Register of the Frank Back Papers MSS 568

Finding aid prepared by Mandeville Special Collections Library
Mandeville Special Collections Library
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, California, 92093-0175
Copyright 2005

Title: Frank Back Papers
Identifier/Call Number: MSS 568
Contributing Institution: Mandeville Special Collections Library
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, California 92093-0175
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 6.1 Linear feet (5 archives boxes, 2 card file boxes and 20 oversize folders)
Date (inclusive): 1899 - 1983
Abstract: Papers of Frank Back, optical engineer and founder and president of Zoomar Inc., an optical engineering company specializing in lens design for television, motion picture and single-lens reflex cameras. Materials include biographical documents, reprints and typescript drafts of Back's professional writings, patent applications, correspondence, miscellaneous Zoomar records and memorabilia, and documents related to Back's brother-in-law, Herbert Lowen.
Creator: Back, Frank G.

Scope and Content of Collection

The Frank Back Papers contain materials related to the professional career of the Austrian-born optical engineer and founder and president of Zoomar Inc. who contributed to the advancement of optical technologies in television, motion pictures, medicine, commerical, and military applications from 1945 to the late 1970s in the United States. While the collection contains little documentation of Back's development of optically-compensated zoom lenses, materials related to his professional career include reprints and typescript drafts of his published writings;patent applications; writings by others on optical engineering; miscellaneous Zoomar records; and memorabilia describing or advertising Zoomar products. Also included are biographical materials from Back's early life and education in Austria and his immigration to the United States via France in 1939; correspondence; biographical materials of Back's brother-in-law, Herbert Lowen; and photographs of Back, Zoomar facilities and products, and Back's meeting with Albert Einstein in 1955. The papers are arranged in nine series: 1) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS, 2) WRITINGS BY BACK, 3) WRITINGS BY OTHERS, 4) CORRESPONDENCE, 5) ZOOMAR MATERIALS, 6) PHOTOGRAPHS, 7) MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS, 8) HERBERT LOWEN MATERIALS, and 9) ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES.
The BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS series, arranged alphabetically, consists mainly of official records, governmental or institutional certificates, documenting significant moments in Back's life such as his birth, secondary and university education, membership to various professional societies, and his immigration to the United States from Austria in 1939.
The WRITINGS BY BACK series is arranged in two subseries: A) Articles and Papers and B) Patents.
A) The Articles and Papers subseries, arranged chronologically, contains mostly typescript drafts and reprints of articles that Back published in professional journals in the United States and abroad from 1930 to 1980. Also included are several undated documents Back wrote to describe or promote Zoomar products.
B) The Patents subseries, arranged chronologically, contains documents relating to four of Back's numerous patents. Materials include typescript drafts of patent applications and United States Patent Office certificate for Back's "Photographic Camera and Projection Device."
The WRITINGS BY OTHERS series, arranged alphabetically, contains articles on optical engineering collected by Back. Materials include reprints from professional and scholarly journals, many with Back's annotations.
The CORRESPONDENCE series, arranged alphabetically, contains a mixture of English and German personal and professional correspondence from the 1930s to the early 1980s. Notably, the series contains a photograph of a letter to Back from Albert Einstein.
The ZOOMAR MATERIALS series is organized into two subseries: A) Business Documents and B) Product Information.
A) The Business Documents subseries, arranged alphabetically, contains memorabilia and materials documenting important moments in the life of Zoomar Inc. Materials document both the inception and dissolution of Zoomar and include Back's Agreement of Partnership for the Television Zoomar Corporations with Jack Pegler and Westbrook Pegler II in 1959 and a certificate of Back's sale of his share of Zoomar stock to Optical Industries in 1979. Other materials include an award from the City of Glen Cove, New York, newspaper clippings related to Zoomar Inc., and administrative materials such as inter-office correspondence and employment agreements.
B) The Product Information subseries, arranged alphabetically, contains product pamphlets on individuals lenses, as well as some blueprints of product designs and graphs of data on product capabilities and specifications.
The PHOTOGRAPHS series is arranged in three subseries: A) Images of Back, B) Zoomar, and C) Miscellaneous.
A) The Images of Back subseries, arranged alphabetically, contains photographs which show Back either alone or with others. Included are photographs of Back at conferences and a biographical scrapbook created by Back. Notably, this subseries contains a large number of images of Back with Albert Einstein at Einstein's residence in Princeton, New Jersey.
B) The Zoomar subseries, arranged alphabetically, contains photographs of the interiors and exteriors of factories in Glen Cove, New York, and in Germany, as well as some photographs of Zoomar products.
C) The Miscellaneous subseries, arranged alphabetically, contains a mixture of photographs of presumed family members, unidentified individuals or places, and a scrapbook of photographs and newspaper clippings related to Back's expedition to the Philippines.
The MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS series, arranged alphabetically, Includes research and employment materials not related to Zoomar, such as blueprints for an "episcop project" and "epiprojector" that Back developed after retiring from Zoomar, miscellaneous calculations and data, advertisements for products manufactured by Back while he was in Austria, and a box of microdot optic lenses. Also included are income tax returns for Back, newspaper clippings about Albert Einstein, unsent postcards, and two biographical documents related to Elizabeth Lowen, Back's sister.
The HERBERT LOWEN MATERIALS series is arranged alphabetically and contains biographical materials of Back's brother-in-law, Herbert Lowen, including documentation of birth, education, immigration to the United States, correspondence, and a copy of Lowen's death certificate.
The ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES series contains the originals of brittle or high acid content documents that have been photocopied.


Frank Gerhard Back was born in Vienna, Austria, on August 25, 1902. Upon completion of his secondary schooling in 1920, Back matriculated at the Technische Hochschule (Technical University) in Vienna, where he received his masters in engineering in 1925 and a doctorate in science in 1931. He worked as a self-employed consulting engineer in Vienna until September of 1938 when he moved to France. Back remained in France for less than a year and during the summer of 1939, he immigrated to the United States.
After working as an engineer for several companies in New York City, Back started his own company called Research and Development Laboratory in 1944. A year later, Back started a second company, Zoomar Inc., and served as its president and head engineer until his retirement in the late 1970s.
Throughout his life, Back invented several optical devices and improvements of existing optical technologies. He held numerous patents in the United States, Canada, Germany, Austria, France, Britain, and Italy. At Zoomar he developed and patented an optically-compensated zoom lens for television cameras in 1948 and one for single lens reflex (SLR) 35mm cameras in 1959. From the late 1940s to the 1970s, Back and Zoomar Inc. continually advanced optical technologies and introduced optical innovations for television and motion pictures, as well as astronomical, medical, commercial, and even military applications.
Back was also recognized for his expedition to the Philippines in 1955 to observe and photograph the solar eclipse on June 20th. He intended to provide conclusive evidence for Einstein's theory of relativity by calculating the optical distortation, if any, of starlight caused by the sun's gravity. Prior to his trip, Back conferred briefly with Albert Einstein on the type of data needed in order to prove the theory of relativity. He published a narrative report of his trip and his findings later that year in a book entitled Has the Earth A Ring Around It?
Over the course of his career, Dr. Back received numerous honors and awards from professional organizations in his field including the Royal Photographic Society, the Society for Motion Picture and Television Engineers, and the Society of American Military Engineers. In addition, Back lectured frequently at professional conferences and published regularly in professional journals in the United States and abroad.
Frank Back died in San Diego, California, on July 6, 1983.

Preferred Citation

Frank Back Papers, MSS 0568. Mandeville Special Collections Library, UCSD.

Acquisition Information

Not Available



Subjects and Indexing Terms

Lowen, Herbert
Zoomar, Inc
Lenses -- Design and construction
Optical industry
Optical instruments -- Design and construction
Zoom lenses--Design and construction



Box 1, Folder 1

Awards, medals and pins

Box 2, Folder 1, Oversize FB-352-01

Awards - Voigtlander Medal letter and photograph 1960

Box 2, Folder 2

Birth certificate 1904

General note

[Back was born in 1902, but his birth certificate was not issued until 1904.]

Certificates of membership

Box 2, Folder 3

Photographic Society of America and Optical Society of America 1937 - 1967

Box 2, Folder 4, Oversize FB-352-02

Photographic Society of America, Society of Motion Picture Engineers, The Royal Photographic Society, Society of American Military Engineers, Society of Photographic Scientists and Engineers, Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, and Who's Who in California 1944 - 1961

Box 2, Folder 5

Certificate of Legitimation 1936

General note

[Document indicates Back as cameraman for the Unifilm Company.]
Box 2, Folder 6

Curriculum vitae 1980

Box 2, Folder 7, Oversize FB-352-03

Doctoral diploma from Technische Hochschule zu Wien 1931



Box 2, Folder 8

Realschule - Annual certificates, semester certificates and 1920 class photo with image of Back at age eighteen 1912 - 1920

Box 2, Folder 9

Technische Hochschule zu Wien - Course certificates, semester certificates and other documents relating to his university degrees 1920 - 1931

Box 2, Folder 10

Identity card for Commercial Travellers, Austria 1933

Box 2, Folder 11

Letters of recommendation about Back 1924 - 1943

Box 2, Folder 12

Newspaper clippings about Back 1949 - 1979

Box 2, Folder 13

Passports - United States 1950 - 1976

Box 2, Folder 14

Travel documents - Itemized lists, certificate of domicile, and travel certificates 1938 - 1939




Articles and Papers

Box 2, Folder 15

Die Physikalisch-Technischen Grundlagen der Mageninnen Photographie - Reprint 1930

Box 2, Folder 16

Back, Frank and Otto Ehrentheil. Ein Neuer Kehlkopf-Photographie-Apparat - Reprint 1932

Box 2, Folder 17

Back, Frank et. al. Wiener Laryngo=Rhinologische Gesellschaft - Reprint 1934

Box 2, Folder 18

Back, Frank and F. Ehrenhaft. Non-Intermittent Motion Picture Projector - Reprint 1940

Box 2, Folder 19

Positive Vari-Focal View-Finder for Motion Picture Cameras - Reprint 1945

Box 2, Folder 20

Nonintermittent Motion Picture Projector with Variable Magnification - Reprint 1946

Box 2, Folder 21

Zoom Lens for Motion Picture Cameras with Single-Barrel Linear Movement - Reprint 1946

Box 2, Folder 22

Zoomar Lens - Reprint 1947

Box 2, Folder 23

Physical Properties and the Practical Application of the Zoomar Lens - Reprint 1947

Box 2, Folder 24

Zoomar Lens for 35mm Film - Reprint 1948

Box 2, Folder 25

Approach to Better Studio Lighting - Reprint 1949

Box 2, Folder 26

TV Studio Illumination - Pamphlet 1949

General note

Date and authorship information found on curriculum vitae. See Box 2, Folder 5.
Box 2, Folder 27-28, Oversize FB-352-04

Optical Lens Development - Reprint and typescript 1950

Box 2, Folder 29

Basic Optical Requirements for a Good TV Broadcast - Typescript drafts 1950

Box 2, Folder 30

Lens Tester for Photographic Lenses - Reprint and typescript 1950

Box 2, Folder 31

Modern Requirements of Photographic Lenses - Reprint 1952

Box 2, Folder 32

How to Use the Video Analyzer - Reprint 1953

Box 2, Folder 33

New Approach to the Evaluation of the Performance of Photographic Lenses - Reprint 1953

Box 2, Folder 34

Large Range Variable Magnification Telescope - Reprint 1953

Box 2, Folder 35

Basic Theory of Varifocal Lenses with Linear Movement and Optical Compensation - Reprint 1954

Box 2, Folder 36

Varifocal Camera Lenses - Reprint 1954

Box 2, Folder 37

Performance Testing of Photographic Lenses - Reprint 1955

Box 2, Folder 38

Answer to N. J. Rumsey's "Note on a Suggested Method for Evaluating Image Sharpness" - Reprint 1955

Box 2, Folder 39

Has the Earth a Ring Around It? 1955

General note

See also Solar Eclipse Expedition Scrapbook, Box 5, Folder 7.
Box 2, Folder 40

Developments in Catadioptric Telephoto Systems - Reprint 1957

Box 2, Folder 41

Expert Previews Tomorrow's Lenses - Reprint 1957

Box 2, Folder 42

Back, Frank and Herbert Lowen. Generalized Theory of Zoomar Systems - Reprint 1958

Box 2, Folder 43

Zoom Lense for Closed-Circuit Television - Reprint 1958

Box 2, Folder 44

New Concepts in the Evaluation of Television Lenses - Reprint and photocopy of a paper presented at two different conferences 1962

Box 2, Folder 45

EinfluB eines zum Zwecke der Linienfrequenz-Anderung Eingebauten Zoom-Objektivs auf die MeBgenauigkeit im... - Reprint 1969

Box 2, Folder 46

Off-Axis MTF Measurements on Wide-Angle Lenses - Reprint of a paper presented at the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers Seminar in Tokyo, Japan 1970

Box 2, Folder 47

Optical Design for the Visible Versus Infrared - Reprint and typescript of a lecture given at the Summer Conference on Infrared Technology, University of Michigan 1975

Box 2, Folder 48

Design and Testing for Germanium Optics - Photocopy 1976

Box 2, Folder 49-50, Oversize FB-352-05

Zoom Lens, History and Present - Typescript with handwritten corrections 1980

Box 2, Folder 51

Lensless Lens Developed for TV - Typescript

Box 2, Folder 52

Novel Measuring Method for Optical Transfer Functions - Zoomar pamphlet

Box 2, Folder 53

Tool Room Girl - Typescript poem

Box 2, Folder 54

Untitled typescript related to television camera optical systems



Box 2, Folder 55

Process for the Photographic Recording of Sound - Typescript of patent application 1938

Box 2, Folder 56

Verfahren zur Photographischen Schallaufzeichnung, Insbesondere fur die Zwecke des Tonfilmes - Typescipt of patent application with figures 1938

Box 3, Folder 1

Photographic Camera and Projection Device - Typescripts of patent application with figures and patent certificate from US Patent Office 1965

Box 3, Folder 2

Varifocal Lens System and Actuating Mechanism - Reprint 1971



Box 3, Folder 3

Deutsch, Felix. Ein Registrier-Endes Druckmanometer zur Messung des PreBdrukes 1933


Eggert, John

Box 3, Folder 4

Die Photographie als Wissenschaft und Technik 1957

Box 3, Folder 5

Karl Friedrich Bonhoeffer 1958

Box 3, Folder 6

The Present Status of Photographic Development in Theory and Practice 1958

Box 3, Folder 7

Radioaktive Konferenz in Zurich 1958

Box 3, Folder 8

Zur Spektralen Empfindlichkeit Photgraphischer Schichten 1959

Box 3, Folder 9

With A. Buchler. Wietere Versuche Uber Den Wiegert-Effekt. II 1956

Box 3, Folder 10

With and Heinrich Hopft. Uber Den Angriff von Polystyrul Durch Insektenlarven 1959

Box 3, Folder 11

Eriksen, Erling and Albert Braastad. Plural-Row Cinematographic Camera 1929

Box 3, Folder 12

Fischer, Henning. Uber die Konvertierung Photographischer Schichten Inbesondere bei Anuesenheit Eines... 1957

Box 3, Folder 13

James, D. and W. A. Peters. Photographic Camera - Reprint of United States patent 1915

Box 3, Folder 14

Kingslake, Rudolf. Lense Design by Desk Calculator 1976

Box 3, Folder 15

Lause, H. Zur Bestimmung des Falschlichtes bei Femrohren Durch Photoelectrisches Photometrieren 1966

Box 3, Folder 16

Luchsinger, R. and K. Pfister. Ergebnisse von Kehlkopfaufnahmen mit Einer Zeitdehnerapparatur 1959


Lyttleton, R. A

Box 3, Folder 17

The Neptune Story 1959

Box 3, Folder 18

The End of the Iron-Core Age 1973

Box 3, Folder 19

With S. Fred Singer. Dynamical Considerations Relating to the West Ford Experiment 1964


Pavlopoulus, T. G

Box 3, Folder 20

Breakdown of Lorentz Invariance 1967

Box 3, Folder 21

The Special Theory of Relativity and the Problem of Universal Constants 1969

Box 3, Folder 22

Reichenbach, Heinz. The Mach-Zehnder Interference Refractor undated

Box 3, Folder 23

Rixen, C. J. Photographic Camera 1933


Wartburg, Rene von

Box 3, Folder 24

Die Verwendung von Elektronenblitzlampen als Neue Lichtquellen in der... 1957

Box 3, Folder 25

Nuere Untersuchungen Uber Den Rezuprozitatsfehler (Schwarzschild-Effect) 1956



Box 3, Folder 26

A-Z - Miscellaneous 1945 - 1983

Box 3, Folder 27

Back, Irma (wife) 1939

Box 3, Folder 28

Bihlmaier, Oskar 1973

Box 3, Folder 29

Einstein, Albert - Photograph of Einstein's letter to Back with English translation 1955

Box 3, Folder 30

Helix Gage Works - Letter of resignation 1943

Box 3, Folder 31

Shereff Brothers Counselors at Law (Louis H. and Harry Shereff) 1958 - 1979

Box 3, Folder 32

Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers - Correspondents: Edward J. Blasko, Stephen C. Chamberlain, Jack F. Christensen, and Lynne Robinson 1980 - 1981

Box 3, Folder 33

Whitaker, J. G. 1938 - 1940

Box 3, Folder 34

Wisdom: The Magazine of Knowledge for Lifetime Learning and Education (Leon Gutterman, President) 1966 - 1975

Box 3, Folder 35

Unidentified correspondents 1929 - 1981




Business Documents

Box 3, Folder 36

Agreement of Partnership - Television Zoomar Corporation, signed by Frank Back, Jack Pegler, and Westbrook Pegler II 1959

Box 3, Folder 37

Agreement of Sale of Zoomar Stock to Optical Industries 1979

Box 3, Folder 38

Agreement - Stockholders of Zoomar Marketing Corp. 1958

Box 3, Folder 39

Award from City of Glen Cove, NY 1962

Box 3, Folder 40

Capital stock certificates - Television Zoomar Export Corp., Zoomar Marketing Corp., and Television Zoomar Trading Ltd. 1957 - 1958

Box 3, Folder 41

Inter-office correspondence 1974 - 1977

Box 3, Folder 42

Newspaper clippings 1962

Box 3, Folder 43, Oversize FB-282-07

Posters of letters to Jack Pegler and of other documents relating to Zoomar products 1949 - 1955

Box 3, Folder 44

Sterflinger, Ludwig - Employment agreements 1954 - 1972


Product Information

Box 3, Folder 45, Oversize FB-353-02

Production information - Miscellaneous 1971

Box 3, Folder 46-47, Oversize FB-282-08

Drawings and graphs - Blueprints and photoreproductions 1966 - 1977

Box 3, Folder 48

Exklusiv! FM-Objektivtest "Normal" Weitwinkel 35mm 1970

Box 3, Folder 49

InfraRed Lenses - Product pamphlet and IRAP 100 graphs undated

Box 3, Folder 50

Logo plate for color TV system undated

Box 3, Folder 51

Mark XB-2 - Product pamphlet undated

Box 3, Folder 52

New Orbiter for Pyroelectric Cameras-Mark II - Product pamphlet undated

Box 4, Folder 1

T-Meter and Opticometer - Product pamphlet undated

Box 4, Folder 2

Television Zoomar manual - Product manual 1951

Box 4, Folder 3

Zoomar Lenses for Vidicon TV Cameras - Product pamphlet undated

Box 4, Folder 4

Zoomar MTF Meter - Product pamphlets undated

Box 4, Folder 5

Zoomar Products and Capabilities - Product pamphlet for optical tracking systems undated




Images of Back

Box 4, Folder 6

Attending conferences undated

Box 4, Folder 7-8, Oversize FB-352-08

Back with Albert Einstein - Includes some images of Einstein alone and Einstein with others ca. 1955

Box 4, Folder 9

Lecturing undated

Box 4, Folder 10, Oversize FB-353-01

Personal scrapbook with photographs, newspaper clippings, and an envelope of duplicate photographs 1952 - 1970

Box 4, Folder 11-12, Oversize FB-352-07

Portraits undated

Box 4, Folder 13-14, Oversize FB-352-09

With optical instruments or cameras undated

Box 4, Folder 15-16, Oversize FB-352-10

With others undated



Box 4, Folder 17, Oversize FB-354-01

Factory in Germany - Two scrapbooks with photographs of interior and exterior of factory plus duplicate photgraphs undated

Box 4, Folder 18

Factory in Glen Cove, NY undated

Box 4, Folder 19, Oversize AB-027-C

Photo poster - Large mounted collage of product photographs and images of Back

Box 4, Folder 20

Products undated



Box 4, Folder 21

Back, Maritsch (aunt) 1899, undated

Box 5, Folder 1

Family members - Unidentified undated

Box 5, Folder 2

Greece - Images of ruins, buildings, and radar/optical equipment undated

Box 5, Folder 3

House - Unidentified 1957, undated

Box 5, Folder 4

Lowen, Herbert undated



Box 5, Folder 5

Images of buildings, landscapes, and astronomical phenomena undated

Box 5, Folder 6, Oversize FB-352-11

Images of astronaut on the moon and aerial image of San Diego, CA

Box 5, Folder 7, Oversize FB-355-01

Solar eclipse expedition scrapbook - Materials related to Back's expedition to observe and photograph the solar eclipse of June 20, 1955. The scrapbook contains images of Back only and Back with Einstein, newspaper clippings, and typescript of Has the Earth a Ring Around It? ca. 1955

Box 5, Folder 8

Unidentified people undated

Box 5, Folder 9-10, Oversize FB-352-12

Work benches and tools undated



Box 5, Folder 11

Advertisments for products manufactured by Back ca. 1932 - 1938

Box 5, Folder 12, Oversize FB-352-06

Calculations and data ca. 1975

Box 5, Folder 13

Employment Agreement with Bol Ltd. 1943


Epiprojector and Episcop Projector

Box 5, Folder 14

Typescript describing episcopic projectors and handwritten agreement of disclosure 1980 - 1983

Box 5, Folder 15, Oversize MC-154-03

Blueprints and drawings 1980 - 1983

Box 5, Folder 16

Income tax returns 1941 - 1942

Box 5, Folder 17

Inspection report from the Inspection Board of U. K. and Canada 1942

Box 5, Folder 18

Letterhead and envelope

Box 5, Folder 19

List of passengers for a trip from Havre to New York 1929

Box 6, Folder 1

Microdot Optics undated

General note

Box contains twenty-nine seemingly identical small microdot lenses or lens systems with "W. Germany" scratched into larger barrel of lens. There are six variants: two are not inscribed with "W. Germany" and instead have scored lines around the circumference of the larger lens barrel, three have either the numbers 3, 21, or 23 written in pencil on the larger lens barrel, and one has masking tape attached with illegible handwriting.
Box 7, Folder 1

Newspaper clippings about Albert Einstein 1963

Box 7, Folder 2

New York Telephone Company - Bond certificate [photocopy] 1973

Box 7, Folder 3

Lowen, Elizabeth (sister) - Education document and letter of recommendation 1923 - 1938

Box 7, Folder 4

Postcards unsent - Images of Vienna, astonomical phenomena, telescopes, paintings and the Middle East



Box 7, Folder 5

Award to H. Lowen from Zoomar Inc. 1973

Box 7, Folder 6

Birth certificate 1902

Box 7, Folder 7

Certificate of baptism 1902

Box 7, Folder 8

Certificate of confirmation 1918

Box 7, Folder 9

Certificate of death and contract of purchase for cemetery plot 1975

Box 7, Folder 10

Certificate of Literacy 1945

Box 7, Folder 11

Certificate from Vienna police 1937

Box 7, Folder 12

Correspondence - Typed letters to and from Herbert Lowen 1942 - 1968



Box 7, Folder 13

Heinrich Hertz-Realgymnasium - Transcript 1913 - 1921

Box 7, Folder 14

Universitat zu Wien - Course certificates, test certificates and a copy of his law diploma 1927 - 1937

Box 7, Folder 15

Employment documents 1932 - 1943

Box 7, Folder 16

Goldschmidt, Hans - Last will and testament, certificate of death, and cemetery deed 1943 - 1944

Box 7, Folder 17

Housing documents - Notice of maximum rent, mortgage documents, and deeds relating to various residence in New York State 1943 - 1946

Box 7, Folder 18

Identity cards and passports 1928 - 1961

Box 7, Folder 19

Letters of recommendation 1926 - 1930

Box 7, Folder 20

Lowenstein, Ernst (Lowen's father) - Contract between Ernst and Herbert Lowenstein and certificate of death 1923 - 1942

Box 7, Folder 21

Newspaper clipping from a German or Austrian newspaper undated

Box 7, Folder 22

Notice of inheritence 1955

Box 7, Folder 22

Receipts from notary publics, US Department of Justice, US Draft Board, and US District Court 1942 - 1958

Box 7, Folder 24

Vaccination records 1902 - 1961



Box 7, Folder 25

Originals of preservation photocopies