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Finding Aid for the Japanese Manchukuo Propaganda Poster Collection. 2011.058.r
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Collection Details
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  • Conditions Governing Use note
  • Conditions Governing Access note
  • Biographical/Historical note
  • Scope and Contents note
  • Preferred Citation note
  • Immediate Source of Acquisition note
  • Related Archival Materials note

  • Title: Japanese Manchukuo Propaganda Poster Collection
    Identifier/Call Number: 2011.058.r
    Contributing Institution: Frank Mt. Pleasant Library of Special Collections and Archives, Leatherby Libraries
    Language of Material: Chinese
    Container: 7
    Physical Description: 0.25 Linear feet (22 posters)
    Date: 1930s
    Abstract: 22 Japanese propaganda posters from the 1930s and the Japanese occupation of Manchuria.
    Location note: Leatherby Libraries
    Language of Materials note: The materials in this collection are in Chinese with one poster in Japanese. Translations of the posters are available and was made by Tanya Cao M.L.S., M.A.B. and Wenling Tseng, M.L.S..

    Conditions Governing Use note

    There are no restrictions on the use of this material except where previously copyrighted material is concerned. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all permissions.

    Conditions Governing Access note

    This collection is open for research.

    Biographical/Historical note

    The Japanese invasion of Manchuria was a military incursion in 1931 that was predicated on the staged Mukden Incident of September 18, 1931. Manchuria was invaded by the Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan, beginning on September 19, 1931, immediately following the Mukden Incident. The Japanese established a puppet state, called Manchukoku, and their occupation lasted until the end of World War II.

    Scope and Contents note

    22 color posters, of which 21 are Japanese propaganda posters that were intended for use during the Japanese occupation of Manchuria.
    Written in Chinese, they all stress nationalist sentiment amongst the Manchurian population and the benign presence of the Japanese army. There is one poster printed in the Japanese style with steel ferules on top and bottom and meant for Japanese citizens.
    1. Please see how amiable and approachable the Japanese Army is.
    2. All law-abiding people work hard to build new paradise.
    3. Absolutely trust the Japanese Amy. Down with the Kuomintang Amy!
    4. New Regime: the Provisional Government of the Republic of China.
    5. Build new order in East Asia.
    6. Celebrate the founding of the United Committee of the Republic of China; The Provisional Government of the Republic of China; The Reformed Government of the Republic of China
    7. All people desire the North/South unification.
    8. Celebrate the fall of Hankou City [October 25-26, 1938]
    9. Celebrate the fall of Hankou City [October 25-26, 1938].
    10. Gung-ho of Japan, China and Manchuria, peace on Earth
    11. [Japanese Poster] Be prepared. Don’t be negligent just because you won -- The Army Ministry of Japan
    12. Build new order, ring the peace bell.
    13. [with David D. Barrett’s personal stamp on the back] New government for the Republic of China
    14. New China leaps forward to a bright future between heaven and earth.
    15. Countrymen, let’s unite under the five-colored national flag!
    16. Rise, countrymen! Build our bright North China to block the evil communist red from spreading!
    17. [no slogan] printed by Tokyo Kyodo Printing Co., Ltd.
    18 Look at the communist atrocity!; The just Japanese Army liberates people from atrocity and eradicates the evil and selfish Communist Amy and the ruthless Communist Party.
    19. Valiant Japanese soldiers are invincible in battle, advanced Japanese weaponry is the most dominant in the world.
    20. United Reserve Bank of China; Convert your old bills to the new currency, monetary unification is the foundation of North China’s development, old currency will no longer be valid after March 10th, 1939.
    21. Establishment of new regime after Chiang’s withdrawal [to Chongqing].

    Preferred Citation note

    [identify item], Japanese Manchukuo Propaganda Poster Collection (2011.58.r), Frank Mt. Pleasant Library of Special Collections and Archives, Chapman University, CA.

    Immediate Source of Acquisition note

    The provenance of this collection is unknown except for a Chinese-language stamp on one poster showing prior ownership by Col. David D. Barrett USA (ret.) (1892-1977). This is the most likely source of the donation. Barrett served in China throughout the 1930s and the Second World War. Upon retiring from the army in 1949, he became an academic and taught at the University of Colorado. It is thought that it was during this period that he might have come in contact with Chapman College.

    Related Archival Materials note

    Digital images of a portion of this collection are available in the Leatherby Libraries Digital Archive.
    Japanese Manchukuo Propaganda Poster Collection, 1930s

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Barrett, David D., Col., (David Dean), 1892-1977
    Manchuria (China)--History--1931-1945.
    Propaganda--History--20th century.