The collection documents the experiences of Mae Lopatin Herman, a United States Army nurse, at Mauthausen concentration camp
following its liberation in 1945. Included are personal papers, memorabilia, and photographs, as well as a pocket guide to
Germany and German phrase book for U.S. military personnel.
The 130th Evacuation Hospital was activated at Fort Jackson, South Carolina on March 20, 1944. The commanders was Lieutenant
Colonel Robert L. Callison and the unit was assigned to Twelfth Detachment, Special Troops, Second Army, for adminsitration
and training. Training took place between May-August 1944. In September, the Hospital was selected to participate in airborne
training and maneuvers at Camp Mackall, North Carolina. The hospital departed for oversaeas service from New York City on
December 8, 1944, was transported to Tenby, South Wales uppon arrival in the United Kingdom. It was transported by troop ferry
to DuClaire France, after debarkation at Le Havre. The hopsital became operational on May 1, 1945 near Moosburg, Germany;
patients were Allied soldiers.Mae Lopatin Herman was born on May 1, 1920 in New York City. Her parents were immigrants, her father from Russia and her mother
from Austria-Hungary. Ms. Lopatin Herman grew up in New York, and worked at several jobs and attended college before deciding
to become a nurse. She completed her nurses training in 1943, and joined the U.S. army the following year, heeding a call
for nurses from the Red Cross.