Hemelraad family papers 1988.1132

Finding aid prepared by Judith Janec
Tauber Holocaust Library
JFCS Holocaust Center
2245 Post Street
San Francisco, CA, 94115

Title: Hemelraad family papers
Identifier/Call Number: 1988.1132
Contributing Institution: Tauber Holocaust Library
Language of Material: Dutch; Flemish
Container: Archives Box 4
Physical Description: 0.1 Linear feet comprising correspondence, documents and photographs
Date (inclusive): 1932-1947
Abstract: This collection comprises photographs, documents and correspondence documenting the fate of members of a Dutch Jewish family, the Hemelraads, during the Holocaust.
Language of Materials note: All documentation in the collection is in Dutch; partial English translations are available.
creator: Hemelraad family

Conditions Governing Access note

There are no restrictions to access for this collection.

Conditions Governing Use note

There are no restrictions to use for this collection.

Existence and Location of Copies note

Digital copies of selected photographs and correspondence from this collection are available.

Preferred Citation note

[item] [date], Hemelraad family papers - 1988.1132, Tauber Holocaust Library - JFCS Holocaust Center, San Francisco, California

Scope and Contents note

This collection documents the fate of several members of a Dutch Jewish family during the Holocaust and reflects the experiences of many Jews living in Nazi-occupied Holland during World War II. The collection is comprised of photographs of the three siblings, Carla, Wim and Lex Hemelraad; correspondence written during that period by them, including a letter sent from Westerbork by Lex Hemelraad; war-time registration certificates; and post-war death certificates and notices from the Red Cross of the Netherlands.

Biographical/Historical note

Willem Alexander Hemelraad (1915-1942), Alexander Leo J. Hemelraad (b.1909-1944), and Caroline Rose Wilhelmina Hemelraad (b. 1909-1943) were the children of Abraham Hemelraad and Juliette Sophie Horn (1882-1943). All perished during the Holocaust; Abraham Hemelraad died before the onset of World War II.
The Hemelraad family were residents of Amsterdam, who fled to Rotterdam during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. They were in hiding before their arrests and deportation to Westerbork concentration camp. From Westerbork they were sent to Auschwitz, where they died in the gas chambers.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Auschwitz (Concentration camp).
Westerbork (Concentration camp).
Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Family papers
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Netherlands
Jewish families -- Netherlands
Jews -- Amsterdam
Jews, Dutch
Netherlands -- History -- German occupation, 1940-1945.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Netherlands -- Amsterdam


Family photographs 1930s-1940s

General note

Photographs are pre-Holocaust era and primarily of Carlotta, Wim and Alex Hemelraad. Also included in a photographic post card entitled "Herinnering Nederland 10 Mei 1940."

Personal correspondence probably 1940-1943

General note

Personal correspondence includes letters and postcards written by Carla, a letter written by Lex and sent from Westerbork concentration camp, and handwritten poems or song lyrics.

Official correspondence 1946-1949

General note

Official correspondence comprises post-World War II notifications from the Red Cross of the Netherlands regarding the fate of Carla Hemelraad, Wim Hemelraad, Alex Hemelraad and Juliette van Engers-Horn.

Documents 1941, 1948

General note

Documents comprise registration cards issued in Amsterdam to Guillemette Sophie Horn and Paul Henri Hemelraad in 1941; and two copies of a death certificate issued by the city of Amsterdam, documenting the death of Willem Alexander Hemelraad in Auschwitz.