains miscellaneous files collected by Lucas pertaining to homophile organizations other than the Mattachine
Society, CRH, and SIR. The files include mailings and other informational documents and a few publications.
Association for Responsible Citizenship,
Box-folder 11/10, Poster Box A
Committee to Fight Exclusion of Homosexuals from the Armed Forces,
Daughters of Bilitis,
Demophil Center of Boston,
East Coast Homophile Organizations (ECHO),
Homophile Clearing House,
North American Conference of Homophile Organizations (NACHO),
1959, 1966, 1968, 1971
Scope and Content Note
This series contains files relating to the administration of anti-poverty programs along with documents pertaining to organizations
that dealt with poverty-related problems, like alcoholism, drug abuse, and prostitution, in San Francisco. The vast majority
of files are from the Central City Target Area of the San Francisco EOC, of which Lucas was director from 1967 through 1969.
Only a portion of this series contains documents that deal directly with sexuality and homosexuality in particular; however,
researchers will note that many anti-poverty programs, especially those located in Central City, addressed problems associated
with homosexuality in the context of and alongside other social issues that were considered problematic in the late 1960s.
There are five subseries within this series: A. Economic Opportunity Council of San Francisco; B. Economic Opportunity Council
Target Areas; C. Central City Target Area; D. Other Anti-Poverty Organizations and Programs; E. Miscellaneous Anti-Poverty
Economic Opportunity Council of San Francisco,
Scope and Content Note
This subseries contains a small number of administrative, including funding, files of the main office of the San Francisco
EOC. Included within this subseries are the files of the CAP, the main funding apparatus of the EOC.
Executive Committee Minutes,
Box-folder 12/5-12/9, 20/1-20/2
Community Action Program (CAP),
Application Guide Book,
Organizing Communities for Action,
Progress Report, Legal Size,
Study of Administrative Practices,
Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) News,
Economic Opportunity Council of San Francisco (EOC) Newsletter,
Economic Opportunity Report,
Economic Opportunity Council Target Areas,
Scope and Content Note
This subseries contains, primarily, the meeting minutes of the San Francisco EOC Target Areas other than Central City; the
four areas were: Chinatown/North Beach, Western Addition, the Mission, and Bayview/Hunter's Point.
It's Your Neighborhood,1966
Mission Area Meeting Minutes,1966
Hunter's Point/Bayview Area Meeting Minutes,1967
Central City Target Area,
Scope and Content Note
This subseries contains files relating to the establishment, administration, funding, and projects of the Central City Target
Area. Among the most substantial documents in this subseries are the meeting minutes and correspondence files and those documents
pertaining to the various projects of the Target Area as well as those centered in the Multi-Service center. Researchers interested
in the process by which Central City was designated a Target Area will want to examine the files of the Central City Citizen's
Council, located in subseries D, "Other Anti-Poverty Organizations and Programs."
Target Area Action Board,1968
Box-folder 13/4-13/7, 20/3
Area Development Proposals,1966-1970
Urban Studies Center Proposals,1967
Manilatown Multiservice Center Proposal,1967
Central City Foundation Proposal,1969
Westinghouse Design Center Proposal, Legal Size,1968
District Council Minutes,1972
Planning Council Minutes,1968
Police Community Relations Committee Minutes,1967
Multi Service Center Meeting Minutes,1968
Correspondence and Memoranda
Mail Requiring Action,1967
Bills and Invoices,1966-1967
Box-folder 14/2-14/4, 20/4-20/5
Forrester, Mark, Personnel File, Legal Size,1968-1969
Smith, James, Bail, Legal Size,1967
U.S. Department of Labor Policies,1966-1967
Box-folder 14/5-14/10, 20/6-20/8
Mobile Help Unit,1966-1968
Box-folder 14/7, 20/6-20/7
Service Contracts, Legal Size,1968
Donsky, Joanne, Resignation, Legal Size,1970
Senior Community Service Program,1968
South Park Community Center, Legal Size,1967-1968
Central City Word Newsletter,1968
"Drugs Among the Young",1968
Drugs in the Tenderloin,1967
"Big Sickness" Alcoholism Study,1968
Census of Central City,1968
Chronic Illness Survey,1968
Model Cities Program,1966
Model Cities Conference,1967
National Council of Social Welfare,1967
UC Berkeley Social Work Conference,1967-1968
Young Adult in the Metropolis,1964
Other Anti-Poverty Organizations and Programs,
2 Boxes, 15 Folders
Scope and Content Note
This subseries contains files documenting the activities of organizations directly and/or indirectly involved with the War
on Poverty. The group of files on the Central City Citizen's Council documents the process by which Central City came to be
designated a Target Area. Other substantial files relate to Citizen's Alert, an organization that sought to remedy police
misconduct, and the SFNLAF, an organization that provided legal aid for San Francisco's poor.
Box-folder 15/1-15/7, 20/9
Central City Citizen's Council
Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws, Legal Size,1966
Target Area Campaign,1966
Membership and Financial Records,1967
Program and Feasibility Study,1966
The Central City Ghetto,n.d.
The Tenderloin Ghetto,n.d.
Box-folder 15/8, 20/10
Central City Human Resources Development Corporation
Articles of Incorporation, Legal Size,1968
Organization Committee Minutes,1966
"Eight Point Program for Better Police-Community Relations",1968
Citizens Housing Task Force,1967
Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws, Legal Size,1971-1972
Healthcare Improvement Systems,1969
Older Youth/Young Adult Project,n.d.
Salvation Army Alcohol Recovery Program,1964
San Francisco Human Rights Commission, Legal Size,1967-1970
San Francisco Job Corps Community Council,1968
San Francisco Narcotics Treatment Center, Legal Size,1966-1967
Box-folder 15/20-15/22, 20/14-20/18
San Francisco Neighborhood Legal Assistance Foundation
Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws, Legal Size,n.d.
Executive Committee Minutes, Legal Size,1967-1968
Board of Directors Minutes, Legal Size,1966-1968
OEO Evaluation, Legal Size,1970
San Francisco Planning and Urban Renewal Association,1967
San Francisco Unified School District, Legal Size,n.d.
Social Services Commission,1967
Box-folder 15/25, 20/20
South of Market Pappas Club
Box-folder 15/26-16/1, 20/21
By-Laws and Minutes, Legal Size,1966
"Youth in the Tenderloin",1967
Miscellaneous Anti-Poverty Files,
Scope and Content Note
This subseries contains miscellaneous files collected by Lucas pertaining to the War on Poverty and related programs. The
subseries includes reports, miscellaneous writings and publications, and subject files.
Box-folder 16/3-16/13, 20/22
Center for Special Problems, "Comparison chart of Substances Used for Mind-Alteration",n.d.
National Capital Area Civil Liberties Union, "The Maintenance and Use of Arrest Records",1967
Pacific Telephone, "The Possible Dream",1968
San Francisco Department of City Planning, "Minority Group Housing Problems",1967
San Francisco Human Rights Commission, "Third Annual Report",1966-1967
San Francisco Inter-Agency Committee on Urban Renewal, "A Report on Housing in San Francisco",1967
San Francisco Office of the Mayor, "The San Francisco Workable Program for Human Development",1967
San Francisco Redevelopment Agency
"Yerba Buena Center",1964
"Relocation Survey Report",1967
United Community Fund of San Francisco, "Skid Row Men and Their Orientation to the Future",1963
United States Department of Labor, "Area Wage Survey: The San Francisco-Oakland, California, Metropolitan Area",1967
Box-folder 16/14-16/19, 20/23
Blackstone, Elliot, "The Transsexual",n.d.
Cohen, Nathan, "The Future of the Social Agency in a Changing Urban Society",1967
Forrester, Mark, "The Homosexual Versus His Society",n.d.
Hansen, Reverend Edward, "The Church and the Tenderloin",1966
Kaplan, Marshall, "Black Community Development",n.d.
Box-folder 16/20-16/23, 20/24-20/26
Directory of City and County Officers,1968
Central City Newspaper Clippings,1967-1968
Clippings, Legal Size,1962-1971
Legislative News, Legal Size,1967
Military Paraprofessionals in Social Service,1969
Merritt College Courses, Legal Size,1967
UC Berkeley Social Welfare Syllabus,1967
2 Boxes, 5 Folders
Scope and Content Note
This series contains files pertaining to Lucas's personal, non-professional life and activities. Included within this series
are several items of correspondence, including the annual Christmas letters he sent to family, friends, and business associates.
Other documents include: income tax returns; resumes and membership cards; records documenting his participation in various
spiritualist organizations; and files relating to miscellaneous files and subjects. An item of particular interest is a scrapbook
collage of images from physique magazines accompanied by campy remarks.
Box-folder 17/1-17/2, 19/23-19/24
Box-folder 17/3-17/4, 19/15
Membership Dues Checks,
Box-folder 17/5-17/14, 19/26
Lucas, Erma, Journal,
Mattachine Society Award,
Performance Programs and Reviews,
Production Contracts, Legal Size,
Who's Who Entries,
Box-folder 17/15-17/18, 19/27
California State Spiritualist Association,
National Spiritualists Association of Churches,
Yoga Vendanta Bookstore,
Alioto, Mayor Joseph ,
Cahill, Police Chief Thomas,
Box-folder 18/6-18/18, 19/28
Allport, Gordon, "The ABC's of Scapegoating",
Female Impersonator Programs,
Office Humor and Daily Affirmations,
Patriotic Party, Legal Size,
Senate Obscenity Bill,
Society for Humane Abortion,
1952, 1964, 1975
Woetzel, Robert, "Organized Crime and the Morals, Alcohol, Drugs Syndrome",
Scope and Content Note
This series contains the collected audio and visual materials from the Lucas papers. Included within this collection are photographs
from both the homophile period and the anti-poverty period of Lucas's work and activism. Of particular interest: photographic
slides of surveillance equipment from the early 1960s used by police departments while patrolling cruising areas; portraits
of Lucas and his associates; and photographs of South of Market buildings and residents before and during redevelopment.
Surveillance Equipment (Homophile),
Central City Residents and Gatherings,
South of Market Before Redevelopment,
Don Lucas Portraits,