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Carlin Integration Case Records
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Collection Overview
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The Carlin Integration Case Records include nearly three decades of court proceedings and research for Kari Carlin et al v. Board of Education, San Diego Unified School District.  The records include court transcripts, briefs and court orders, correspondence, maps and charts of ethnic imbalance, various committee reports, court exhibits and depositions, declarations, interrogatories, enrollment statistics, student testing result studies, trial notes, news clippings, and information concerning similar court cases. The collection is divided into two series:  Research Files and Court Records. The Research Files, dating from 1950 to 1997, include all the research materials necessary for conducting the trial.  This series is divided into five sub series:  General Files, Similar Cases, Data/Reports, Reference Books, and Maps. The General Files (1965-1997) are organized alphabetically and contain correspondence, news clippings, court case volunteer information, "white flight" research, and statements to the Board of Education by various organizations. The Similar Cases files (1954-1997) are arranged chronologically by case. These files detail information about related integration cases in both California and other states, such as Crawford v. LA and Brown v. Board of Education. The Data/Reports sub series (1965-1996) is likewise organized chronologically, and contains extensive documentation of enrollment statistics, various committee reports, district wide testing results, and VEEP and magnet program progress reports. The Reference Materials files (1962-1979) include alphabetical reference publications regarding previous integration cases, law terminology, and legal code. Lastly, the Maps sub series (1950-1982), organized alphabetically, contains maps of district boundaries, census tracts, ethnic composition of schools, VEEP schools, and ethnically balanced and imbalanced high schools, junior highs, and elementary schools. Most of these maps are from the late 1960's and 1970's. The Court Records, dating from 1962-1997, include the official court papers created by the Carlin case, and documents court proceedings, actions taken by the plaintiffs and defendants, arguments, exhibits, and the general legal process. This series is divided into five sub series:  General Files, Interrogatories, Exhibits and Depositions, Briefs and Court Orders, and Transcripts.  The General Files (1967-1985) are organized alphabetically and include the chronological indexes to the major legal documents from the case, along with the documents themselves, subpoenas, declarations, and travel documents. The Interrogatories (1966-1970) are arranged by question order. These files document the pre-trial questions, answers, and attachments to potential witnesses, experts, defendants and plaintiffs. The Exhibits and Depositions files (1962-1983) include the various exhibits and depositions used during the official court hearings, such as declarations, statistics, reports, and letters to and from school board personnel. These files are in chronological order according to court hearing dates and by the order in which they were shown to the court. Several exhibits, however, are missing. The Briefs and Court Orders sub series (1967-1997) document official court papers, such as petitions, temporary restraining orders, declarations, court memorandums and requests, briefs, and judgments. This sub series is arranged chronologically. Finally, the Transcripts sub series (1975-1992) include both the clerk's and reporter's transcripts of the hearings. These files are divided into clerk's transcripts and reporter's transcripts, and are organized chronologically.
The San Diego City Schools originally followed a neighborhood school policy, under which students attended the school nearest their homes. Therefore, the schools reflected neighborhood segregation. While wealthier whites could afford to move to newer, more expensive neighborhoods with better schools, lower income minority populations remained in the older neighborhoods with older schools.
60.70 Linear Feet
The copyright interests in some of these materials have been transferred to or belong to San Diego State University. The nature of historical archival and manuscript collections means that copyright status may be difficult or even impossible to determine. Copyright resides with the creators of materials contained in the collection or their heirs. Requests for permission to publish must be submitted to the Head of Special Collections, San Diego State University, Library and Information Access. When granted, permission is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical item and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder(s), which must also be obtained in order to publish.  Materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials.
This collection is open for research.