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National Council for Prevention of War. Western Office (San Francisco) records
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Use
  • Acquisition Information
  • Preferred Citation
  • Historical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Title: National Council for Prevention of War. Western Office (San Francisco) records
    Date (inclusive): 1921-1943
    Collection Number: 43005
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 4 manuscript boxes (1.4 Linear Feet)
    Abstract: Leaflets, pamphlets, press releases, and serial issues, relating to movements for peace, disarmament, preservation of American neutrality during World War II, and opposition to conscription and military training in educational institutions.
    Creator: National Council for Prevention of War (U.S.). Western Office (San Francisco)
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives


    The collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.


    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 1943.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], National Council for Prevention of War. Western Office (San Francisco) records, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Historical Note

    The National Council for Prevention of War (NCPW) was founded by Frederick J. Libby on October 21, 1921, as the National Council for Limitation of Armaments. Later evolving into the National Council for Prevention of War, the American pacifist organization had a mission to prevent a trans-Pacific war through progressive world organization, the reduction of armaments by international agreement, and global education for peace.
    The NCPW cooperated with other like-minded organizations, fighting policies that would increase armaments, and circulating educational resources such as pamphlets, fliers, and newsletters. The original office was in Washington D.C., and the San Francisco office was the first branch site opening in 1924.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Collection contains leaflets, pamphlets, press releases, serial issues, plays, and program agendas issued by the National Council for Prevention of War (NCPW) with the objective to mobilize U.S. citizens and prevent the trans-Pacific war of 1941.
    The materials are educational in nature; the leaflets, pamphlets, and correspondence attempt to inform the average citizen on the relevant politics of war. The NPCW encouraged political participation and active community involvement.
    A significant portion of the materials are anti-war songs, plays, and pageants revealing the public nature of this organization. NCPW educational literature also targeted children and young adults in an effort to create a generation of internationally-minded citizens. The NPCW was primarily concerned with trans-Pacific issues, but also had a small focus on issues in Mexico.
    The personal binder is a scrapbook of NCPW literature. There are bulletins about international education, letters encouraging political mobilization, and religious anti-war materials. There are maps outlining Congressional districts and lists of members of the House Representatives.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    World War, 1939-1945 -- United States
    Neutrality -- United States
    Draft -- United States
    Military education -- United States