Inventory of the Demokraticheskaia Rossiia records, 1989-1993

Finding aid prepared by Lyalya Kharitonova
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6003
(650) 723-3563
hooverarchives@stanford.edu
© 2010


Title: Demokraticheskaia Rossiia records
Date (inclusive): 1989-1993
Identifier/Call Number: 93008.4090572
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: Russian
Physical Description: 11 manuscript boxes (4.4 linear feet)
Abstract: The records relate to politics in Russia and to the 1991 presidential campaign of Boris Yeltsin. They include minutes of meetings, resolutions, statements, appeals, stenographic records, press reviews, and video recordings.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Demokraticheskaia Rossiia (Political party)

Access

The collection is open for research; materials must be requested at least two business days in advance of intended use.

Publication Rights

The collection is open for research.
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Demokraticheskaia Rossiia records, 1989-1993, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1993.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

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Susan Weissman radio broadcast interviews, Hoover Institution Archives

Historical Note

The Demokraticheskaia Rossiia (DR) movement was founded in October 1990, toward the end of the Soviet era, when opposition to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), the only party at the time, emerged. It united the anti-communist opposition parties in the USSR: the Sotsial-demokraticheskaia partiia Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Respublikanskaia partiia Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Partiia konstitutsionnykh demokratov, Svobodno-demokraticheskaia partiia Rossii, Rossiiskoe khristianskoe demokraticheskoe dvizhenie, Konstitutsionno-demokraticheskaia partiia, Partiia narodnoi svobody, Partiia svobodnogo truda, and other organizations. In January 1991 Demokraticheskaia partiia Rossii also joined the movement.
The participants supported the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) president Boris Yeltsin in his struggle against the CPSU leadership and the CPSU General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev.
In June 1991 the Russian Republic held its first presidential election. Boris Yeltsin was elected president of the RSFSR with 57% of the vote, becoming the first popularly elected president.
Yeltsin offered to cooperate with the Baltic republics, which were seeking freedom from the USSR. This contributed to Gorbachev's decision to start negotiations with 15 Soviet republics on enhancing their self government. A draft treaty was scheduled for signing at the end of August 1991. However, on August 19, 1991, eight conservative party and governmental leaders attempted to take control of the country from Gorbachev while he was on vacation. Yeltsin headed the dramatic opposition to the coup and secured Gorbachev's return to Moscow.
After the coup Boris Yeltsin consolidated his own power and led the movement to dissolve the Soviet parliament and outlaw the Communist Party. In the fall of 1991 Yeltsin and other leaders of Soviet republics declared independence for their respective republics. Yeltsin became the head of the post-Soviet Russian Federation.
The DR was one of the most consistent pro-Yeltsin organizations in 1992-1993, although the meetings in support of Yeltsin attracted fewer and fewer participants. This was due to the failure of his ambitious economic reforms known as "shock therapy," which caused inflation and currency devaluation without increasing industrial and agricultural production.
At that time two groups struggled within the DR movement, one favoring a coalition of parties and organizations, and the other, a single organization. As a result, at the end of 1994 many organizations resigned their membership.
Given the absence of a comprehensive program, other than opposition to the CPSU and support of Yeltsin, after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the subsequent dissolution of the CPSU, the split in the DR became unavoidable.
As a result, Demokraticheskii Vybor, a hybrid of social movements and governmental organizations, was created. The remaining segments of the Democraticheskaia Rossiia movement either disappeared from the public scene or became part of the democratic opposition party Yabloko.

Scope and Content of Collection

The records relate to politics in Russia and to the 1991 presidential campaign of Boris Yeltsin. Documents present minutes of meetings, resolutions, statements, appeals, stenographic records, press reviews, and video recordings.
The collection contains data on the formation of the movement, its internal affairs, social functions, organizing activities, and political activities from 1989, when organizations opposing the Communist party united, through 1993, when the movement dissolved.
Included in the collection are pre-union materials from regional and Moscow-based political groups such as appeals, statements, and leaflets calling for a coalition. Other materials document important political events in Russia, such as the Uchreditel'nyi S"ezd (1990), the first presidential election (Boris N. Yeltsin campaign, 1990-1991), and the "avgustovskii putch" (August coup) by the Gosudarstvennyi Komitet po Chrezvychainomu Polozheniiu (GKChP) (19-21 August 1991).
Other events reflected in the documents are the first democratic mayoral election in Moscow in 1991, the military suppression of the resistance in Lithuania and Latvia in 1991, and forums, congresses, conferences, and referendums conducted between 1989 and 1993 that document the development of democracy in Russia.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged as originally received from Demokraticheskaia Rossiia.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Yeltsin, Boris Nikolayevich, 1931-2007.
Elections--Russia (Federation)
Russia (Federation)--Politics and government--1991-
Soviet Union--Politics and government--1985-1991.

 

Chronological file 1989-1993

Box/Folder 1 : 1

Pervyi s"ezd narodnykh deputatov, Tel'man Kh. Gdlian, undelivered speech 1989

Scope and Contents note

Includes Gdlian's interview to Sovetskaia molodezh', 20 June 1989
Box/Folder 1 : 2-3

Orgkomitet Dvizheniia, meetings, statements, appeals 1989-1990

Box/Folder 1 : 4-11

Moskovskoe ob"edinenie izbiratelei 1989-1991

Box/Folder 1 : 12-16

Uchreditel'nyi s"ezd, appeals, lists, and minutes 1990 October 20-21

Box/Folder 2 : 1-2

Uchreditel'nyi s"ezd, appeals, lists, and minutes 1990 October 20-21

Box/Folder 2 : 3

Kommissiia po vozrozhdeniiu kul'tury v Rossii 1990

Box/Folder 2 : 4

Svobodnaia Demokraticheskaia partiia Rossii 1990

Scope and Contents note

Program
Box/Folder 2 : 5

Registration 1990-1991

Scope and Contents note

Includes appeals and leaflets supporting the democratic movement
Box/Folder 2 : 6

Supporting political clubs and unions 1990-1991

Box/Folder 2 : 7

Ustav Dvizheniia "Democraticheskaia Rossiia" 1990 October 21

Scope and Contents note

Edited by II s"ezd in 1991
Box/Folder 2 : 8-11

Appeals, statements, and speeches 1990-1992

Box/Folder 2 : 12-13

Vserossiiskii referendum 1991 March 17

Box/Folder 2 : 14

Plenum Soveta predstavitelei, minutes 1991 April 13

Box/Folder 2 : 15

Vserossiiskaia Konferentsiia Demokraticheskikh Sil, minutes 1991 April 14

Box/Folder 2 : 16

"Mir, progress, prava cheloveka," I-yi Mezhdunarodnyi kongress pamiati A.D. Sakharova, Moscow 1991 May 21-25

Scope and Contents note

Invitations and program
Box/Folder 2 : 17

Plenum Soveta predstavitelei 1991 July 20-21

Box/Folder 2 : 18

DR Press, independent informative service, press releases 1991 July-December

Box/Folder 2 : 19-21

Gosudarstvennyi Komitet po Chrezvychainomu Polozheniiu, (GKChP), "Avgustovskii Putch" 1991 August 19-21

Scope and Contents note

Includes decrees, statements, appeals, and press releases
Box/Folder 3 : 1-4

Gosudarstvennyi Komitet po Chrezvychainomu Polozheniiu, (GKChP), "Avgustovskii Putch" 1991 August 19-21

Box/Folder 3 : 5-6

Plenum Soveta predstavitelei, stenographic records 1991 September 14

Box/Folder 3 : 7

"Osnovy politicheskogo pliuralizma," National Republican Institute of International Affairs, conference, Moscow 1991 September 20-22

Box/Folder 3 : 8

Svobodnyi Ural (weekly democratic newspaper) No. 13, Cheliabinsk 1991 October

Box/Folder 3 : 9

Konvertiruemyi listok (informational bulletin) Nos. 44-46 1991 October

Box/Folder 3 : 10-15

II s"ezd 1991 November 9-10

Scope and Contents note

Includes documents of regional organizations, minutes, resolutions, appeals and notes
Box/Folder 4 : 1-11

II s"ezd 1991 November 9-10

Box/Folder 4 : 12-14

Kongress Demoraticheskikh Sil Respublik i Natsional'no-territorial'nykh Obrazovanii na Territorii RF 1991 December 14-15

Scope and Contents note

Includes stenographic report, notes, lists, and clippings
Box/Folder 4 : 15

S"ezd storonnikov reform, minutes 1991 December 22

Box/Folder 5 : 1-2

Materials related to military suppression of the resistance in Lithuania and Latvia 1991 January

Scope and Contents note

Includes appeals, leaflets, resolutions
Box/Folder 5 : 3-4

First democratic mayoral election in Moscow 1991

Box/Folder 5 : 5-12

First Presidential election of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) 1991

Scope and Contents note

Includes pre-election material
Box/Folder 6 : 1-6

First Presidential election of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) 1991

Box/Folder 6 : 7-11

Plenumy Soveta Predstavitelei, proposals, minutes, lists and notes 1991

Box/Folder 6 : 12-15

Koordinatsionnyi Sovet agenda, minutes, and statements 1991

Box/Folder 6 : 16

Krov' dushi, by IUrii Kniazev, poems, Riazan' 1991

Box/Folder 6 : 17

Zakon o svobode informatsii, draft circa 1991

Box/Folder 6 : 18

Pochti ofitsial'noe zaiavlenie komandy Gaidara, interview with Petr Aven, minister of foreign economic relations for the Russian Federation circa 1991

Box/Folder 7 : 1-3

Regional organizations' appeals, statements, minutes, and lists 1991-1992

Box/Folder 7 : 4

Dvizhenie "Demokratisheskaia Rossiia," informational bulletin 1991 June-September and 1993 January-June

Box/Folder 7 : 5-6

DR-Socio (sociological service) 1991-1992

Box/Folder 7 : 7

Zerkalo, journal of Obshchestvennyi komitet rossiiskikh reform, Moscow 1992 February-July

Box/Folder 7 : 8

Ob izbiratel'nom protsesse (Izbiratel'nyi Kodeks), zakon Rossiiskoi Federatsii, draft 1992 March 17

Box/Folder 7 : 9-10

Sobranie grazhdan Rossiiskoi Federatsii 1992 April 5

Box/Folder 7 : 11

O vnesenii izmenenii i dopolnenii v zakon RSFSR "O privatizatsii gosudarstvennykh i munitsipal'nykh predpriatii v RSFSR" zakon Rossiiskoi Federatsii 1992 June 5

Box/Folder 7 : 12

Gosudarstvennaia programma privatizatsii gosudarstvennykh i munitsipal'nykh predpriiatii v Rossiskoi Federatsii na 1992 god 1992 June 11

Box/Folder 7 : 13

Panorama (informational bulletin) Moscow, no. 3(33) 1992 June

Box/Folder 7 : 14

Polozhenie o kommertsializatsii gosudarstvennykh predpriyatii s odnovremennym preobrazovaniem v aktsionernye obshchestva otkytogo tipa 1992 July 1

Box/Folder 7 : 15

Forum Storonnikov Reform 1992 July 4

Box/Folder 7 : 16

Plenum soveta predstavitelei 1992 July 6-7

Box/Folder 7 : 17-20

DR Press, independent informational service, press releases 1992 July-August

Box/Folder 8 : 1-3

DR Press, independent informational service, press releases 1992 July-August

Box/Folder 8 : 4-9

Plenumy Soveta predstavitelei 1992 September 26 and November 28

Box/Folder 8 : 10-11

Forum Storonnikov reform 1992 November 29

Box/Folder 8 : 12-13

Koordinatsionnyi sovet agenda, minutes, and statements 1992

Box/Folder 9 : 1-4

Koordinatsionnyi sovet agenda, minutes, and statements 1992

Box/Folder 9 : 5-7

III S"ezd, minutes 1992 December 19-20

Box/Folder 9 : 8

Reitingi podderzhki deputatami VI S"ezda pravitel'stva reform (special information bulletin) 1992

Box/Folder 9 : 9-14

Akademiia Deputatskogo Korpusa Rossii (Moscow press review) 1992-1993

Box/Folder 10 : 1-4

Akademiia Deputatskogo Korpusa Rossii (Moscow press review) 1992-1993

Box/Folder 10 : 5-8

Koordinatsionnyi sovet agenda, minutes, and statements 1993 January-June

Box/Folder 10 : 9-12

Rabochee soveshchanie predstavitelei demokraticheskikh organizatsii Rossii po podgotovke referenduma 11 aprelia 1993 February 6

Scope and Contents note

Includes stenographic record
Box/Folder 10 : 13-14

Plenum Soveta predstavitelei, Nizhnii Novgorod 1993 February 27-28

Scope and Contents note

Includes stenographic record
Box/Folder 11 : 1

Plenum Soveta predstavitelei, Nizhnii Novgorod 1993 February 27-28

Box/Folder 11 : 2

Referendum 1993 April 25

Box/Folder 11 : 3-5

Plenum Soveta predstavitelei, Moscow 1993 May 29-30

Box/Folder 11 : 6

Rossiiskaia assotsiatsiia privatiziruemykh i chastnykh predpriiatii 1993

Box 11

Floppy disks undated

Scope and Contents note

8 3.5" discs unreadable in both PC and Mac computers, attempted 18 May 2010
 

Video recordings 1991-1993

Scope and Contents note

9 VHS cassettes
Box 11

First Presidential election of the RSFSR, Boris N. Yeltsin, speeches and meetings 1991

Scope and Contents note

3 VHS cassettes
Box 11

II S"ezd, parts I and II 1991 December 9-10

Scope and Contents note

2 VHS cassettes
Box 11

Forum storonnikov reform 1992 July 4

Box 11

III S"ezd 1992 December 19-20

Box 11

Referendum 1993 April 25

Scope and Contents note

2 VHS cassettes