Inventory of the Count Carlo Zanardi Landi Collection SPC.2009.001

Finding aid prepared by Michele Anderson
California State University Dominguez Hills, Gerth Archives and Special Collections
University Library South -5039 (Fifth Floor)
1000 E. Victoria St.
Carson, CA 90747
Business Number: 310-243-3895

Contributing Institution: California State University Dominguez Hills, Gerth Archives and Special Collections
Title: Count Carlo Zanardi Landi Collection
Creator: Landi, Carlo, 1872-
Identifier/Call Number: SPC.2009.001
Physical Description: 2 boxes
Physical Description: 1 Linear Feet
Date (inclusive): 1907-January 5, 1929; undated
Date (bulk): 1917-1927
Abstract: This collection includes handwritten letters, typed correspondence, photographs, newspaper clippings, invoices, photographs, and pamphlets primarly regarding Count Carlo Zanardi Landi's steamship salvage business after World War I. Count Carlo Zanardi Landi was a Marine Superintendent of the Ocean Salvage Company Limited.
Language of Material: English , Italian , French , Dutch; Flemish .


There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Publication Rights

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Archives and Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical materials and not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Preferred Citation

For information about citing archival material, see the Citations for Archival Material  guide, or consult the appropriate style manual.

Acquisition Information

The records in this collection were acquired through a donation from Jennifer Cady, daughter of a former instructor at California State University Dominguez Hills.

Processing Information

Collection processed in March 2009 by Michele Anderson.


The Admiralty was a British authority that oversaw the functions of the Royal Navy. During and after World War I, the British Admiralty Salvage Section, as dictated by the Admiralty, was responsible for the salvaging of ships stranded at sea. Salvage duties included refloating, towing, pumping, dredging and repairing damage to ships. Some ships suffered major damage from torpedoes, while others only required to be patched, pumped or tugged to another location.
Count Carlo Zanardi Landi (1876-1953) was an Italian nobleman who worked as a Marine Superintendent for the Ocean Salvage Company Limited, a marine salvage company based in London. During World War I, Count Landi was commissioned by the British Admiralty Salvage Section to recover ships primarily stranded in the British Isles and the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Landi was responsible for organizing the crews on the salvage ships, such as divers, blacksmiths and carpenters, and ordering ship supplies. He also accompanied and managed crews traveling to various ports as dictated by the British Admiralty.
Landi was married to Countess Zanardi Landi, who claimed to be the secret daughter of Emperor Francis Joseph and Elizabeth of Austria and subsequently wrote the book "The Secret of an Empress". Count Landi adopted his wife's children, Tonio and Elissa, who was a film actress from the 1920's to 1940's.

Scope and Content

The Count Carlo Zanardi Landi Collection (1907-1929) contains 1 linear feet of correspondence, newspaper clippings, telegrams, invoices, pamphlets and photographs related to Count Carlo Zanardi Landi's salvage steamship business, The Ocean Savage Company Limited. The correspondence in the collection are primarily related to the steamship salavage business after World War I, including the management of crews, the purchase of ships and supplies, and the status of salavage operations. Other correspondence include typed and handwritten correspondence in Italian and French as well as letters from Landi's stepson, Tonio, and stepdaughter, actress Elissa.
Other material in the collection include invoices related and unrelated to the salavage steamship business, as well a pamphlet in Dutch about a new diver appartus, and a journal about yachting and marine motoring.
There are 153 photographs in the collection of salvage steamships, salvage ships, ship damage, crewmembers, and other images related to salvage work from 1907-1927. The ships mentioned in the photographs include the Semper Paratus; S.S. Novington and S.S. Oilfield in Great Britian; the S.S. Andonio D. Kydoniefs in Greece; and the S.S. Sebat, S.S. Lothar Bohlen, and the S.S. Cleopatra in Turkey. Many of the photograph were taken in areas of Turkey, including Istanbul (formally Constantinople), Gallipoli, and Karaburun in the Antolia region.


Arranged in two series:
  1. Series I. Count Zanardi Landi Documents, 1917-1929
  2. Series II. Photographs, 1907-1927

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Admiralty -- Great Britain
Salvage -- Great Britain
Salvage -- Turkey
World War, 1914-1918
Black Sea
British Isles
Mediterranean Sea
Gallipoli (Turkey)
Marine accidents
Salvage vessels
Historic ships
Navigation -- History
Landi, Carlo, 1872-
Landi, Elissa, 1904-1948
Great Britain. Royal Navy


Series I: Count Zanardi Landi Documents June 9, 1917-January 5, 1929; undated

Scope and Contents

This series includes correspondence to and from Count Carlo Zanardi Landi, telegrams, newspaper clippings, a copy of "The Yachting World and Marine Motor Journal", a Dutch pamphlet about new diver apparatus, invoices, hotel stationary and handwritten notes.
box 1, folder 2

Correspondence from the Ministry of Shipping, Transport Department, application for shipping supplies (slings), and parts list June 9, 1917, February 23, 1923; undated

box 1, folder 4

Correspondence to presumably Count Zanardi Landi from various senders including British Legation; Alfred W. Gray, Law Offices of Dudley and Gray; Alfred Heinemann; and other senders June 14, 1917-January 27, 1927; undated

Scope and Contents

Most of the letters are about legal, business, or financial matters, with a personal letter regarding Christmas.
box 1, folder 10

Correspondence to and from Captain W.G.A. Bourne to Count Carlo Zanardi Landi June 17-June 19, 1924

box 1, folder 12

Correspondence to presumably Count Carlo Zanardi Landi from Cyril C. Pascoe primarily regarding employment August 25, 1926- circa March 21, 1927

Scope and Contents

Includes one letter from presumably Count Carlo Zanardi Landi.
box 1, folder 14

Correspondence to H.A. Gottlieb from Hardcastle Sanders and Co.; Arthur H. Houlgate Company; and Legge Murray and Co., Ltd. October 28 -December 22, 1926

box 1, folder 16

Correspondence to and from Adamsons, Ltd. to Count Carlo Zanardi Landi, regarding the balance on his account April 23-May 21, 1927

box 1, folder 11

Correspondence to and from Cecil F. Read to Count Carlo Zanardi Landi, and correspondence from Amery-Parkes and Company to Cecil F. Read regarding the affidavit with Count Carlo Zanardi Landi September 17, 1926-January 28, 1927

box 1, folder 21

Correspondence from Officer [Frotello Rdorodo] December 20, 1926, February 9, 1927; undated

Language of Material: Italian, French.
box 1, folder 15

Letters from Tonio to presumably Count Carlo Zanardi Landi January 7, 1927- circa March 14, 1927

Scope and Contents

Includes six letters from Tonio to Count Carlo Zanardi Landi regarding financial situations, Landi's birthday, Uncle Albert, and other family matters. Tonio is Landi's adopted son.
box 1, folder 22

Correspondence from [Trino] January 23, 1927; November 11, 1927; undated

Language of Material: Italian, French.
box 1, folder 24

Correspondence most likely from the Salvage Steamer "Semper Paratus" January 21, 1927

Language of Material: Italian.
box 1, folder 20

Correspondence from presumably Count Carlo Zanardi Landi to various people include Mr. James, A. Letts, and J. Geoffery Hart January 24, 1927-April 28, 1927

box 1, folder 17

Correspondence from Elisa to presumably Count Carlo Zanardi Landi undated

box 1, folder 23

Correspondence from Vera undated

box 1, folder 1

Ocean Salvage Company Limited June 2, 1917-August 28, 1918

Scope and Contents

Includes documents related to Articles of Association for the Ocean Salvage Company, and the appointment of Count Lanardi Landi as the Marine Superintendent of the Ocean Salavage Company Limited.
box 1, folder 3

Ministry of the Interior Recognition Sheet, Temporary Residence Permit, and correspondence from the Ministry of Maritime or Road Transport 1917

Language of Material: French, Italian.
box 1, folder 5

Telegrams from the Ministry of Shipping and the Mercantile Marine Department regarding the vessel "Buttercup" January 3-June 18, 1921; undated

Scope and Contents

Also included is a supply list for the vessel.
box 1, folder 6

Marconigram to M.M. Carino, Telegram receipts, Telegram from Albert, and Telegrams to presumably Count Carlo Zanardi Landi from Tony, Caroline, Albert, and others July 7, 1921- January 27, 1928; undated

box 1, folder 9

Daily journal notes, blank envelopes, nautical direction notes, and other notes circa 1923 -1924; undated

box 1, folder 13

Invoices and receipts for F. Gennarli, Ltd.; Sir John Bennett Ltd.; Treadwell Brothers; A.W. Gamage Ltd.; Osborne, Garrett, and Co. Ltd; Buck and Ryan; Maple and Co. Ltd.; The Endeca Metal Decoration Co. Ltd.; and others January 9, 1926-July 2, 1927

box 1, folder 7

"Nieuwe uitzichten voor de nijverheid onder het zee-oppervlak. Een nieuw duikertoestel. Voordracht, genouden in de vergadering van het Koninklijk Instituut van Ingenieurs, van 28 Juli 1922" July 28, 1922

Language of Material: Dutch; Flemish.
box 1, folder 18

"The Yachting World and Marine Motor Journal: The Oldest Yachting Weekly in the British Isles" number 1812 January 5, 1929

box 1, folder 8

Newspaper clippings circa July 15, 1923; undated

Scope and Contents

Newspaper clippings titles include: "The Swastika," "Lost Gold in the Luisitania: Expert Opinion of New Effort with Mystery Ship," and "Armoured Cruiser for the Breakers."
box 1, folder 19

Hotel George Washington Stationary undated


Series II: Photographs 1907-1927; circa 1920s

Language of Material: English, Italian.

Scope and Contents

This series includes 153 photographs of salvage steamers, salvaged ships, ship damage, crewmembers and other images related to ships and steamers. Images of specific ships or steamers include: Semper Paratus, S.S. [Akudenis], S.S. Andonio D. Kydoniefs, S.S. Atone, S.S. Cleopatra, S.S. Dalhouise, S.S. Evangeline, S.S. [Falernian] S.S. Lothar Bohlen, S.S. [Maryathea], S.S. Newquay, S.S. Novington, S.S. Oilfield, S.S. Sebat, S.S. [Sheref Iner], S.S. [Tayar], S.S. Valiant; S.S. Ville de Nice, S.S. Waterville, and S.S. Wellington.
box 2, item 2, 15-17, 19-20, 35-37, 40-41, 44, 50

Crewmembers on or near ships circa 1920s

box 2, item 55-56, 62, 73-75, 80, 108-109, 116,131-132, 148

Crewmembers on or near ships circa 1920s

box 2, item 9-13, 27, 28, 43, 46, 64, 106-107, 127-130

Damage on ships circa 1920s

box 2, item 70, 96-97, 124

Gallipoli, Turkey circa 1920s

Scope and Contents

Includes photographs of stranded ships, harbors, and mosques.
box 2, item 23, 134

Island or land mass from the water circa 1920s

box 2, item 63

Lighthouse circa 1920s

box 2, item 59

Portraits circa 1920s

box 2, item 68, 77

Semper Paratus February 1926; circa 1920s,

Scope and Contents

Some photographs stamped on the back with a swastika and state "Salvage Steamer Semper Paratus."
box 2, item 65-66

S.S. [Akudenis] circa March 21, 1927

box 2, item 78-79

S.S. Andonio D. Kydoniefs February 6, 1926

Scope and Contents

S.S. Andonio D. Kydoniefs ashore at Karabournou, Greece in the Black Sea. Stranded January 31 1926; refloated February 6 1926. Photograph stamped on the back with an official "Salvage Steamer Semper Paratus" seal with a swastika.
box 2, item 90-91

S.S. Atone circa 1924

Scope and Contents

S.S. Atone stranded possibly at Karaburun, October 16, 1918 and refloated by the Semper Paratus June 12, 1924.
box 2, item 118-120

S.S. Cleopatra 1926

Scope and Contents

Includes photograph of the collision of S.S. Cleopatra with S.S. Rita Handri in Istanbul.
box 2, item 111

S.S. Dalhouise 1916

box 2, item 29-31

S.S. Evangeline circa 1914 -1922

box 2, item 105

S.S. [Falernian] 1925

Scope and Contents

S.S. [Falernian] stranded November 22, 1924 in the Black Sea and refloated and towed at Istanbul May 25, 1925.
box 2, item 98-99

S.S. Lothar Bohlen circa 1920s

Scope and Contents

S.S. Lothar Bohlen was stranded in Gallipoli May 24, 1924 and refloated by the Semper Paratus.
box 2, item 151

S.S. [Maryathea] photograph taken by Kirk & Sons circa 1920s

box 2, item 47

S.S. Newquay circa 1920s

box 2, item 21-22

S.S. Novington 1917-1918, 1921

box 2, item 48-49

S.S. Oilfield 1918

box 2, item 92-94

S.S. Sebat 1926

Scope and Contents

S.S. Sebat stranded near Karaburun in Anatolia region of Turkey in the Black Sea March 26, 1926 and refloated by the Semper Paratus March 27, 1926.
box 2, item 81-82

S.S. [Sheref Iner] July 31, 1926

Scope and Contents

S.S. [Sheref Iner] Stranded and refloated by the S.S. Semper Paratus July 31, 1926.
box 2, item 113

S.S. [Tayar] 1924

Scope and Contents

S.S. [Tayar] stranded at Sarmusak, Turkey June 18, 1924 and refloated by the S.S. Semper Paratus June 26, 1924.
box 2, item 147

S.S. Valiant circa 1920s

box 2, item 71

S.S. Ville de Nice September 26, 1924

Scope and Contents

The S.S. Ville de Nice was stranded at Rabbit Island Tenedos, Turkey September 21, 1924 and refloated September 26, 1924.
box 2, item 42

S.S. Waterville circa 1920s

box 2, item 150

S.S. Wellington September 6, 1907

box 2, item 7

Ship cannon circa 1920s

box 2, item 5, 54, 126

Ship captains circa 1920s

Scope and Contents

Some photographs or postcards are signed by the captain.
box 2, item 3-4, 6, 8, 14, 18, 24-26, 32-34, 38-39, 45

Steamships and ships circa 1920s

box 2, item 51-53, 57-58, 60-61, 67, 69, 72, 76, 83-85, 87, 89, 95, 100-104, 110

Steamships and ships circa 1920s

box 2, item 112, 114-115, 117, 121-123, 125, 133, 135-146, 149, 152

Steamships and ships circa 1920s

box 2, item 1

Warren Hastings circa 1920s

box 2, item 86, 88

Ottoman Navy ship Yavuz (ex Goeben formerly of the Imperial German Navy) July 1924