Edwin C. Wilson Papers MSS 734

Finding aid prepared by Mandeville Special Collections Library
Mandeville Special Collections Library
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, California, 92093-0175
Copyright 2011

Descriptive Summary

Title: Edwin C. Wilson Papers
Identifier/Call Number: MSS 734
Contributing Institution: Mandeville Special Collections Library
La Jolla, California 92093-0175
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 1.7 lin. ft. 2 archives boxes, 1 oversize box, 1 mapcase folder
Date (bulk): Bulk, 1929-1948
Date (inclusive): 1907-1974
Abstract: Papers of Edwin C. Wilson, (1893-1972), American diplomat, served as U.S. Minister to Uruguay from 1939-1941, U.S. Ambassador to Panama from 1941-1943 and U.S. Ambassador to Turkey from 1945-1948. Materials include correspondence, writings, photographs, U.S. State Department documents and ephemera.
Creator: Wilson, Edwin

Scope and Contents

The Edwin C. Wilson Papers contain biographical materials, photographs, official documents, reports and correspondence relating to his work as a U.S. diplomat.
The papers are arranged in three series: I) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS, 2) CORRESPONDENCE, and 3) SUBJECT FILES.
The BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS series dates from 1907-1972 and consists of documents, newspaper clippings, and official certificates. Also in this series are several photographs of Wilson, his family and an album, presented to Wilson in 1946, which contains hand drawn maps and mounted photos of Turkish art and archaeological sites, subjects Wilson was passionate about preserving during and after his ambassadorship. A file of ephemera containing memorabilia from some of Wilson's official engagements is also included.
The CORRESPONDENCE series, arranged chronologically, contains letters from 1907-1974. This series consists primarily of official Department of State correspondence to Edwin C. Wilson. Included are many of his letters of promotion and appointment, as well as correspondence relating to his diplomatic services in Uruguay, Panama, France and Turkey. Some personal correspondence is also included.
The SUBJECT FILES series dates from 1929 to 1948. The bulk of this series are documents relating to Wilson's work as the U.S. Ambassador to Turkey and include confidential U.S. State Department memorandum, documents on the subjects of the defense of the Turkish Straits, Soviet and British policy on Turkey, Turkey's position during World War II, agreements and treaties with the Allies, and U.S. aid to Turkey. This series also includes materials relating to the Hague Conference (1929-1930), documents in both French and English on the establishment of the Provisional Government of the French Republic, and a few documents, in Spanish and English on Panama and the 1939 Meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the American Republics.


Edwin C. Wilson was born in 1893 in Palatka, Florida. In 1920, Wilson began his extensive diplomatic career by joining the foreign services. Throughout the span of his career, he held such positions as First Secretary of the Embassy in Paris (1926-1930), observer for the U.S. at the International Congress of Reparations and Rhineland Evacuation held at the Hague (1929-1930), Chief of the Division of Latin American Affairs at the Department of State in Washington (1931-1935), U.S. Minister to Uruguay (1939-1941), U.S. Ambassador to Panama (1941-1943), and Representative of the U.S. to the French Committee of National Liberation and post of Counselor of American Embassy in Paris (1943-1944). As President Franklin D. Roosevelt's diplomatic representative in Algiers, Wilson worked with General Charles de Gaulle on plans for a provisional government in France.
In 1945, President Roosevelt appointed Wilson as the U.S. Ambassador to Turkey, and in 1947, President Harry S. Truman named Wilson chief of the U.S. mission to supervise aid to Turkey where he administered $100 million dollars of U.S. aid under the Truman Doctrine. Wilson resigned as ambassador due to health in 1948 and died on September 10, 1972 in Washington, D.C.

Acquisition Information

Not Available

Preferred Citation

Edwin C. Wilson Papers, MSS 734, Mandeville Special Collections Library, UCSD

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Wilson, Edwin -- Archives
Ambassadors--United States
Diplomats--United States


BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS Bulk, 1929-1948 1914-1972

Box 1, Folder 1, Oversize MC-10-06

Miscellaneous 1914-1972

Box 1, Folder 2

Writings 1946



Box 1, Folder 3

Edwin C. Wilson, family 1940-1944

Box 1, Folder 4

Turkey 1946

Box 1, Folder 4, Oversize FB-508-01

Album with photographs of Turkey 1946

Box 1, Folder 5

Ephemera 1921-1930



Box 1, Folder 6


Box 1, Folder 7


Box 1, Folder 8


Box 1, Folder 9


Box 1, Folder 10




Box 1, Folder 11

Miscellaneous materials 1929-1943

Box 1, Folder 12

Panama 1939



Box 1, Folder 13


Box 2, Folder 1


Box 2, Folder 2


Box 2, Folder 3


Box 2, Folder 4