Finding Aid for the Pedro J. Gonzalez Papers, 1890-1995 60

Processed by Lorena Parlee and Michael Stone.
Chicano Studies Research Center Library
2009
144 Haines Hall
Box 951544
Los Angeles, California 90095-1544
librarian@chicano.ucla.edu


Language of Material: English
Contributing Institution: Chicano Studies Research Center Library
Title: Pedro J. Gonzalez Papers
Creator: Gonzalez, Pedro J.
Identifier/Call Number: 60
Physical Description: 15 linear feet
Date (inclusive): 1890-1995
Abstract: A telegraph operator for Pancho Villa during the Mexican Revolution; a radio personality and popular recording artist in Los Angeles; an immigration activist framed for political purposes and sent to San Quentin prison; and finally, a man fighting for the rights of his fellow veterans of the Division Del Norte in Mexico for plots of land (ejidos) that they could call their own. Pedro Gonzalez played all these roles and this collection consists of his papers, correspondence, music, serialized fiction about him, and many photographs and photo montages documenting his interests and those who participated in his active life.
Language of Material: Collection materials are in English and Spanish.
Physical Location: COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF. Advance notice required for access. Contact the UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center Library and Archive for paging information.

Access

Open for research.

Acquisition Information

Collection donated to UCLA by Pedro J. Gonzalez; letter of gift on file at the CSRC archive office, 144 Haines Hall.

Arrangement

The material is organized in the following series:
  • Series 1. Correspondence and ephemera
  • Series 2. Spanish-language radio and music
  • Series 3. Court case and imprisonment
  • Series 4. Veterans of the Mexican Revolution
  • Series 5. Subject files
  • Series 6. Photographs
  • Series 7. Audio recordings
The files are in the order determined by the previous archivists.

Biography

Pedro Jose Gonzalez Ramos was born on April 28, 1895 in Carrizal, Chihuahua, Mexico. In his youth, his schoolteacher mother emphasized the importance of education and sent him to school in Ciudad Juarez and El Paso, Texas. In 1909, at the age of 14, Pedro became a telegraph operator with the Ferrocarriles Nacionales de Mexico (Mexican National Railroads). One year later, the Mexican Revolution erupted, but Pedro continued his work with the railroads until 1914 when he was drafted into Francisco Pancho Villa's Division del Norte (the Northern Division). Pedro served as Villa's telegraph operator under the command of Raul Madero (brother of former Mexican president Francisco Madero). In 1916 the United States recognized Venustiano Carranza instead of Pancho Villa as the legitimate leader of Mexico. Villa and his troops fell out of favor in both the U.S. and Mexico. Pedro found work loading mail at the train station in El Paso, Texas and later across the border as a telegraph operator in Ciudad Juarez. In 1921 he returned to work as a telegraph operator with the Ferrocariles Nacionales de Mexico in Tampico, Taumalipas, Mexico, and then in Chico, Chihuahua, Mexico.
In 1924 he was working as a telegraph operator with the Mexican and Northwest Railroad in El Paso, Texas. Three years later he left his job in El Paso to take his family to Los Angeles. They settled in Wilmington, CA, where Pedro worked as a longshoreman on the docks in San Pedro. Shortly after, he began to exploit his musical talent and recorded Spanish-language songs for the Columbia, Okeh, and Maya record companies.
Pedro's experience as a telegraph operator along with his fascination with new technologies led him into the early years of radio broadcasting in Los Angeles. Working at KMTR, KFBD, KMPC and KELW in Los Angeles, he broadcast and recorded commercials in Spanish for U.S. companies and products. Soon Pedro sought out commercial accounts and formed his own radio show, becoming one of the first Spanish-speaking radio announcers in the United States. By 1930 his immensely popular show was broadcast daily between 4 and 6 a.m. and featured his own musical group, Los Madrugadores (The Early Risers). In Los Angeles in the 1930s many new Spanish-speaking singers and musicians made their debuts on Pedro's radio program. Pedro J. Gonzalez fan clubs sprung up over the Southwest and thousands of radio listeners clamored to attend the show.
By the mid-1930s the Great Depression intensified anti-immigrant attitudes in Los Angeles. Pedro's immense popularity made some Los Angeles city officials fearful of Pedro's potential influence among the Mexican and Spanish-speaking population. They feared Pedro might rally his listeners against the Anglos in the city. After unsuccessfully trying to revoke his broadcasting license, city officials found a young woman who had had problems with the law and pressured her into accusing Pedro of rape.
The trial drew the immediate attention of the media. The key witness perjured herself, but in 1934 the all-Anglo jury sent the Mexican community's most popular recording star to San Quentin prison for 50 years. Novels and plays were written about his case. In Los Angeles, the young victim said she had lied because the city officials had promised to keep her out of reform school if she accused Pedro. The judge refused to admit her affidavit. In prison, Pedro served as a translator and de facto liaison helping fellow Spanish-speaking inmates and was instrumental in a hunger strike that led to the reforms in the California penal system. Pedro J. Gonzalez defense committees sprung up throughout the Southwest and northern Mexico. Pedro's family, fans, and the Mexican consul in Los Angeles worked tirelessly on his behalf until 1940, when he was released from prison on the condition that he be deported from the United States.
Pedro and his family settled in Tijuana where Pedro was instrumental in the development of the radio broadcasting industry. He formed a new group of Madrugadores and broadcast daily. While living in Tijuana, Pedro became active in forming a national organization to recognize and defend the rights of the veterans of the Mexican Revolution. The organization was able to get land grants for veterans as well as health and pension benefits. The land grants were given in the form of ejidos, and Pedro kept detailed records of their activities and of the owners of each of the land parcels. His activities frequently put him at odds with the ambitions of local politicians and land speculators.
In 1973 Pedro and his wife moved to San Ysidro, California to escape the opposition against Pedro in Tijuana and to be near their children, all U.S. citizens who had settled in southern California. He continued his activities in support of the Mexican veterans and of the civil rights of people of Mexican heritage in the U.S. until his death on March 17, 1995.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Pedro J. Gonzalez Papers, 60, Chicano Studies Research Center, UCLA, University of California, Los Angeles.

Processing Information

Processed by Lorena Parlee and Michael Stone, 2009. Finding aid edited by Doug Johnson, June 2018.

Scope and Content

This collection contains material spanning the long life and various careers of Pedro J. Gonzalez. It documents his service with Pancho Villa during the Mexican Revolution, his time as a radio personality and recording artist in Los Angeles, his imprisonment at San Quentin on a trumped-up rape charge, and his activism on behalf of veterans of the Mexican Revolution. It consists of correspondence, photographs, clippings, song lyrics, court documents, ephemera, and material on music copyright and royalties. There are several 78 rpm audio recordings, mostly of Gonzalez's band Los Madrugadores. There is also a great deal of material on ejidos, the communal farms that were often granted to veterans of the Mexican Revolution.

Publication Rights

These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study pursuant to U.S. Copyright Law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of materials, including but not limited to infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source. The original authors may retain copyright to the materials.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

California State Prison at San Quentin
Mexico--History--Revolution, 1910-1920
Veterans
Collectivization of agriculture
Ejidos
Agriculture, Cooperative--Mexico
Villa, Pancho, 1878-1923
Madrugadores (Musical group)

 

Series 1. Correspondence and ephemera 1895-1988

Box 1, Folder 1

Immigration status correspondence 1980-1982

Box 1, Folder 2

Personal papers 1895-1969

Scope and Contents

Birth certificate: 1895; Gonzalez's half sister's marriage certificate: 1895; temporary driver's license, 1969.
Box 1, Folder 3

Singers and their songs 1959-1970

Scope and Contents

Typed lists of singers and the songs they sang. Radio Acuna, XEAU, Tijuana, Mexico.
Box 1, Folder 4

Miscellaneous 1962-1982

Scope and Contents

Various letterheads, cards, correspondence, citizen's groups.
Box 1, Folder 5

Brown Berets 1976-1977

Scope and Contents

Typed manuscript with handwritten notes.
Box 1, Folder 6

Railroad Retirement Board 1981

Box 1, Folder 7

Miscellaneous correspondence 1903-1955

Box 1, Folder 8

Miscellaneous correspondence 1980-1988

Box 1, Folder 9

Miscellaneous correspondence 1973-1980

Box 2, Folder 1

Telegraph operator correspondence 1906-1920

Scope and Contents

Various correspondence with Ferrocarriles Constitucionales de Mexico, et al.
Box 2, Folder 2

Miscellaneous correspondence 1909-1922

Scope and Contents

Correspondence with and about Ferrocarriles Nacionales de Mexico, railroad workers strike, and Mexican Gulf Oil Co.
Box 2, Folder 3

Letters of recommendation 1917-1921

Scope and Contents

Four letters of recomendation.
Box 2, Folder 4

Telegraph operator correspondence 1921-1925

Box 2, Folder 5

El Paso, TX correspondence 1927

Box 2, Folder 6

Mexican Revolution correspondence 1949

Box 2, Folder 7

Mexican Revolution correspondence 1961-1973

Box 2, Folder 8

Certificates 1973-1979

Scope and Contents

Mexican Revolution Recognition of Service; certificates and photographs with autograph notes; includes a dedication from General Raul Madero, brother of Mexican president Francisco Madero.
Box 2, Folder 9

Mexican Revolution correspondence 1978-1979

Related Materials

See Box 10A for related newspaper articles.

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence on Pancho Villa's raid on Columbus, New Mexico.
Box 2, Folder 10

Pancho Villa statue 1974-1982

Scope and Contents

Contains material on the Pancho Villa statue in Tucson, Arizona; includes correspondence and speech from Guadalupe Villa, granddaughter of Pancho Villa.
Box 2, Folder 11

Pancho Villa Days at Pilares correspondence 1981-1982

Box 2, folder 12

Mexican Revolution anniversary commemorative material 1982

Related Materials

See Box 10A for related newspaper articles.
Box 17, Folder 1

Photocopies 1930s-1950s

Box 17, Folder 2

Robles, Joaquin Aguilar to Ernesto C. Shuster 1941

Box 17, Folder 3

Amenzcua, Pbro. C. to Blanca Maria Jimenez 1940

Box 17, Folder 4

Buelta, Ola to H.B. Maria Jimenez 1940

Box 17, Folder 5

Cruz, Enjinio to Blanca Maria Jimenez 1940

Box 17, Folder 6

Escalona, Hector M. 1937

Box 17, Folder 7

Fouce, Frank to Blanca Maria Jimenez 1940

Box 17, Folder 8

Gonzalez, Pedro 1935-1937

Box 17, Folder 9

Guerrero, Maria Luisa to Blanca Maria Jimenez 1940

Box 17, Folder 10

Guzman, Luis and Felipe Torres to Hector M. Escalona 1937

Scope and Contents

Sent from San Quentin.
Box 17, Folder 11

Hickock, Harry C. to Maria Jimenez 1939

Box 17, Folder 12

Hidalgo, Farmacia to Maria Jimenez 1939

Box 17, Folder 13

Huerta, Adolfo to Rodolfo Sandez Taboada 1941

Box 17, Folder 14

Jimenez, Blanca Maria 1940

Box 17, Folder 15

Juarez, Santiago L. to Hortencia Maria Jimenez 1940

Box 17, Folder 16

Mendez, Ramon and Carmen to Mayor de Caballeria 1978

Box 17, Folder 17

Mosk, M. Stanley 1939-1940

Box 17, Folder 18

Noon, Mark E. to Maria S. Gonzalez 1936

Scope and Contents

Sent from San Quentin.
Box 17, Folder 19

Gibson, Daniel Perez to H.B. Maria Jimenez 1940

Box 17, Folder 20

Ricardo, Jichila to H.B. Maria Jimenez 1940

Box 17, Folder 21

Ruilas, Euselio to H. Blanca Maria Jimenez 1940

Box 17, Folder 22

Ruiz, Maria L. to H. Blanca Maria Jimenez 1940

Box 17, Folder 23

Rubio, Paulina E. to H. Blanca Maria Jimenez 1940

Box 17, Folder 24

Salas, Juan G. 1940

Box 17, Folder 25

Salazar, Rosa to Blanca Maria Jimenez 1940

Box 17, Folder 26

Salcedo, Julia and Luca to Blanca Maria Jimenez 1940

Box 17, Folder 27

Schmidt, Antonio L. 1940

Box 17, Folder 28

Schuster, Ernest and Eleanor 1939-1941

Box 17, Folder 29

Sein, Tony 1940

Box 17, Folder 30

Smith, Court (warden at San Quentin) 1938-1940

Box 17, Folder 31

Toscano, J. Jesus 1935

Box 17, Folder 32

Yarwood, Paul to H.B. Maria Jimenez 1940

Box 17, Folder 33

Zacsek, Anna 1936-1958

Box 17, Folder 34

Zascek, Anna and Kate O'Hare 1940

Box 17, Folder 35

Zambrano, Eduardo A. to Maria Gonzalez 1938

Box 17, Folder 36

Illegible names 1933-1937

Box 17, Folder 37

Kelly, H.P. 1942

Box 17, Folder 38

Letters stuck together 1934-1936

Scope and Contents

Includes: Angel Perez to Johnny Soto; Anna Zacsek to Board of Prison Terms and Paroles.
Box 19

Remington typewriter undated

 

Series 2. Spanish-language radio and music 1919-1978

Box 3, Folder 1

Gonzalez y sus Madrugadores 1929-1933

Scope and Contents

Includes program cards for Pedro Gonzalez's band; list of band members.
Box 3, Folder 2

Circulo Artistico Radio circa 1929-1933

Scope and Contents

Includes material on Spanish-language radio broadcasters, musicians, and fans.
Box 3, Folder 3

Maria Gonzalez fund circa 1929

Scope and Contents

Includes a list of contributors to a burial fund for Maria Gonzalez (no relation), who was found dead in Los Angeles. Pedro Gonzalez initiated the contribution drive on his radio show.
Box 3, Folder 4

List of radio show listeners circa 1929

Box 3, Folder 5

Show cards circa 1942-1951

Scope and Contents

Cards for "Banda de Policia" and Pedro J. Gonzalez y sus Madrugadores.
Box 3, Folder 6

Song lyrics by Pedro J. Gonzalez 1919

Box 3, Folder 7

Song lyrics by Pedro J. Gonzalez 1929-1934

Box 3, Folder 8

Song lyrics by Pedro J. Gonzalez 1929-1934

Box 3, Folder 9

Song lyrics by Pedro J. Gonzalez 1929-1934

Box 3, Folder 10

Song lyrics 1934-1940

Scope and Contents

Song lyrics by and about Pedro Gonzalez, his court case, and his imprisonment at San Quentin.
Box 3, Folder 11

Song lyrics by Pedro J. Gonzalez 1969-1978

Box 3, Folder 12

Contracts 1949 - 1950

Scope and Contents

Includes photocopies of music copyrights and contracts; one original contract with Discos Columbia de Mexico.
Box 3, Folder 13

Contracts with Mundo Musical S.A. 1969-1970

Box 3, Folder 14

Royalties 1950-1972

Scope and Contents

Royalty documents from Mundo Musical and Discos de Columbia.
Box 3, Folder 15

Copyright 1968-1973

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence with Mundo Musical S.A. and Azteca Pelaez Music Company (formerly Esther Orozco).
Box 3, Folder 16

Copyright 1973-1978

Scope and Contents

Includes lists with addresses of music publishing houses, managing agents, and recording companies in Mexico City.
Box 3, Folder 17

XEAU radio 1949-1950

Scope and Contents

Papers related to the radio station; includes fan mail to Gonzalez.
 

Series 3. Court case and imprisonment 1935-1983

Box 4, Folder 1

Serial 1941-1942

Scope and Contents

El Detectivo Internacional, serialized version of the Pedro Gonzalez case: "El Caso de Pedro J. Gonzalez" episodes 5 and 10 by Joaquin Aguilar Robles.
Box 4, Folder 2

A los ocho me matare 1982

Scope and Contents

Program card and publicity for the play by Joaquin Aguilar Robles at the Teatro Intimo in Los Angeles.
Box 4, Folder 3

Correspondence 1978-1983

Box 4, Folder 4

San Quentin Prison correspondence 1937-1941

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence between Gonzalez and Adolfo de la Huerta, secretary of foreign relations, and former president of Mexico.
Box 18, Folder 8

Parole packet 1937

Box 18, Folder 9

Petition for writ of habeas corpus 1935

Box 18, Folder 15

Petition for Clemency in Favor of Pedro J. Gonzalez undated

 

Series 4. Veterans of the Mexican Revolution 1920-1983

Scope and Contents

This series contains material from a number of different veterans' orgnizations. It also has material about the ejidos, the communal lands that were often granted to veterans.
Box 5, Folder 1

Correspondence A-C 1957-1971

Scope and Contents

Also includes photographs.
Box 5, Folder 2

Correspondence D-H 1920-1978

Scope and Contents

Also includes photographs.
Box 5, Folder 3

Correspondence I-L 1970-1974

Box 5, Folder 4

Correspondence M 1950-1970

Box 5, Folder 5

Correspondence N-P 1968-1971

Box 5, Folder 6

Correspondence Q-S 1946-1973

Scope and Contents

Also includes photographs.
Box 5, Folder 7

Correspondence T-Z 1933-1971

Scope and Contents

Also includes photographs.
Box 5, Folder 8

False claims of veteran status 1948-1971

Box 6, Folder 1

Vazquez, Jesus Villalobos undated

Scope and Contents

Includes list of veterans who received land from Vazquez.
Box 6, Folder 2

Confederacion de Veteranos Revolucionarios de la Division del Norte, La Legion de Honor Mexicana 1951-1972

Scope and Contents

Includes: Moral Code for the Mexican Legionnaire; instructions for veterans organizations.
Box 6, Folder 3

Ramirez, Ernesto M. 1949-1951

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence regarding the formation of a confederation of Division del Norte veterans.
Box 6, Folder 4

Minutes and by-laws 1969

Box 6, Folder 5

Confederacion de Veteranos Revolucionarios de la Division del Norte, Tijuana B.C. 1941-1959

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence and related materials on the formation of the group.
Box 6, Folder 6

Confederacion de Veteranos Revolucionarios de la Division del Norte, Tijuana, BC 1961-1969

Scope and Contents

Contains: correspondence and related materials on the formation of the group, including internal memos, letters to veterans, government correspondence.
Box 6, Folder 7

Confederacion de Veteranos Revolucionarios de la Division del Norte, Tijuana, BC 1970-1971

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence and materials related to the formation of the group.
Box 6, Folder 8

Confederacion de Veteranos Revolucionarios de la Division del Norte, Tijuana, BC 1972-1973

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence and materials related to the formation of the group; 1972 New Year's card with pictures of Gonzalez and other Mexican military officers.
Box 6, Folder 9

Confederacion de Veteranos Revolucionarios de la Division del Norte, Tijuana, B.C. 1974-1975

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence and materials related to the formation of the group; materials from veterans of the Mexican Revolution in San Jose, CA.
Box 6, Folder 10

Confederacion de Veteranos Revolucionarios de la Division del Norte, Tijuana, B.C. 1977-1979

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence related to the formation of the group; correspondence regarding a statue of Pancho Villa in Selma CA.; correspondence from General Roberto Fierro Villalobos and General Raul Madero Gonzalez (brother of President Francisco Madero).
Box 6, Folder 11

Confederacion de Veteranos Revolucionarios de la Division del Norte, Tijuana, B.C. 1980-1982

Scope and Contents

Includes: correspondence and materials related to the formation of the group; correspondence with General Roberto Fierro Villalobos, and veterans of the Mexican Revolution in Selma, Fresno and Madera CA.
Box 7, Folder 1

Ejido Chilpancingo, Tijuana, B.C. 1952

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence regarding the property rights of veterans of the Mexican Revolution.
Box 7, Folder 2

Ejido Matamoros, Tijuana, B.C. 1950-1962

Scope and Contents

Includes internal correspondence and memos of Ejido Matamoros members and executive members, in a book bound by Gonzalez.
Box 7, Folder 3

Ejido Matamoros, Tijuana, B.C. 1946-1974

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence and materials related to the rights of veterans to lands.
Box 7, Folder 4

Ejido Matamoros, Tijuana, B.C. 1962-1968

Scope and Contents

Includes: correspondence and materials related to the legalization of land grants and the rights of veteran's children born as citizens of the U.S.A; photographs [in a book bound by Gonzalez].
Box 7, Folder 5

Ejido Matamoros, Tijuana, B.C. 1950-1971

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence and related materials regarding the land title of Albino Briones, the rights of his widow, a Mexican citizen and his children, U.S. citizens.
Box 7, Folder 6

Ejido 18 de Marzo, Ensenada, B.C. 1953-1959

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence related to Major Ernesto M. Ramirez making land grants to veterans.
Box 7, Folder 7

Ejido 18 de Marzo, Enseneda, B.C. 1961-1967

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence with Major Ernesto M. Ramirez regarding land grants; map; list of succession of lands.
Box 7, Folder 8

Colonia General Francisco Villa, Tijuana, B.C. 1954

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence and memorandum listing recipients of land grants.
Box 7, Folder 9

Colonia General Francisco Villa, Tijuana, B.C. 1960-1973

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence and related materials regarding land grants in a book bound by Gonzalez.
Box 7, Folder 10

Colonia General Francisco Villa, Tijuana, B.C. 1954-1960

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence and deeds of property.
Box 7, Folder 11

Colonia General Francisco Villa, Tijuana, B.C. 1959

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence and land deeds.
Box 8, Folder 1

Colonia Division del Norte, Tijuana, B.C. 1953 February 8

Scope and Contents

Includes Diario Oficial, official publication of the Mexican government.
Box 8, Folder 2

Colonia Division del Norte, Tijuana, B.C. 1954 May 15

Scope and Contents

Contains invitation for the inauguration of the Colonia Division del Norte by Luz Corral De Villa (Pancho Villa's widow).
Box 8, Folder 3

Colonia Division del Norte, Tijuana, B.C. 1956-1971

Scope and Contents

Contains official publications of the state government of Baja California, all with reference to land grants.
Box 8, Folder 4

Colonia Division del Norte, Tijuana, B.C. 1971-1972

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence on and with: veterans issues; land grants; Maria de los Angeles Viallreal de Gutierrez; Governor Milton Castellanos; Governor Raul Sanchez; President Luis Echevarria Alvarez.
Box 8, Folder 5

Colonia Division del Norte, Tijuana, B.C. 1959-1960

Scope and Contents

Includes material on: governmental decrees; pensions; land and benefits for veterans.
Box 8, Folder 6

Colonia Division del Norte, Tijuana, B.C. 1973-1974

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence and papers related to the defense and rights of veterans.
Box 8, Folder 7

Colonia Division del Norte, Tijuana, B.C. 1975

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence with: Baja California governor Milton Castellanos; General Raul Madero; various attorneys and judges,
Box 8, Folder 8

Colonia Division del Norte, Tijuana, B.C. 1978-1980

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence with General Roberto Fierro Villalobos on the rights of veterans.
Box 8, Folder 9

Colonia Division del Norte, Tijuana, B.C. 1978

Related Materials

See Box 10A for related newspaper articles.

Scope and Contents

Includes: correspondence and supporting materials in defense of veterans' rights; correspondence from General Roberto Fierro Villalobos.
Box 8, Folder 10

Colonia Division del Norte, Tijuana, B.C. 1979

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence with: President of Mexico Jose Lopez Portillo; General Roberto Fierro Villalobos; Jose Line Ortiz, Joaquin Aguilar Robles; Roberto de la Madrid.
Box 8, Folder 11

Colonia Division del Norte, Tijuana, B.C. 1979

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence with General Roberto Fierro Villalobos, Joaquin Aguilar Robles, Enrique Olivares Santana; lists of families living in the Division.
Box 8, Folder 12

Colonia Division del Norte, Tijuana, B.C. 1980-1983

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence with: Roberto Fierro Villalobos; President Jose Lopez Portillo; Joaquin Aguilar Robles; Gilberto Izquierdo Arzate.
Box 9, Folder 1

Land grants in Tijuana undated

Box 9, Folder 2

Legion de Hijos y Descendientes de Revolucionarios de la Division del Norte - members undated

Box 9, Folder 3

Legion de Hijos y Descendientes de Revolucionarios de la Division del Norte - applications 1969-1972

Scope and Contents

Includes photographs.
Box 9, Folder 4

Legion de Hijos y Descendientes de Revolucionarios de la Division del Norte - correspondence 1972-1978

Box 9, Folder 5

Legion de Hijos y Descendientes de Revolucionarios de la Division del Norte - receipts 1972

Box 9, Folder 6

Legion de Hijos y Descendientes de Revolucionarios de la Division del Norte - miscellaneous 1970 - 1971

Scope and Contents

Includes photographs.
Box 9, Folder 7

Correspondence - A 1949-1972

Scope and Contents

Includes documentation of Jose E. Araiza.
Box 9, Folder 8

Correspondence - B 1971-1972

Box 9, Folder 9

Correspondence - C 1936-1972

Box 9, Folder 10

Correspondence - C 1925-1972

Box 10, Folder 1

Correspondence - D 1959-1976

Scope and Contents

Includes: materials on Lt. Matilde Dominguez; photographs.
Box 10, Folder 2

Correspondence E-F 1954-1972

Scope and Contents

Includes photographs.
Box 10, Folder 3

Correspondence G-I 1942-1972

Scope and Contents

Includes photographs.
Box 10, Folder 4

Correspondence - G 1954-1972

Scope and Contents

Includes photographs.
Box 10, Folder 5

Correspondence H-J 1955-1972

Scope and Contents

Includes photographs.
Box 10, Folder 6

Correspondence - K-L 1965-1972

Scope and Contents

Includes photographs.
Box 10, Folder 7

Correspondence - M 1922-1971

Scope and Contents

Includes photographs.
Box 10, Folder 8

Correspondence - M 1956-1972

Scope and Contents

Includes photographs.
Box 11, Folder 1

Correspondence - M 1963-1972

Scope and Contents

Includes three land surveys for parcels of land in Colonia Division del Norte; photographs.
Box 11, Folder 2

Correspondence O-Q 1924-1972

Scope and Contents

Includes photographs.
Box 11, Folder 3

Correspondence - R 1941-1972

Scope and Contents

Includes photographs.
Box 11, Folder 4

Correspondence - R 1962-1972

Scope and Contents

Includes photographs.
Box 11, Folder 5

Correspondence S-T 1933-1971

Scope and Contents

Includes photographs.
Box 11, Folder 6

Correspondence - V 1933 - 1971

Box 11, Folder 7

Correspondence - Z 1942-1972

Scope and Contents

Includes photographs.
 

Series 5. Subject files 1930-1995

Box 10A

Oversize newspaper clippings 1968-1981

Scope and Contents

Includes: song lyrics and related newspaper articles; El Sol: Cooperativa Campesina, 1973 June 13; LA court case articles; A Las Ocho me Matare and related playbill; Pedro Gonzalez and his participation in the Mexican Revolution; U.S.-Mexico relations; brown berets take over Santa Catalina, 1972; LULAC article, 1976; California resloution honoring Cinco de Mayo; personal interest articles.
Box 12, Folder 1

Centro Popular Revolucionarios 1970-1973

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence; material on election activities; lists of members.
Box 12, Folder 2

Legal papers 1970

Related Materials

The newspaper article in question is in Box 10A.

Scope and Contents

Includes material on a lawsuit by Gonzalez against the Ramos Brothers in Tijuana for defamation of character for a newspaper article in "Extra," 1970 May 17.
Box 12, Folder 3

Tijuana State Penitentiary 1960-1961

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence and related papers regarding the incarceration of Pedro J. Gonzalez.
Box 12, Folder 4

Tijuana 1965-1966

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence with Gloria Cardenas of Tijuana and Ralph Ruiz of Delano, CA.
Box 13, Folder 1

Watsonville, CA Strawberry Cooperative 1976

Related Materials

Related articles are in Box 10A.

Scope and Contents

Contains: newspaper articles; correspondence.
Box 13, Folder 2

Watsonville, CA Strawberry Cooperative - correspondence 1973-1974

Box 13, Folder 3

Watsonville, CA Strawberry Cooperative 1974

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence and related papers regarding the Mexican Confederacion de Campesinos, Obreros, y Similares; photographs.
Box 13, Folder 4

Watsonville, CA Strawberry Cooperative - correspondence 1974-1976

Box 18, Folder 1

Ballad of an Unsung Hero 1984

Scope and Contents

Includes: press release; photographs.
Box 18, Folder 2

"The Life of Pedro J. Gonzalez" mural 1984

Scope and Contents

Includes: photographs; clipping.
Box 18, Folder 3

Parlee, Lorena M. undated

Scope and Contents

Includes: resume; "Moving History" by Parlee.
Box 18, Folder 4

"Pedro Gonzalez and the Origins of Spanish-language Broadcasting in Los Angeles, 1928-1934" by Lorena M. Parker 1984

Box 18, Folder 5

Parker, Lorena M. 1982

Scope and Contents

Includes grant applications and related materials.
Box 18, Folder 6

Ballad of an Unsung Hero undated

Scope and Contents

Includes audiocassettes; lists of songs.
Box 18, Folder 7

Comite Pro Pedro Gonzalez undated

Scope and Contents

Photocopy of book.
Box 18, Folder 10

Clippings and photographs 1930-1935

Box 18, Folder 11

"Statement made by the mother of the deceased, taken by the authorities" undated

Box 18, Folder 12

Ballad of an Unsung Hero 1983-1984

Scope and Contents

Includes clippings and reviews.
Box 18, Folder 13

Clippings 1983-1985

Scope and Contents

Includes: "Revolutionary Times" by Kathyrn Phillips; "Pedro Gonzalez 'The Quintessential Unsung Hero'" by Jack Williams; "Story of a Mexican Immigrant Hero" by Jesus Rangel.
Box 18, Folder 14

Clippings 1983-1995

Scope and Contents

Ballad of an Unsung Hero reviews; obituary.
 

Series 6. Photographs 1890-1980

Box 11A

Photograph album 1920-1980

Scope and Contents

Includes clippings and photos on Mexican and Mexican American singers, family photos, San Quentin photos.
Box 12A

Photograph album 1890-1980

Scope and Contents

Includes photos and clippings on: Chihuahua Mexico 1890-1940, Mexican Revolution 1909-1920; Los Angeles California 1920s-1930s; San Quentin Prison, 1930s; Tijuana, 1940s-1970s; California, 1920s- 1970s; Mexican railroad station/telegraph operator, 1900-1920; family and friends, 1890-1980.
Box 13A, Folder 1

Photomontage circa 1914-1923

Scope and Contents

Body of Pancho Villa after assassination; meeting between Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata in Mexico City 1914; Villa with officers (Estado Mayor); Villa's troop Los Dorados; unidentified photos.
Box 13A, Folder 2

Photomontage 1913-1940

Scope and Contents

Gonzalez in Chihuahua; Mexican Revolution veterans in Tijuana, 1940; Gonzalez with brother; Gonzalez's mother; telegraph operator.
Box 13A, Folder 3

Photomontage 1929-1958

Scope and Contents

Josefina Caldera (LA singer), circa 1930; General Ramon B. Anaiz, circa 1958; veterans; Circulo Artistico de Radio.
Box 13A, Folder 4

Photomontage circa 1913-1960

Scope and Contents

XEAU radio audience 1950s; Gonzalez and employees of XEAU radio, Tijuana, 1960s; Mexican Revolution, circa 1915; Gonzalez with Villas's troops in Chihuahua and other Chihuahua photos, circa 1915; Gonzalez on horseback Mexican, circa 1917.
Box 13A, Folder 5

Photomontage circa 1914-1960

Scope and Contents

Publicity photo of Gonzalez in Tijuana, 1958; near El Paso - Ciudad Juarez; telegraph operators, circa 1920; Gonzalez in El Chico Chihuahua, 1960s; Maria Gonzalez; Pedro Gonzalez as telegraph operator standing in front of locomotive, 1920; XEAU recording studio, 1950s; other photos of Pedro Gonzalez.
Box 13A, Folder 6

Photomontage circa 1912-1970

Scope and Contents

Pascual Orozco, Mexican revolutionary leader; General Raul Madero; family photos.
Box 13A, Folder 7

Photomontage circa 1895-1970

Scope and Contents

Family photos.
Box 13A, Folder 8

Photomontage circa 1910-1970

Scope and Contents

Gonzalez with musicians and with his family; Maria Gonzalez with her children; Pedro Gonzalez in uniform; Pancho Villa, 1912; Emiliano Zapata and troops, circa 1914; Confederacion de Veteranos Revolucionarion de la Division del Norte.
Box 13A, Folder 9

Photomontage various dates

Scope and Contents

Family photos; reunion of Los Madrugadores.
Box 13A, Folder 10

Photomontage circa 1914-1984

Scope and Contents

Gonzalez in his office, San Ysidro, CA; plane shot down during Mexican Revolution; Chihuahua; Villa's troops; telegraph operator; veterans of the Mexican Revolution.
Box 13A, Folder 11

Photomontage circa 1914-1950

Scope and Contents

Telegraph operator, 1914; LA county jail, 1934; with Los Madrugadores; Gonzalez with his brother in Chihuahua; fisherman, San Pedro, CA 1928; Veteranos Revolucionarios de la Division del Norte; dedication of statue of Pancho Villa; Gonzalez on horseback; Pancho Villa's troops, circa 1915; parade of Revolucionarios de la Division del Norte, Tijuana, 1950; Gonzalez driving car; Gonzalez in Chihuahua, 1915; Villa's soldiers, Chihuahua, 1914.
Box 13A, Folder 12

Photomontage circa 1915-1950

Scope and Contents

San Quentin prison 1934-1940; Los Madrugadores at San Quentin talent show; Gonzalez in Tijuana, 1950s, Major Hendrick's Big Band [autographed]; Pancho Villa; Villa's troops, Mexican Revolution; parade of Revolucionarios de la Division del Norte, Tijuana, 1950.
Box 14, Folder 1

Family photographs 1890-1920

Scope and Contents

Includes photos taken in Chihuahua, Mexico City, Tijuana, and Wilmington, CA.
Box 14, Folder 2

Mexican Revolution 1914-1920

Scope and Contents

Subjects include: Pancho Villa, General Ochoa, telegraph office, trains, Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Tampico, Mexico City.
Box 14, Folder 3

Family photos 1920-1950

Scope and Contents

Includes photos taken in San Pedro, CA, Wilmington CA, Los Angeles, and Tijuana.
Box 14, Folder 4

Los Angeles singers and musicians 1928-1944

Scope and Contents

Subjects include: Major Hendrick's Big Band, Tony Saiz, Cacioneros Acosta, Pedro J. Gonzalez y Los Madrugadores, Ray Avila, Circulo Artistico de Radio, Salvador Casanova, Jose Mujica, Alberto Sergio Gutierrez, Ruben Reyes, Cuates Castilla, Pedro J. Gonzalez y Compania Anunciadora Mexicana, M. Gillette, Joaquin Rodriquez, Hermanos Avila.
Box 14, Folder 5

Court case and San Quentin 1934-1944

Box 14, Folder 6

Ejido Matamoros 1940-1975

Scope and Contents

Subjects include: Luz Corral de Villa, President Luis Echevarria, General Raul Madero, friends and family.
Box 14, Folder 7

Tijuana radio 1950-1970

Scope and Contents

Subjects include: Ramon B. Arnaiz, Cuatitas Gasca, Javiar Cacian, Victor Lavarez Renteria, Los Madrugadores, Joaquin Aguilar Robles, Carmelita Baratrita [?], "Jardin Canalas," Fresno, CA.
Box 15, Folder 1

Spanish-language radio and music 1922-1934

Scope and Contents

Subjects include: Pedro and Maria Gonzalez with their children and his brother, Los Madrugadores, Vivian Sanchez, Jesus Sanchez, Ismael Hernandez, Lupe Albino.
Box 15, Folder 2

Mexican Revolution and family photos 1890-1921

Scope and Contents

Subjects include: Chihuahua, telegraph operators.
Box 15, Folder 3

Family photographs 1920-1970

Scope and Contents

Includes photos taken in Wilmington, CA, Catalina Island, Tijuana, Palmdale, CA.
Box 15, Folder 4

Miscellaneous 1914-1973

Scope and Contents

Includes: family photos; telegraph operators; Mexican Revolution; Ejido Matamoros; Raul Madero.
 

Series 7. Audio recordings undated

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

This series consists of 78 rpm records.
Box 16, Folder 1

Los Madrugadores: "Un Marinero en el Golfo" / "Dos Seres Que se Aman" (Columbia Records) undated

Physical Description: Blue lacquer 10-inch record.
Box 16, Folder 2

Los Madrugadores: "Tu Recuerdo" / "A Mi Madre" (Okeh Records) undated

Physical Description: Black lacquer 10-inch record [broken].
Box 16, Folder 3

Los Madrugadores: "Corrido de los Temblores" / "Cielo Nevado" (Columbia Records) undated

Physical Description: Black lacquer 10-inch record.
Box 16, Folder 4

Los Madrugadores: "La Vida Infausta" / "El Residiario" (Columbia Records) undated

Physical Description: Black lacquer 10-inch record.
Box 16, Folder 5

Cancioneros "Acosta": "Los Voluntarias" / "Indita Mia" (Columbia Records) undated

Physical Description: Black lacquer 10-inch record.
Box 16, Folder 6

Los Madrugadores: "Corrido de Pedro" / "Corrido de Pedro" (Columbia Records) undated

Physical Description: Blue lacquer 10-inch record.
Box 16, Folder 7

Los Madrugadores: "Mananitas Tapatias" / "El Muchacho Alegre" (Columbia Records) undated

Physical Description: Black lacquer 10-inch record.
Box 16, Folder 8

Los Madrugadores: "La Voz de Mi Madre" / "Que Importa el Mundo" (Columbia Records) undated

Physical Description: Black lacquer 10-inch record.
Box 16, Folder 9

Pedro J. Gonzalez y sus Madrugadores: "Cuando Yo Muera" / "Sonora Querida" (Discos Maya) undated

Physical Description: Black lacquer 10-inch record.
Box 16, Folder 10

Los Madrugadores: "No les Pido de Amor Caridad" / "Me Piden" (Columbia Records) undated

Physical Description: Black lacquer 10-inch record.
Box 16, Folder 11

Valles y Hernandez: "Corrido de Feliciano Villanueva" / P.J. Gonzalez y M. Cuevas: "Estoy Haciendo tu Nido" undated

Physical Description: Blue lacquer 10-inch record.
Box 16, Folder 12

Pedro J. Gonzalez y sus Madrugadores: "Mateo Magdaleno" / "Por tus Puertas" (Discos Maya) undated

Physical Description: Black lacquer 10-inch record.
Box 16, Folder 13

Los Madrugadores: "Sonora Querida" / "Asencion" undated

Physical Description: Blue lacquer 10-inch record.
Box 16, Folder 14

Juan Reyna: "1a Parte" / "2a Parte" (Okeh Records) [broken] undated

Physical Description: Black lacquer 10-inch record.
Box 16, Folder 15

Pedro J. Gonzalez y sus Madrugadores: "Que Tendre Yo" / "Amor Sincero" (Discos Maya) [broken] undated

Physical Description: Black lacquer 10-inch record.
Box 16, Folder 16

Gonzalez y Valles: "La Cruz Azul" / "Mi Juventud Paso" (Columbia Records) undated

Physical Description: Blue lacquer 10-inch record.