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Remak and Mosenthal family papers 1988.1046
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Collection Details
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  • Conditions Governing Access note
  • Conditions Governing Use note
  • Arrangement note
  • Scope and Contents note
  • Preferred Citation note
  • Biographical/Historical note

  • Title: Remak and Mosenthal family papers
    Identifier/Call Number: 1988.1046
    Contributing Institution: Tauber Holocaust Library
    Language of Material: German
    Container: Archives Box 01
    Physical Description: 3.0 Folder(s)
    Date (bulk): Bulk, 1934-1959
    Date (inclusive): 1884-1979
    Language of Materials note: Materials are in German and English. English translation of some German materials is available.
    Abstract: This collection documents the experiences of a Jewish German family from Berlin. Papers in German and English describe the multi-generational business of the Mosenthal family, family member's military service during World War I, arrest and imprisonment of family members, forced sale of business, emigration to England and then the United States. Letters to the United States Department of State document the separation of family members and attempts to rescue family members left behind in Germany. The collection includes biographical material, a family genealogy and photographs.

    Conditions Governing Access note

    There are no restrictions to access to this collection.

    Conditions Governing Use note

    There are no restrictions to use for this collection.

    Arrangement note

    Collection is arranged in separate folders for English language material, for German language material, for photographs, and for photocopied material.

    Scope and Contents note

    The collection is comprised of family papers of primarily the William (Curt) Mosenthal family, as well as a few items pertaining to the Remak family, spanning the years 1934-1992, but primarily relating to the years 1934-1946. The collection documents the experiences of a Jewish German family from Berlin, whose lives were imperiled and business confiscated by the Nazi regime, and describes their emigration to England (where Mr. Mosenthal was interned on the Isle of Man as an enemy alien), their resettlement in the United States, their attempts to free family members left behind, as well as restitution efforts after the war ended.
    Documents include family and business papers, and photographs. Family papers include a letter describing the experiences of Mr. Mosenthal while imprisoned in Buchenwald concentration camp in October 1939; correspondence between the United States State Department and the Mosenthal family regarding Mr. Mosenthal's mother and her visa, and a family history written by Mr. Mosenthal's daughter Ursel (Joyce Remak). Also included are obituary notices of Johanna Mosenthal and William (Curt) Mosenthal for the Aufbau, a German language newspaper in New York City. Of interest is a German Youth Family Certificate issued to Ursel Mosenthal in 1934.
    Business papers relate to the Mosenthal family business, a hardware store of many generations, and includes periodical articles regarding the Mosenthal family business - A. Mosenthal Hardware and business documents.
    Photographs are both of family members, and street views of the Mosenthal business.

    Preferred Citation note

    Remak and Mosenthal family papers - 1988.1046, Tauber Holocaust Library - JFCS Holocaust Center, San Francisco, California

    Biographical/Historical note

    William C. Mosenthal (born Curt) was born in Eisenach, Germany on October 9, 1890. After high school, he served in the Germany Army during World War I as Acting First Sergeant in France and received the Iron Cross. In 1920 he married Johanna Eichengruen who was born in Witten/Ruhr. Daughter Ursel (later Joyce) was born on October 20, 1920, and Hans (later John) was born on July 16, 1922. The family lived in Eisenach with William Mosenthal's mother Kaethe.
    Mr. Mosenthal was the manager of the A. Mosenthal Eisenhandlung Company in Eisenach. The business had been started by his grandfather Abraham Mosenthal in 1884. Mr. Mosenthal's father, Max, took over management in 1898, and William Mosenthal in turn inherited the management of the business after his father's death in 1929.
    The night of November 9, 1938, Kristallnacht, William Mosenthal was arrested and sent to concentration camp Buchenwald. He was forced to sign a "sales" contract for his business on December 1, 1938 so that he could leave the camp and emigrate. Johanna Mosenthal was dragged into a hall opposite the synagogue; she and and other Jewish women were threatened to be thrown into the synagogue. Upon returning home, Mrs. Mosenthal found her apartment destroyed and all her possession vandalized.
    Ursel and Hans were able to emigrated in May 1939 to England, to await their quota number for emigration to the United States. Hans came on a Kindertransport and Ursel was trained as a children's nurse in England. Mr. and Mrs. Mosenthal arrived in England on August 25, 1939. Because he was considered an enemy alien, Mr. Mosenthal was interned on the Isle of Man. In October 1940 the family emigrated to the United States, where they settled in Kew Gardens, New York. Mrs. Mosenthal took her life in February 1943, never having recovered from the traumas she endured, as well as the death of her family. One brother committed suivide when Nazi stormtroopers came to arrest him; a sister and her husband perished in Auschwitz.
    Mr. Mosenthal had purchased a small hardware store upon emigration. He remarried in 1950, and moved with his wife to Mill Valley, California in 1969. He died there in 1972.
    Ursel Mosenthal married William Remak (an emigrant from Berlin) in 1954. She worked as a practical nurse/office assistant in a doctor's office until 1960, and lives in Sausalito, San Francisco.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Buchenwald (Concentration camp).
    Mosenthal family
    Remak family
    Remak, Joyce
    Exit permits -- Germany
    Family papers -- Germany
    Isle of Man
    Jewish businesspeople -- Germany
    Jewish families -- Germany
    Jewish refugees -- England
    Jews -- Germany
    Restitution and indemnification claims (1933- ) -- Germany (West)
    United States -- Emigration and immigration