Finding Aid to the John S. Service Papers, 1925-1999

Finding Aid written by Mary L. Morganti
The Bancroft Library
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
© 2006
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Finding Aid to the John S. Service Papers, 1925-1999

Collection Number: BANC MSS 87/21

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, California
Finding Aid Written By:
Mary L. Morganti
Date Completed:
November 2006
© 2006 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: John S. Service papers,
Date (inclusive): 1925-1999
Collection Number: BANC MSS 87/21
Creators : Service, John S. (John Stewart), 1909-1999
Extent: Number of containers: Number of containers: 12 boxes, 4 cartons, 2 card file boxes, 1 oversize box, and 5 oversize folders Linear feet: 11.5
Repository: The Bancroft Library
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Abstract: The John S. Service Papers, 1925-1999, document the life experiences of "Jack" Service, a member of the United States Foreign Service who was posted to China during the 1930s and 1940s, and later accused of "losing China to the Communists." As one of the "Old China Hands," Service was implicated in the Amerasia Affair and arrested. Although he was eventually cleared of any wrongdoing, Service was repeatedly accused of questionable loyalty to the United States, and dismissed. His reinstatement and public exoneration are covered, as is his subsequent career as a China specialist at the University of California, Berkeley. Personal and family papers round out the collection by providing another glimpse of this very private man.
Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English and Chinese
Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Information for Researchers


Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94270-6000. Consent is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must obtained from the copyright owner. See: . Restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], John S. Service Papers, BANC MSS 87/21, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Alternate Forms Available

There are no alternate forms of this collection.
Additional Notes on Collection:
Publication of John Service's "Unpublished Memoirs" is restricted: they "may not be published without [written] permission of the executor of John Service's estate."

Related Collections

At The Bancroft Library:
John S. Service: State Department Duty in China, the McCarthy Era, and after, 1933-1977, Oral history transcript, BANC MSS 82/106 c
Caroline Schulz Service: State Department Duty in China, the McCarthy era, and after, 1933-1977, Oral history transcript, BANC MSS 79/82 c
Caroline Service Letters to Lisa Green, BANC MSS 99/81 cz
Grace Service Papers, BANC MSS 87/22 cz
At the Harry S. Truman Presidential Library, National Archives and Records Service: Combined Papers of John S. Service and Charles E. Rhetts

Separated Material

Printed materials have been transferred to the book collection of The Bancroft Library.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Fairbank, John King, 1907-1991
Service, John S. (John Stewart), 1909-1999--Archives
Rhetts, Charles E. (Charles Edward), 1910-1971
Davies, John Paton, 1908-
Kennan, George F. (George Frost), 1904-2005
Tydings, Millard Evelyn, 1890-
McCarthy, Joseph, 1908-1957
United States. Foreign Service--Officials and Employees
United States. Loyalty Review Board
United States. Dept. of State
Anti-communist movements--United States
Sino-Japanese Conflict, 1937-1945--Diplomatic history
Diplomats--United States
Diplomatic and consular service, American
United States--Politics and government--1945-1989
United States--Foreign relations--China
China--Politics and government--20th century
China--Foreign relations--United States

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

The John S. Service Papers were given to The Bancroft Library by John Stewart ("Jack") Service in July 1986. Additions were made by his estate in February 1999, and related materials that had been given to the Center for Chinese Studies Library at the University of California, Berkeley by his estate in February 1999 were transferred to The Bancroft Library on November 9, 2001.


No additions are expected.

Processing Information

Originally processed by a Manuscripts Division student assistant in 1987. Reviewed and reprocessed by Mary L. Morganti in 1999, with additions completed in 2001. Classified documents found in collection were sent to the State Department for review in 2004. All were declassified in September 2004, returned, and integrated back into the collection in 2005.

Biographical Information

John Service, the son of American YMCA missionaries, was born August 3, 1909 in Chengtu, China and spent his school years there, in Chungking, and in Shanghai. Following his graduation from Oberlin College in 1931, he joined the Foreign Service as a clerk at the American consulate in Kunming. He went to Beijing for language training in 1935-1937, and then served in Shanghai until the U.S. entry into World War II. From 1942 to 1945, Service was in Chungking, for much of that time on the staff of General Joseph Stillwell.
In July 1944, Service was a member of the first contingent of Americans that went to Yenan, where the Chinese Communist forces had their headquarters: the Dixie Mission. His reporting on conversations with Mao Tse-tung and other top leaders provided U.S. policy-makers with first hand information on Communist plans for China after Japanese defeat. On the basis of long experience and knowledge of China, Service came to believe it very likely that the Communists would prevail over Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist Party. For that reason, and also because the Communists had proved effective in fighting the Japanese, Service was one of many Americans in China at the time who advocated providing some military assistance to them. Many read Service's dispatches as a realistic assessment of power in China. However others, most notably Patrick Hurley, the Ambassador to China in 1944-1945, and the pro-Chiang China Lobby thought that Service's recommendations were evidence that he was pro-communist.
The Amerasia affair further complicated Service's difficulties with the Political Right. Soon after returning from China in April 1945, Service met Philip Jaffe, the editor of Amerasia, a leftist magazine on Asian affairs. Service did not know that the FBI had Jaffe under surveillance for possessing secret government documents and unwittingly provided him with background material for an article, including copies of some of his reports. In June, Service was one of six arrested for alleged espionage. Service defended himself by claiming it was normal for government officials to pass on certain documents to journalists as background material. A federal grand jury voted unanimously not to indict Service and a State Department Loyalty Review Board cleared him of any wrongdoing.
Senator Joseph R. McCarthy revived the loyalty question in 1950. Drawing on material supplied by the China Lobby, he announced that Service was a "known associate and collaborator with Communists" who had been "consorting with admitted espionage agents."
The Wisconsin Republican claimed that J. Edgar Hoover had stated that he thought he had a 100% case against Service. The State Department recalled Service who was then on a ship headed for India and the post of Political Conselor in New Delhi.
The State Department Loyalty Review Board again examined the Amerasia case. It heard testimony from both George Kennan and John K. Fairbank attesting to Service's anti-communism. The FBI provided material designed to convince the panel that Service had fathered an illegitimate child while in China. The Board once again cleared Service. Concurrent with that review, a Senate panel led by Millard Tydings examined McCarthy's charges. Service testified that he had been indiscreet in giving Jaffe material, but then repeated that it was routine to do so. The Tydings Committee cleared Service of any wrongdoing.
In the fall of 1951, the Civil Service Loyalty Review Board, which had the power to examine cases already decided by the State Department, took up the case. In December it ruled that there was "reasonable doubt" about Service's loyalty, and cited the Amerasia case as justification for this decision. Secretary of State, Dean Acheson then fired Service.
Service fought his ouster through the courts. In 1957, the Supreme Court ruled unanimously that the Department of State had not followed its own established procedures in firing Service and ordered him reinstated. Service resumed his diplomatic career and served as Consul in Liverpool from 1959 to 1962. However his case remained politically sensitive and the Department was unwilling to promote him or give him an assignment drawing upon his China experience.
Service retired in 1962 and he and his wife, Caroline, lived in Berkeley and Oakland, California, until their deaths in 1999 and 1997, respectively. After receiving an M.A. in political science at Berkeley in 1963, Service worked for a number of years in the Center for Chinese Studies at the University. He made four trips to China in the 1970s and 1980s, and was a member of many organizations seeking to strengthen U.S.-China relations. For many years Service edited China-related books for the University of California Press.
Written by his son, Ambassador Robert E. Service,
February 2002

Scope and Content of Collection

The John S. Service Papers, 1925-1999, document the life experiences of "Jack" Service, a member of the United States Foreign Service who was posted to China during the 1930s and 1940s, and later accused of "losing China to the Communists." As one of the "Old China Hands," Service was implicated in the Amerasia Affair and arrested. Although he was eventually cleared of any wrongdoing, Service was repeatedly accused of questionable loyalty to the United States, and dismissed. His reinstatement and public exoneration are covered here, as is his subsequent career as a China specialist at the University of California, Berkeley. Personal and family papers round out the collection by providing another glimpse of this very private man.
A significant part of the collection centers around the defense Service prepared to clear his name. Correspondence files contain letters from many of his longtime family friends, and former diplomatic and political associates. In response to various hearings and other legal proceedings, which are documented in some depth, Jack's efforts included his own personal statements, soliciting affidavits of support from friends and colleagues, and gathering documents that could assist his attorney in preparing his defense. Correspondence with his legal counsel, Charles Edward Rhetts and others, is also included. Newspaper clippings about Jack Service during the 1950s convey a sense of the McCarthy Era Red Scare. The investigations of Jack Service continued throughout this time, and involved political figures such as Joseph McCarthy, Dean Acheson, and J. Edgar Hoover.
Following his retirement from the Foreign Service, Jack Service began to write and give talks about China and U.S.-China relations. Although there is little documentation of his work at the University of California's Center for Chinese Studies. It is during this time that he traveled to China on four occasions, became the subject of several interviews, television documentaries, and articles, and was finally given recognition and honors for his contributions to understanding China. Also of particular interest in the collection are two versions of his autobiographical memoirs, along with family correspondence and papers, which include the memoirs of his mother, Grace Service, that Jack edited for publication.

Container List


Series 1 CORRESPONDENCE 1926-1998

Physical Description: Boxes 1-8


Arranged alphabetically, and then chronologically.

Scope and Content Note

Includes letters from longtime family friends, former diplomatic, government and political associates, and journalists, scholars and others interested in U.S.-China relations.
Box 1, Folder 1-13

A-Z miscellaneous 1945-1998

Box 1, Folder 14

Unidentified correspondents 1945-1984, undated

Scope and Content Note

No surnames, illegible signatures.
Box 1, Folder 15

Adams, Robert P. 1950-1992

Box 1, Folder 16

Adams, William G. 1950-1996

Box 1, Folder 17-18

Adler, Soloman and Pat 1971-1998, n.d.

Box 1, Folder 19

Adloff, Richard and Virginia McLean Thompson [Adloff] 1985-1996

Box 1, Folder 20-22

Alley, Rewi, 1897- 1971-1986

Scope and Content Note

Includes poems and translations, and New Years greeting cards with poems and photographs by Rewi Alley
Box 1, Folder 23

Atkinson, Brooks, 1894- 1950-1972

Box 2, Folder 1

Barros, James 1985

Box 2, Folder 2

Boatner, H. L. 1973-1974

Box 2, Folder 3

Browne, Irving and Mary 1950

Box 2, Folder 4

Carlson, Ann 1991

Box 2, Folder 5

Carter, Carolle J. 1993-1996

Box 2, Folder 6

Casberg, Melvin A. and Olivia 1940-1993

Box 2, Folder 7-8

Chao, Valentine 1979-1996

Box 2, Folder 9

Chinese People's Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries 1978-1993

Box 2, Folder 10-11

Clubb, O. Edmund (Oliver Edmund), 1901- 1945-1971

Box 2, Folder 12

Cohen, Warren I. 1976

Box 2, Folder 13

Costar, Norman 1950

Box 2, Folder 14

da Roza, Leal 1980 July 3

Box 2, Folder 15-17

Davies, John Paton, 1908- 1942-1994

Box 2, Folder 18

Deane, Hugh 1978-1987

Box 2, Folder 19

Dole, Charles R. ("Chuck") and Ginny 1990-1993

Box 2, Folder 20

Duff, Sir Patrick 1950

Box 3, Folder 1

Easterbrook, Nancy Stilwell and Major General Ernest F. 1974-1994, n.d.

Box 3, Folder 2

Eldridge, Robert D. 1998

Box 3, Folder 3

Emmerson, John K. 1977, 1993

Box 3, Folder 4-5

Epshtain, Y. (Yishrael) and Elsie 1974-1996

Box 3, Folder 6

Escherick, Joseph 1973-1994

Box 3, Folder 7-9

Fairbank, John King, 1907- and Wilma 1950-1994

Box 3, Folder 10

Ficken, Fred A. 1950

Box 3, Folder 11-13

Fleming, James R. 1972, 1991-1993

Scope and Content Note

Includes memoir and copies of reminiscences written as letters to John, a boyhood friend
Box 3, Folder 14

Freemasons. China Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons. Sun Lodge No. 6 1949-1958

Box 3, Folder 15

Fulbright, J. William (James William), 1905- 1968-1974

Box 4, Folder 1

Gauss, Clarence E. 1950

Box 4, Folder 2-4

Green, Marshall and Lisa 1955-1997

Box 4, Folder 5

Griffith, Samuel B. and Belle 1950-1990

Box 4, Folder 6

Harris, Thomas E. 1950

Box 4, Folder 7

Harry S. Truman Library 1972-1986

Box 4, Folder 8

Hart, John N. 1997-1998

Box 4, Folder 9-10

Hatem, George (Dr. Ma Haide) 1972-1990

Box 4, Folder 11

Henderson, Loy W. (Loy Wesley), 1892-1986 1950

Box 4, Folder 12

Hersey, John 1982

Box 4, Folder 13

Hua, Huang 1971-1998

Box 4, Folder 14

Huang, Frank 1996-1997

Box 4, Folder 15-16

Irvine, Sally Gilster 1984-1989

Scope and Content Note

Includes photocopies of documents obtained from Jack's FBI file under FOIA
Box 4, Folder 17

Jin, Xianhong 1998

Box 4, Folder 18-19

Joiner, Lynne 1990-1998

Box 5, Folder 1-2

Kahn, E. J. (Ely Jacques), 1916- 1962-1976

Box 5, Folder 3

Killen, Phyllis 1989-1995

Box 5, Folder 4-5

Laking, George R. and Pat 1950-1995

Box 5, Folder 6-7

Lattimore, Owen, 1900- 1950-1981

Box 5, Folder 8

Lu, Kuang-Mien 1981-1987

Box 5, Folder 9-10

Lubman, Stanley B. and Judith 1978-1997

Box 5, Folder 11

Ludden, Raymond 1950-1978

Box 5, Folder 12

Luo, Qing 1987-1997

Box 5, Folder 13

May, Gary, 1944- 1971-1979

Box 5, Folder 14-15

Melby, John F. (John Fremont), 1913- 1964-1993

Box 5, Folder 16

Monterey Institute of International Studies 1981-1994, n.d.

Box 5, Folder 17

Newman, Robert P. 1981-1996

Box 6, Folder 1-9

Oberlin College 1931-1998

Scope and Content Note

Includes Class of 1931 memorabilia and correspondence, letters from classmates, letters regarding honorary degree and alumni association, and clippings
Box 6, Folder 10

[Ong, Mark] 1985-1996

Scope and Content Note

Written as Deng, Ming Dao and Connie Ong (mother) [Jade Snow Wong]
Box 6, Folder 11

Penfield, James K. 1952-1995

Box 6, Folder 12

Pepper, Suzanne 1973-1996

Box 6, Folder 13

Peterkin, Wilbur J., 1904- ("Pete") 1977-1995

Box 6, Folder 14

Powell, James L. and Sylvia 1986-1990

Box 6, Folder 15-17

Rauh, Joseph L. 1970-1996

Box 6, Folder 18

Reischauer, Edwin O. (Edwin Oldfather), 1910- 1950, 1986

Box 6, Folder 19

Rhetts, Ruth and Ed 1972-1976

Scope and Content Note

Includes copy of C. E. Rhetts' memorial service
Box 6, Folder 20

Rice, Edward E. (Edward Earl), 1909- 1955-1979

Box 6, Folder 21

Riordan, Robert 1950

Box 6, Folder 22

Rosen, Samuel 1975-1976, n.d.

Box 6, Folder 23

Rosen, Leo 1971-1983

Box 6, Folder 24

Rosinger, Lawrence Kaeltor, 1915- and Helen 1972-1973

Box 7, Folder 1-5

Salisbury, Harrison Evans, 1908- 1972-1996

Box 7, Folder 6

Salisbury, Lawrence E. 1944-1973

Box 7, Folder 7-8

Sawyer, John B. nd Jo Sawyer-Steele 1951-1996

Box 7, Folder 9

Schram, Stuart R. 1972-1979

Box 7, Folder 10

Scotten, Rovert M. 1950-1952

Box 7, Folder 11-12

Shanghai American School Association 1926, 1988-1998

Scope and Content Note

Includes Shanghai American School Columbian yearbook], 1926, Chinese Life Edition
Box 7, Folder 13

Silber, Fritz nd Patricia 1971-1990

Box 7, Folder 14

Smart, John D. 1983-1996

Box 7, Folder 15-17

Snow, Edgar, 1905-1972 nd Lois 1960-1998

Box 8, Folder 1-2

Sokobin, Sam nd Francine 1969-1989

Box 8, Folder 3

Sprouse, Philip D. 1944-1977

Box 8, Folder 4

Suehsdorf, Adolf 1971-1989

Box 8, Folder 5

Thomas, S. Bernard, 1921- 1994-1996

Box 8, Folder 6-7

Tuchman, Barbara Wertheim 1967-1982

Box 8, Folder 8

Tyrwhitt, Delia 1939, 1996-1997

Box 8, Folder 9

Tyzack, Charles 1990

Box 8, Folder 10

University of California Press 1991-1996

Box 8, Folder 11

U.S.-China Education Foundation 1983

Box 8, Folder 12

Wakeman, Frederic E. nd Carolyn 1978-1998

Box 8, Folder 13

Wang, Warren K. S. 1991 Dec. 20

Box 8, Folder 14

Wang, Yunkun 1983-1992

Box 8, Folder 15

Wang, Yufeng 1989-1991

Box 8, Folder 16

Wells, Clement 1957-1959

Box 8, Folder 17

White, Theodore Harold, 1915- [1950?]-1957

Box 8, Folder 18-21

Wilbur, C. Martin (Clarence Martin), 1908- 1950-1997

Box 8, Folder 22

Willis, E. Sidney 1950, 1994

Box 8, Folder 23

Wyman, Joel 1990-1996

Box 8, Folder 24

Yard, Molly n.d.

Box 8, Folder 25

Young, Helen Praeger 1987

Box 8, Folder 26

Zi, Zhongyun 1981-1993

Box 8, Folder 27

"Crank mail" 1950-1986


Series 2 DIPLOMATIC CAREER 1932-1966

Physical Description: Carton 1, folders 1-37; Oversize Box 1, folders 1-6; Oversize Folders 1-2


Arranged chronologically, by diplomatic appointments.

Scope and Content Note

Contains official documents, including correspondence and memoranda, orders, travel authorizations, and statements related to Service's postings. Certificates of service, appointments, commendations, and correspondence concerning his promotions, status, and resignation precede several files of newspaper clippings, which chiefly relate to his arrest, charges, clearances, and reinstatements.
Carton 1, Folder 1

U.S. Dept. of State 1932-1935

Scope and Content Note

Examination results and correspondence of ol. Edward Schulz regarding commission
Carton 1, Folder 2

Assignments to Yunnanfu and Peking 1935 Oct.

Carton 1, Folder 3

U.S. Dept. of State and American Embassy, Peking 1937-39

Scope and Content Note

Examination results and promotions
Carton 1, Folder 4

American Embassy, Peiping 1937

Scope and Content Note

Memo to American citizen residents, guidebook
Carton 1, Folder 5

U. S. Army Forces. China, Burma and India 1943-45

Scope and Content Note

Orders and authorizations
Carton 1, Folder 6

U. S. Dept. of State 1946

Scope and Content Note

Orders and memoranda
Carton 1, Folder 7

F.S.O. American Legation, Wellington, New Zealand 1946

Scope and Content Note

Clippings relating to appointment
Carton 1, Folder 8

Correspondence as First Secretary 1947-1948

Carton 1, Folder 9

Speeches 1947, n.d.

Carton 1, Folder 10

U.S. Dept. of State 1948-49

Scope and Content Note

Request for report on loyalty data and bond
Carton 1, Folder 11

Selection Board appointment 1948-1949

Carton 1, Folder 12

Telegram regarding change in orders 1950 March

Carton 1, Folder 13

Dehli Official and Diplomatic Directory 1950 July 1

Carton 1, Folder 14

Storage of personal effects and safe deposit box 1950-1952

Carton 1, Folder 15

F.S.O. Reinstatement 1957 June-July

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence and statements
Carton 1, Folder 16

Secretary for Operations, OPR team 1957 July-Aug.

Scope and Content Note

Carton 1, Folder 17

Correspondence and orders 1957 July-1960

Carton 1, Folder 18

Reinstatement 1957-1958

Carton 1, Folder 19

F.S.O American Consul, Liverpool, England 1960-1962

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence and clippings regarding appointment
Carton 1, Folder 20

"An American's View of Shipping Policy" 1960 June 15

Scope and Content Note

Remarks to the Institute of Export, Liverpool Branch, with correspondence and article
Carton 1, Folder 21

Departure and retirement 1962 March-June

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence and clipping
Oversize Drawer B, Folder 1

Certificates of service and appointments 1934-1946

Carton 1, Folder 22

Certificates of service and commendations 1941-1966

Carton 1, Folder 23

Correspondence concerning promotions, leaves, class status 1945-1961

Carton 1, Folder 24

Personnel actions and travel authorizations 1946-1962

Carton 1, Folder 25

Senate Internal Security Subcommittee 1961 Dec.

Scope and Content Note

Request for copy of employment application
Carton 1, Folder 26

Resignation and retirement 1962-1966

Carton 1, Folder 27

Analysis of F.S.O. class promotions, 1939-1962 [1962]

Carton 1, Folder 28

China service rankings, grades, comparisons n.d.


Articles and clippings relating to: 1936 May 20

Oversize Box 1, Folder 1

Communists in Tibet

Scope and Content Note

from the North China Herald
Oversize Box 1, Folder 2

Invasion of Japan

Scope and Content Note

from Collier's Magazine
Carton 1, Folder 29

State Dept. 1945

Scope and Content Note

News Digest and press releases relating to arrest

Newsclippings relating to:

Carton 1, Folder 30

Arrest 1945 June

Oversize Box 1, Folder 3

Arrest and case 1945 June-1946

Carton 1, Folder 31

Reinstatement and assignment to Japan 1945

Carton 1, Folder 32

Case 1946

Carton 1, Folder 33

McCarthy charges 1950

Oversize Box 1, Folder 4

McCarthy charges 1950

Carton 1, Folder 34

Clearances 1950

Oversize Box 2, Folder 5

Loyalty Review Board

Oversize Drawer B, Folder 2

Loyalty Review Board 1951

Carton 1, Folder 35

Reinstatement 1955

Carton 1, Folder 36

Appeal attempt 1956

Carton 1, Folder 37

Reinstatement 1957-1958

Oversize Box 1, Folder 6

Reinstatement 1957


Series 3 INVESTIGATIONS 1945-1953

Physical Description: Carton 1, folders 38-56


Arranged chronologically, by case.

Scope and Content Note

Beginning with the arrest of Jack Service in the Amerasia affair, and subsequent loyalty investigations, materials in this series contain official documents and statements relating to the charges brought against him, and include correspondence and memoranda, letters of support, and interviews.
Carton 1, Folder 38

Grand jury investigation 1945

Carton 1, Folder 39

Letters of support 1945 June

Carton 1, Folder 40

State Dept. Loyalty Security Board 1950 March-1951 April

Scope and Content Note

Charges and statement of Jack Service, and correspondence with Brig. Gen. Conrad Snow, Chairman
Carton 1, Folder 40

State Dept. Loyalty and Security Board 1950 April-June

Scope and Content Note

Affidavits, depositions, and letters of support
Carton 1, Folder 42

Tydings Sub-Committee of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee 1950 April 15

Scope and Content Note

Jack Service letter to Senator Tydings
Carton 1, Folder 43

Statement of Jack Service 1950 June 22

Carton 1, Folder 44

Transcript of proceedings 1950 July

Carton 1, Folder 45-46

Published hearings (2 v.) 1950

Carton 1, Folder 47

"Pertinent Excerpts," by Jack Service, published in Foreign Service Journal 1951 Oct

Carton 1, Folder 48

U.S. Civil Service Commission. Loyalty Review Board 1951 Oct.-Dec.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence of Hiram Bingham and C. E. Rhetts
Carton 1, Folder 49

Transcript of hearing 1951 Nov. 8

Carton 1, Folder 50

Memorandum by C. E. Rhetts 1951 Nov. 29

Carton 1, Folder 51

Correspondence with Deputy Under-Secretary Humelshine, statement of Jack Service, and press release 1951 Dec. 13

Carton 1, Folder 52

Phone messages received on Dec. 14, 1951 1951 Dec.

Carton 1, Folder 53

Appeal 1952 Jan.-April

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence of C. E. Rhetts
Carton 1, Folder 54

Loyalty Review Board leaks 1950-1952

Carton 1, Folder 55

U.S. Senate. Permanent Committee on Investigations, Joseph McCarthy, Chairman 1953 Feb.

Scope and Content Note

J. Service statement regarding Foreign Service personnel files, with related clippings
Carton 1, Folder 56

Interviews with Jack Service regarding Sarco, Inc. employment 1953 Sept.


Series 4 DEFENSE CASE 1941-1987

Physical Description: Carton 1, folders 57-61; Carton 2; Card File Boxes 1-2; Oversize Box 1, folders 7-13; Oversize Folders 3-4; Box 9


Arranged mostly as received: either chronologically, and then alphabetically-or by type, and then alphabetically or chronologically, as appropriate. Divided into two sub-series: Research Files, which has been further divided into Indices, Notes and Summaries; China Reports; and Subject and People Files; and, Attorney Files.

Scope and Content Note

In 1950, when the Amerasia case resurfaced with McCarthy's charges, Service gathered a wide range of materials to construct his defense. Detailed indices, a chronology, lists of documents, notes on his reports, and excerpts from earlier memos were either created or assembled by Service. Copies of his China reports and U.S. Embassy despatches were assembled from a variety of sources. Field reports that had been returned to Service by the FBI in 1945 are also included here. Some years later, following the U.S. Senate Internal Security Subcommittee's 1970 publication of The Amerasia Papers... with an introduction by Dr. Anthony Kubek, Service created files for topics and individuals to sort information relevant to the cases, and into these he added his own summaries and working notes, as well as correspondence, official reports, and newspaper and magazine clippings. Classified documents found in the collection were sent to the State Department for review; all were declassified and returned, and have been integrated into this series. Entire files that were sent have been stamped with the applicable declassification code; folders used when only a portion of the file contents were classified and sent for review have also been retained in the collection, since they too bear the applicable declassification stamps. These retain the original folder number with an added designation of "a" and are filed immediately after the folder in which the documents were originally filed.

4.1 RESEARCH FILES 1941-1987


4.1.1 Indices, Notes and Summaries 1950, n.d.

Carton 1, Folder 57

Chronology of events, 1941-1945 n.d.

Carton 1, Folder 58

Identification of documents found in Jack Service's office and apartment n.d.

Carton 1, Folder 59

Lists of documents n.d.

Oversize Drawer B, Folder 3

Lists of documents n.d.

Carton 1, Folder 60

Notes on Jack Service reports n.d.

Carton 1, Folder 61

Excerpts from Jack Service memos n.d.

Box 1 (card file)

Loyalty Security Board documents 1950

Scope and Content Note

Index to transcript of Tydings Committee Hearing, 1950, with emphasis on cases of J. Service and other State Dept. Officers (excluding J.Service, Loyalty Security Board)
Box 2 (card file)

Loyalty Security Board testimony 1950

Scope and Content Note

Index to transcript of State Dept. Loyalty Security Board relating to J. Service, as printed In v.2, Tydings Committee Hearings, 1950

4.1.2 China Reports 1941-1945

Carton 2, Folder 1

China Report for General Stilwell [declassified] 1943 Sept. 14

Scope and Content Note

[Quoted in Esherick, Lost Chance in China, p. 88]
Carton 2, Folder 2

China Report for General Stilwell 1943 Nov. 3

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of unclassified document
Carton 2, Folder 3

U.S. Army Observer Section 1944 July 28-Aug. 3

Scope and Content Note

Reports 1, [2], 5 [declassified] [Published in Esherick, Lost Chance in China, p. 178, 289, 266]
Carton 2, Folder 4

China Reports, Nos. 13-19, 21 1945 March 16-21

Carton 2, Folder 4a

Reports 13, 16, 17, 19, 21 [declassified]

Scope and Content Note

[Reports no. 13-19, published in Kubek (1970), Senate doc., pp. 1409-1418, 1423-1427, 1433-1439] [Report no. 21 published in Esherick, Lost Chance in China, p. 38, 42]

China Reports and Despatches [Photocopies of unclassified documents]

Carton 2, Folder 5

Nos. 214, 721, and 729, with enclosures 1941-1942

Carton 2, Folder 6

Nos. 1224, 1241, and 1248 enclosures [only] 1943 May-June

Carton 2, Folder 7

Nos. 1410, 1473, 1482, [no #], and 1483, with enclosures 1943 July-Aug.

Carton 2, Folder 8

Nos. 1483, 1493, and 1563, with enclosures 1943 Aug.-Sept.

Carton 2, Folder 9

Nos. 1636, 1640, 1740, and 1747, with enclosures 1943 Sept.-Oct.

Carton 2, Folder 10

No. 1957 enclosure [only] 1943 Dec.

Carton 2, Folder 11

[No #], Nos. 2118, 2162, 2172, 2207, [no #], and 2297, with enclosures 1944 Feb.-March

Carton 2, Folder 12

Nos. 2302, 2303, 2322, 2349, [no #], [no #] 2399, 2461, and 2617 1944 March-May

Carton 2, Folder 12a

Nos. 2302, 2303, 2322, 2461, 2617 [declassified]

Carton 2, Folder 13

No. 5 1945 Feb

Carton 2, Folder 14

U.S. Dept. of State. China Branch, Office of the Chief Washington, D.C. Debriefing Reports 1944 Nov. 8

Scope and Content Note

Interview with Jack Service [Photocopy of unclassified documents]

4.1.3 Subject and People Files 1941-1987

Carton 2, Folder 15

Amerasia 1944, n.d

Carton 2, Folder 16

Amerasia case 1945, n.d.

Oversize Box 1, Folder 7

Clippings relating to Amerasia case 1950

Carton 2, Folder 18

Chinese reaction to Amerasia 1945

Carton 2, Folder 19

Relations with the press 1944-1956

Carton 2, Folder 20

Dept. of State 1941-1954

Scope and Content Note

Regulations and Procedures, and Foreign Service manual
Carton 2, Folder 21

News despatch from H. R. Isaacs, Chunking to Newsweek 1945 Feb. 15

Carton 2, Folder 22

Press wireless from Teddy White to Time, N.Y. 1945 Feb. 17

Carton 2, Folder 23

New China News Agency, Yenan English service broadcast, article by M. Lindsay n.d.

Carton 2, Folder 24

Clearances 1945-1951

Carton 2, Folder 25

Foreign Service Association 1950 March-April, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Regarding "loyalty program," including remarks of Herve J. L'Heureux, Chairman of Executive Committee, at monthly luncheon
Carton 2, Folder 26

Malice n.d.

Carton 2, Folder 27

China policy 1942-1956

Carton 2, Folder 28

China Monthly 1945-1948

Carton 2, Folder 29

American Institute of Pacific Relations, Far Eastern Survey, White Paper on China (vol. XVIII, no. 18) 1949 Sept.

Oversize Box 1

Clipping relating to fall of China 1949

Carton 2, Folder 30

What We Saw in China by 15 Americans Published by Weekly Guardian Associates, N.Y. 1952

Carton 2, Folder 31

China lobby 1952-1969, n.d.

Carton 2, Folder 32

Secretary of State, Dean Acheson 1950-1965

Carton 2, Folder 33

Holmes Alexander 1954-1955

Carton 2, Folder 34

Joseph Alsop 1950-1951

Oversize Box 1, Folder 9-10

Article, "Why We Lost China," in the Saturday Evening Post, and clippings 1950


Col. David D. Barrett 1953; 1964-1987

Carton 2, Folder 35-36

Dixie Mission: the U.S. Army Observer Group in Yenan, 1944

Carton 2, Folder 35-36

Regarding Dixie Mission (photocopies) 1944-1945, n.d.

Carton 2, Folder 35a

August 3, 1945 document [declassified]

Carton 2, Folder 37

Blumenthal testimony n.d.

Carton 2, Folder 38

Senator Bridges' papers 1952 March

Scope and Content Note

"Transcript of hearing, State, Justice, Commerce, and Justice Sub-Committee of Appropriations..."
Carton 2, Folder 39

Louis Budenz' testimony 1950, n.d.

Carton 2, Folder 40

Val Chao 1951-1952, n.d.

Carton 2, Folder 41

Thomas Corcoran 1950-1986

Carton 2, Folder 42

President's Secretary's Files 1945

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies from Harry S. Truman Library
Carton 2, Folder 43-50

Lauchlin Currie 1941-1944 July

Scope and Content Note

Includes letters from John Davies and John K. Fairbank, and reports from Jack Service
Carton 2, Folder 44-48 a

[Selected items from files; declassified]


"Young Generals Group" (Feb. 10, 1944), published in Esherick, Lost Chance in China, pp. 116-118


[Item] 2, from "Miscellaneous News Items" (April 4, 1944) published in Esherick, p. 98


"Situation in Sinkiang" (April 7, 1944) published in Esherick, pp. 121-129

Carton 2, Folder 51

John Davies 1943-1951

Scope and Content Note

Includes memorandum and correspondence by and to John Davies and John Carter Vincent
Carton 2, Folder 51 a

[Selected items; declassified]

Carton 2, Folder 52

Congressman George A. Dondero 1945-1949

Carton 2, Folder 53

John Fairbank 1944 Aug.

Scope and Content Note

Includes report from Jack Service [declassified], Excerpts published in Kubek (1970), Senate doc., pp. 575-591; Whole text published in Institute of Pacific Relations, pt. 3 (1955)
Carton 2, Folder 54

Herbert Feis 1954

Carton 2, Folder 55

Senator Homer Ferguson 1951

Carton 2, Folder 56

Joseph C. Grew 1950

Carton 2, Folder 57

Hobbs Congressional Committee 1946

Carton 2, Folder 58

J. Edgar Hoover 1950-1975

Carton 2, Folder 59

Stanley K. Hornbeck n.d

Scope and Content Note

[Regarding memo of] July 27, 1944 From John Service File, Box 381, Stanley K. Hornbeck Papers (Source not identified)
Carton 2, Folder 60

General Patrick J. Hurley 1945-1963

Carton 2, Folder 60 a

[Selected items; declassified]

Carton 2, Folder 61

Congressman Walter Judd 1949-1951

Carton 2, Folder 62

George Kennan 1951, n.d.

Carton 2, Folder 63

Senator Knowland 1950

Carton 2, Folder 64

Emmanuel S. Larson 1946-1981

Oversize Box 1, Folder 11

Clipping 1981

Carton 2, Folder 65

Owen Lattimore 1954

Carton 2, Folder 66

Fulton Lewis 1950-1951

Carton 2, Folder 67

Raymond P. Ludden 1945

Carton 2, Folder 68

General Douglas MacArthur 1942-1951, n.d.2

Carton 2, Folder 69

Senator Joseph McCarthy 1950-1954

Carton 2, Folder 70

R. P. Mitchell 1951

Oversize Box 1, Folder 12

Drew Pearson 1944-1968

Scope and Content Note

Articles and clippings
Carton 2, Folder 71

John E. Peurifoy 1950

Carton 2, Folder 72

Eric Sevareid 1950-1951

Carton 2, Folder 73

Philip Sprouse [declassified] 1943 May 31

Carton 2, Folder 74-75

Lt. Col. Harley C. Stevens 1945-1946

Carton 2, Folder 74 a

[Selected items; declassified]

Oversize Drawer B, Folder 4

Chunking Directory and Map of Chunking City 1943

Carton 2, Folder 76

General Joseph Stilwell 1945-1946, n.d.

Carton 2, Folder 77

Henry J. Taylor 1951

Carton 2, Folder 78

Freda Utley 1950-1951

Carton 2, Folder 79

John Carter Vincent 1952-1972, n.d

Carton 2, Folder 80

Albert C. Wedemeyer 1945-1971

Carton 2, Folder 81

Teddy White 1951

Carton 2, Folder 82

"The Shocking Story of the Amerasia Case," by Frederick Woltman, Scripps-Howard Newspapers 1950


Newsclippings relating to:

Carton 2, Folder 83-85

Amerasia case 1945, 1950

Carton 2, Folder 86

Hiram Bingham 1951-[1956]

Carton 2, Folder 87

Loyalty review cases 1951-1957

Oversize Box 1, Folder 13

Loyalty review cases 1952-1958

Carton 2, Folder 88

Loyalty review case, Herbert Norman 1957

Carton 2, Folder 89

McCarthy 1952-1954, 1973


4.2 ATTORNEY FILES 1945-1963

Box 9

Correspondence with attorneys

Box 9, Folder 1-10

Charles E. Rhetts 1952-1957

Box 9, Folder 11

Charles E. Rhetts and Joseph L. Rauh 1957-1963

Box 9, Folder 12

Equitable Life Assurance Society 1952

Scope and Content Note

Regarding rent refusal, N.Y.
Box 9, Folder 13

Legal defense funds 1945-1962


Series 5 SCHOLARLY CAREER 1951-1996

Physical Description: Box 12; Carton 3, folders 1-36; Oversize Box 1, folders 14-26


Divided into five sub-series: University of California, Berkeley; Essays, Books and Articles; Speeches, Interviews, and Appearances; Consulting and Travel; and Miscellany.


Physical Description: Box 12, folders 1-2


Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content Note

Except for a tribute noting many important events during Service's years at UC, only a few clippings regarding his appointment, and ephemera relating to his retirement dinner document Service's work at the Center for Chinese Studies.

Center for Chinese Studies

Box 12, Folder 1

Clippings regarding appointment 1964-1965

Box 12, Folder 2

Retirement dinner 1973



Physical Description: Box 12, folders 3-25; Oversize Box 1, folders 14-19


Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content Note

Includes papers written for his political science and history classes at UC Berkeley, articles published in journals and newspapers, and a review. Of particular interest are the files of correspondence relating to his response to Anthony Kubek's report, which Service expanded into the monograph, The Amerasia Papers: Some Problems in the History of US-China Relations, and his article, Lost Chance in China, published in the Foreign Service Journal.
Box 12, Folder 3

"The Boxer Rebellion" 1964 Jan.

Scope and Content Note

Paper for Political Science 216, U.C. Berkeley
Box 12, Folder 4

"The Failure of Constitutionalism in China" 1964 May

Scope and Content Note

Masters essay, Dept. of Political Science, U.C. Berkeley
Box 12, Folder 5

"China as an Example for Modern Civil Service Reform" 1964 May

Scope and Content Note

Paper for Political Science 183, U.C. Berkeley
Box 12, Folder 6

"Opium and Nationalism: The Case of Szechwan," Paper for History 294, U.C. Berkeley 1965 Jan.

Box 12, Folder 7

"Twenty-five years after the Amerasia Case: Myths, scholarship, and a few facts" [1970]

Box 12, Folder 7

"Memorandum: a partial examination of one aspect of many gross errors contained in "The Amerasia Papers" 1970-1971

Scope and Content Note

[collected and edited by Dr. Anthony Kubeck]
Box 12, Folder 8

Typescript, Sept. 18, 1970, and cover letter, Feb. 25, 1971 1970-1971

Scope and Content Note

From Joseph L. Rauh, Jr. to Counsel for the Sub-Committee on Constitutional Amendments, enclosing letter from Jack Service to Senator Eastland
Box 12, Folder 9

Correspondence relating to publication 1970-1971

Box 12, Folder 10

"A communication to the Editor, Journal of Asian Studies" [1970]

Box 12, Folder 11

Correpondence, articles, and clippings relating to Dr. Anthony Kubek 1970-1979

Oversize Box 1, Folder 14


Box 12, Folder 12

The Amerasia Papers: Some Problems in the History of US-China Relations 1971

Box 12, Folder 13

Reviews 1971-1972

Oversize Box 1, Folder 15


Box 12, Folder 14

Fan mail 1971

Box 12, Folder 15

"China After Twenty-Six Years: The Return of a Native" 1972 Jan.

Scope and Content Note

In New York Times
Oversize Box 1, Folder 16


Oversize Box 1, Folder 17

Miscellaneous newspaper articles by Jack Service 1972

Box 12, Folder 16

"The Craft of the Political Reporter Abroad" 1973 June

Scope and Content Note

Published in Nieman Reports (v. XXVII, no.2)
Box 12, Folder 17-21

"Lost Chance in China" 1974-1998

Scope and Content Note

Article published in Foreign Service Journal

Excerpt 1974 March


Award 1974-1975


Reviews and publicity 1975-1976


Correspondence 1979


Film projects 1998

Box 12, Folder 22

"China: 1975" [1975]

Box 12, Folder 23

[on] Chou-En-Lai 1976 Jan.-Feb

Oversize Box 1, Folder 18

"Chou En-lai, as Seen by an Old China Hand" 1976 Jan. 16

Scope and Content Note

Article published in Los Angeles Times
Oversize Box 1, Folder 19

"Recollections of Talks with Mao in Renan in 1944" 1976 Sept.

Scope and Content Note

Article published in New York Times
Box 12, Folder 24

"Profile: China in Transition" 1987 Nov./Dec.

Scope and Content Note

Article in the World, Journal of the Unitarian Universalists Association (v.1, no. 6)
Box 12, Folder 25

Review of Fires of the Dragon: Politics, Murder, and the Kuomintang, by David E. Kaplan n.d.



Physical Description: Box 12, folders 26-32; Carton 3, folders 1-21; Oversize Box 1, folders 20-24


Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content Note

Includes commentary and clippings relating to interviews and speeches, which Service increasingly gave in the years following his testimony before the Fulbright Hearings of the U.S. Senate's Committee on Foreign Relations in 1971-1972 and again in 1974-1975.
Box 12, Folder 26

Panelist, "The Dilemna of the Rejected Liberal" 1968 Nov. 24

Box 12, Folder 27

"Remarks," World Affairs Council, San Francisco 1971 Aug. 31

Box 12, Folder 28

[Reply to] remarks of M. Stanton Evans on "Spectrum" [1971]

Scope and Content Note

Broadcast on CBS Radio, Aug. 14, 1971
Box 12, Folder 29-30

U.S. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations, "Fulbright hearings" 1971-1972

Oversize Box 1, Folder 20

Correspondence, testimony, and clippings

Oversize Box 1, Folder 21



"Back from China" in California Monthly 1972 Jan./Feb.


"Mr. and Mrs. John Service--Old China Hands" in Parade 1972 Feb.

Box 12, Folder 31

[Interview], Chinese Foreign Policy, Berkeley, Calif. Willard Junior High School newspaper 1972 May 6

Box 12, Folder 32

Lecture, "The New Sino-U.S. Political Economic Environment", U.C. Berkeley 1972 June 20

Carton 3, Folder 1

U.S. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations "Fulbright hearings" 1974-1975

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence and testimony
Carton 3, Folder 2

"Remarks," United States-China People's Friendship Association, Annual convention, San Francisco 1975 Aug. 31

Carton 3, Folder 3

"The Shanghai Communique: U.S.-China Relations Since Nixon's Visit," Annenberg Auditorium, Stanford University 1975 Nov. 7

Oversize Box 1, Folder 22


Oversize Box 1, Folder 23

[Interview], "A Conversation: How it Looks to an Old China Hand," editorial staff, The Sun (Baltimore) 1975 Dec. 1

Carton 3, Folder 4

"In Memory of Premier Chou En-Lai" 1976 Jan. 24

Carton 3, Folder 5

"Sino-American Relations," Monterey Institute of Foreign Studies and World Affairs Council, Monterey, Calif. 1976 Feb.

Oversize Box 1, Folder 24

Interview, "John S. Service: Old China Hand Talks of Mao, McCarthy and China Now," by Ray Riegart, Berkeley Barb 1976 Aug. 20-26

Carton 3, Folder 6

"The Role of Chou En-Lai in Restoring China to her Position in the World" [1976]

Carton 3, Folder 7

[Appearance], Southern Oregon State University Ashland, Ore. 1978

Carton 3, Folder 8

"The State Dept. and China Policy: A Look Back," Stanford University 1979 April

Carton 3, Folder 9

"China in the Interdependent World," Berkeley Fellowship of Unitarian Universalists 1979 May 13

Carton 3, Folder 10

"Remarks," China and the U.S. Look to the 80s; U.S.-China Friendship Exposition 1980 Aug. 30

Carton 3, Folder 11

"China After Mao," Merritt College, Oakland, Calif. 1981 March

Carton 3, Folder 12

Long March, Concluding dinner 1984 June

Scope and Content Note

hosted by by Hu Yaobang at Zhong Nan Hai, [Beijing]
Carton 3, Folder 13

"Long March" 50 years later, slide presentations 1984 Sept., Nov.

Scope and Content Note

Notes and publicity
Carton 3, Folder 14

U.S.-China People's Friendship Association, Portland, Ore. 1985 Feb.

Carton 3, Folder 15

[Speech], Washington Seminar on U.S.-China Relations 1985 April 29

Carton 3, Folder 16

[Interview], concerning Long March trip 1985 Dec.

Carton 3, Folder 17

[Interview], "The Un-Americans," Timewatch, BBC 1991 June

Carton 3, Folder 18

"Stilwell Day," 1996 Oct. 5

Scope and Content Note

greeting from John S. Service, Monterey, Calif.
Carton 3, Folder 19

Lecture and slide show presentation for

Scope and Content Note

Introduction to Asian Culture Class, Sonoma State University
Carton 3, Folder 20

[Interview], in "Dreams of China," KQED n.d.

Carton 3, Folder 21

Panelist, "China: the Country that Walks on Two Legs," Peninsula Section, World Affairs Council, Menlo Park, Calif. n.d.



Physical Description: Carton 3, folders 22-36; Oversize Box 1, folder 25-26


Arranged chronologically.
Carton 3, Folder 22

The Dixie Mission: Treatment (Bible) of Story for a film story by Irina Somerton, Zephyr Productions and Somerton Productions n.d.

Carton 3, Folder 23-25

Vladimirov diaries project 1973-1976, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence with Doubleday, report and notes on manuscript, reviews of Russian and U.S. editions
Carton 3, Folder 26

Miles, M.E., A Different Kind of War 1975-1979, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence with Michael Schaller, comments on articles, notes, review
Carton 3, Folder 27

Sun, Shirley, "Stilwell-in-China" 1990-1994

Scope and Content Note

Documentary film project, sponsored by the American Asian Cultural Exchange
Carton 3, Folder 28-30

Trips to China 1971-1978

Oversize Box 1, Folder 25

Clippings concerning trip to China 1971-1972

Oversize Box 1, Folder 26

Clippings concerning trip to China, with delegation of former U.S. Army Observers Group 1974 May

Carton 3, Folder 31-34

Long March notebooks and notes 1984 June

Carton 3, Folder 35-36

China notebooks n.d.


5.5 MISCELLANY 1965-1990s

Physical Description: Carton 3, folders 37-47; Oversize Box 1, folders 27-33


Arranged hierarchically.

Scope and Content Note

Consists chiefly of articles and newspapers clippings relating to China, diplomatic policy, and foreign relations.
Carton 3, Folder 37

"CPC Central Committee Directive on 1944 U.S. Mission to Yenan," by K. Kukushkin 1972 March

Carton 3, Folder 38

Articles and clippings relating to diplomatic policy and foreign service 1972-1978

Carton 3, Folder 39

Articles and clippings relating to "Old China Hands" 1971-1994

Carton 3, Folder 40

Articles and clippings relating to China scholars 1971

Carton 3, Folder 41

Clippings relating to U.S.-China foreign policy 1966-1978

Oversize Box 1, Folder 27-30

Clippings regarding U.S.-China foreign relations 1971-1990

Carton 3, Folder 42

Clippings relating to Nixon's trip to China 1972

Carton 3, Folder 43

Articles relating to U.S.-China friendship 1979-1998

Carton 3, Folder 44-45

Articles and clippings about China 1970s-1990s

Oversize Box 1, Folder 31-32

Clippings relating to China, Mao 1970s-1990s, n.d.

Carton 3, Folder 46

Yuen-Ren Chao 1975-1978, n.d.

Carton 3, Folder 47

Clippings relating to the Otto Otepka case 1965-1972

Oversize Box 1, Folder 33

Clippings relating to the Otto Otepka case 1965-1972


Series 6 PERSONAL PAPERS 1925-1998

Physical Description: Carton 3, folders 48-82; Carton 4, folder 1-16; Oversize Box 1, folders 34-40


Divided into four sub-series: Biographical Materials; Autobiographies; Awards and Honors; and Personal Memorabilia.


Physical Description: Carton 3, folders 48-65; Oversize Box 1, folders 34-40


Arranged chronologically, and by format.

Scope and Content Note

A general biographical data file precedes the articles and clippings about Jack Service. Contains correspondence regarding two oral history projects, including a transcript from one, followed by articles that mention Service.
Carton 3, Folder 48

Biographical data 1971-1993, n.d.

Carton 3, Folder 49

Articles about Jack Service, published inThe American Foreign Service Journal and Foreign Service Journal 1945-1952

Carton 3, Folder 50

"25 Years Ago...," mention of Jack Service in the Foreign Service Journal 1964 Sept.

Carton 3, Folder 51

"Where are They Now: The Old China Hands," in Newsweek 1966 March 7

Carton 3, Folder 52

"Profiles" (Jack Service) by E. J. Kahn, Jr. in The New Yorker 1972 April 8

Oversize Box 1, Folder 34


Carton 3, Folder 53

The China Hands and What Befell Them, by E. J. Kahn, Jr., reviews 1975

Carton 3, Folder 54

"The Spy Who Came Home to the Cold," by James Peck in The Holy Cross Quarterly, v. 7, nos. 1-4 1975

Carton 3, Folder 55

John S. Service," by Joseph W. Esherick and Mark Selden in New China 1977 Summer

Oversize Box 1, Folder 35

"The Three Phases in the Life of John S. Service," by Mike Yuen in East/West 1978 Sept. 20

Carton 3, Folder 56

Articles and clippings about Jack Service 1976-1986

Oversize Box 1, Folder 36

Articles and clippings about Jack Service 1976-1986

Carton 3, Folder 57

Clippings with mentions of Jack Service 1972-1975

Oversize Box 1, Folder 37

Excerpt, Joe McCarthy and the Press, by Edwin R. Bayley 1981

Oversize Box 1, Folder 38

May, Gary. The Diplomatic Career of John Carter Vincent. 1979 Sept. 2

Scope and Content Note

Review by Joseph Lelyveld, N.Y. Times Book Review
Carton 3, Folder 58-59

Dulles Oral History Project, Princeton University 1966-1967

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence and typed transcript of interview
Carton 3, Folder 60

Bancroft Library, Regional Oral History Office 1979-1998

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence regarding project
Carton 3, Folder 61

"The Amerasia Case from 1945 to the Present," by Philip J. Jaffe 1979 March

Carton 3, Folder 62-65

"Anatomy of a Fix; the untold story of the 'Amerasia' Case," by Harvey Klehr and Ronald Radosh, in The New Republic; 1986 April 21


Correspondence regarding accuracy; 1985-1990


Reviews of articles and other works; by Klehr and Radosh; 1988-1996


Review and response by Joe Esherick and Michael Parrish, with correspondence of Jack Service 1996-1998

Oversize Box 1, Folder 39

Clippings relating to U.S. foreign service 1967 Jan. 6

Scope and Content Note

[Interview with Paul R. Josselyn, U.S. Consul General to China, 1910-1948] by John Woolfenden, Monterey Peninsula Herald
Oversize Box 1, Folder 40

Miscellaneous 1978-1990



Physical Description: Carton 3, folders 66-82


Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content Note

Consists of two unfinished works relating to Service's life and career.
Carton 3, Folder 66

"How I Joined the Foreign Service" n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Master copy
Carton 3, Folder 67

Annotated copy

Carton 3, Folder 68

With notes by Joel Wyman 1990 Sept. 9

Carton 3, Folder 69

With notes by Carolyn Wakeman 1990 Oct.

Carton 3, Folder 70-82

Unfinished Memoirs 1997-1998


6.3 AWARDS AND HONORS 1972-1994

Physical Description: Carton 4, folders 1-9


Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content Note

Includes a scrapbook, correspondence, remarks, published speeches, and clippings relating to Service's 1973 award from the American Foreign Service Association, among others.
Carton 4, Folder 1

American Foreign Service Association,"China Hands" luncheon 1973 Feb. 23

Scope and Content Note

"Record" [scrapbook]
Carton 4, Folder 2

Correspondence 1972-1974

Carton 4, Folder 3

"Remarks," by John S. Service 1973 Jan. 30

Carton 4, Folder 4

Program and publicity 1973 Jan. 30

Carton 4, Folder 5

Published speeches and commentary 1973

Carton 4, Folder 6

Clippings 1973

Carton 4, Folder 7

Chinese Culture Foundation Distinguished Service/Cultural Award 1986 Nov. 13

Carton 4, Folder 8

US-China Peoples Friendship Association Koji Ariyoshi Award, Seattle, Wash. 1993 Sept.

Carton 4, Folder 9

Diplomatic and Consular Officers, Retired (DACOR) Foreign Service Cup Award 1994



Physical Description: Carton 4, folders 10-16


Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content Note

Contains school records, an early travel diary, marriage documents, some correspondence and invitations, and miscellaneous ephemera.
Carton 4, Folder 10

Diplomas, degrees, and miscellaneous school records 1925-1985

Carton 4, Folder 11

Diary, "Jack's World Tour" journal and notes 1926-1927

Carton 4, Folder 12

Marriage documents 1933

Carton 4, Folder 13-14

Sarco Company, Inc.


Correspondence during employment 1952-57


Sale of Sarco stock 1958-1964

Carton 4, Folder 15

Invitations to state receptions, Washington, D.C. 1979-1988

Carton 4, Folder 16

Ephemera and miscellany


Series 7 FAMILY PAPERS 1928-1999

Physical Description: Boxes 10-11; Carton 4, folders 17-49; Oversize Box 1, folder 41; Oversize Folder 5


Divided into two sub-series: Correspondence, and Family History.

Scope and Content Note


7.1 CORRESPONDENCE 1928-1999

Physical Description: Boxes 10-11


Arranged by family member, and then chronologically.

Scope and Content Note

Includes correspondence from Jack Service's mother, brother, wife, in-laws, and sons, as well as letters he wrote to specific family members. Beginning in 1970, Service began to keep copies of all of the letters he addressed to "Dear Family."
Box 10, Folder 1

Letters from Grace Service (mother) 1950-1953

Box 10, Folder 2

Letters from Richard Service (brother) and Helen 1945-1998

Box 10, Folder 3-4

Letters from Esta Service (sister-in-law) 1945-1998

Box 10, Folder 5

Letters from Fred H. McNair (uncle) 1945-1957

Box 10, Folder 6-7

Letters from Caroline Schultz Service (wife) 1950-1951, 1974-1997

Box 10, Folder 8

Letters from Edward H. and Katherine Schulz 1950-1971

Scope and Content Note

(Caroline's parents)
Box 10, Folder 9-10

Letters from Robert Service (son) and Pamela 1975-1983

Box 10, Folder 11

Letters to Edward H. and Katherine Schulz 1932-1951

Box 10, Folder 12

Letters to Hubert Elwin Service (uncle) 1928-1930

Box 10, Folder 13

Letters to and from Philip Service (son) 1960-1961, 1983

Box 10, Folder 14

Letters to and from Katherine Schulz Bruce 1936, 1950

Scope and Content Note

(Caroline's sister)
Box 10, Folder 15

Miscellaneous family letters

Box 11, Folder 1-16

Letters "to family" 1970-1999


7.2 FAMILY HISTORY 1945-1998

Physical Description: Carton 4, folders 17-49; Oversize Box 1, folder 41; Oversize Folder 5


Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content Note

Chiefly consists of memoirs written by his mother, Grace Service, during her years in China, which Jack Service edited for publication beginning in 1980. Includes correspondence related to publication and with family members, notes, corrected typescripts, publicity and reviews, and fan mail, along with some miscellaneous family materials.

Golden Inches," unpublished autobiography of Grace Service

Carton 4, Folder 17

Correspondence with Bancroft Library 1980

Carton 4, Folder 18

Correspondence with publishers 1988-1993

Carton 4, Folder 19

Notes from Grace's diaries [1987-1988?]

Carton 4, Folder 20-30

Jack Service's typescript, working copy

Carton 4, Folder 31

Miscellaneous notes

Carton 4, Folder 32-38

Copy-edited manuscript 1989

Carton 4, Folder 39

Maps and illustrations

Oversize Drawer B, Folder 5


Carton 4, Folder 40-42

Publicity and reviews 1989-1990

Oversize Box 1, Folder 41

Publicity 1989-1990

Carton 4, Folder 43

Fan mail 1989-1996

Carton 4, Folder 44

Complimentary and review copies distribution list [1989]-1992

Carton 4, Folder 45

Correspondence with family and friends regarding manuscript 1987-1990

Carton 4, Folder 46

Royalty statements 1993-1998

Carton 4, Folder 47

Permissions 1998

Carton 4, Folder 48

Family miscellany 1945

Carton 4, Folder 49

"The John Service Cross," History 101 paper by James H. Service 1991

Scope and Content Note

(cousin's grandson)