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Finding Aid for the Pacifism Collection, ca. 1935-1951
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Collection Details
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  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Scope and Content
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Pacifism Collection,
    Date (inclusive): ca. 1935-1951
    Collection number: 340
    Creator: Civilian Public Service.
    Extent: 8 boxes (4 linear ft.)
    Repository: University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.
    Los Angeles, California 90095-1575
    Physical location: Stored off-site at SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections Reference Desk for paging information.
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information

    Restrictions on Use and Reproduction

    Property rights to the physical object belong to the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections. Literary rights, including copyright, are retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.

    Restrictions on Access

    PARTIALLY PROCESSED COLLECTION UNAVAILABLE FOR USE: Inquiries regarding these materials should be directed, in writing, to the Manuscripts Librarian, UCLA Department of Special Collections.
    COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF: Advance notice required for access.

    Additional Physical Form Available

    A copy of the original version of this online finding aid is available at the UCLA Department of Special Collections for in-house consultation and may be obtained for a fee. Please contact:
    • Public Services Division
    • UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections
    • Room A1713, Charles E. Young Research Library
    • Box 951575
    • Los Angeles, CA 90095-1575
    • Telephone: 310/825-4988 (10:00 a.m. - 4:45 p.m., Pacific Time)
    • Email: spec-coll@library.ucla.edu

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Pacifism Collection (Collection 340). Department of Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles.

    UCLA Catalog Record ID

    UCLA Catalog Record ID: 4233535 

    Scope and Content

    Collection consists of mimeographed and printed newsletters, journal issues, brochures, programs, announcements, correspondence, meeting minutes, and ephemera.

    Expanded Scope and Content

    The Archive of the Church of the Brethren comes under the larger heading of the Pacifism Collection; the approximately 3 linear feet contained in the eight boxes of the archive deal less with the work of the Church of the Brethren specifically than with that of the pacifist and conscientious objectors' movement in general during World War II and the years immediately following. The Brethren Service Committee was formed to act in conjunction with other pacifist religious groups and the U.S. government in setting up Civilian Public Service Camps. A total of 11,996 people took part in CPS work during the years 1941-47, 1353 of them Brethren. There were over 100 CPS camps in the U.S., including 10 in California (These and other statistics can be found in the Director of Civilian Public Service Camps, in Box 2 of the collection). CPS camp projects consisted mainly of conservation and forestry, agricultural experimentation, and hospital and public health work. Projects existed outside the U.S. as well, on a smaller scale, in the short post-war period covered in the collection, the Brethren Service Committee, in particular sponsored projects abroad, with emphasis on public health, relief projects, and social work.
    The major part of this collection (scattered throughout the eight boxes) consists of mimeographed newsletters from various CPS Camps throughout the country. These provide insight into the long-term goals of the pacifist movement as well as its involvement in the temporary CPS projects; and also gives information on the practical aspects of camp life. Besides these CPS newsletters the archive contains many of similar nature put out by the Brethren Service Committee (such as the BSC Personnel Bulletin, the BSC Pews, the BSC Committee Memos, etc.).
    Pamphlets written on specific vocations used in CPS projects, such as mental-hospital work, can be found mainly in Box 6. This box also contains printed matter on pacifism put out for the general public by the Brethren Service Committee. Box 7 contains more such material, including a book by Rufus D. Bowman, Ph.D., president of the Bethany Biblical Seminary, entitled, The Church of the Brethren and War 1708-1941.
    Boxes 2 and 7 contain correspondence of Robert Vosper, then head of the department of acquisitions at UCLA, and various persons, with regard to the Pacifist Collection. Ephemera on conscientious objectors will be found in Box 8.
    Some issues of the Tide, a general CPS newsletter, are to be found in Box 2. In the same box are some samples of printed pamphlets from the Untide Press, including poetry by Jacob Sloan, William Everson, and Glen Coffield, pacifist poets. Supposedly a reaction against the prosaism of Tide, the Untide Press is a product of the CPS camp at Waldport, Oregon, a unique camp dedicated to pacifist expression in the arts.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Civilian Public Service.
    Pacifism--United States--Archival resources.
    World War, 1939-1945--Conscientious objectors.