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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Collection Arrangement
  • Access
  • Acquisition Information
  • Processing Information
  • Preferred Citation
  • Publication Rights

  • Contributing Institution: University of California, Davis Library, Dept. of Special Collections
    Title: Raymond F. Roth Papers
    Creator: Roth, Raymond F.
    Identifier/Call Number: D-234
    Identifier/Call Number: 69
    Physical Description: 7.3 linear feet
    Date (inclusive): 1936-1977
    Date (bulk): 1940-1966
    Abstract: Raymond F. Roth (1915-1991) spent much of his career working for farm labor programs. After a brief stint from 1941 to 1942 working for the Farm Security Administration, Roth joined the U.S. Navy during World War II. After his return to civilian life, Roth worked in different capacities for the California Department of Employment, Farm Labor Service. His work included the administration of migrant labor and housing programs for U.S. citizens as well as Mexican Nationals in the Bracero Program.
    Physical Location: Researchers should contact Archives and Special Collections to request collections, as many are stored off site.
    Language of Material: English .


    After graduating, in 1939, from the Nebraska State College at Kearney (now part of the University of Nebraska system), Raymond F. Roth (1915-1991) moved to Oakland, California where he worked from 1939 to 1941 as an Assistant Department Head at Montgomery Ward and Co. In the spring of 1941, Roth began working for the U.S. Department of Agriculture in the Resettlement Division of the Farm Security Administration. He oversaw maintenance and operations of various Mobile Labor Projects for farm workers until December 1942, when he resigned to join the U.S. Navy.
    Roth served as Assistant Supply Officer at Naval Air Station, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii for the U.S. Naval Supply Corp until May 1945. From May 1945 to March 1946, he worked as Assistant Supply Officer at Naval Air Station, Quonset Point, Rhode Island. By the end of his active military duty in March 1946, Roth attained the rank of Lieutenant Commander. He served until 1955 as an officer in the U.S. Naval Reserves at the Naval Reserve Training Center, Stockton, California.
    Roth returned to work for the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1946 as a Farm Labor Project Manager, managing farm labor supply centers throughout California and Arizona for the Production and Marketing Administration. After the Department of Agriculture ended the program in 1947, Roth took the position of General Manager for Westside Producers Cooperative, Inc.
    Roth began his career with the California State Department of Employment, Farm Placement Service in July 1948 as a Farm Placement Representative for San Joaquin County. Roth's work involved the migrant labor force, with an emphasis on the Bracero Program for Mexican Nationals. In February 1952, he was assigned to a newly created Operations Review team, which assisted area managers in determining if local offices were conforming to the Department's prescribed standards for operation. In October 1953, he became the Farm Placement Supervisor for the northern half of the San Joaquin Valley. In August 1959, Roth began work as Field Assistant for Farm Placement in the Department's Technical Section at the Central Office in Sacramento. Roth was named Acting Chief, Farm Placement Technical Section, in March 1960. By 1961, he became Chief of the Farm Placement Technical Section and responsible for administering the program throughout California.
    In 1964, Farm Placement Service was renamed Farm Labor Service, and Roth's title changed to Chief, Farm Labor Service. In 1969, when the Department of Employment was renamed the Department of Human Resources Development, and Farm Labor Service became Farm Labor Services Division, Roth was named Administrator, Farm Labor Services Branch. The objective of Farm Labor Services was to expedite employment contacts between agricultural workers and employers to their mutual advantage and satisfaction. Farm Labor Services had a joint obligation to serve the employer in need of workers and workers in need of jobs.
    The Farm Labor Services Division was renamed the Rural Manpower Services Division in July 1971, and Roth became Administrator, Rural Manpower Services Division. Needs had changed and advances in technology and mechanization in agriculture had caused a decline in job opportunities. There were difficulties in serving rural areas due to remoteness of many residents from offices providing complete services. Rural Manpower Services aimed to provide the agricultural community with equitable access to manpower services, comparable to that available to residents of urban areas. Rural Manpower Services delivered manpower services to both agricultural and nonagricultural workers and employers in rural communities.
    In November 1972, the Department of Human Resources Development was renamed the Employment Development Department and responsibilities for rural manpower services and urban employment services were combined in the Operations Branch, which took on responsibility for both placement and insurance payment functions. The Operations Branch of the Employment Development Department was divided into five regions, each headed by a Regional Administrator. Roth retired, circa 1977, as Regional Administrator, Region I, the rural Northern California region.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The collection includes reference files, publications, and photographic material on the Department of Employment, Farm Labor Service and the Bracero Program. The collection also contains annual reports, speeches, correspondence, memoranda, internal reports and bulletins, financial records, and training manuals. The Military Service series contains both Roth's naval records and his wife Marcella M. Lantz's army records and includes training orders, medical records, transfer and promotion records, certificates, and release documents. Items span the years 1936 to 1977, but the bulk of the collection dates from 1940 to 1966.

    Collection Arrangement

    The Raymond F. Roth Papers are arranged in five series organized by place of employment: 1. Montgomery Ward, 2. Military Service, 3. Westside Producers Cooperative, Inc., 4. United States, Farm Security Administration, and 5. California State Dept. of Employment, Farm Labor Service.


    Collection is open for research.

    Acquisition Information

    In 1991, Marcella M. Roth donated this collection to the Library.

    Processing Information

    In 2004, Lola Aguilar, Special Collections Intern, processed this collection and created its finding aid, under the direction of University Archivist, John Skarstad and Manuscript Curator, Melissa Tyler. In 2005, Tyler added a detailed list of photographs and encoded Aguilar's finding aid.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Raymond F. Roth Papers, D-234, Archives and Special Collections, UC Davis Library, University of California, Davis.

    Publication Rights

    All applicable copyrights for the collection are protected under chapter 17 of the U.S. Copyright Code. Requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Regents of the University of California as the owner of the physical items. It is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Migrant Agricultural Laborers -- California
    Mexican American migrant agricultural laborers -- Social conditions -- 20th century
    Strikes and lockouts -- Agricultural laborers -- California
    Agricultural laborers -- California
    Agricultural laborers -- Labor unions -- California
    Agricultural laborers -- Housing -- California
    Seasonal Farm Laborers Program.
    United States. Farm Security Administration.
    United States. Dept. of Agriculture.
    California. Employment Development Dept.
    California. Rural Manpower Services Division.
    Lantz, Marcella M.
    Roth, Raymond F. -- Archives