Inventory of the Spas T. Raikin papers

Finding aid prepared by Spas T. Raikin and Hoover Institution Library and Archives Staff
Hoover Institution Library and Archives
© 2008
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA 94305-6003

Title: Spas T. Raikin papers
Date (inclusive): 1922-2011
Collection Number: 80148
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
Language of Material: In Bulgarian and English
Physical Description: 55 manuscript boxes (22.0 Linear Feet)
Abstract: Correspondence, writings, bulletins, serial issues, printed matter, and photographs, relating to Bulgarian history, the Bulgarian Orthodox Eastern Church, Bulgarian émigré affairs, and activities of anti-communist organizations, including the Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations and the Bulgarian National Front.
Creator: Raĭkin, Spas, 1922-
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives


The collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.


For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 1980, with a voluminous increment received in 2012.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Spas T. Raikin papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Biographical Note

A Bulgarian-American historian, Raikin served as secretary of the Central Executive Board, Bulgarian National Council, from 1960 to 1963.
Born to a poor peasant family, Raikin herded cows and sheep until he was admitted to the Plovdiv Theological Seminary. He graduated with honors and went on to study in the School of Theology in Sofia University and teach in the Sofia Theological Seminary. Once the Bulgarian Communists had solidified their power, they intensified their religious persecution, drafting Raikin into the army, where he served his time in a military labor camp. In 1951, he and several of his friends escaped from the camp and formed a partisan group in the Rhodope Mountains in southern Bulgaria. Evading the Communists, they managed to cross into Greece, where he received a scholarship from the World Council of Churches to study theology at the University of Athens. He went on to study at the universities in Geneva, Basel, and King's College in London, finally taking a graduate degree in political science at Columbia University in New York. In New York, Raikin became a social worker who helped resettle Bulgarian refugees in the United States under a State Department Program, as well as a staff member in the Travelers Aid Society. It was in that capacity that he was directed to meet Lee Harvey Oswald upon his return from Russia. Raikin found a hotel room for Oswald, his wife, and baby, and handed him a check that paid for their move to Fort Worth, Texas. His account of this event is in the Warren Commission Report and is discussed in dozens of works on the Kennedy assassination.
Raikin's academic career was mostly with East Stroudsburg University in Pennsylvania, where he taught from 1966 until his retirement in 1991. He published some twenty books on Bulgarian history, politics, and culture from the late nineteenth century into the twentieth. He was also active in Bulgarian and East European anticommunist exile organizations.
Additional biographical information may be found in box 1.

Scope and Content of Collection

Raikin's papers, contained in ninety-nine binders, document Rhis historical research and writing as well as Bulgarian émigré activities in the United States.
Spas T. Raikin notes, "The following?99 volumes of my archives are a mirror of my political activities in exile. They contain information on historical, political, social, and ecclesiastical events in the turbulent 20th century in which I personally participated, witnessed and interpreted."
"Some of this information was published in my twenty volumes in the [several] series Politicheski problemi pred bulgarskata obshtestvenost v chuzhbina (Political Problems Facing the Bulgarian Community Abroad), five volumes, Politichesko pateshestvie sreshtu vetrovete na XX vek (Political Journey Against the Winds of the XX Century), thirteen volumes, and San Stefanska Bulgaria. Poiava, sudba, triumf i tragedia na bulgarskata natsionalna ideia (Origins, Fate, Triumph and Tragedy of the Bulgarian National Idea) , two volumes."
"Articles, documents, essays, papers and commentaries not included in the above publications are in these Archives. I believe that all these materials - published or not published, but saved here - will serve well future scholars in understanding and interpreting Bulgarian history of our age, specifically our exile movement." Spas T. Raikin, 29 November 2011, Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, Box 1
Binder number 71, however, is different from the others. It contains copies of documents, notes, and clippings about his meeting with Lee Harvey Oswald in the port at Hoboken, New Jersey on June 13, 1962, when Oswald was returning from the Soviet Union.
Arranged by Raikin in numerical order by binder, with all titles retained. Although Raikin created 99 volumes, he did not include number 78 in the collection.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Anti-communist movements
Bulgaria -- Emigration and immigration
Bulgarians -- United States
Bulgaria -- History
Bŭlgarska pravoslavna t͡sŭrkva
Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations
Bulgarian National Front


Arranged by Raikin in numerical order by binder; all titles were retained

file 1

Writings, memoranda, and declarations relating to Bulgaria, Bulgarian émigré, and the Bulgarian National Council, received in 1980 (formerly 10.V)

box 1, folder 1

Preface, photographs, biography notes, my creed, editorial principles, "Escape from Hell," "Epilogue - Evil's Flowers," documents, contents of archives

box 1, folder 2

Family history, personal documents, letters from and to my brothers

box 2, folder 3

Personal, letters to and from family in Bulgaria

box 3, folder 4

Documents, originals and copies, Marin, Bezmer, Trudovak, World Council of Churches, Lavrion, Switzerland, England

box 4, folder 5-6

Darzhavna Sigurnost, dossier "Desertiori," "Bulgarian Sum"

box 5, folder 7

King Simeon

box 5, folder 8

American Bulgarian League

box 6, folder 9

Arrival in America, Diary first seven weeks, politics and refugees, Church World Service 1954-1955

box 6, folder 10

Bulgarian National Front (BNF) first congress, political report, Kalin Koichev, Ivan Dochev, Paprikov, MPO, church politics and refugees

box 7, folder 11-12

Borba edited by Raikin, #1-21 1956-1963

box 8, folder 13

American Friends Anti-Bolshevik Block of Nations, Raikin, Secretary General 1958-1960

box 8, folder 14

Metropolitan, Andrey


Bulgarian National Front

box 9, folder 15-16


box 10, folder 17



Bulgarian National Front and Bulgarian National Council

box 10, folder 18


box 11, folder 19


box 12, folder 20


box 13, folder 21-22


box 14, folder 23-24


box 15, folder 25

Independent 1964-1970


Bulgarian Agrarian National Union

box 16, folder 26-27


box 17, folder 28-29


box 18, folder 30



Free Agrarian Banner

box 18, folder 31

No. 1-20 1978-1982

box 19, folder 32-33

No. 49-67 1982-1990

box 20, folder 34

Bank accounts

box 20, folder 35

Published and unpublished articles

box 21, folder 36-37

Papers and articles, published and not published

box 22, folder 38

Unpublished papers and articles

box 22, folder 39

San Stefanska Bulgaria, English original text

box 23, folder 40-41

San Stefanska Bulgaria, English original text

box 24, folder 42

Scrapbook, Zhelev, Stoyanov, Project Political Program BNF, Washington declaration, Spas, Tantikov, et al.

box 24, folder 43

Bulgarian Orthodox Church under communism, Senate hearing, my report for Bolan court case

box 25, folder 44

Trudovak, Marin, long hand texts

box 25, folder 45

Schism in the Bulgarian Orthodox Church 1

box 26, folder 46

Schism in the Bulgarian Orthodox Church 2 (not published papers)

box 26, folder 47-48

Schism in the Bulgarian Orthodox Church 3-4 1992-2002

box 27, folder 49

Schism in the Bulgarian Orthodox Church 5 1992-2002

box 27, folder 50

Court case, Varba-Nov vs. St. Andrey, Attorney Bolan 1

box 28, folder 51

Court case, Varba-Nov vs. St. Andrey, Attorney Bolan 2

box 28, folder 52

Raskol in New York, Schismatics vs. Metropolitan Joseph II

box 29, folder 53

Chicago, Munich, Raskol 1992-2002

box 30, folder 54


box 30, folder 54

Free Agrarian Banner edited by Raikin 1981-1983

box 31, folder 55

Personal correspondence, family in Bulgaria

box 31, folder 56

General correspondence, New York Times, Pocono records, Chicago churches, et al.

box 32, folder 57

Important correspondence, Patriarch Pavle of Serbia, Dr. Ivan Gadjev, Meytropolitan Kiril Yonchev, Petar Nikolov

box 32, folder 58

My dossier in "Darzhavna Sigurnost" Sofia, Bulgaria, my dossiers in CIA and FBI, State Department, Filchev, Attorney General, Sofia, Bulgaria

box 33, folder 59

Political VIP in my orbit, Borislav, Dochev, Radi, G. M., Dimitrov, Shivarov

box 34, folder 60

Omitted or repeated materials, VIP BNF, BNC, schism, refugees, seminarians, lost pages, omitted letters

box 35, folder 61

Bulgarian Orthodox Chuch under communism, my resistance, Joseph I Kalin, Koichev

box 35, folder 62

Bulgarian Orthodox Church, New York diocese, Joseph II and Raikin vs. Schismatics, Joseph II confession

box 36, folder 63

Bulgarian Orthodox Church, New York diocese, Joseph II and Raikin vs. Schismatics

box 36, folder 64

Diocese in good and bad times, documentation: Schismatics vs. Joseph in court action, analysis by Raikin

box 37, folder 65

Analysis by Raikin, papers against the Schismatics, in defense of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, miscellaneous

box 37, folder 66

Miscellaneous: omitted items, personal principles, drafts, unpublished documents and essays, maps


General correspondence, alphabetical

box 38, folder 67-68


box 39, folder 69-70


box 40, folder 71

O-S. Includes Lee Harvey Oswald materials

box 41, folder 72


box 42, folder 73


box 42, folder 74

Miscellaneous correspondence 1992-1993

box 43, folder 75

Miscellaneous correspondence 1984-1985

box 43, folder 76

Munich correspondence, RFE, Darvodelski vs. Raikin, Stephan Popov, Rodopi Odyssey, Post-communist era letters, memorandum to president Bush, failure in the Middle East, Julia Daskalova, "Nedelnik," Velko Valkanov

box 44, folder 77

The Theodores, Momar Quaddafi, Chicago cultural affairs, Simeon Ovcharov, Raikovski

box 44, folder 78

Not sent to Hoover Institution by Raikin

box 44, folder 79

Correspondence, Tsanyo P. Tsvaitkov, commentaries, post-communist Bulgaria

box 45, folder 80

Robert Chipperfield, press forums, commentaries, Bulgarian politics

box 45, folder 81

Corduffe, Emil, Australia, commentary, e-mail

box 46, folder 82

Pocono Record letters to the editor 1970-2011

box 46, folder 83

Important omissions, letters, commentaries, documents

box 47, folder 84

Samples, articles, Bulgarian press 2000-2005


Political commentaries, internet pages

box 47, folder 85


box 48, folder 86-87


box 49, folder 88-89


box 50, folder 90-91


box 51, folder 92-93


box 52, folder 94

Defective English text of San Stefanska Bulgaria 1

box 53, folder 95

Defective English text of San Stefanska Bulgaria 2

box 53, folder 96

Unpublished essays, articles, conference papers, historical studies

box 54, folder 97

Introduction to philosophy notes, 1964-1965, lectures

box 54, folder 98

Personal promotion papers

box 54, folder 98

Personal correspondents: Altunkov, Miro G., Mitropolit Simeon Ing. Doichin, Penev

box 55, folder 99

Personal correspondents: Gadjec, Rev. Peniu, Tsvaitkov, Todorov, Jordan, Perle, Richard, commentaries