Inventory of the National Council for Prevention of War. Western Office (San Francisco) records

Processed by Hoover Institution Archives Staff.
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
© 2009
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Inventory of the National Council for Prevention of War. Western Office (San Francisco) records

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California
Processed by:
Hoover Institution Archives Staff
Date Completed:
Encoded by:
Machine-readable finding aid derived from MARC record by Elizabeth Konzak. Additions and container list by Awapuhi Dancil.
© 2009 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Title: National Council for Prevention of War. Western Office (San Francisco) records
Dates: 1921-1943
Collection Number: 43005
Creator: National Council for Prevention of War. Western Office (San Francisco).
Collection Size: 4 manuscript boxes (1.4 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives .
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Leaflets, pamphlets, press releases, and serial issues, relating to movements for peace, disarmament, preservation of American neutrality during World War II, and opposition to conscription and military training in educational institutions.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Languages: English

Administrative Information


Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], National Council for Prevention of War. Western Office (San Francisco) records, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1943.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the library catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Historical Note

The National Council for Prevention of War (NCPW) was founded by Frederick J. Libby on October 21, 1921, as the National Council for Limitation of Armaments. Later evolving into the National Council for Prevention of War, the American pacifist organization had a mission to prevent a trans-Pacific war through progressive world organization, the reduction of armaments by international agreement, and global education for peace.
The NCPW cooperated with other like-minded organizations, fighting policies that would increase armaments, and circulating educational resources such as pamphlets, fliers, and newsletters. The original office was in Washington D.C., and the San Francisco office was the first branch site opening in 1924.

Scope and Content of Collection

Collection contains leaflets, pamphlets, press releases, serial issues, plays, and program agendas issued by the National Council for Prevention of War (NCPW) with the objective to mobilize U.S. citizens and prevent the trans-Pacific war of 1941.
The materials are educational in nature; the leaflets, pamphlets, and correspondence attempt to inform the average citizen on the relevant politics of war. The NPCW encouraged political participation and active community involvement.
A significant portion of the materials are anti-war songs, plays, and pageants revealing the public nature of this organization. NCPW educational literature also targeted children and young adults in an effort to create a generation of internationally-minded citizens. The NPCW was primarily concerned with trans-Pacific issues, but also had a small focus on issues in Mexico.
The personal binder is a scrapbook of NCPW literature. There are bulletins about international education, letters encouraging political mobilization, and religious anti-war materials. There are maps outlining Congressional districts and lists of members of the House Representatives.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Military education--United States.
Draft--United States.
World War, 1939-1945--United States.
United States--Neutrality.

Collection Contents

Box/Folder: 1 : 1

Information on National Council for Prevention of War (NCPW), 1935-1939

Box/Folder: 1 : 2

NCPW Correspondence, 1935-1939

Box/Folder: 1 : 3

Peace Propaganda: Bulletins, Newsletters, and other materials, 1926-1943

Box/Folder: 1 : 4

Bulletins, 1916-1934

Box/Folder: 1 : 5

Youth Based Peace Movements and Peace Education, 1924-1932

Box/Folder: 1 : 6

Economic Cost of War, 1930-1938.

Scope and Content Note

Includes cartoon poster on the cost of war
Box/Folder: 1 : 7

Women against War, 1928-1939

Box/Folder: 1 : 8

Revision of Covenant of League of Nations, 1936

Box/Folder: 1 : 9

US-Mexico Literature, 1927

Box/Folder: 2 : 1

Anti-war Educational Resources for American Children, 1934-1936

Box/Folder: 2 : 2

Memorial Day service programs and literature, 1927-1929

Box/Folder: 2 : 3-4

Christmas-themed anti-war propaganda: songs, plays, and other materials, 1929-1940

Box/Folder: 2 : 5

Anti-war plays, songs, and programs, 1921-1935

Box/Folder: 2 : 6

Anti-war plays and programs, 1925-1929.

Scope and Content Note

Includes posters of the Kellogg Peace Pact
Box/Folder: 2 : 7-9

Anti-war plays and programs, 1928-1936

Box/Folder: 3 : 1

Anti-war poems, plays, and programs, 1928

Box/Folder: 3 : 2

Speculations on future warfare, 1921-1929

Box/Folder: 3 : 3

Labor anti-war documents, 1922-1927

Box/Folder: 3 : 4

Labor anti-war Documents, 1912-1939

Box/Folder: 3 : 5

NCPW relevant Congressional records and statements, 1927-1939

Box/Folder: 3 : 6

Anti-compulsory military training literature, 1925-1930

Box/Folder: 3 : 7

Religious anti-war literature, 1924-1939.

Box/Folder: 3 : 8

Keep America Out of War Congress, 1938-1939

Box/Folder: 3 : 9-10, Box/Folder: 4 : 1

NCPW informational literature, 1927-1939

Box/Folder: 4 : 2-3

Scrapbook with NCPW articles and literature, 1929-1935

Box/Folder: 4 : 4

NCPW pamphlets, circa 1935