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Inventory of the Klaus Barbie pre-trial records
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Trial instruction, including depositions and exhibits, in the case of Klaus Barbie before the Tribunal de grande instance de Lyon, relating to German war crimes in France during World War II. Photocopy.
Born to a Roman Catholic family in Bad Godesberg, Germany, Klaus Barbie joined the SS (Schutzstaffel) in September 1935. By 1940, he was posted to Holland where his main task was to arrest Jews and German émigrés. In 1942, Barbie arrived in recently captured Lyon as head of the Gestapo, commanding a force of 25 officers. There, Barbie prevented sabotage and persecuted Jews, for which he was presented the military award, "First Class Iron Cross with Swords," by Adolf Hitler. After the war Barbie escaped prosecution in France and relocated to Bolivia in 1950. He lived in Bolivia as a businessman until 1983, when the Bolivian government extradited Barbie to France to stand trial for war crimes. In 1987 Klaus Barbie was sentenced to life imprisonment for crimes against humanity. Nine jurors and three judges found Barbie, known as the "Butcher of Lyon," guilty of the 341 separate charges that were brought against him at the court in Lyon. While in prison Klause Barbie died of cancer in 1991.
8 manuscript boxes (3.2 linear feet)
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Collection is open for research.