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Guide to the School Integration Task Force Records
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Overview of the Collection
  • Historical Note:
  • Access Terms
  • Administrative Information
  • Arrangement of Materials:
  • Scope and Contents

  • Overview of the Collection

    Collection Title: School Integration Task Force Records
    Dates: 1974-1983
    Identification: MS-0234
    Creator: School Integration Task Force
    Physical Description: 5.42 linear ft
    Language of Materials: English Spanish;Castilian
    Repository: Special Collections & University Archives
    5500 Campanile Dr. MC 8050
    San Diego, CA, 92182-8050
    URL: http://library.sdsu.edu/scua
    Email: scref@rohan.sdsu.edu
    Phone: 619-594-6791
    Other Information:
    This collection was processed as part of the San Diego African American Archives Project, made possible by a grant from the President's Leadership Fund.

    Historical Note:

    In 1967, a group of parents filed a class action lawsuit against the San Diego Unified School District for alleged inequalities of educational opportunities for students of all ethnic backgrounds. This lawsuit became known as Carlin v. San Diego Board of Education. In 1977, Judge Louis Welsh ruled that the school district must employ a voluntary integration plan to combat segregation. As part of his ruling, Judge Welsh ordered the creation of the School Integration Task Force. The court charged the task force with monitoring and evaluating the implementation and progress of the school district's integration plan. The ITF would then make annual reports to the court at scheduled hearings.
    Chief of Police, William Kolender, headed the 22-member task force. It was divided into 5 committees, each of which dealt with a specific component of the integration plan. These components included race/human relations, learning centers and exchange programs, Voluntary Ethnic Enrollment Program (VEEP), magnet programs, and any miscellaneous aspects that included topics not encompassed by the aforementioned components. The Task Force assigned volunteer monitors to specific schools. These monitors observed and evaluated classes, students, and specific integration programs. They also interviewed school personnel and students. In addition, Chief Kolender sent out a letter asking parents to give their opinions about the integration program and busing. Many parents responded, most of whom opposed busing specifically and integration in general.

    Access Terms

    This collection is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

    Corporate Name:

    School Integration Task Force (San Diego, Calif.) -- Archives

    Genre/Form of Material:

    Organizational Records

    Geographic Name:

    San Diego (Calif.) -- Ethnic relations -- Sources
    San Diego (Calif.) -- Race relations -- Sources

    Topical Term:

    Busing for school integration -- California -- San Diego -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
    De facto school segregation
    De facto school segregation -- California -- San Diego -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
    Discrimination in education
    Discrimination in education -- California -- San Diego -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
    Race discrimination -- California -- San Diego -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
    School integration
    School integration -- California -- San Diego -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
    School integration--California--San Diego
    Segregation in education -- California -- San Diego -- History -- 20th century -- Sources

    Administrative Information

    Conditions Governing Use:

    The copyright interests in some of these materials have been transferred to or belong to San Diego State University. The nature of historical archival and manuscript collections means that copyright status may be difficult or even impossible to determine. Copyright resides with the creators of materials contained in the collection or their heirs. Requests for permission to publish must be submitted to the Head of Special Collections, San Diego State University, Library and Information Access. Permissions is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical item and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder(s), which must also be obtained in order to publish.  Materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials.

    Conditions Governing Access:

    This collection is open for research.

    Preferred Citation:

    Identification of item, folder title, box number, School Integration Task Force Records, Special Collections and University Archives, Library and Information Access, San Diego State University.

    Related Materials:

    Carlin Integration Case Records
    Reverend George Walker Smith Papers
    Harold K. Brown Papers. 1956-2000

    Arrangement of Materials:

    I.  General Files, 1974-1983
    II. Reports and Surveys, 1977-1983

    Scope and Contents

    The School Integration Task Force Records document the Task Force's research and findings concerning the San Diego Unified School District's integration plan.  These records contain correspondence, monitor applications and logs, school assignments, student testing results, enrollment statistics, court orders and charges, task force reports, race/human relations materials, and surveys.  The collection dates from 1974-1983, and is divided into two series:  General Files and Reports and Surveys.
    The General Files are arranged alphabetically, and document the organization and tasks of the task force.  These files contain heavy documentation of monitor activities, such as monitor applications and assignments. There is excellent correspondence, including passionate letters from parents stating their opinions on integration and busing.  Of the five task force committees, the Race/Human Relations committee is the best documented.  The files also consist of court documents, teacher surveys, and pupil transportation, and date from 1974 to 1983.
    The Reports and Surveys (1977-1983) series documents the findings of the task force and various research statistics and surveys used to compile those reports.  This series is arranged alphabetically, and includes task force reports, testing results, enrollment statistics, and pupil ethnic census reports.