Register of the Jack Kramer papers

Finding aid prepared by Issayas Tesfamariam
Hoover Institution Library and Archives
© 2014
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA 94305-6003

Title: Jack Kramer papers
Date (bulk): 1968-1969
Collection Number: 68016
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 1 manuscript box (0.4 Linear Feet)
Abstract: Correspondence, memoranda, writings, printed matter, photographs, and one sound recording relating to the Eritrean Liberation Front and the movement for Eritrean independence. Also available on microfilm (1 reel).
Creator: Kramer, Jack
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives


The collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.


For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 1968.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Jack Kramer papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Alternative Forms of Material Available

Also available on microfilm (1 reel).

Biographical/Historical Note

Jack Kramer is an American journalist and author. He graduated from Stanford University with a B.A. in English in 1965 and completed graduate work in journalism at Columbia University in 1970. Kramer worked as a staff reporter for The Wall Street Journal, contributing editor for Time magazine, and Middle East Bureau chief for Bloomberg Businessweek. He covered a variety of subjects as a journalist in the 1960s, including Alabama during the Civil Rights Movement, Vietnam, Laos, Egypt, Eritrea, Somalia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tunisia, Algeria, Sudan, the Western Sahara, Greece, and Turkey. Kramer's publications include: Travels with the Celestial Dog, a memoir of the 1960s; Rwanda Means the Universe,with Louise Mushikiwabo, the current foreign minister of Rwanda; and business-related books.

Scope and Content of Collection

The Jack Kramer papers include correspondence, memoranda, writings, printed matter, photographs, and one unique sound recording recorded in Eritrea in September 1968. The recording has interviews with rank and file independence fighters and commanders such as Osman Mohammed Idris (aka Abu Shenab) of the Eritrean Liberation Front (E.L.F.), who were fighting for independence from Ethiopia. The correspondence include letters to and from Eritrean nationalists such as Woldeab Woldemariam, Kidane Kiflu, Mohamud Dinai, and Osman Saleh Sabbe.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Eritrea -- History
Nationalism -- Eritrea
Tagādlo hārnat ʼÉrtrā


Correspondence circa 1968-1969

box 1, folder 1

Dinai, Mohamud 1968

box 1, folder 2

Duignan, Peter 1960s

box 1, folder 3

Kiflu, Kidane 1968-1969

box 1, folder 4

Sabbe, Osman Saleh 1968

box 1, folder 5

Salih, Fathy Mohamed Ahmed 1969

box 1, folder 6

Woldemariam, Woldeab 1969


Memoranda 1960s

box 1, folder 7

By the Eritrean Liberation Front for the Ethiopian Students Union in Europe 1967

box 1, folder 8

On Eritrea from the Eritrean Liberation Front office, Damascus 1960s


News Bulletins 1968-1969

box 1, folder 9

Eritrea News Bulletin, nos. 73-76, 78-81, Eritrean Liberation Front 1968-1969

box 1, folder 10

L'Erythrée Bulletin d'Information, nos. 76-83, Le Front de la Libération Érythréenne (F.L.E.) 1969


Reports 1960s

box 1, folder 11

Eritrean refugees, statement by Mr. J. Jamison of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (U.N.H.C.R.) 1967

box 1, folder 12

Memorandum submitted by the delegations of Guatemala and Pakistan, United Nations Commission for Eritrea, republished by the Eritrean Liberation Front 1960s


Resolutions 1960s

box 1, folder 13

The United Nations Federal Resolution for Eritrea, 390 A (V), 1950, republished by the Eritrean Liberation Front 1960s


Writings circa 1968-1969

box 1, folder 14

A brief description of the progress of the "Battle of Halhal" camp 1968

Scope and Contents note

Includes ambush map and pictures with the Eritrean Liberation Front fighters.
box 1, folder 15

"A Letter to the United Nations Secretary General (U.N.S.G.)," Eritrean Liberation Front 1960s

box 1, folder 16

"Close to Million Victims: Sudan's Bloody Struggle Hushed," The Plain Dealer 1969 February 21

box 1, folder 17

"Constitution of Eritrea: Text of the Constitution of Eritrea as Adapted by the Eritrean Assembly on 10 July 1952," republished by the Eritrean Liberation Front 1960s

box 1, folder 18

"Crossroads of Africa: Ethiopia's Unknown War," The Nation 1969 August 11

box 1, folder 19

"Ethiopia's War of Extermination in Eritrea: Facts and Figures," Eritrean Liberation Front 1960s

box 1, folder 20

"Gallows in Eritrea: A Dramatic Grab of Bloody Reality, Narrated by a Swedish Journalist, Part One," Eritrean Liberation Front 1960s

box 1, folder 21

"Hidden War in Ethiopia," Venture, 1969 May

box 1, folder 22

Jack Kramer's report of his travel with members of the Eritrean Liberation Front 1960s

box 1, folder 23

"Peking Reds: Guerrilla College on a Spice Island," San Francisco Chronicle 1968 December

box 1, folder 24

"The Ethiopian Unilateral Abrogation of United Nations Federal Resolution," by Tedla Bairu, Eritrean Liberation Front 1960s

box 1, folder 25

"The Progressives Demand Radical Changes in the Eritrean Liberation Front," 1968

box 1, folder 26

"Soviets Dispatch Navy Task Force to Suez Canal," San Francisco Sunday Examiner and Chronicle 1968 December 15

box 1, folder 27

Transcription of interviews with Eritrean Liberation Front members and a map showing plan for the Front's attack 1968 September

box 1, folder 28

"Truths about the Decimation War in Eritrea," Eritrean Liberation Front 1960s

Language of Material: Arabic.
box 1, folder 29

"War South of Khartoum," San Francisco Examiner and Chronicle 1969 February 16


Sound Recordings 1968

box 1, folder 30

Interview by Jack Kramer with Eritrean Liberation Front members 1968 September

Scope and Contents note

Original magnetic tape cassette (sides 1 and 2) and open reel tapes #1 and #2 (copies). Includes voices, music, and interviews. Side 1: Kidane Kiflu, Jack Kramer, Abdella Hassan, Mohammed Ali Idris, atrocities testimonials from residents of Adi Ibrahim, Adi E'kut. Side 2: Introduction by Aberra Mekonnen, music by Mohammed Tahir, Tigre poetry reciting by Garfo, Saadia and Osman Mohammed Idris/Abu Sheneb.


Use copy reference number: 68016_a_0011504