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Urquhart (Brian) collection of material about Ralph Bunche
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Sir Brian Urquhart (b.1919) was active in the organization and direction of the United Nations (UN) Emergency Force in Middle East (1956) and responsible for the organization and direction of UN peace-keeping operations and special political assignments. Ralph Bunche (1904-1971) was the undersecretary for special political affairs at the UN (1958-67) and undersecretary general (1968). He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1950. The collection consists of papers about and collected by Ralph J. Bunche and later used by Brian Urquhart to write Ralph Bunche: an American Life (1993). Items in the collection include manuscripts, notebooks, project files, audiotape recordings, clippings, travel photographs, and memorabilia.
With an extensive background with the United Nations, Sir Brian Urquhart became a central figure in debates over the future of the United Nations and the role of UN security forces in the post-Cold War era. Born in England in 1919, he was educated at Westminster School and Christ Church, Oxford University. After serving in the British army and military intelligence during World War II in North Africa and Europe, he served as a personal assistant to Gladwyn Jebb, who established the Preparatory Commission of the United Nations in London. From 1946 to 1949, he was personal assistant to the Trygve Lie, the first Secretary-General, and subsequently he served in various capacities under Ralph Bunche between 1954 and 1971. Over this period, Sir Brian was centrally involved in the conferences on peaceful uses of atomic energy, the Congo crisis in the early 1960s, and peacekeeping in Cyprus, Kashmir, and the Middle East. In the period after 1972, Brian Urquhart was one of the principal political advisors of the Secretary-General, and served as the Under-Secretary-General for Special Political Affairs, working on Lebanon, Israel and Palestine, and Namibia, among others. He retired from the United Nations Secretariat in 1986.
24.0 linear feet (48 boxes and 2 oversize boxes)
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