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Krasnov (Petr Nikolaevich) papers
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Use
  • Acquisition Information
  • Preferred Citation
  • Alternative Forms of Material Available
  • Location of Originals
  • Biographical Chronology
  • Biographical / Historical
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement

  • Title: Petr Nikolaevich Krasnov papers
    Date (inclusive): 1884-1973
    Collection Number: XX876
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
    Language of Material: Mainly in Russian
    Physical Description: 1 folder, 5 microfilm reels (0.9 Linear Feet)
    Abstract: Correspondence, speeches and writings, military documents, printed matter, and photographs, relating to Russian participation in World War I, the Russian Civil War, the Don Cossacks, and Russian émigré affairs.
    Creator: Krasnov, P. N. (Petr Nikolaevich), 1869-1947
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives, Stanford University


    The collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.


    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives

    Acquisition Information

    Materials were acquired by Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 2008

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], P. N. Krasnov papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Alternative Forms of Material Available

    A portion of the collection is available on Microfilm

    Location of Originals

    In part, Holy Trinity Orthodox Seminary, Jordanville, New York

    Biographical Chronology

    1869 September 22 Born, St. Petersburg, Russia
    1888 Graduated, Pavlovskoe voennoe uchilishche
    1903 Author, Po Azii. Putevye ocherki Manchzhurii, Dalniago Vostoka, Kitaia, Iaponii i Indii
    1910 Colonel, commanding officer, 1st Siberian Cossack regiment
    1913 Commanding officer, 10th Don Cossack regiment
    1914 Major General, commanding officer, 1st Don division
    1917 Commanding officer, 3rd Cavalry corps
    1918 Retired
      Elected ataman of Don Cossacks
    1921 Author, Ot dvuglavogo orla k krasnomu znameni, 1894-1921
    1922 Author, Vsevelikoe voisko donskoe
    1923 Author, Poniat'-prostit': roman v 4 chastiakh
    1927 Author, Dusha armii: ocherki o voennoi psikhologii
    1931 Author, Vypash
    1937 Author, Nakanunie voiny: iz zhizni pogranichnogo garnizona
    1943 Head of Cossack units within the German Army
    1945 Turned over by the British Army to Soviet authorities, along with thousands of Cossacks at Lienz, Austria
    1947 January 16 Executed, Moscow (?), USSR

    Biographical / Historical

    Petr Nikolaevich Krasnov was born into a Cossack military family: his father was a lieutenant-general, his grandfather, a general. Krasnov graduated from the Pavlovskoe voennoe uchilishche in 1888. He began his literary career early, authoring a log of his travels in the Far East in 1903. In 1910, Krasnov served as colonel and commanding officer of the First Siberian Cossack regiment. By 1914, Krasnov had risen to the rank of major general of the First Don division. Fleeing to the Don region to escape the Russian revolution, Krasnov was elected ataman of the Don Cossacks in 1918, after which he ousted the Soviets from the Don region and headed up the Don Cossack uprising. After suffering the ensuing defeat, Krasnov immigrated to Germany, retired from military life, and devoted himself to his literary career. Petr Nikolaevich Krasnov
    During his retirement, General Krasnov published numerous books, many of which were translated into German, English, and other languages. He came out of his military retirement in 1943 to organize and lead Cossack units in the German Army. After Germany's defeat, General Krasnov was turned over to the Soviet authorities by the British Army. He was hung in Moscow in 1947.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    These papers reflect the literary activities of General Petr Nikolaevich Krasnov, Don Cossack Ataman, writer and historian. Most of his writings in emigration focus on the events leading up to the Russian revolution, as well as on the revolution and its aftermath themselves. Krasnov also focused on the history of the Don Cossacks. His writings have been published in translation in English, German and other languages. This collection consists of detailed correspondence mainly related to his writings and personal matters, and also reviews of his published works. The Speeches and Writings file consists mainly of correspondence related to and reviews of his writings.
    The Subject File consists of various materials on the Don Cossacks, including minutes of meetings, reports, official documents and publications, dating from 1917 to 1944.
    Detailed processing and preservation microfilming for these materials were made possible by a generous grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities and by matching funds from the Hoover Institution and the Holy Trinity Seminary. The grant also provides depositing a microfilm copy in the Hoover Institution Library & Archives. The original materials remain in the Holy Trinity Seminary Archives as its property. A transfer table indicating corresponding box and reel numbers is appended to this register. Any views, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in these materials do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.


    The collection is organized into six series: Biographical File, Correspondence, Speeches and Writings, Don Cossack File, Printed Matter, and Photographs

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Russia -- Emigration and immigration
    Soviet Union -- History -- Revolution, 1917-1921
    World War, 1914-1918 -- Russia
    Russia. Armii͡a