Inventory of the National Council for Prevention of War. Western Office (San Francisco) records

Finding aid prepared by Hoover Institution Library and Archives Staff
Hoover Institution Library and Archives
© 2009
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA 94305-6003

Title: National Council for Prevention of War. Western Office (San Francisco) records
Date (inclusive): 1921-1943
Collection Number: 43005
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 4 manuscript boxes (1.4 Linear Feet)
Abstract: Leaflets, pamphlets, press releases, and serial issues, relating to movements for peace, disarmament, preservation of American neutrality during World War II, and opposition to conscription and military training in educational institutions.
Creator: National Council for Prevention of War (U.S.). Western Office (San Francisco)
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives


The collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.


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Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 1943.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], National Council for Prevention of War. Western Office (San Francisco) records, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Historical Note

The National Council for Prevention of War (NCPW) was founded by Frederick J. Libby on October 21, 1921, as the National Council for Limitation of Armaments. Later evolving into the National Council for Prevention of War, the American pacifist organization had a mission to prevent a trans-Pacific war through progressive world organization, the reduction of armaments by international agreement, and global education for peace.
The NCPW cooperated with other like-minded organizations, fighting policies that would increase armaments, and circulating educational resources such as pamphlets, fliers, and newsletters. The original office was in Washington D.C., and the San Francisco office was the first branch site opening in 1924.

Scope and Content of Collection

Collection contains leaflets, pamphlets, press releases, serial issues, plays, and program agendas issued by the National Council for Prevention of War (NCPW) with the objective to mobilize U.S. citizens and prevent the trans-Pacific war of 1941.
The materials are educational in nature; the leaflets, pamphlets, and correspondence attempt to inform the average citizen on the relevant politics of war. The NPCW encouraged political participation and active community involvement.
A significant portion of the materials are anti-war songs, plays, and pageants revealing the public nature of this organization. NCPW educational literature also targeted children and young adults in an effort to create a generation of internationally-minded citizens. The NPCW was primarily concerned with trans-Pacific issues, but also had a small focus on issues in Mexico.
The personal binder is a scrapbook of NCPW literature. There are bulletins about international education, letters encouraging political mobilization, and religious anti-war materials. There are maps outlining Congressional districts and lists of members of the House Representatives.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

World War, 1939-1945 -- United States
Neutrality -- United States
Draft -- United States
Military education -- United States

box 1, folder 1

Information on National Council for Prevention of War (NCPW) 1935-1939

box 1, folder 2

NCPW Correspondence 1935-1939

box 1, folder 3

Peace Propaganda: Bulletins, Newsletters, and other materials 1926-1943

box 1, folder 4

Bulletins 1916-1934

box 1, folder 5

Youth Based Peace Movements and Peace Education 1924-1932

box 1, folder 6

Economic Cost of War 1930-1938.

Scope and Contents note

Includes cartoon poster on the cost of war
box 1, folder 7

Women against War 1928-1939

box 1, folder 8

Revision of Covenant of League of Nations 1936

box 1, folder 9

US-Mexico Literature 1927

box 2, folder 1

Anti-war Educational Resources for American Children 1934-1936

box 2, folder 2

Memorial Day service programs and literature 1927-1929

box 2, folder 3-4

Christmas-themed anti-war propaganda: songs, plays, and other materials 1929-1940

box 2, folder 5

Anti-war plays, songs, and programs 1921-1935

box 2, folder 6

Anti-war plays and programs 1925-1929.

Scope and Contents note

Includes posters of the Kellogg Peace Pact
box 2, folder 7-9

Anti-war plays and programs 1928-1936

box 3, folder 1

Anti-war poems, plays, and programs 1928

box 3, folder 2

Speculations on future warfare 1921-1929

box 3, folder 3

Labor anti-war documents 1922-1927

box 3, folder 4

Labor anti-war Documents 1912-1939

box 3, folder 5

NCPW relevant Congressional records and statements 1927-1939

box 3, folder 6

Anti-compulsory military training literature 1925-1930

box 3, folder 7

Religious anti-war literature 1924-1939.

box 3, folder 8

Keep America Out of War Congress 1938-1939

box 3, folder 9-10

NCPW informational literature 1927-1939

box 4, folder 1

NCPW informational literature 1927-1939

box 4, folder 2-3

Scrapbook with NCPW articles and literature 1929-1935

box 4, folder 4

NCPW pamphlets circa 1935