Inventory of the Count Carlo Zanardi Landi Collection SPC.2009.001

Finding aid prepared by Michele Anderson
California State University Dominguez Hills, Gerth Archives and Special Collections
2009
University Library South -5039 (Fifth Floor)
1000 E. Victoria St.
Carson, CA 90747
archives@csudh.edu


Contributing Institution: California State University Dominguez Hills, Gerth Archives and Special Collections
Title: Count Carlo Zanardi Landi Collection
Creator: Landi, Carlo, 1872-
Identifier/Call Number: SPC.2009.001
Physical Description: 2 boxes
Physical Description: 1 Linear Feet
Date (inclusive): 1907-1929
Date (bulk): 1917-1927
Abstract: Records of Count Carlo Zanardi Landi (1907-1929), Marine Superintendent of the Ocean Salvage Company Limited. Included in the collection are handwritten letters; typed correspondence; photographs; telegrams; newspaper clippings; memorandums; bills and invoices; a Dutch pamphlet regarding new diver apparatus, and blank hotel stationary. The correspondence is primarily regarding steamship salvage business after World War I, including the management of crews, the purchase of ships and supplies, and the status of salvage operations. Personal letters from Count Landi's adopted children, Tonio and Elissa Landi, are also included.
Language of Material: English , Italian , French , Dutch; Flemish .

Access

There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Publication Rights

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Archives and Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical materials and not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Preferred Citation

For information about citing archival material, see the Citations for Archival Material  guide, or consult the appropriate style manual.

Acquisition Information

The records in this collection were acquired through a donation from Jennifer Cady, daughter of a former instructor at California State University Dominguez Hills.

Processing Information

Collection processed in March 2009 by Michele Anderson.

History

The Admiralty was a British authority that oversaw the functions of the Royal Navy. During and after World War I, the British Admiralty Salvage Section, as dictated by the Admiralty, was responsible for the salvaging of ships stranded at sea. Salvage duties included refloating, towing, pumping, dredging and repairing damage to ships. Some ships suffered major damage from torpedoes, while others only required to be patched, pumped or tugged to another location.
Count Carlo Zanardi Landi (1876-1953) was an Italian nobleman who worked as a Marine Superintendent for the Ocean Salvage Company Limited, a marine salvage company based in London. During World War I, Count Landi was commissioned by the British Admiralty Salvage Section to recover ships primarily stranded in the British Isles and the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Landi was responsible for organizing the crews on the salvage ships, such as divers, blacksmiths and carpenters, and ordering ship supplies. He also accompanied and managed crews traveling to various ports as dictated by the British Admiralty.
Landi was married to Countess Zanardi Landi, who claimed to be the secret daughter of Emperor Francis Joseph and Elizabeth of Austria and subsequently wrote the book "The Secret of an Empress". Count Landi adopted his wife's children, Tonio and Elissa, who was a film actress from the 1920's to 1940's.

Scope and Content

The Count Carlo Zanardi Landi Collection contains materials from 1907 to 1929. The bulk of the material stems from 1917 to 1927. The correspondence is primarily regarding steamship salvage business after World War I, including the management of crews, the purchase of ships and supplies, and the status of salvage operations. Subject matter in the collection include marine accidents; salvage vessels; steamboats; the Admiralty of Great Britain; historic ships, and salvage missions in the Black Sea, British Isles and Mediterranean Sea.
The collection contains handwritten letters; typed correspondence; newspaper clippings; memorandums; telegrams; bills and invoices; a journal titled "The Yachting World and Marine Motor Journal"; a Dutch pamphlet regarding new diver apparatus, and blank hotel stationary. The collection also includes 153 photographs of salvage steamers, salvaged ships, ship damage, crewmembers and miscellaneous images related to salvage work from 1907 to 1927.
One salvage steamer in particular, the Semper Paratus (translated in Latin, means "Always Ready") is mentioned periodically in the correspondence and photographs. Damage done to the S.S. Novington and S.S. Oilfield in Great Britian; the S.S. Andonio D. Kydoniefs in Greece, and the S.S. Sebat, S.S. Lothar Bohlen, and S.S. Cleopatra in Turkey, among a few, are documented in the photograph collection. Many of the photographs were taken in areas of Turkey, including Istanbul (nee Constantinople), Gallipoli, and Karaburun in the Anatolia region.
Also included are typed and handwritten correspondence in Italian and French, as well as handwritten personal letters from Landi's son Tonio Landi and daughter, actress Elissa Landi.

Arrangement

Arranged in two series:
  1. Series I. Count Zanardi Landi Documents 1917-1929
  2. Series II. Photographs 1907-1927

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Admiralty -- Great Britain
Salvage
Salvage -- Great Britain
Salvage -- Turkey
World War, 1914-1918
Black Sea
British Isles
Mediterranean Sea
Turkey
Gallipoli (Turkey)
Marine accidents
Steam-navigation
Steamboats
Salvage vessels
Ships
Historic ships
Navigation -- History
Landi, Carlo, 1872-
Landi, Elissa, 1904-1948
Great Britain. Royal Navy

 

Series I: Count Zanardi Landi Documents 1917-1929

Physical Description: 18 folders.

Scope and Contents

This series includes correspondence to and from Count Carlo Zanardi Landi, telegrams, newspaper clippings, a copy of "The Yachting World and Marine Motor Journal", a Dutch pamphlet about new diver apparatus, invoices, hotel stationary and miscellaneous handwritten notes.
box 1, folder 1:1

Ocean Salvage Company Limited 1917 -1918

box 1, folder 1:2

Correspondence regarding ship supplies 1917 -1923

box 1, folder 1:3

Correspondence in Italian/French 1917 -1927

box 1, folder 1:4

Correspondence to and from Count Zanardi Landi 1917 -1927

box 1, folder 1:5

Correspondence regarding the vessel "Buttercup" 1921

box 1, folder 1:6

Marconigram and Telegrams 1921 -1927

box 1, folder 1:7

Dutch Pamphlet re: New Diver Apparatus July 28, 1922

box 1, folder 1:8

Newspaper Clippings 1923

box 1, folder 1:9

Miscellaneous Handwritten Notes circa 1923 -1924

box 1, folder 1:10

Correspondence – Captain W. Bourne 1924 , June

box 1, folder 1:11

Correspondence – Cecil F. Read 1926 -1927

box 1, folder 1:12

Correspondence – Cyril C. Pascoe 1926 -1927

box 1, folder 1:13

Invoices for Miscellaneous Purchases 1926 -1927

box 1, folder 1:14

Correspondence to H.A. Gottlieb October-December 1926

box 1, folder 1:15

Letters from Elissa Landi and Tonio Landi 1927

box 1, folder 1:16

Correspondence - Adamson's Limited 1927

box 1, folder 1:17

"The Yachting World and Marine Motor Journal" 1929 January 5, 1929

box 1, folder 1:18

Hotel George Washington Stationary

 

Series II: Photographs 1907-1927

Physical Description: 153 folders.

Scope and Contents

This series includes 153 photographs of salvage steamers, salvaged ships, ship damage, crewmembers and miscellaneous images related to salvage work from 1907 to 1927.
box 2, folder 2:1

Salvage Steamer "Warren Hastings". Details about the ship are included on the back of the photograph [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:2

Two men near a propeller [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:3

Unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:4

Unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:5

Photographic postcard of a ship captain [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:6

Unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:7

Ship cannon [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:8

Unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:9

Damage on unknown ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:10

Damage on unknown ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:11

Photographic postcard of close-up view of damage on unknown ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:12

Side view of damage on unknown ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:13

Damage on unknown ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:14

Photographic postcard of unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:15

Unknown ship; men in lifeboat [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:16

Unknown man on damaged ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:17

Unknown ship and worker [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:18

Unknown steamship with iron cross emblems [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:19

Unknown ship and crewmembers [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:20

Three crewmembers on a ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:21

Photographic postcard of crewmembers on a lifeboat near S.S. Novington in Lerwick Shetland January 1918

box 2, folder 2:22

Torpedo damage inside S.S. Novington 1917 -1918

box 2, folder 2:23

Island or land mass from the water [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:24

Unknown ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:25

Photographic postcard of an unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:26

Three unknown ships [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:27

Full view of a damaged ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:28

Close-up view of damaged portion of ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:29

S.S. Evangeline after being patched and taken from the Madona rocks circa 1914 -1922

box 2, folder 2:30

S.S. Evangeline on the rocks circa 1914 -1922

box 2, folder 2:31

Pumping of S.S. Evangeline circa 1914 -1922

box 2, folder 2:32

Unknown steamship on body of water [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:33

Unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:34

Unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:35

Crewmember overlooking the water [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:36

A ship captain a crewmember and two other men on a ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:37

Duplicate of item #2.36 [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:38

Unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:39

Deck of a steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:40

Side view of ship with workers [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:41

Ship workers on deck [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:42

S.S. Waterville [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:43

Postcard of a damaged ship rolling to its side with a second ship and two lifeboats [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:44

Side view of ship with men in a lifeboat [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:45

Unknown ship on body of water [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:46

View of a damaged ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:47

Patching up of S.S. Newquay [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:48

British Merchant steamer S.S. Oilfield salved near Cape Wrath Great Br 1918

box 2, folder 2:49

British Merchant S.S. Oilfield near Cape Wrath Great Br 1918

box 2, folder 2:50

Unknown steamship worker [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:51

Four ships on body of water [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:52

Unknown steamships [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:53

Towing sailing ship from Malta to Genoa [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:54

Signed photographic postcard of a ship's captain taken by Parisian Studios in Liverpool England [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:55

Steamship and crew [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:56

Crewmember possibly taken in Skeena River British Columbia Canada [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:57

Three ships [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:58

Two steamships [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:59

Unknown man in a suit [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:60

Unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:61

Unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:62

Photographic postcard of tipped steamship with men in lifeboats [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:63

Lighthouse? [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:64

Damaged steamship sinking into water [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:65

Photographic postcard of S.S. Akudenis (?) with a view of a city in the background. Back of the postcard has writing in English and Asian characters [March 21], 1927

box 2, folder 2:66

Photographic postcard of S.S. Akudenis (?) with view of a city in the foreground. Back of the postcard has writing in English and Asian characters [March 21], 1927

box 2, folder 2:67

Photographic postcard of an unknown ship leaning to the left [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:68

Photographic postcard of the Semper Paratus dredging a ship. Writing on the back of the postcard is in Italian [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:69

Unknown ship possibly in Alaska from the view of the sea. Writing on the back of the postcard is in Italian [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:70

Ship stranded in Gallipoli Turkey [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:71

S.S. Ville de Nice stranded at Rabbit Island Tenedos Turkey September 21 1924 and refloated September 26 1924 September 26, 1924

box 2, folder 2:72

Unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:73

Six crewmembers on ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:74

Crew on lifeboat directly on side of steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:75

Crew on lifeboat away from the steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:76

Two steamships side by side [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:77

Two ships. Photograph stamped on the back with an official "Salvage Steamer Semper Paratus" seal with a sauvastika February 6, 1926

box 2, folder 2:78

2.78 S.S. Andonio D. Kydoniefs ashore at Karabournou Greece in the Black Sea. Stranded January 31 1926; refloated February 6 1926. Photograph stamped on the back with an official "Salvage Steamer Semper Paratus" seal with a sauvastika 1926 February 6, 1926

box 2, folder 2:79

S.S. Andonio D. Kydoniefs ashore at Karabournou Greece in the Black Sea. Photograph stamped on the back with an official "Salvage Steamer Semper Paratus" seal with a sauvastika 1926 February 6, 1926

box 2, folder 2:80

Crewmember looking upon a steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:81

S.S. Sheref Iner (sp); Stranded and refloated by the S.S. Semper Paratus July 31 1926 19 July 31, 1926

box 2, folder 2:82

S.S. Sheref Iner (sp); Stranded and refloated by the S.S. Semper Paratus July 31 1926 19 July 31, 1926

box 2, folder 2:83

Unknown steamships [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:84

Unknown steamships [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:85

Unknown steamships [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:86

Towing of the Ottoman Navy ship Yavuz (ex Goeben formerly of the Imperial German Navy) from Bebek Bay Turkey by the S.S. Semper Paratus July 1924

box 2, folder 2:87

Unknown ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:88

Ottoman Navy ship Yavuz (ex Goeben formerly of the Imperial German Navy) [July] 1924

box 2, folder 2:89

Unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:90

S.S. Atone stranded at Karaburun (?) October 16 1918 and refloated by the Semper Paratus June 12, 1924 circa 1924

box 2, folder 2:91

S.S. Atone (?) circa 1924

box 2, folder 2:92

S.S. Sebat stranded at Karaburun in Anatolia region of Turkey March 26, 1926 and refloated March 27, 1926 1926

box 2, folder 2:93

S.S. Sebat stranded near Karaburun in Anatolia region of Turkey in the Black Sea March 26, 1926 and refloated by the Semper Paratus March 27, 1926 1926

box 2, folder 2:94

S.S. Sebat stranded near Karaburun in Anatolia region of Turkey in the Black Sea March 26, 1926 and refloated by the Semper Paratus March March 27, 1926 1926

box 2, folder 2:95

Unknown ship tipped to the side [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:96

The harbor built by the Genoese in Gallipoli Turkey [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:97

The 2nd inner harbor built by the Genoese in Gallipoli Turkey [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:98

Two crewmembers on a small boat in front of the S.S. Lothar Bohlen stranded in Gallipoli May 24 1924 and refloated by the Semper Paratus May 29 1924

box 2, folder 2:99

S.S. Lothar Bohlen [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:100

Unknown ship photograph marked with the number "3" in pencil on the back [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:101

Unknown ship photograph marked with the number "3" in pencil on the back [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:102

Unknown steamship tipped to the side photograph marked with the number "3867" in pencil on the back [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:103

Unknown steamship tipped to the side photograph marked with the number "3867" in pencil on the back [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:104

Unknown steamship tipped to the side photograph marked with the number "3867" in pencil on the back [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:105

S.S. Falernian (?) stranded November 22, 1924 in the Black Sea and refloated and towed at Constantinople May 25, 1925 1925

box 2, folder 2:106

Close-up image of damage done to a ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:107

Five men near a damaged ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:108

Top deck of a ship with three crewmembers [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:109

Unknown ship with crewmembers [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:110

Unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:111

Iron towing bollard on the S.S. Dalhouise 1916

box 2, folder 2:112

Unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:113

S.S. Tayar (?) stranded at Sarmusak Turkey June 18, 1924 and refloated by the S.S. Semper Paratus June 26, 1924 1924

box 2, folder 2:114

Unknown ships [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:115

Top deck of a ship carrying lumber [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:116

Side of an unknown ship with crewmembers in a lifeboat [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:117

Side of an unknown ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:118

Collision of S.S. Cleopatra with S.S. Rita Handri in Constantinople June 6, 1926

box 2, folder 2:119

S.S. Cleopatra with three men in a small 1926

box 2, folder 2:120

S.S. Cleopatra with a small boat to the 1926

box 2, folder 2:121

Unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:122

Two unknown ships. The ship in the foreground shows four crewmembers [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:123

Side of an unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:124

Large mosque in Gallipoli Turkey where the dervishes danced [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:125

Unknown ship tipped to its side with a horse and carriage in the background [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:126

2.126 Photographic postcard of a ship's captain taken at The Parisian Studios in Liverpool [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:127

Close-up image of damage done to a ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:128

Close-up image of crewmembers posing on damage done to a ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:129

Close-up image of damage done to a ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:130

Man posing behind a damaged part of a ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:131

Unknown ship with ten visible crewmembers [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:132

Two unknown ships with three crewmembers on the ship in the foreground [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:133

Unknown side view of a ship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:134

Island or land mass from the water [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:135

Unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:136

Unknown steamship side view near land [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:137

Unknown steamship side view near land [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:138

Unknown steamship side view near land [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:139

Unknown steamship side view near land [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:140

Unknown steamship [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:141

Unknown steamship side view near land [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:142

Unknown steamship side view near land [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:143

Unknown steamship side view near land [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:144

Unknown steamship side view near land [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:145

Unknown steamship side view near land [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:146

Unknown steamship side view near land [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:147

S.S. Valiant; copyright of photograph secured by Cox & King naval architects in London [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:148

Seven crewmembers on a small boat [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:149

Unknown steamship side view near land [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:150

S.S. Wellington at 5:00 p.m. with Dalhousie and Warren Hastings towing September 6, 1907

box 2, folder 2:151

S.S. Maryathea (?); photograph taken by Kirk & Sons [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:152

Unknown steamship with iron cross emblems [circa 1920's]

box 2, folder 2:153

Water image possibly torn from a previous photograph [circa 1920's]