Hearing transcripts, decisions, and reports, relating to determination of communist-action and communist-front organizations
in the United States.
The United States Subversive Activities Control Board was created in 1950 in conjunction with enactment of the Internal Security
Act of 1950. This act, known as the McCarran Act after its author Senator Pat McCarran, did not outlaw the Communist Party
but sought to secure its control through regulation (or perhaps more likely, its dissolution rather than submit to such control).
It required registration with the United States government of domestic "communist-action organizations" (defined as organizations
substantially under the control of "the world-wide communist movement") and of domestic "communist-front organizations" (defined
as organizations substantially under the control of "communist-action organizations"). The Attorney General might petition
the Subversive Activities Control Board to order the registration of specific organizations under one or the other of these
rubrics. The Board, made up of five members appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate, was in turn empowered
to hold hearings to determine whether these were indeed "communist-action" or "communist-front" organizations, and if so,
to order them to register as such. Registration entailed annual provision of financial records and membership lists.
90 manuscript boxes
(37.5 Linear Feet)
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The collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual
or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.