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Landi (Count Carlo Zanardi) Collection
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Processing Information
  • History
  • Scope and Content
  • Arrangement

  • Contributing Institution: California State University Dominguez Hills, Gerth Archives and Special Collections
    Title: Count Carlo Zanardi Landi Collection
    Creator: Landi, Carlo, 1872-
    Identifier/Call Number: SPC.2009.001
    Physical Description: 2 boxes
    Physical Description: 1 Linear Feet
    Date (inclusive): 1907-1929
    Date (bulk): 1917-1927
    Abstract: Records of Count Carlo Zanardi Landi (1907-1929), Marine Superintendent of the Ocean Salvage Company Limited. Included in the collection are handwritten letters; typed correspondence; photographs; telegrams; newspaper clippings; memorandums; bills and invoices; a Dutch pamphlet regarding new diver apparatus, and blank hotel stationary. The correspondence is primarily regarding steamship salvage business after World War I, including the management of crews, the purchase of ships and supplies, and the status of salvage operations. Personal letters from Count Landi's adopted children, Tonio and Elissa Landi, are also included.
    Language of Material: English , Italian , French , Dutch; Flemish .


    There are no access restrictions on this collection.

    Publication Rights

    All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Archives and Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical materials and not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

    Preferred Citation

    For information about citing archival material, see the Citations for Archival Material  guide, or consult the appropriate style manual.

    Acquisition Information

    The records in this collection were acquired through a donation from Jennifer Cady, daughter of a former instructor at California State University Dominguez Hills.

    Processing Information

    Collection processed in March 2009 by Michele Anderson.


    The Admiralty was a British authority that oversaw the functions of the Royal Navy. During and after World War I, the British Admiralty Salvage Section, as dictated by the Admiralty, was responsible for the salvaging of ships stranded at sea. Salvage duties included refloating, towing, pumping, dredging and repairing damage to ships. Some ships suffered major damage from torpedoes, while others only required to be patched, pumped or tugged to another location.
    Count Carlo Zanardi Landi (1876-1953) was an Italian nobleman who worked as a Marine Superintendent for the Ocean Salvage Company Limited, a marine salvage company based in London. During World War I, Count Landi was commissioned by the British Admiralty Salvage Section to recover ships primarily stranded in the British Isles and the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Landi was responsible for organizing the crews on the salvage ships, such as divers, blacksmiths and carpenters, and ordering ship supplies. He also accompanied and managed crews traveling to various ports as dictated by the British Admiralty.
    Landi was married to Countess Zanardi Landi, who claimed to be the secret daughter of Emperor Francis Joseph and Elizabeth of Austria and subsequently wrote the book "The Secret of an Empress". Count Landi adopted his wife's children, Tonio and Elissa, who was a film actress from the 1920's to 1940's.

    Scope and Content

    The Count Carlo Zanardi Landi Collection contains materials from 1907 to 1929. The bulk of the material stems from 1917 to 1927. The correspondence is primarily regarding steamship salvage business after World War I, including the management of crews, the purchase of ships and supplies, and the status of salvage operations. Subject matter in the collection include marine accidents; salvage vessels; steamboats; the Admiralty of Great Britain; historic ships, and salvage missions in the Black Sea, British Isles and Mediterranean Sea.
    The collection contains handwritten letters; typed correspondence; newspaper clippings; memorandums; telegrams; bills and invoices; a journal titled "The Yachting World and Marine Motor Journal"; a Dutch pamphlet regarding new diver apparatus, and blank hotel stationary. The collection also includes 153 photographs of salvage steamers, salvaged ships, ship damage, crewmembers and miscellaneous images related to salvage work from 1907 to 1927.
    One salvage steamer in particular, the Semper Paratus (translated in Latin, means "Always Ready") is mentioned periodically in the correspondence and photographs. Damage done to the S.S. Novington and S.S. Oilfield in Great Britian; the S.S. Andonio D. Kydoniefs in Greece, and the S.S. Sebat, S.S. Lothar Bohlen, and S.S. Cleopatra in Turkey, among a few, are documented in the photograph collection. Many of the photographs were taken in areas of Turkey, including Istanbul (nee Constantinople), Gallipoli, and Karaburun in the Anatolia region.
    Also included are typed and handwritten correspondence in Italian and French, as well as handwritten personal letters from Landi's son Tonio Landi and daughter, actress Elissa Landi.


    Arranged in two series:
    1. Series I. Count Zanardi Landi Documents 1917-1929
    2. Series II. Photographs 1907-1927

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Admiralty -- Great Britain
    Salvage -- Great Britain
    Salvage -- Turkey
    World War, 1914-1918
    Black Sea
    British Isles
    Mediterranean Sea
    Gallipoli (Turkey)
    Marine accidents
    Salvage vessels
    Historic ships
    Navigation -- History
    Landi, Carlo, 1872-
    Landi, Elissa, 1904-1948
    Great Britain. Royal Navy