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Civilian Conservation Corps Collection
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Processing Information
  • Organizational History
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement

  • Language of Material: English
    Contributing Institution: SJSU Special Collections & Archives
    Title: Civilian Conservation Corps Collection, 1933-1997
    creator: San Jose State College
    Identifier/Call Number: MSS.2010.07.29
    Physical Description: 2 boxes (2.5 Linear feet)
    Date (inclusive): 1933-1997
    Date (bulk): Bulk 1933-1942
    Abstract: The materials in this collection consist of photographs, newspaper articles, original newspapers, memorabilia, oral history cassette tapes, memorial calendars, and alumni association publications related to northern California camps.


    Collection is open for research. Photocopying of original Newspapers is prohibited due to their fragile nature.

    Publication Rights

    Copyright is not assigned to the San José State University Special Collections & Archives. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Special Collections & Archives. Copyright restrictions may apply to digital reproductions of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

    Preferred Citation

    Civilian Conservation Corps Collection, MSS-2010-07-29, San José State University Library Special Collections & Archives.

    Processing Information

    Collection processed by Lisa Zakharova and David Fournier. Finding aid EAD encoded by Lisa Zakharova. Reviewed by Danelle Moon.

    Organizational History

    The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was created in 1933 as one of the first programs headed by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) to alleviate youth unemployment during the Great Depression. Young men, ages 18 to 24 provided unskilled manual labor supporting reforestation and building the National Parks System. The Department of Labor recruited the men into the program and set up the outdoor camps they would be living at. Upon joining, they were provided clothing by the U.S. Army which also managed the camps. Over three million young men joined the CCC in the nine years it was active. They were paid one dollar per day and were offered free room and board. Members of the CCC became known as FDR's "Tree Army" and worked to revitalize the nation's forests and parks by planting trees, setting up state parks, and building roads that connected parks. They built more than 1000 national, state, county and city parks and planted over three billion trees across the nation. To this day, the CCC remains the only government conservation program that worked to save our country's environment on a national scale. There were CCC camps located in every state in the U.S.
    The CCC was disbanded by President Roosevelt in 1942 when the nation's resources focused on the war effort and the economic state of the nation significantly improved. Originally, the program was designed to create jobs for unemployed young men during the depression. The onset of World War II meant an abundance of jobs all over the country, which rendered the original purpose of the CCC irrelevant. The CCC left behind a legacy that would be felt for years to come through the improvement of the country's forests and environment, as well as the hard work the young men performed through their enlistment with the CCC. Since then, several states, including California, have created their own Conservation Corps programs. Similar to the Civilian Conservation Corps, the California Conservation Corps allows young men and women to work for a year for the National Park System. The Civilian Conservation Corps Alumni Association continues working for historical recognition and education of the mass achievements of CCC workers and their families.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The Civilian Conservation Corps(CCC) Collection, 1933-1997 (bulk 1933-1942) documents the work relief program established by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) during the New Deal Era in the state of California. It focuses in particular on the Almaden Camp in San Jose also called the Mount Madonna Camp, and is located in English Camp at the Almaden Quicksilver County Park. The records consist of photographs, newspaper articles, original newspapers, memorabilia, oral history cassette tapes, memorial calendars, and alumni association publications.


    This collection is arranged into three series: Series I. California Camps; Series II. National Camps; Series III. Affiliated Organizations.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) -- California
    Depressions -- 1929
    San Jose State College