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Zhongguo guo min dang [Kuomintang] records
2006C29  
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Records of the National Defense Supreme Commission

Historical Note

In 1938, after the war with Japan began, a National Supreme Defense Commission was founded with KMT director general Chiang Kai-shek as its head. All Central Executive Committee departments, the entire national government, and all military affairs fell under the jurisdiction of this new unit.
reels 001 1-33

National Defense Supreme Commission Archive (001) 1939-1947

reels 002 1-8

National Defense Supreme Commission Archive (002) 1939-1947

reels 003 1-156, 156A, 157-325

National Defense Supreme Commission Archive (003) 1939-1947

reels 004 1-9

National Defense Supreme Commission Archive (004) 1939-1947

reels 005 1-4

National Defense Supreme Commission Archive (005) 1939-1947

reels 009 1-2

National Defense Supreme Commission Archive (009) 1939-1947

reels 5.1 1-18

Records of the Fifth National Party Congress (5.1) 1935

Historical Note

Held November 12-23, 1935, in Nanjing, the Fifth National Congress adopted such resolutions as "Enforcement of Local Self-government to Complete the Political Tutelage" and "Consolidation of the National Defense during the National Emergency." It issued a manifesto dealing with psychological, social and political aspects of national reconstruction.
reels 5.2 1-73

Records of the Fifth Central Executive Committee (5.2) 1935-1944

Historical Note

Three plenary sessions of the Fifth Central Executive Committee were held in Nanjing, on 2 December 1935, 10 July 1936, and 14 May 14 1937. The committee was officially terminated in May 1945.
reels 5.3 1-12

Records of the Fifth Central Standing Committee (5.3) 1935-1945

Historical Note

The committee began functioning in December 1935 and was officially terminated in May 1945.
reels 5.4 1-5

Records of the Fifth Central Affairs Working Committee (5.4) 1938-1940

reels 6.1 1-17

Records of the Sixth National Party Congress (6.1) 1945

Historical Note

Held May 5-21, 1945, in Chongqing, the Sixth National Congress made public a new platform on May 18 and a new manifesto on May 21. The new platform called for preparations for the promulgation of constitutional government.
reels 6.2 1-27

Records of the Sixth Central Executive Committee (6.2) 1945-1947

Historical Note

Four plenary sessions of the Sixth Central Executive Committee were held on 28 May 1945, 1 March 1946, 15 March 1947, 9 September 1947. The first two were held in Chongqing, and the second two in Nanjing. An extraordinary plenary session of the Central Executive Committee was held on 4 April 1948 in Nanjing. The committee was terminated in August 1950.
reels 6.3 1-10

Records of the Sixth Central Standing Committee (6.3) 1945-1950

Historical Note

The committee functioned from May 1945 to August 1950.
 

Records of the Central Reform Committee (CRC)

Historical Note

The KMT formally established the CRC on August 5, 1950, to explore ways to revitalize the party. The CRC, with 16 members, replaced the former Central Executive Committee and the Central Supervisory Committee, which had 50 and 223 members, respectively and became the party's main executive and policy planner body. It had four subcommittees in the areas of cadre training, discipline, finance, and party history. Seven functional sections handled party affairs in Taiwan and mainland China; industrial, professional, youth, and other special party branches; overseas party affairs; propaganda; political activities for KMT members of the government and liaison with friendly parties; collection of information on society and economy and planning of strategies to deal with the enemy; and party-run enterprises and the economic well-being of party members.
During its two years of existence regular party organs were suspended and their activities were transferred to the CRC. Among other activities, the CRC and its successor drafted a new party platform, studied organizational changes, issued a directive on recruiting new members, and published procedures for cadres working with various mass organizations. It also published Gaizao [ Reform], the official organ of the KMT from 1950 to 1952. The committee's recommendations were adopted by the Seventh National Party Congress in October 1952.
reels 6.41 1-13

Central Reform Committee Archive (6.41) 1949-1954

General note

Digital use copies available in reading room
reels 6.42 1-12

Minutes of the Central Reform Committee Meetings (6.42) 1950-1952

General note

Digital use copies available in reading room
reels 6.43 1-6

Briefings of the Various Projects of the Central Reform Committee (6.43) 1950-1952

General note

Digital use copies available in reading room
reels 7.1 1-3

Records of the Seventh National Party Congress (7.1) 1952

Historical Note

Held October 10-20, 1952, in Taipei, this was the KMT's first national congress in Taiwan. It adopted the Central Reform Committee's recommendations and created the Central Committee, electing 32 members to it. This committee replaced the Central Executive Committee and the Central Control Committee. The Seventh National Party Congress set the course of the party by revising the General Regulations of the party, forming the basic doctrine to be pursued during the period of the anti-Communist campaign against the mainland, and drafting a detailed party platform to serve as a guide for the working program of party members. It issued a manifesto and platform on October 20, which were the first major statements of party policy on Taiwan. A land reform program was one of its most significant programs.
reels 7.2 1-3

Records of the Seventh Central Committee (7.2) 1953-1954

Historical Note

Eight plenary sessions of the Seventh Central Committee were held in Taipei on 23 October 1952, 5 May 1953, 12 November 1953, 2 August 1954, 1 March 1955, 3 October 1955, 5 May 1956, and 4 March 1957. An extraordinary plenary session was held on 15 February 1954. The committee operated until October 1957.
reels 7.3 1-13

Records of the Seventh Central Standing Committee (7.3.) 1952-1957

Historical Note

The committee functioned from October 1952 to October 1957.
reels 7.4 1-17

Records of the Seventh National Working Committee (7.4) 1952-1957

reels Hankou 1-28, 28A, 29-167

Hankou Archive (Hankou) 1924-1927

reels Huan 1-95

Shanghai Huanlong Road Archive (Huan) 1914-1925

reels New Life 1-6

New Life Movement Archive (New Life) 1935-1945

Historical Note

In 1934, Chiang Kai-shek and his wife, Soong Meiling, heralded the New Life Movement that would revitalize the Chinese national spirit. Influenced by one of Sun Yat-sen's Three Principles of the People (i.e., the principle of welfare, minsheng zhuyi), the movement was based on traditional Confucian social ethics and promulgated ideals such as self-cultivation and correct living and discouraged the "Western" concept of individualism. Gambling, opium smoking, dancing, public displays of affection, and other activities viewed as root causes of poverty and moral degeneration were strictly forbidden.

Scope and Contents note

The records are chiefly made up of publications from provincial Women's Working Committees, promotional associations, and other organizations directed by Madame Chiang and sponsored by the New Life Movement. The publications cover a wide range of topics, including cooking, personal hygiene, and behavior.
reel Special 1

Minutes of the Special Committee (Special) 1949-1950

Historical Note

In April 1949 the situation in the war against the Communists turned critical, and the KMT established this emergency committee.
 

Special Archives of the KMT Party Affairs (TE) 1899-1953

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains confidential records created during the Second Sino-Japanese War. The material is arranged in broad subject areas. Examples of the many subjects are Central Training Squadron, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Chinese Youth Party, central and provincial party affairs, overseas party affairs, and wartime foreign relations with Vietnam, Malaysia, India, Burma, Thailand, Korea, Singapore, the Philippines, Okinawa, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macau.
reel 1

TE 1 1939, 1943

reels 1-4

TE 2 1905, 1939-1944

reels 1-3

TE 3 1905, 1939-1947

reels 1-7

TE 4 1905, 1935-1947

reels 1-4

TE 5 1905, 1934-1947

reels 1-10

TE 6 1905, 1932-1949

reel 1

TE 7 1905, 1940-1948

reels 1-2

TE 8 1905, 1938-1945

reels 1-5

TE 9 1905, 1928-1950

reel 1

TE 10 1905, 1942-1943

reels 1-10

TE 11 1905, 1940-1953

reel 1

TE 12 1942-1946

reels 1-5

TE 13 1905, 1941-1948

reels 1-2

TE 14 1905, 1939-1947

reels 1-3

TE 15 1905, 1940-1947

reels 1-6

TE 16 1905, 1941-1948

reels 1-2

TE 17 1905, 1939-1945

reel 1

TE 18 1905, 1941-1949

reel 1

TE 19 1905, 1941-1945

reel 1

TE 20 1905, 1929, 1938-1944

reels 1-2

TE 21 1905, 1941-1946

reel 1

TE 22 1905, 1942-1947

reel 1

TE 23 1905, 1935-1944

reels 1-5

TE 24 1905, 1939-1948

reels 1-4

TE 25 1905, 1941-1948

reels 1-4

TE 26 1905, 1940-1948

reel 1

TE 27 1905, 1938-1943

reel 1

TE 28 1905, 1947-1948

reels 1-6

TE 29 1905, 1928-1929 1937-1946

reels 1-15

TE 30 1899, 1905, 1927-1948

reels 1-9

TE 31 1905, 1930, 1937-1945

reels 1-2

TE 32 1927-1931, 1941-1951

reels 1-2

TE 33 1905, 1930, 1939-1944

reels Wubu 1-143

Five Departments Archives (Wubu) 1924-1927

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains material concerning the five government units in operation before the Central Executive Committee was formed. The five departments were dedicated to labor unions, peasants, youth groups, women's groups, and business groups.
 

Central Political Council Archives (Zheng) 1898-1950

Scope and Contents note

This collection includes Central Executive Committee records, council meeting minutes, work reports, and other materials relating to Chinese national and foreign affairs. The records cover three periods: the first involves the council's establishment in Canton with Sun Yat-sen as its first chairman (1924-26), the second involves the Northern Expedition, during which Nanjing was made the capital of the Republic of China (1926-28), and the third covers the period from the July 7 Marco Polo Bridge Incident (1937), which marked the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War, to the end of the Chinese Civil War (1949). Other topics addressed by the documents are national security and military affairs, such as the Sino-German joint aircraft manufacturing contract and the Sino-American aviation and airmail contract.
reels 1-8

Zheng 1 1898, 1905, 1919, 1927-1947

reels 1-8

Zheng 2 1905, 1926-1937

reel 1

Zheng 3 1905, 1937-1938

reels 1-11

Zheng 4 1905, 1920-1950

reels 1-9

Zheng 5

reels 1-6

Zheng 6 1905, 1927-1937

reels 1-4

Zheng 7 1905, 1926-1949

reels 1-8

Zheng 8 1905, 1937-1949

reels 1-2

Zheng 9 1928-1939

reels 1-3

Zheng 10 1905, 1927-1937

reels 1-15

Zheng 11 1905, 1926-1938

reels Zhi 1-48, 48A, 49-70, 70A, 71-77, 77A, 78-125, 125A, 126, 126A, 127-138, 138A, 139-155

Wu Zhihui Archive (Zhi) 1894-1952

Historical Note

Wu Zhihui (1865-1953) has been described as a satirist, anarchist, philologist, and educator who went on to help found the Chinese Nationalist Party and the Republic of China. Wu was traditionally educated in the Chinese classics. After unsuccessful attempts to reach the top of the Qing dynasty's civil service examination system, Wu became influenced by radical thought and studied overseas in Japan, England, and France. His acquaintance with Sun Yat-sen in London eventually led him to the revolutionary movement. Wu is also known for promoting the standardization and phoneticization of the Chinese language by developing the "Symbols for Annotated Sounds" ( zhuyin fu hao) system, a phonetic system similar to Japanese kana that uses symbols to transcribe Mandarin Chinese. Widely used in Taiwan, it can be used to enter Chinese characters on cell phones and computers. Having held such official positions as minister of education, Wu was viewed as an elder statesman and close confidant of Chiang Kai-shek by many members of the Nationalist Kuomintang in his later years.

Scope and Contents note

The papers contain correspondence, speeches and writings, memoranda, reports, photographs, and other materials relating to political, social, and economic conditions in China and Taiwan in the early twentieth century.
 

Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek Archive (Zong Cai) 1912-1987

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, memoranda, telegrams, speeches, publications, photographs, and other records of Chiang Kai-shek. In addition to Hoover's online database, a published index is available at Stanford's East Asia Library.
reels 1-5

Zong Cai 101 1949

reel 1

Zong Cai 102 1949

reel 1

Zong Cai 103 1949

reel 1

Zong Cai 104 1949

reels 1-6

Zong Cai 105 1949

reel 1

Zong Cai 106 1949

reels 1-2

Zong Cai 107 1949

reel 1

Zong Cai 110.1 1949

reels 1-2, 2A, 2B, 3-11, 11A, 12-13

Zong Cai 120 1949

reels 1-24

Zong Cai 130 1949

reel 1

Zong Cai 130.1 1949

reels 1-3

Zong Cai 131 1949

reels 1-8, 8A, 9-42

Zong Cai 132 1949

reel 1

Zong Cai 133 1949

reel 1

Zong Cai 134 1949

reel 1

Zong Cai 135 1949

reels 1-2

Zong Cai 136 1949

reels 1, 1A

Zong Cai 137 1949

reels 1-4

Zong Cai 138 1949

reels 1-3

Zong Cai 139 1949

reel 1

Zong Cai 140 1949

reel 1

Zong Cai 141 1949

reels 1-2

Zong Cai 150 1949

reels 1-10, 10A

Zong Cai 160 1949

reels 1-6, 6A, 7-15

Zong Cai 170 1949

reels 1, 1A, 2-5, 5A, 6-11

Zong Cai 180 1949

reels 1-15, 15A, 16-20

Zong Cai 185 1949

reel 1

Zong Cai 185.1 1949

reel 1

Zong Cai 185.2 1949