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Pence (Harry) Papers
MSS 0144  
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Scope and Content of Series

Series 1) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS. Arranged in three subseries: A) Personal Materials, B) Education and C) Awards and Certificates.
A) Personal Materials: Includes career summations, mementos collected by Pence, a driver's license, passports, and newspaper clippings about Pence. Arranged alphabetically.
B) Education: Notebooks, yearbooks, assignments, report cards, and exams related to Pence's education at Hillsboro High School, the Ohio State University, the United States Naval Academy, and the United States Naval War College. Included in this series are materials related to the United States Naval Academy Association of the Class of 1906, including the planning of a 50th reunion. Arranged chronologically.
C) Awards and Certificates: Includes numerous certificates of membership including Pence's Bachelor of Science degree certificate from the United States Naval Academy, his certificate of graduation from the United States Naval War College, and his United States Navy certificates of commission. Arranged alphabetically.

Personal Materials

Box 1, Folder 1

Career summations 1945-1976

Box 1, Folder 2

Driver's license issued by the Municipalidad de Panama 1932

Box 1, Folder 3


Box 1, Folder 4

News clippings about Pence

Box 1, Folder 5

Passports 1919-1921



Box 1, Folder 6

Hillsboro High School - Physics notebook and commencement program 1899-1901


Ohio State University

Box 1, Folder 7

English Literature: An Outline 1901

Box 1, Folder 8

Report card 1901

Box 1, Folder 9

Roman Roads: A Study of Highways 1902

Box 1, Folder 10

Yearbook 1902


United States Naval Academy

Box 1, Folder 11

Entrance examination papers for admission 1896-1902

Box 1, Folder 12

Congressional appointment - Includes correspondence, clippings and an invitation 1902-1906

Oversize FB-318, Folder 7

Department of Marine Engineering and Naval Construction - Technical drawings 1903

Box 2, Folder 2

English notebook 1903

Box 2, Folder 3

Physics notebook 1903

Box 2, Folder 4

Seamanship and Ordnance notebook, used while Pence served aboard the U.S.S. Indiana and the U.S.S. Hartford 1903

Box 2, Folder 5

Youngster exams notebook 1903-1904

Box 2, Folder 6

Chemistry notebook 1904

Box 2, Folder 7

Navigation notebook 1904

Box 3, Folder 1

Report cards 1902-1906

Box 3, Folder 2-4

Yearbooks 1904-1906

Box 3, Folder 5

Modern Languages - French and Spanish, final exam 1906

Box 3, Folder 6

Navigation notebook 1906

Box 4, Folder 1-3

USS Maryland papers 1906-1910

General note

Includes a cruise journal with list of ports visited, notes, drawings, and a photograph, and gunnery papers.
Box 4, Folder 4

Final exams 1907

Box 4, Folder 5

International Law notebook 1907

Box 4, Folder 6-10

United States Naval Academy - Association of the Class of 1906 1937-1956

General note

Charts, bulletins, correspondence, and reunion programs and photographs.

Naval War College

Box 4, Folder 11

"Naval officer taking War College course" cartoon 1921

Box 4, Folder 12

Theses on Command, Policy, and Strategy and Logistics 1924

Box 4, Folder 13

Tactical Problem 1 (Tac. 10, Mod. 8), Blue situation 1924

Box 4, Folder 14

Thesis on tactics 1925

Box 4, Folder 15

Joint Problem No. 1 (Strat. 80, Tact 101), Blue situation 1925

Box 4, Folder 16

Strategy and Tactics - Notes 1925

Box 4, Folder 17

Tactical Problem III (Tact. 96, Mod. I) - Day cruising formation 1925

Box 4, Folder 18

Strategic Problem V (Strat. 74, Mod. 1) - Screens and operations


Awards and Certificates

Box 4, Folder 19

Army-Navy "E" Award 1943

Box 5, Folder 1

Certificate of Confirmation 1941

Oversize FB-318, Folder 5

Certificate of Membership - Islam Temple, the Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine 1913

Oversize FB-318, Folder 5

Certificates of Membership - Domain of Neptunus Rex 1912

General note

Poor condition.
Box 5, Folder 3

Certificate of Membership - National Geographic Society 1934

Box 5, Folder 4

Navy Cross - Copy negative

Box 5, Folder 5

Navy Cross and Navy Expeditionary Medal, dress ribbons

Box 5, Folder 6

United States Naval Academy - Bachelor of science degree certificate 1937

Oversize FB-318, Folder 3

United States Naval Academy - Certificate of graduation 1908

Box 5, Folder 8

United States Naval Institute - Membership 1913

Box 5, Folder 9

United States Naval War College - Certificate of completion 1925

Box 5, Folder 10

United States Navy - Certificates of commission: Ensign (1908); Lieutenant, j.g. (1908); Lieutenant (1911); Lieutenant Commander (1917); Commander (1918); and Captain (1931)

Box 5, Folder 11

Unidentified certificate



Scope and Content of Series

Series 2) MILITARY DUTY POSTS: Materials documenting the full span of Pence's naval career. Arranged in eighteen subseries: A) Orders and Professional Papers, B) USS Kearsarge (1908), C) USS Maryland (1909-1912), D) United States Naval Academy Instructor (1912-1914), E) USS Rhode Island (1914-1915), F) USS Texas (1917-1918), G) Port Officer, Trieste (1919), H) Naval Attaché, England (1920-1921), I) USS McFarland (1921-1924), J) US Naval War College Instructor (1925-1927), K) USS Tennessee (1927-1932), L) Navy Department (1929-1932), M) US Naval War College Instructor (1934-1937), N) Squadron Eleven Commander (1937-1938), O) Chief of Staff, Commander of the Yard (1939-1941), P) General Board (1941-1944), Q) Naval Operations (1943-1944), and R) Joint Chiefs of Staff (1944-1945).
A) Orders and Professional Papers: An assortment of documentation relevant to the full arc of Pence's career, including orders, information on his service record, curriculum vitae, and reports.
B) USS Kearsarge (1908): One folder of notes related to target practice.
C) USS Maryland (1909-1912): Logs, itineraries and notes.
D) United States Naval Academy - Instructor (1912-1913): Pence's examination and practical work notebooks.
E) USS Rhode Island (1914-1915): Blueprint charts, memorandums, orders, reports, and notes.
F) USS Texas (1916-1918): Reports, notes, orders, photographs, charts, correspondence, memorandums, and an ode. The folder entitled "Capitulation of the German High Seas Fleet" contains several drafts of Pence's firsthand account of the German High Seas Fleet surrendering to the British Grand Fleet.
G) Port Officer, Trieste (1919): Correspondence, memorandums, logs, journals, orders, intelligence reports, and a propaganda poster. The port officer log provides a detailed account of vessel and personnel traffic through Trieste during Pence's assignment as port officer.
H) Naval Attaché, England (1920-1921): Lists of foreign diplomatic personnel in London, a newspaper clipping, an official itinerary, a memorandum, and a log related to an eighteen day trip through Europe.
I) USS McFarland (1921-1924): Correspondence, memoranda, movement orders, telegrams, a list of Americans in Constantinople during 1922, and Pence's ship diary. The diary documents the ship's activities and movements during Pence's command. The list of Americans in Constantinople during 1922 indicates Ernest Hemingway as an American in Constantinople at the time.
J) US Naval War College Instructor (1925-1927): Teaching material, typescripts, reports, and a speech.
K) USS Tennessee (1927-1929): Telegrams, memorandums and memorabilia.
L) Navy Department (1929-1932): Correspondence, reports, typescripts, teaching material, speeches, reprints, newspaper clippings, a map, and memorabilia. Well-represented in this subseries are Pence's assignments as naval aid to Dr. Enrique Olaya Herrera (at the time, President-elect of Columbia) during Olaya Hererra's 1930 tour of America and the establishment of the Army Industrial College, a joint venture with the Army designed to train personnel for procurement planning.
M) US Naval War College Instructor (1934-1937): Lecture notes, a two-year course proposal and a list of administrative staff. This subseries supplements Subseries J) US Naval War College - Instructor (1925-1927).
N) Squadron Eleven Commander (1937-1938): One note, and a memorandum.
O) Chief of Staff Captain of the Yard (1939-1941): A speech, newspaper clippings, programs, and a report related to the launching of the USS Grayson.
P) General Board (1941-1944): Memorandums, meeting minutes, a notebook, and a list of Japanese citizens who attended the United States Naval Academy. Of particular interest are the meeting minutes entitled "General Board - Security Technical Committee."
Q) Naval Operations (1943-1944): Correspondence, memorandums, commencement addresses, field reports, charts, notebooks, and reprints. It documents Pence's participation at the administrative and planning level with the burgeoning Civil Affairs Division, which later became part of the US Army's Special Operations. Of interest are the Civil Affairs Committee memorandums, the correspondence with field officers, field reports, and the development of the US Naval School of Military Government and Administration at Columbia University.
R) Joint Chiefs of Staff (1944-1945) subseries contains committee meeting minutes, memorandums, reports, and surrender terms. Pence served on the Joint Post War Committee, and was a senior member of the Subcommittee on Far Eastern Affairs. Included are copies of the surrender terms for both Japan and Germany.

Orders and Professional Papers

Box 29, Folder 1-4

Orders and official memoranda 1906-1946

Box 29, Folder 5

Clippings and ephemera 1907-1922

Box 29, Folder 6-9

Qualifying examinations for Lieutenant, Commander and Captain 1911-1912, 1922, 1931

Box 29, Folder 10

Report of record target practice 1907

Box 29, Folder 11

Professional correspondence - Medals, recognition, etc. 1908-1934

Box 30, Folder 4

Officer's record of fitness ledgers 1908-1939

General note

Includes detailed summary of career assignments.
Box 29, Folder 12

American Commission to Negotiate Peace - Report by the British Admiralty on the scuttling of the German Fleet at Scapa Flow 1919 August 22

Box 29, Folder 13

Extracts from service record ca. 1921

Box 29, Folder 14

Officer lists ca. 1924

Box 29, Folder 15

Professional correspondence 1924, 1937-1939

Box 29, Folder 16

US Department of State - Protocol guide 1932

Box 29, Folder 17

Notes and documents on military and personal characteristics for officer fitness reports 1934, 1938

Box 29, Folder 18

Powell, Paulus P. Report of Experiences in Travelling From Shanghai, China to Berlin, Germany via the Trans-Siberian Route 1936 May 15

Box 29, Folder 19

Correspondence - Commander Destroyers, Battle Force 1939

Box 29, Folder 20

Office evaluations 1939

Box 29, Folder 21

Correspondence - Selection Board 1939

Box 29, Folder 22

Curriculum vitae and career summary 1945

Box 29, Folder 23

Report on living conditions in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 1946 March 1


USS Kearsarge (1908)

Box 5, Folder 12

Notes on Record Target Practice 1908


USS Maryland (1909-1912)

Box 5, Folder 13

Cruise log 1911 June-1912 June

Box 5, Folder 14

Memorabilia 1911


US Naval Academy Instructor (1912-1914)

Box 5, Folder 15

Mathematics and Mechanics - Practical work and examinations 1912-1914

Box 5, Folder 16-17

Navigation - Practical work and examinations 1912-1914


USS Rhode Island (1913-1916)

Box 6, Folder 1

Gunnery material - Memoranda, orders and report 1914-1916

Box 6, Folder 2

Landing Force in Tampico - Includes field orders 1913-1914


USS Texas (1915-1918)

Box 6, Folder 3

Gunnery material - Includes bulletins, memoranda, orders, and summaries 1916-1918

Box 6, Folder 4

Memoranda - Subjects include, "Assignment to Duty" and "Service Record - Connection Promotion to Grade of Commander" and an afternoon tea in Edinburgh 1917-1918

Box 6, Folder 5

Odes to the Texas 1917

Box 6, Folder 6

Operations material - Includes memoranda, orders, operation order for the surrender of the German High Seas Fleet, and correspondence 1916-1918

Box 6, Folder 7

Pence, Harry. "Capitulation of the German High Seas Fleet" 1916-1918

Box 6, Folder 8

World War Submarine Campaign against Entente Commerce - Blueprint chart 1915-1918


Port Officer, Trieste (1919)

Box 6, Folder 9

Administration and orders 1917-1919

Box 6, Folder 10-11

Correspondence 1919

Box 6, Folder 12

Fiume - Political and economic conditions. Includes typescript copies of hand bills and a typescript copy of an intelligence report 1919

Box 6, Folder 13

Identification, announcing Pence as a U.S. Naval officer, authored by Pence 1919

Box 6, Folder 14

Journal - Contains Pence's observations during his "special inspection" duty, particularly the Whitehead Torpedo Works, as well as enemy vessels based at Pola, Istria 1918 October 7-1919 June 19

Box 6, Folder 15

Port Officer's Log 1919 January 25-June 10

Box 6, Folder 16

Reports 1919

Box 6, Folder 17

Poster - An Italian propaganda poster recounting Italy's involvement in World War I 1919

Box 6, Folder 18

USS Square Wheel Log 1919


Acting Naval Attaché, England (1920-1921)

Box 7, Folder 1

Foreign Embassies and Legations in London 1920-1921

Box 7, Folder 2

Itinerary to London 1921

Box 7, Folder 3

List of names - Unidentified. [Possibly related to Pence's appointment to the US Embassy in London] 1920

Box 7, Folder 4

Memorandum and report 1921

Box 7, Folder 5

Pence, Harry. "Trip of Eighteen Days thru Europe" 1921


USS McFarland (1921-1924)

Box 29, Folder 24

American Consulate General report on the occupation of Smyrna 1922 November 18

Box 29, Folder 25

USS McFarland - Pence diary and observations 1922 October-1923 April

Box 29, Folder 26

USS McFarland - Pence personal diary and observations 1923 January-April

Box 7, Folder 6

Diary reports - Typescript copies of Pence's ship diary while aboard the McFarland 1922-1923

Box 7, Folder 7

List of Americans in Constantinople 1922

General note

Listed under the heading "Miscellaneous Americans," subheading "H," is Ernest M. Hemingway.
Box 7, Folder 8

Operations material - Includes movement orders, correspondence, telegrams, and an extract from a typescript entitled "Turkey" by Emil Lengyel 1921-1924


US Naval War College Instructor (1925-1927)

Box 7, Folder 9

Pence, Harry. "Suggestions for Conducting Chart and Board Maneuvers," "Lessons Learned: Junior Class," and "Comments on Battle Fleet Tactical Exercise" 1926-1927

Box 7, Folder 10

Suggestions Submitted [by Pence] for an Improved War College 1926-1927

Oversize FB-318, Folder 17

Tactical Estimate of the Situation - Form developed by Pence and used at the US Naval War College 1927

Box 7, Folder 12

Welcome Address - Class of 1927


USS Tennessee (1927-1929)

Box 7, Folder 13

Memorabilia 1927-1929

Box 7, Folder 14

Patrol Organization - San Francisco, CA 1928

Box 7, Folder 15

Telegrams and memoranda 1928-1929


Navy Department (1929-1932)

Box 7, Folder 16

Joint Army/Navy Munitions Board - Contains correspondence, reports, recommendations, acts of Congress, estimates, and charts 1930-1931

Box 7, Folder 17

Material Procurement Planning, Army Industrial College - Includes speeches and lectures delivered at the Army Industrial College by Pence, Bogman, William Malone, John Pershing, and Franklin Steinwachs 1930-1931

Oversize FB-318, Folder 16

Military Attaché to Dr. Enrique Olaya Herrera - Map of Dr. Olaya Herrera's inspection of Chicago 1930

Box 7, Folder 19

Military Attaché to Dr. Enrique Olaya Herrera - Newspaper clippings, telegrams, invitations, a map, and correspondence 1930

Box 7, Folder 20

Pence, Harry. "Material Procurement Planning" 1931-1947


US Naval War College Instructor (1934-1937)

Box 7, Folder 21

Conference of Ambassadors - Lecture notes related to various treaties

Box 7, Folder 22

Neutrality - Contains lecture notes, memoranda, newspaper clippings, typescripts, and reprints 1935-1936

Box 7, Folder 23

Singapore-Auckland Line - Lecture notes and slide index 1935

Box 8, Folder 1

Singapore-Torres Strait - Annotated lecture notes 1934

Box 8, Folder 2

Strategic Areas: Hawaiian Islands - Annotated lecture notes 1936

Box 8, Folder 3

Tabulation of Policies of the United States 1934

Box 8, Folder 4

Tactics - Lecture notes regarding the review of the junior class theses

Box 8, Folder 5

Two Year Course Proposal 1934

Box 8, Folder 6

United States Naval War College - List of administrative staff and instructors 1936-1937


Squadron Eleven Commander (1937-1938)

Box 8, Folder 7

Change of Command Ceremony, USS Moffett - Memorandum 1938

Box 8, Folder 8

Engagement Tactics, USS Hopkins - Notes


Chief of Staff, Captain of the Yard (1939-1941)

Box 8, Folder 9

Launching ceremony, USS Grayson - Includes a speech, program and newspaper clippings 1940

General note

Photographs of the ceremony are located in the PHOTOGRAPHS series, subseries Events.
Box 8, Folder 10

Report of the President - Officer's Club 1940

Box 8, Folder 15

Security Technical Committee - Includes material related to foreign affairs and reconstruction 1942-1943


General Board (1941-1944)

Box 8, Folder 11

Education and Training of Children and Youths - Includes two memoranda entitled "Education and Training of German Children and Youths" and "Education and Training of Japanese Children and Youths," as well as a typescript entitled "Citizenry" 1942

Box 8, Folder 12

Memoranda 1940-1944

Box 8, Folder 13

Notebook - Includes the following subjects: "Colored," "Maas," "Plant Facilities," "E.D.O. Command," "Fortify Guam," and "Commodore" 1941-1942

Box 8, Folder 14

List of names of Japanese who attended the United States Naval Academy 1941


Naval Operations (1943-1944)

Box 8, Folder 16

447th Bomb Group Combat Missions - Charts 1943-1945


Civil Affairs Division of the War Department

Box 8, Folder 17

Administrative correspondence 1942-1943

Box 9, Folder 1-3

Administrative correspondence 1943-1945

Box 9, Folder 4-7

Civil Affairs Committee - Memoranda 1943-1944

Box 9, Folder 8

Establishment of the Occupied Areas Section (OP-50-E) - Report

Box 9, Folder 9-10

Field officer correspondence 1942-1944

Box 10, Folder 1-2

Field officer correspondence 1944

Box 10, Folder 3

Military Government Activities United States Navy - Report 1944

Box 10, Folder 4

Occupied Areas Section (OP-50-E) - Field report 1943-1944

Box 10, Folder 5

House Joint Resolution 55, "Providing for the Administration and Protection of Territories and Possessions of the United States by the Navy Department" 1945

Box 10, Folder 6

Interdepartmental Policy Committee and Coordinating Committee 1943

Box 10, Folder 7

Organizational charts 1944

Box 10, Folder 8

Pence, Harry. "Civil Affairs Program" - Report compiled by Pence for James B. Forrestal, Under Secretary of the Navy 1943

Box 10, Folder 9

Pence, Harry. "Memorandum Concerning History of Naval Military Government"

Box 10, Folder 10

Pence, Harry. "Supplementary Comments on Training and Other Features of Civil Affairs (Military Government)" 1946


United States Naval School of Military Government and Administration at Columbia University

Box 10, Folder 11

Commencement address

Box 11, Folder 1

Correspondence, memoranda, speeches, and several lists of instructors and speakers 1942

Box 11, Folder 2

Correspondence, memoranda, class photograph, speeches, instructional staff roster, list of curriculum, and an alphabetical list of officers 1942-1943

Box 11, Folder 3

Two published articles entitled "Military Government School: Its Alumni Face a Big Test in the Marshalls" and "The Navy Governs the Marshalls: Classroom Theories Prove Successful in Handling Natives on Pacific Atolls," and a reprint entitled "Military Government in the Navy" 1943


Joint Chiefs of Staff (1944-1945)

Box 11, Folder 4

Joint Post War Committee - Subcommittee for the Far East - Memoranda and meeting minutes 1944-1945

Box 11, Folder 5-6

Joint Post War Committee - Subcommittee for the Far East - Military Government in the Japanese Empire and Manchuria, includes Korea and Formosa 1944

Box 11, Folder 7

Memorandum Study of Naval Patrol and Air Surveillance to Enforce Armistice Terms upon Japan 1944

Box 11, Folder 8

Nature and Consequences of Unconditional Surrender under International Law - Memorandum prepared by Professor P. Jessup May-44

Box 11, Folder 9-10

Special Committee on Migration and Settlement, Documents of 1943


State-War-Navy Coordinating Committee (SWNCC)

Box 11, Folder 11

Memoranda and minutes related to the surrender of Japan - Includes a document entitled "Unconditional Surrender of Japan" 1942-1945

Box 12, Folder 1

Minutes of the first thirteen meetings of the SWNCC - Pacific Far Eastern Sub-Committee (PFESC) 1945

Box 12, Folder 2

Surrender Terms - Germany 1944



Scope and Content of Series

Series 3) RED CROSS: Correspondence, memorandums, photographs, reports, and newspaper clippings related to the year that Pence worked for the American Red Cross. He was responsible for the Relief Program for prisoners of war, especially the Far East and was a member of the general committee to amend the 1929 Geneva Convention. This series contains approximations of American POWs and civilian internees in all known Japanese prison and internee camps, an overview of the quantity and quality of food and medical supplies distributed to American POWs and civilian internees, and interviews with former American POWs from the Far East. The folders related to the 1929 Geneva Convention revisions contain numerous heavily annotated copies of the 1929 Geneva Convention Treaty, as well as correspondence and memorandums related to suggested changes.
Box 12, Folder 3

American Red Cross News Service [1945]

Box 12, Folder 4

Chronological Record of Efforts to Arrange for Shipment of Supplies to American Nationals in Far East [1945]

Box 12, Folder 5

Data on Prisoner of War, Far East - Summaries, reports, tables, press releases, and correspondence regarding American and Allied POWs and civilian internees 1945-1946

Box 12, Folder 6

Diplomatic list - Department of State, British Red Cross 1946

Box 12, Folder 7

Food relief - Correspondence, memoranda and photographs relating to the distribution, quality, quantity, and improvement of food supplies sent to American POWs in the Far East 1943-1946

Box 12, Folder 8

Japanese Internees - United States 1941-1946

Box 12, Folder 9

Japanese Prisoner of War Payment - Inscribed with "Pay of an American Pvt. POW in Jap Prison Camps for one day, Toyama POW camp, Toyama, Japan. June 1 to September 6, 1945. Col. C.A.C." 1945

Box 12, Folder 10

Medical relief - Lists, instructions, photographs, and correspondence relating to the distribution, quality, quantity, and improvements of medical supplies sent to American POWs in the Far East 1942-1945

Box 12, Folder 11

Pence, Harry. "American Prisoners in the Far East," volume 1, number 1 of Far Eastern Prisoner of War Bulletin 1945

Box 12, Folder 12

Pence, Harry. "Red Cross Relief to Prisoners of War - Far East - World War II" 1947

Box 12, Folder 13

Prisoner of War and Civilian Internees Interviews, Far East - Includes a translation of "Regulations Pertaining to Treatment of POWs in Japan," as outlined by the commanders of the Prison Escort Navy of the Great Japanese Empire; a "Summary of Steps Taken by the Department of State in Behalf of American Nationals in Japanese Custody;" a bulletin of the Liberation of Philippines Internment Camp #1; as well as several accounts of American former POW and civilian internee experiences while imprisoned by the Japanese 1943-1946

Box 12, Folder 14

Prisoner of War Release Kits - Includes a list entitled "Supplies Received by POWs," itemized shipping lists as well as numerous memoranda and correspondence 1943-1946


Prisoner of War Relief (Far East) - 1929 Geneva Convention Revisions

Box 12, Folder 15-16

Correspondence, memos, drafts, recommendations, and revisions 1941-1946

Box 13, Folder 1

Reference material - Two heavily annotated copies of the 1929 Geneva Convention Treaty 1932-1946

Box 13, Folder 2-3

Accounting - Includes correspondence and memoranda related to the disbursement of relief funds 1944-1946

Box 13, Folder 4-5

Administrative correspondence 1945-1946

Box 13, Folder 6

Report of the American Red Cross, prepared by Maurice Pate, Director, Prisoner of War Relief - Supplementary relief supplies for American Prisoners of War in Europe 1945



Scope and Content of Series

Series 4) DIARIES AND NOTEBOOKS. Arranged in two subseries: A) Naval Diaries and B) Personal Diaries.
A) Naval Diaries: Journals in which Pence recorded the activities and personal observations during assignments. Often, a cruise log is included at the front of each journal designating the ship Pence was assigned to, ports visited, distance travelled, as well as additional comments. Of particular interest is Diary - Volume 2, which includes the time Pence spent aboard the USS Kearsarge as it cruised with the Great White Fleet and Diary - Volume 4, which recounts the German High Seas Fleet surrendering to the British Grand Fleet. Arranged chronologically.
B) Personal Diaries: Although some of the Personal Diaries are dated during Pence's service in the Navy, they are distinct from the Naval Diaries in that they do not reflect information or observations regarding his military assignments. The diaries contain personal observations related to Pence's civilian daily routine, life events, as well as an occasional record of real estate transactions. Arranged chronologically.

Naval Diaries

Box 13, Folder 7-9

Volumes 1-3 1906-1918

Box 14, Folder 1

Unnumbered volume - Contains numerous recipes 1915

Box 14, Folder 2-4

Volume 4 1918

Box 14, Folder 5

Volume 5 1918-1920

Box 14, Folder 6

Volume (Black) 1922

Box 15, Folder 1

Volume (Yellow) 1922-1923

Box 15, Folder 2-6

Volumes 6-9 1923-1939

Box 15, Folder 7

Volume 10 1939-1948

General note

Entries dated from April 1, 1945 to 1948 reflect Pence's civilian life.
Box 16, Folder 1

Logs - Sea Voyages. Typescript transcription of the logs found in Pence's diaries 1906-1938


Personal Diaries

Box 16, Folder 2

Juvenile diary 1893-1895

Box 16, Folder 3

Vacation diary 1925

Box 16, Folder 4

Hawaiian vacation diary 1943

Box 16, Folder 5

Untitled diary 1948-1953

Box 16, Folder 6

Untitled diary 1953-1970

Box 16, Folder 7

Washington, D.C., New York and Chicago travel diary 1962

Box 16, Folder 8

Asia trip diary undated

Box 42, Folder 1

Luella Pence (mother) notebook and diary, "My Trip to See Harry and the East" ca. 1913

Box 42, Folder 2

Notebook and ledger entitled "Peggy's Early Years" ca. 1926-1941

Box 42, Folder 3

Pence notebook 1972

Box 42, Folder 4

Japan travel diary and related correspondence on "Cruise to the Orient" 1958



Scope and Content of Series

Series 5) PHOTOGRAPHS. Arranged in eight subseries: A) Portraits of Pence, B) Pence with Others, C) Others, D) Ships and Aircraft, E) Places, F) Events, and G) Photograph Albums.
A) Portraits of Pence
B) Pence with Others: Arranged alphabetically by name of the other person. Includes photographs of crew members who served with Pence aboard various ships.
C) Others: Arranged alphabetically by personal name. People of particular interest are President Warren Harding (inscribed to Pence), Admiral Edward Kalbfus, Admiral Niblack, and Dr. Enrique Olaya Herrera.
D) Ships and Aircraft: Arranged alphabetically by ship name. Includes photographic prints of nearly every ship Pence served aboard or commanded, as well as numerous ships of interest to Pence. Also included are photographs of aircraft (zeppelins and planes).
E) Places: Arranged alphabetically by location. The photographs reflect the foreign ports, cities, and countries Pence visited during his assignments and cruises. Of interest are the folders entitled "Balkans," "Russia - Odessa" and "Scapa Flow." The "Scapa Flow" folder contains an image of the German Fleet at the Scapa Flow. In addition to the foreign locales visited by Pence, there is a folder titled "Miscellaneous US Locales" containing photographs taken in the United States from both Pence's official assignments, as well as vacation and civilian excursions.
F) Events: Arranged alphabetically by event title. Of interest are the folders entitled "Battle of Jutland," "Surrender of the German Fleet (WWI)" and "Surrender of the German High Seas Fleet." The "Battle of Jutland" folder contains prints of a number of British vessels involved in the Jutland engagement, including the sinking of the HMS Invincible. The "Surrender of the German Fleet (WWI)" folder contains an oblique aerial image of the surrender taken from the HMS Seymore (a dirigible).
G) Photograph Albums: Albums documenting Pence's professional and personal experiences during several military assignments including documentation of the Great White Fleet tour. Albums are arranged chronologically.

Portraits of Pence

Box 17, Folder 1

Hillsboro High School, Hillsboro, Ohio 1898-1901, 1908

General note

Include cadet group portraits, tiny print of acquaintance Walter Kelley, and real photo postcard of the 1908 Hillsboro Expo "Pumpkin Palace."
Box 17, Folder 2

Cavite, Philippines 1908

Box 17, Folder 3

Ensign 1908

Box 17, Folder 4

Shanghai 1908

Box 17, Folder 5

Lieutenant 1911-1918

General note

Includes snapshots of Pence in a kite balloon.
Box 17, Folder 6

Commander 1918-1931

Box 17, Folder 7

Berlin, Germany 1920

Box 17, Folder 8

London, England 1920-1921

Box 17, Folder 9

Constantinople, Turkey 1921-1923

Box 17, Folder 10

Full dress 1927

Box 17, Folder 11

Captain 1931-1945

Oversize FB-323, Folder 3

Captain - Oversize 1931-1945

Box 17, Folder 12

Honolulu, Hawaii 1943

Box 17, Folder 13

Civilian undated


Pence with Others

Box 17, Folder 14

Austins - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Box 17, Folder 15

Buchner-Schneidel, Nora 1956

Box 17, Folder 16

Elliott, Captain

Box 17, Folder 17

Elnis, Mr. and Mrs. and Ruth Pence - Nantucket, Massachusetts

Box 17, Folder 18

Hoyts - Hillsboro, Ohio

Box 17, Folder 19

Mannix, Captain [Daniel Pratt] - Constantinople, Turkey

Oversize FB-323, Folder 1

Nicholson, E.H.M., O.S.E., R.N.; Parker, O.B.E.; Zeitler, W., U.S. Navy; and Clerke, C.B.E., Late R.N - At the Hatfield Armour Piercing Projectile Factory, Sheffield, England

Oversize FB-323, Folder 1

Official Lunch for President-Elect of Columbia, Dr. Enrique Olaya Herrera

Oversize FB-323, Folder 1

Planning and Estimators Association Annual get-together, Washington, D.C. 1920

Box 17, Folder 20

Publicity photographs related to a movie filmed aboard the USS Tennessee

Box 17, Folder 21

Rizzo, Commander

Box 17, Folder 22

Seymour - New Orleans 1940

Oversize FB-323, Folder 1

United States Embassy - London, England 1921

Box 17, Folder 23

United States Naval Academy

Oversize FB-322, Folder 2

United States Naval Academy - Class portraits 1906

Oversize FB-318, Folder 12

United States Naval War College - Class photographs 1925-1937

Oversize FB-323, Folder 1

USS Hopkins - Crew

Box 17, Folder 24

USS Maryland - Officers and Crew

General note

Includes reunion portrait, 1938.
Oversize FB-322, Folder 1

USS Maryland - Officers and Crew

Box 17, Folder 25

USS McFarland - Officers

Oversize MC-141-07

USS McFarland - Crew

Oversize FB-323, Folder 1

USS McFarland - Crew

Box 17, Folder 26

USS Memphis - Crew undated

Oversize MC-999-76

USS Memphis - Crew in Balboa Harbor, Panama Canal Zone 1933

Oversize FB-323, Folder 7

USS Moffett - Crew 1938

Oversize MC-141-07

USS Rhode Island - Crew 1915

Box 17, Folder 27

USS Tennessee - Crew

Oversize FB-323, Folder 7

USS Tennessee - Crew

Box 17, Folder 28

Wisecup, Gerald, Leone Pence and Peg Allen

Box 17, Folder 29

Unidentified and family

Oversize FB-323, Folder 1




Oversize FB-323, Folder 2

Barclay, McClelland 1942

Box 17, Folder 30

Barracco, Stanislao Luigi Maria Alfonsa

General note

Baron Barracco as an infant.
Box 17, Folder 31

Black, Franklin (as infant)

Box 17, Folder 32

Buckleys 1922

Box 17, Folder 33

Burroughs, Harold 1945

Box 17, Folder 34

Carpenter, Alfred 1922

Box 17, Folder 35

Crosby, Commander Paul, Captain Wallace and Margaret Austin

Box 17, Folder 36

Crosse 1907

Box 17, Folder 37

de Rochemont, Louis (as infant) 1930

Box 17, Folder 38

Doherty, Stephen. [Doherty was Pence's roommate at USNA] 1959

Box 17, Folder 39

Eaton, William Edward

Box 17, Folder 40

Fraser-Tytler, William Kerr 1944

Box 17, Folder 41

Fulton, W. M

Box 17, Folder 42

Grafe, Helen and Jack Holderness

Box 17, Folder 43

Hadfield, Robert 1922

Oversize FB-318, Folder 11

Harding, Warren - [Inscribed and signed by Harding]

Oversize FB-318, Folder 11

Harvey 1921

Box 17, Folder 44

Hemphill, Admiral 1908

Box 17, Folder 45

Henderson, Robert 1944

Box 17, Folder 46

Hetfield, Steeles and Coebran - "Cuyama Days"

Box 17, Folder 47

Hoeta, Major Vincenzo - Royal Italian Navy 1922

Box 17, Folder 48

Hoffman, Nancy Anderson

Box 17, Folder 49

Hoyt, Setta

Box 17, Folder 50

Hoyt, W. - Hillsboro, Ohio 1912

Box 17, Folder 51

Hunter, Dolly - Newport, Rhode Island

Oversize FB-323, Folder 2

Kalbfuss, Edward Clifford

Box 17, Folder 52

Lin, S. K. (Chinese Navy) 1945

Box 18, Folder 1

Mannix, Captain [Daniel Pratt] - Photographs of Captain Mannix, his wife and others on the French Riviera (Monte Carlo) and other European locales 1937

Box 18, Folder 2

Mills - Associated Press reporter

Box 18, Folder 3

Moore, Sam and his Commanding Officers 1939

Box 18, Folder 4

Niblack, Albert P. and Mary 1921

Oversize FB-318, Folder 11

Olaya Herrera, Dr. Enrique 1931

Oversize FB-323, Folder 2

Old Navy - Photograph of four crew members of the USS Mohican, including a brief biography of each crew member 1888

Oversize FB-323, Folder 2

Old Salts - Photograph of crew members of the USS Hartford, including a brief biography of each crew member 1876-1877

Box 18, Folder 5

Pettuegill, George

Box 18, Folder 6

Phillips, Richard

Box 18, Folder 7

Roosevelt, Franklin D. and Gen. and Mrs. Chiang Kai-shek 1943

Box 18, Folder 8

Rustin, James Moore 1919

Box 18, Folder 9

Smith, Admiral and Mr. Wright - Fishing off Balboa, Panama

Oversize FB-323, Folder 2

Soroia, Emanuele Filiberto oli - Duke d'Aosta 1919

Box 18, Folder 10

Stillwell, Joe and Hap Arnold

Box 18, Folder 11

Stone, Fred 1917-1919

Box 18, Folder 12

Tirelind, D. 1921

Box 18, Folder 13

Turner, Mrs. and daughters

Oversize FB-318, Folder 13

United States Naval War College - Class of 1936-1937

Box 18, Folder 14

Van Anken, William R. 1927

Box 18, Folder 15

Warner, Oliver 1918

Box 18, Folder 16

Wilson, Mary 1908

Box 18, Folder 17

Yallashu, S. M. 1943

Box 18, Folder 18

Unidentified people


Ships and Aircraft

Box 18, Folder 19

USS Cuyama

Oversize FB-323, Folder 4

USS Chesapeake

Box 18, Folder 20

USS Heekon 1939

Box 18, Folder 21

USS Hopkins 1938

Box 18, Folder 22-27

Ship photos - USS Illinois, Kearsarge, Los Angeles (zeppelin), Maryland, McFarland, and Memphis

Oversize FB-323, Folder 4

Oversize ship photos - USS Illinois, Kearsarge, Los Angeles (zeppelin), Maryland, McFarland, Memphis, Rhode Island and Tennessee

Box 18, Folder 28

USS Moffett

Box 18, Folder 29

USS Rainbow

Box 18, Folder 30

USS Tennessee 1927-1929

Box 18, Folder 31

USS Texas 1918

Oversize FB-318, Folder 15

USS Texas - Includes Scapa Flow 1918

Box 18, Folder 32

US ships - Miscellaneous A-C

Box 18, Folder 33

US ships - Miscellaneous D-L

Box 18, Folder 34

US ships - Miscellaneous M-R

Box 18, Folder 35

US ships - Miscellaneous S-W

Oversize FB-323, Folder 7

US ships (oversize) - Miscellaneous

Oversize FB-323, Folder 4

US ships (oversize) - Miscellaneous

Box 19, Folder 1

US ships and submarines - Unidentified

Oversize FB-318, Folder 14

US ships and submarines (oversize) - Unidentified

Box 19, Folder 2

British ships

Oversize FB-323, Folder 4

British ships (oversize)

Box 19, Folder 3

German vessels



Box 30, Folder 1

Abbazia-Istria 1919

General note

Modern-day Croatia. Single print of women in bathing costume by a river, inscribed, "Baroness Albori."
Box 19, Folder 4

Albania, Durazzo Harbor and Scutari

Box 19, Folder 5

Amasia [Armenia]

Box 19, Folder 6

Austria, Reigersberg 1936

Box 19, Folder 7

Balkans - Photographs of unidentified people being executed by hanging 1915-1918

Box 19, Folder 8

Belgium, Antwerp 1913

Box 19, Folder 9

British West Indies 1924

Box 19, Folder 10

China 1908

Box 19, Folder 11

Danube River

Box 19, Folder 12


Box 19, Folder 13

England, Huntington 1928

Box 19, Folder 14

England, London - Taken during Pence's assignment as US Naval Attaché, and include photographs of Pence with others 1920-1921

Box 19, Folder 15-16


General note

Also includes Jordan, Luxor, the Nile region, North Africa, and Tunisia.
Box 19, Folder 17

France, Verdun (World War I)

Box 19, Folder 18

Germany 1920

Box 19, Folder 19


Oversize FB-323, Folder 5

Gibraltar (oversize)

Box 20, Folder 1-2

Greece, Athens

General note

Snapshots and prints mounted on board of temples, the Acropolis, the Parthenon, and other tourist sites.
Box 20, Folder 3

Haidar Pacha

Box 20, Folder 4


Box 20, Folder 5


Box 20, Folder 6


Box 20, Folder 7

Istria, Pola

Box 20, Folder 8

Italy - Florence, Pisa, Rome and Venice

Box 20, Folder 9

Italy - Miramare, Fiume and Trieste

Box 30, Folder 2

Italy, Trieste 1919

General note

Page from a photograph album; includes prints of the port, Pence's office, and the main piazza.
Oversize FB-318, Folder 1

Italy - Prints of buildings in Pisa

Box 20, Folder 10

Japan 1908

Box 20, Folder 11


Box 20, Folder 12

Near East

Box 20, Folder 13

Nicaragua - Aerial photographs of the evacuation of US Marines from Nicaragua after the Nicaraguan elections 1933

Box 20, Folder 14-15

North Africa

Box 20, Folder 16-17

Panama - Some appear to have been taken in the Canal Zone during the 1930s

Box 20, Folder 18

Philippines 1908

Box 20, Folder 19

Prinkipo, Sea of Marimora

Box 20, Folder 20

Russia, Odessa - Includes photographs of the harbor as well as typhus and starvation victims 1922

Box 20, Folder 21

Samoa and the South Pacific

Oversize FB-323, Folder 5

Scapa Flow - German Fleet

Box 21, Folder 1

Seraglio Point, Constantinople (negative)

Oversize FB-323, Folder 5

South Carolina, Charleston - Aerial photograph of the navy yard 1941

Box 21, Folder 2

Spain, Grenada

Box 21, Folder 3

Switzerland, Zurich

Box 21, Folder 4

Syria, Baalbek

Oversize FB-322, Folder 3

Tunisia ca. 1906

General note

Commercial reproduction prints for the tourist trade.
Box 21, Folder 5


Box 21, Folder 6

United States - Miscellaneous

General note

Includes snapshots of Hawaii, Rainier and Yellowstone national parks, and more.
Oversize FB-323, Folder 5

United States - Miscellaneous (oversize)

Box 21, Folder 7

United States War College, Newport, Rhode Island

Box 21, Folder 8

Washington, D.C. Navy Yard

Box 21, Folder 9

Yugoslavia, Cattaro

Box 21, Folder 10-11

Unidentified places

Oversize FB-323, Folder 5

Unidentified places



Oversize FB-323, Folder 6

Annexation Demonstration - Fiume 1917

Box 21, Folder 12

Army-Navy "E" Awards - Burke Electric

Oversize FB-323, Folder 6

Battle of Jutland - Includes duplicate images of the HMS Birmingham, the sinking of the HMS Invincible, HMS Indefatigable, HMS Warrior, and HMS Achilles 1916

Box 21, Folder 13

Crossing the Line - USS Maryland 1912

Box 21, Folder 14

Crossing the Line - USS Memphis 1933

Box 21, Folder 15

Inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt at Annapolis, Pence marching 1905

Box 21, Folder 16

Inspecting the Model Basin - Washington, D.C. Navy Yard. Admiral of the Fleet, Viscount Jellicoe 1920

Box 22, Folder 1

Keel layings and ship launchings - Charleston, South Carolina Navy Yard 1939-1940

Box 22, Folder 2

Launching ceremony - HH Oriental 1945

Box 22, Folder 3

Launching ceremony - USS Grayson 1941

Box 22, Folder 4

Mess Cook Parade - USS Arkansas

Box 22, Folder 5

Olaya Herrera visit to New York - Includes photographs of Herrera, his family, Pence, Admiral de Steiguer, Jefferson Caffery, and West Point 1930

Box 22, Folder 6

Passing through the Corinth Canal, Greece

Box 22, Folder 7

Solar Eclipse - Newport, Rhode Island 1925

Oversize FB-323, Folder 6

Surrender of the German High Seas Fleet (WWI) - Oblique aerial photograph 1918 November

General note

Described by Pence - "'Der Tag' - The surrender of the German High Seas Fleet to the British Grand Fleet, HMS Cruiser Cardiff flying the flag of Admiral Alexander-Sinclair, R.N. leading the German Fleet into the Harbor. Balloon overhead. Autographed by Admiral Alexander-Sinclair. A personal friend."
Box 22, Folder 8

Trans-American Trip - The Pences, Sammy Moore and Baker. States represented in the photographs include Hawaii, California, Oregon, Arizona, Mississippi, Kansas, as well as postcards of Victoria, British Columbia 1937-1938

Box 22, Folder 9

Unidentified events

Oversize FB-323, Folder 6

Unidentified events (oversize)


Photograph Albums

Oversize FB-319, Folder 2

United States Naval Academy - Contains photographs and memorabilia 1902-1921

Oversize FB-321, Folder 3

Atlantic Fleet 1906-1918

Oversize FB-321, Folder 4

White Fleet 1906-1908

Box 26, Folder 2

Vladivostok 1906

Oversize FB-320, Folder 2

Naval Attaché - London 1920-1921

Box 22, Folder 10

One album page created while Pence served on the USS McFarland, and loose prints ca. 1922

General note

Album page includes snapshots of Ruth, acquaintances in Constantinople, and friend Van Anken; one sleeve of snapshots of Crimea and Yalta.
Oversize FB-320, Folder 3

Army-Navy "E" Awards - Hammond Brass Works 1943

General note

See also BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS Series, subseries Awards and Certificates, box 4, folder, 18.


Scope and Content of Series

Series 6) MAPS: Annotated maps documenting some of the areas of the world in which Pence cruised or visited.
Oversize MC-141-05

Bucurestii - 44 degrees by 44 degrees. "Danube at crossing Rumania and Bulgaria" 1916

Oversize MC-141-05

Europa - Sud-Oriental - Carta Political - With annotations

Oversize MC-141-05

European map showing food mission route from Bavaria to Geneva 1919

Oversize MC-141-05

Pacific Ocean and the Bay of Bengal - With annotations 1939

Oversize MC-141-05

Turquie D'Asie - With annotations

Oversize MC-141-05

Pictorial map of Japan ca. 1958

Oversize AB-999-00

Strategic Map of the World 1942 June

Oversize TS-88

World map marked to show cruises and travels of Captain Pence



Scope and Content of Series

Series 7) SCRAPBOOKS AND POSTCARDS: The scrapbooks primarily contain newspaper clippings of interest to and about Pence; memorabilia such as invitations, calling cards, menus, and programs; and ephemera. Of particular interest is the 1918 "Telegram scrapbook" which recounts the final two weeks of World War I as revealed by the telegram and radiogram communications between the Commander-in-Chief of the British Grand Fleet and the Commander-in-Chief of the German High Seas Fleet. Postcards in this series are blank souvenir postcards, including real photo cards, from Pence's travels, including an entire scrapbook of blank postcards from Japan, circa 1919. The cards are arranged by country of origin. There is a small subset of cards with messages from Pence to his family.
Box 22, Folder 11

Pence Family guestbook 1921-1974

Box 23, Folder 1

United States Naval Academy 1902-1908

Box 24, Folder 1

Memorabilia - Contains photographs, newspaper clippings, invitations, menus, telegrams, ticket stubs, calling cards, etc. 1905-1915

Box 24, Folder 2

Loose ephemera undated

Box 25, Folder 1

Telegram scrapbook 1918

General note

Contains duplicate telegrams and radiograms between the Commander-in-Chief of the British Grand Fleet and the Commander-in-Chief of the German High Seas Fleet, as well as "telegrams sent and received at Pola about the time of the Austrian Armistice."
Oversize FB-320, Folder 1

World War I - US Fleet - Contains photographs of the German High Seas Fleet surrendering 1918 November 21

Box 30, Folder 5

Japanese postcard souvenir album cover, with inscription 1919

Box 31

Japanese postcards from souvenir album

General note

For preservation, postcards were removed from the original album in the order in which they were mounted, with a unique number and all inscriptions transcribed in pencil on the verso.
Box 25, Folder 2

Naval Attaché - London 1919-1921

Box 26, Folder 1

London and Constantinople 1921-1926

Oversize FB-319, Folder 1

USS Memphis 1932 August 30-1934 May 31

Oversize FB-321, Folder 2

Naval Operations 1943 December 21-1945 September 2

Oversize FB-321, Folder 1

Red Cross 1943 June-1946 March

Box 32

Travel souvenir postcards ca. 1907-1924

General note

Blank. Arranged by country, and includes: Algeria (Algiers and misc.); Belgium (Antwerp, Bruges, Brussels, Ostend, Waterloo); Bermuda; Borneo; Canada (Halifax, N.S., Victoria, B.C.); China (Chefoo, Hankow, Hong Kong, Peking/Beijing, Port Arthur/Lu Shun Kou, Shanghai, Tientsin/Tianjin and misc.); Croatia (Dubrovnik, Pola, Zagreb); Cuba (Camaguey, Guantanamo Bay, Havana, Manzanillo); Czech Republic (Prague); Ecuador; Egypt (Cairo, Port Said); El Salvador (San Salvador and misc.); England (Chester, Devon, Combe Court, London, Oxford, Salisbury, Warwickshire); Fiume; France (Monte Carlo, Paris, Versailles and misc.); Germany; Greece (Athens); Guatemala; Honduras (Amapala); India (Bombay/Mumbai); Israel (Jerusalem); Italy (Capri, Gorizia, Napoli, Palermo, Pompeii, Trieste, Venice and misc.).
Box 33

Travel souvenir postcards ca. 1907-1924

General note

Blank. Arranged by country, and includes: Japan (Aki/Hiroshima, Kobe, Nagasaki, Nikko & Kamakura, Tokyo, Yokohama and misc.); Malaysia (Padas River); Malta; Mexico (Tampico, Veracruz); Montenegro; Netherlands (Amsterdam); Nicaragua (Managua, Tisma, Tipitapa); Northern Ireland (Giant's Causeway); Palestine (Bethlehem); Panama (Panama Canal); Philippines (Calbayog, Cebu, Manila); Portugal (Madeira); Romania (Bucharest); Russia (Vladivostok); Scotland (Burntisland, Cullen, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Loch Lomond, Melrose and misc.); Serbia (Belgrade); Singapore; Slovakia; Spain (Cadiz, Madrid, Seville, Toledo, Vigo and misc.); Sri Lanka (Ceylon); Switzerland (Basel, Lago di Como, Lugano, Murren and misc.); Tunisia; United States (Atlantic City, Hawaii, Mt. Wilson, Panama City, Virginia, Washington D.C.); Unidentified.
Box 33

Travel souvenir postcards - Addressed from H. Pence to his family ca. 1907-1924



Scope and Content of Series

Series 8) CORRESPONDENCE. Arranged in two subseries: A) Letters Processed in 2002, and B) Letters Processed in 2017.
A) Letters Processed in 2002: This subseries, arranged alphabetically, contains correspondence with military personnel, corporations, political figures, a few family and friends, and telegrams. Notable correspondents includes Fleet Admiral William Leahy; Admiral Albert Niblack; Admiral Roger Keyes, R.N.; Admiral Edward Alexander-Sinclair, R.N.; Richard M. Nixon (as a congressman and vice president); a manuscript copy of a letter sent to Senator Lyndon B. Johnson; and a mass mailing note from Dwight Eisenhower (prior to his presidency).
B) Letters Processed in 2017: Correspondence added to the collection in a later accession, consisting primarily of voluminous family correspondence (from Pence to his parents, and later, to his wife Ruth). The letters are arranged in approximate chronological order, but also by the main correspondent.

Letters Processed in 2002

Box 27, Folder 1

Alexander-Sinclair, Edward 1921

Box 27, Folder 2

American Broadcasting Company, et al. - Regarding Alger Hiss appearance on the Howard Smith program 1962

Box 27, Folder 3

American Express Company 1944-1945

Box 27, Folder 4

American Red Cross 1946

Box 27, Folder 5

Arlenes-Alboni, Nora and Alboni, Ida 1936-1962

Box 27, Folder 6

A - Miscellaneous

Box 27, Folder 7

The Brookings Institution (Joseph W. Balantine) 1951

Box 27, Folder 8

Buckley, Jr., William F. 1963

Box 27, Folder 9

B - Miscellaneous

Box 27, Folder 10

Cronkite, Walter 1960

General note

Letters defending impartiality of his program by Walter Cronkite.
Box 27, Folder 11

C - Miscellaneous

Box 27, Folder 12

Dirksen, Everett McKinley 1961-1965

Box 27, Folder 13

D - Miscellaneous

Box 27, Folder 14

Eisenhower, Dwight D. 1952

General note

Letter of gratitude by Dwight Eisenhower concerning presidential candidacy support and defense of Richard Nixon as Vice President.
Box 27, Folder 15

Eller, E. M. 1965-1969

Box 27, Folder 16

Engle, Clair 1959-1962

Box 27, Folder 17

Ervin, Sam 1973

General note

Letter by H. Pence concerning senatorial conduct during the recent Watergate investigation.
Box 27, Folder 18

Fletcher, Charles K. 1946-1947

Box 27, Folder 19

Miscellaneous F

Box 27, Folder 20

Gorham, W.M. 1928

Box 27, Folder 21

G - Miscellaneous

Box 27, Folder 22

H - Miscellaneous

Box 27, Folder 23

Johnson, Lyndon B. 1960

General note

Letter by H. Pence addressing Johnson after winning vice presidency.
Box 27, Folder 24

Keyes, Roger 1921

Box 27, Folder 25

Knowland, William F. 1947-1958

Box 27, Folder 26

Kuchel, Thomas H. 1954-1961

Box 27, Folder 27

K - Miscellaneous

Box 27, Folder 28

Leahy, William 1955

Box 27, Folder 29

L - Miscellaneous

Box 27, Folder 30

Morley, Felix 1957-1964

Box 27, Folder 31

M - Miscellaneous

Box 27, Folder 32

Niblack, Albert P. 1920-1926

Box 27, Folder 33

Nixon, Richard 1949-1958

Box 27, Folder 34

O - Miscellaneous

Box 27, Folder 35

P - Miscellaneous

Box 27, Folder 36

Rockefeller (III), John D. 1969

General note

Letter concerning broadcast of opening of Juilliard School by J.D. Rockefeller (III).
Box 27, Folder 37

R - Miscellaneous

Box 27, Folder 38

Schley, Julian 1957-1963

Box 27, Folder 39

Southwick, E.P. 1943

Box 27, Folder 40

Stark, Admiral Harold R. and Betty 1941-1944

Box 27, Folder 41

S - Miscellaneous

Box 27, Folder 42

Taylor, Brown 1962

Box 27, Folder 43

Truman, Harry S. between 1949 and 1953

General note

Two copies of a letter on political topics by H. Pence.
Box 27, Folder 44

T -Miscellaneous

Box 27, Folder 45

U - Miscellaneous

Box 27, Folder 46

Voigt, Melvin J. 1971

General note

Letter expressing gratitude over Pence involvement In opening of Central University Library (now Geisel) by M. Voigt.
Box 27, Folder 47

Warner, Oliver 1918 and undated

Box 27, Folder 48

Warren, Earl 1947

General note

Letter to Charles K. Fletcher concerning Harry Pence's appointment by California Governor Earl Warren.
Box 27, Folder 49

Wilson, Bob 1957-1962

Box 27, Folder 50

W -Miscellaneous

Box 27, Folder 51

Y - Miscellaneous

Box 27, Folder 52



Letters Processed in 2017

Box 34, Folder 1-20

Correspondence between Harry Pence and Mrs. Ellis Pence 1902-1905

Box 35, Folder 1-25

Correspondence between Harry Pence and Mrs. Ellis Pence 1906-1911

Box 36, Folder 1-14

Correspondence between Harry Pence and Mrs. Ellis Pence 1912-1914

Box 37, Folder 1-9

Correspondence between Harry Pence and Mrs. Ellis Pence 1915-1916


Miscellaneous family correspondence

Box 37, Folder 10

Early letters to/from the Pence family 1895-1900, 1914-1916

Box 37, Folder 11

Letters to H. Pence 1901-1906, 1913

Box 37, Folder 12

Dr. Hoyt to H. Pence, regarding his mother's health 1916 November

Box 37, Folder 13

William R. Van Anken to H. Pence 1921-1922

Box 38, Folder 1

Telegrams from Harry Pence to Ruth Pence (née Montgomery) ca. 1921-1924

Box 38, Folder 2-9

Harry Pence to Ruth Pence (née Montgomery) undated, and ca. 1921-1922 September

Box 39, Folder 1-8

Harry Pence to Ruth Pence (née Montgomery) 1922 October-1923 December

Box 40, Folder 1-12

Harry Pence to Ruth Pence 1924 January-May

Box 41, Folder 1-11

Harry Pence to Ruth Pence 1927-1929

Box 41, Folder 12-13

Ruth Pence to Harry Pence undated

Box 41, Folder 14

Ruth Pence to Harry Pence 1937

General note

Letters describe travel in Europe, including Germany.
Box 41, Folder 15

Ruth and Peg Pence to Harry Pence 1937, 1945

General note

Includes European postcards.
Box 41, Folder 16

Pence family correspondence 1938-1943



Scope and Content of Series

Series 9) MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS: An assortment of papers and documents created by Pence and others that do not directly relate to his military career, art works, and clippings and ephemera of interest to Pence. Of interest in this series is Fleet Admiral Ernest King's "Youngster Exams" notebook. Predominantly arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Box 28, Folder 1-2

Automobile accidents 1920-1921 and 1945

Oversize AB-021-E

Bull Dog Type Destroyer [gouache art work]

Box 28, Folder 3

Colloquy between Brigadier Bruxner Randall and Lieutenant Commander Musmanno 1944

General note

Includes small photograph of Musmanno.

Constantinople watercolors

Oversize AB-021-E

Eight men running 1922

Oversize AB-021-E

Sailor riding a horse 1922

Oversize AB-021-E

Three men playing instruments 1922

Box 28, Folder 4

Dates of certain wars, campaigns, expeditions, events, etc.

General note

Typescript copy of a chronological list of significant military events involving the United States.
Box 28, Folder 5

Don't Weaken - Typescript mimeograph of a sailor poem

Box 28, Folder 6

Sir Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon - Autograph

Box 28, Folder 7

King, Ernest - Youngster exams notebook 1898-1899

Box 28, Folder 8

Kittredge, Ben - "Thought of the Day"

Oversize AB-021-E

Lieutenant Commander Pence, US Navy - Ink on paper caricature

Box 28, Folder 9

Magnetic Exploder "Visual Description" - Includes blueprint

Box 28, Folder 10

Memorandum concerning the loss of two first-class railroad tickets 1945

Box 28, Folder 11

Moore, Sammy - Memorial service remarks by Pence 1943

Box 46

Nazi flag


Restrictions Apply
Box 28, Folder 12

Newspaper clippings of interest to Pence

Box 28, Folder 13

World War II notes 1942

Box 28, Folder 14

Pay Per Month - Includes a list of performers on a Savage Club card

Box 28, Folder 15

Proposed itinerary of the Pence family 1925

Box 28, Folder 16

Quotations related to war, strategy, politics, education, etc.

Oversize FB-323, Folder 8

Recreation League yearbook 1920

Oversize FB-323, Folder 7

Silhouetten Franzosischer Kriegsschiffe - Ink silhouette

Box 28, Folder 17

Song of Life - Mimeographed typescript of a poem

Box 28, Folder 18

Travel data - Civilian travel 1940

Oversize FB-318, Folder 10

Blueprint charts related to characteristics of American and Japanese vessels 1934

Oversize AB-021-E

USS Kearsarge - Watercolor painting, Return of Atlantic Fleet from trip around the world - 'Great White Fleet' 1909

Box 28, Folder 19

USS Moffett - Facsimile of a painting by Isaac Lloyd

Oversize AB-021-E

USS Pittsburgh - Watercolor painting 1920

Box 28, Folder 20

Roster of young men with naval interests



Scope and Content of Series

Series 10) WRITINGS: A small selection of writings by Pence, the majority of which are grade school or college-level essays, though some more mature writings are included.
Box 42, Folder 5-24

Grade school essays undated, and 1896-1901

General note

Manuscript essays on a variety of topics, probably completed for school assignments.
Box 42, Folder 25-28

Collegiate writings ca. 1901-1906

General note

Manuscript essays on a variety of topics, probably completed at OSU and the US Naval Academy.
Box 43, Folder 1-4

Collegiate writings ca. 1901-1906

General note

Manuscript essays on a variety of topics, probably completed at OSU and the US Naval Academy.
Box 43, Folder 5

Fragments undated

Box 43, Folder 6

Sea Power: A Peace Time Asset - An address to the Excelsior Masonic Lodge 1927 October 26

Box 43, Folder 7

Soliloquy on time 1946

Box 43, Folder 8

Pro-America statement of policy undated

Box 43, Folder 9-10

Essays on Robert Louis Stevenson and Citizenry undated



Scope and Content of Series

Series 11) RUTH PENCE: Letters, photographs, and ephemera from Ruth Pence (née Montgomery), including the period of her life before she met Harry Pence. Ruth was engaged to a man named Ellsworth Strong, who died in France in 1919; there are several folders of photographs, letters, and papers relating to her relationship to Strong and her visit to Europe after his death. Letters exchanged between Ruth and Harry Pence are in the CORRESPONDENCE series, subseries 8B) Letters Processed in 2017.
Box 43, Folder 11-18

Letters from Ellsworth Strong to Ruth Montgomery 1917-1919

Box 44, Folder 1

Letters from "mother" to Ruth (possibly Mrs. Strong or her own mother) 1919, 1946

Box 44, Folder 2

Photographs, letters and ephemera re: Ellsworth Strong 1918

Box 44, Folder 3

Letters and map re: Villesavoye, France and E. Strong's gravesite ca. 1921

Box 44, Folder 4

European travel notebooks 1921-1922

Box 44, Folder 5

Letters regarding Ruth Montgomery's travels to Europe 1921-1922

Box 44, Folder 6

Travel ephemera from Europe and England 1921-1922

Box 44, Folder 7

Negatives and photographic prints ca. 1918-1922

General note

Primarily travel snapshots; some family portraits.
Box 44, Folder 8

Miscellaneous portraits of friends, family and acquaintances undated

Box 46

Portrait of two boys - Daguerreotype approximately 1850-1860


Restrictions Apply
Box 44, Folder 9

Personal letters primarily to Ruth Pence 1933-1937

Box 45, Folder 1-3

Pence travel itinerary to Europe and related letters, ephemera and documents 1937

Box 30, Folder 3

Montgomery family album of Asbury Park, New Jersey ca. 1912