Register of the Jack Kramer papers
Finding aid prepared by Issayas Tesfamariam
Hoover Institution Library and Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford, CA 94305-6003
Title: Jack Kramer papers
Date (bulk): 1968-1969
Collection Number: 68016
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
Language of Material:
1 manuscript box
(0.4 Linear Feet)
Correspondence, memoranda, writings, printed matter, photographs, and one sound recording relating to the Eritrean Liberation
Front and the movement for Eritrean independence. Also available on microfilm (1 reel).
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives
The collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual
or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 1968.
[Identification of item], Jack Kramer papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.
Alternative Forms of Material Available
Also available on microfilm (1 reel).
Jack Kramer is an American journalist and author. He graduated from Stanford University with a B.A. in English in 1965 and
completed graduate work in journalism at Columbia University in 1970. Kramer worked as a staff reporter for
The Wall Street Journal, contributing editor for
Time magazine, and Middle East Bureau chief for
Bloomberg Businessweek. He covered a variety of subjects as a journalist in the 1960s, including Alabama during the Civil Rights Movement, Vietnam,
Laos, Egypt, Eritrea, Somalia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tunisia, Algeria, Sudan, the Western Sahara, Greece, and Turkey. Kramer's publications
Travels with the Celestial Dog, a memoir of the 1960s;
Rwanda Means the Universe,with Louise Mushikiwabo, the current foreign minister of Rwanda; and business-related books.
Scope and Content of Collection
The Jack Kramer papers include correspondence, memoranda, writings, printed matter, photographs, and one unique sound recording
recorded in Eritrea in September 1968. The recording has interviews with rank and file independence fighters and commanders
such as Osman Mohammed Idris (aka Abu Shenab) of the Eritrean Liberation Front (E.L.F.), who were fighting for independence
from Ethiopia. The correspondence include letters to and from Eritrean nationalists such as Woldeab Woldemariam, Kidane Kiflu,
Mohamud Dinai, and Osman Saleh Sabbe.
Subjects and Indexing Terms
Eritrea -- History
Nationalism -- Eritrea
Tagādlo hārnat ʼÉrtrā
box 1, folder 5
Salih, Fathy Mohamed Ahmed
box 1, folder 6
box 1, folder 7
By the Eritrean Liberation Front for the Ethiopian Students Union in Europe
box 1, folder 8
On Eritrea from the Eritrean Liberation Front office, Damascus
box 1, folder 9
Eritrea News Bulletin, nos. 73-76, 78-81, Eritrean Liberation Front
box 1, folder 10
L'Erythrée Bulletin d'Information, nos. 76-83, Le Front de la Libération Érythréenne (F.L.E.)
box 1, folder 11
Eritrean refugees, statement by Mr. J. Jamison of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (U.N.H.C.R.)
box 1, folder 12
Memorandum submitted by the delegations of Guatemala and Pakistan, United Nations Commission for Eritrea, republished by the
Eritrean Liberation Front
box 1, folder 13
The United Nations Federal Resolution for Eritrea, 390 A (V), 1950, republished by the Eritrean Liberation Front
box 1, folder 14
A brief description of the progress of the "Battle of Halhal" camp
Scope and Contents note
Includes ambush map and pictures with the Eritrean Liberation Front fighters.
box 1, folder 15
"A Letter to the United Nations Secretary General (U.N.S.G.)," Eritrean Liberation Front
box 1, folder 16
"Close to Million Victims: Sudan's Bloody Struggle Hushed,"
The Plain Dealer
1969 February 21
box 1, folder 17
"Constitution of Eritrea: Text of the Constitution of Eritrea as Adapted by the Eritrean Assembly on 10 July 1952," republished
by the Eritrean Liberation Front
box 1, folder 18
"Crossroads of Africa: Ethiopia's Unknown War,"
1969 August 11
box 1, folder 19
"Ethiopia's War of Extermination in Eritrea: Facts and Figures," Eritrean Liberation Front
box 1, folder 20
"Gallows in Eritrea: A Dramatic Grab of Bloody Reality, Narrated by a Swedish Journalist, Part One," Eritrean Liberation Front
box 1, folder 21
"Hidden War in Ethiopia,"
box 1, folder 22
Jack Kramer's report of his travel with members of the Eritrean Liberation Front
box 1, folder 23
"Peking Reds: Guerrilla College on a Spice Island,"
San Francisco Chronicle
box 1, folder 24
"The Ethiopian Unilateral Abrogation of United Nations Federal Resolution," by Tedla Bairu, Eritrean Liberation Front
box 1, folder 25
"The Progressives Demand Radical Changes in the Eritrean Liberation Front,"
box 1, folder 26
"Soviets Dispatch Navy Task Force to Suez Canal,"
San Francisco Sunday Examiner and Chronicle
1968 December 15
box 1, folder 27
Transcription of interviews with Eritrean Liberation Front members and a map showing plan for the Front's attack
box 1, folder 28
"Truths about the Decimation War in Eritrea," Eritrean Liberation Front
Language of Material: Arabic.
box 1, folder 29
"War South of Khartoum,"
San Francisco Examiner and Chronicle
1969 February 16
box 1, folder 30
Interview by Jack Kramer with Eritrean Liberation Front members
Scope and Contents note
Original magnetic tape cassette (sides 1 and 2) and open reel tapes #1 and #2 (copies). Includes voices, music, and interviews.
Side 1: Kidane Kiflu, Jack Kramer, Abdella Hassan, Mohammed Ali Idris, atrocities testimonials from residents of Adi Ibrahim,
Adi E'kut. Side 2: Introduction by Aberra Mekonnen, music by Mohammed Tahir, Tigre poetry reciting by Garfo, Saadia and Osman
Mohammed Idris/Abu Sheneb.
Use copy reference number: 68016_a_0011504