Alternate Forms Available
Scope and Content of Collection
Title: William J. Casey papers
Date (inclusive): 1913-1996
Collection Number: 99003
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
Language of Material:
625 manuscript boxes, 2 card file boxes, 9 oversize boxes, 1 cubic foot box, 2 motion picture films
(266.0 Linear Feet)
Correspondence, speeches and writings, diaries, memoranda, reports, hearing transcripts, legal and financial papers, printed
matter, photographs, and memorabilia relating to American domestic and foreign policy, especially during the presidential
administrations of Richard M. Nixon and Ronald Reagan; American intelligence operations from World War II on; and the 1980
presidential campaign of Ronald Reagan. Digital copies of select records also available at
Casey, William J.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives
Boxes 304, 315-316, 354-355, 635-636, FH7, FH9, FH11, FH13, FH14, and FH15 may not be used without permission of the Archivist.
The remainder of the collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If
there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 1999.
[Identification of item], William J. Casey papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.
Alternate Forms Available
|1913 March 13
||Born, Elmhurst, Long Island, New York
||B.S., Fordham University
||J.D., St. John's University. Admitted to New York bar
||Married Sophia Kurz
||Member, Office of Strategic Services, stationed in London
||Founder, Institute for Business Planning. Subsequently author of a series of its reference publications on business law
||Partner, Hall, Casey, Dickler and Howley law firm
||Unsuccessful candidate for Congress, New York
||Member, Presidential Task Force on International Development
||Chairman, Securities and Exchange Commission
||Under secretary of state for economic affairs
||Member, Commission on the Organization of the Government for the Conduct of Foreign Policy
||President and chairman, Export-Import Bank of the United States
Where and How the War Was Fought: An Armchair Tour of the American Revolution
||Chairman, Small Business Administration Task Force on Venture and Equity Capital for Small Business
||Member, President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board
||Member, Rogers and Wells law firm
||Director, Ronald Reagan presidential election campaign
||Chairman, Presidential Transition Team
||Director, Central Intelligence Agency
|1987 May 6
||Died, Glen Cove, New York
The Secret War against Hitler (published posthumously)
Scouting the Future: The Public Speeches of William J. Casey (published posthumously)
Scope and Content of Collection
William J. Casey held a succession of high-level positions in the executive branch of the United States government during
the presidential administrations of Richard M. Nixon, Gerald R. Ford and Ronald Reagan, culminating in service as Reagan's
director of the Central Intelligence Agency. Although his papers do not include official government records, they do contain
personal use copies of unclassified official documents and unofficial correspondence that reflect formulation of government
policy during the Nixon, Ford and Reagan administrations, with particular reference to the agencies which Casey headed and
to the commissions on which he served.
The collection is organized into series that for the most part correspond to successive positions held by Casey or to other
distinct periods in his life. Each such series contains papers created or accumulated by Casey during that period of his life.
In general this conforms with the manner in which the papers were maintained during Casey's lifetime. Series based on governmental
offices include: TASK FORCE ON INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (1969-1970) FILE; SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (1971-1973)
FILE; DEPARTMENT OF STATE (1973-1974) FILE; COMMISSION ON THE ORGANIZATION OF THE GOVERNMENT FOR THE CONDUCT OF FOREIGN POLICY
(1973-1975) FILE; EXPORT-IMPORT BANK (1974-1976) FILE; FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE ADVISORY BOARD (1976-1977) FILE; TASK FORCE ON
VENTURE AND EQUITY CAPITAL FOR SMALL BUSINESS (1976-1977) FILE; and CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY (1981-1987) FILE.
Series constituted on the basis of service in a particular government position share a general similarity in arrangement.
Typically each has a Speeches and Engagements subseries, arranged chronologically by event and including speeches as well
as correspondence and meeting and background material related to the event in question; a Correspondence subseries, arranged
alphabetically by name of correspondent; a Publicity subseries containing press coverage of Casey and preparatory material
for and transcripts of interviews granted to the media; and a Subject File subseries, arranged alphabetically by topic. Subject
files frequently include substantive correspondence and unpublished memoranda and reports as well as printed matter. Once
again, subseries arrangement generally conforms to the arrangement of papers maintained during Casey's lifetime.
Another variety of subseries requires some explanation. Casey was a controversial figure throughout his government service.
He was the subject of numerous investigations by Congressional committees, some in conjunction with confirmation hearings
for a new office and some not. During the Nixon administration the investigations centered on the International Telephone
and Telegraph Corporation and Robert Vesco affairs. During the Reagan administration they concerned Casey's own financial
affairs, the appointment and resignation of Max Hugel as deputy director of the Central Intelligence Agency, and the theft
of Jimmy Carter briefing papers during the 1980 presidential election campaign. Casey successfully weathered all investigations
and confirmation hearings. The voluminous materials accumulated during these proceedings make up several subseries. From December
1986 until his death in May 1987, Casey was incapacitated by illness. There is thus little in the collection aside from press
coverage relating to the Iran-Contra investigation of this period.
In addition to series formed on the basis of government office, there are three series based explicitly on political activity:
CASEY FOR CONGRESS COMMITTEE (1966) FILE, dealing with Casey's lone, and unsuccessful, bid for electoral office; REAGAN/BUSH
CAMPAIGN (1980) FILE, in which Casey figured as campaign manager; and PRESIDENTIAL TRANSITION TEAM (1980-1981) FILE. Casey
was a lifelong Republican, and material related to party affairs and to other elections may be found in the Correspondence
and Subject File subseries of other series as well.
Chronologically, the earliest series is the OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES (1943-1945) FILE. Although it is also the smallest
series, it is notable in marking the beginning of Casey's long involvement with intelligence. In addition to the FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE
ADVISORY BOARD and CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY series, this interest is reflected in other series, and especially in Speeches
and Engagements and Subject File subseries relating to activities of the Veterans of the O.S.S.
One series, CASEY FOUNDATION (1967-1977) FILE, is devoted to a philanthropic organization established by Casey. He was involved
in many other philanthropic activities, which are documented in the Subject File subseries of various series. Some philanthropies
were associated with the Roman Catholic Church, of which Casey was a lifelong member. His involvement with the International
Rescue Committee was especially notable, and entries under the Committee will be found in several subject files.
Two large series deal with periods of Casey's life when he did not hold public office: PRE-GOVERNMENT CAREER (1945-1971) FILE
and, coinciding with the Democratic Carter administration, PRIVATE LIFE (1976-1981) FILE. Casey's activities as a lawyer and
as a businessman come to the fore here, although there are reflections of them in other series as well. Among a multitude
of interests were business law publishing, tax and estate law, continuing legal education, the legal profession, public policy
centers, the securities industry, Long Island civic activism, economic implications of technological advances, and entrepreneurship,
as well as continuing preoccupation with politics and foreign policy.
Chronologically the last series are FINAL ILLNESS AND DEATH (1986-1987) FILE and CASEY MEMORIAL FUND (1987-1988) FILE.
Three series cut across chronological periods. WRITINGS is the most important of these. It includes Casey's published writings,
together with drafts and related correspondence and background materials. Besides numerous publications in the field of business
law, Casey was the author of two books,
Where and How the War Was Fought, inspired by the American Revolution Bicentennial; and the posthumously published
The Secret War against Hitler, in which he drew on his own experiences in the Office of Strategic Services. There are very extensive drafts of the latter
work, composition of which was long drawn-out and which was extensively revised, and a large volume of research material assembled
for the writing project. AUDIOVISUAL MATERIAL is cross-referenced with related textual material. PRINTED MATTER consists of
Casey's personal copies of printed material accessible elsewhere.
The William J. Casey papers were acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives from Sophia Kurz Casey in 1999.
Arrangement of the William J. Casey papers into the 20 series described above (Boxes 1-427) was completed in 2002. Subsequently
another large body of papers (Boxes 428-636) was received. These papers have been arranged into another 21 series, of which
19 are simply addenda to series in the first body of material. There is, in fact, an ADDENDUM series for each of the initial
20 series except for TASK FORCE ON INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (1969-1970) FILE. Within each ADDENDUM series, arrangement by
subseries is similar to that in the corresponding initial series. This reflects the fact that the material in the second body
of papers is in general very similar to the material in the first body. For example, most alphabetically filed correspondence
for letters A-Q from Casey's Central Intelligence Agency years arrived in the first body of material and is to be found in
the CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY series, while most alphabetical correspondence from the same period for letters R-Z arrived
in the second body and is to be found in the CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY ADDENDUM series. There are similar instances of divided
filing sequences elsewhere. The researcher who has identified one of the first 20 series as being of interest will also want
to consult the corresponding ADDENDUM series.
There are two unique series in the ADDENDUM portion of the Casey papers. The first is a small EARLY LIFE (1913-1943) FILE
series containing material documenting Casey's life prior to his entry into the Office of Strategic Services. The second is
a MEMORABILIA series of plaques, awards, diplomas, certificates, and assorted three-dimensional objects from all periods of
Subjects and Indexing Terms
United States -- Foreign relations -- 1981-1989
United States -- Politics and government -- 1969-1974
United States -- Politics and government -- 1981-1989
United States -- Foreign relations -- 1969-1974
Secret service -- United States
World War, 1939-1945 -- Secret service
Presidents -- United States -- Election -- 1980
Finance, Public -- United States
Intelligence service -- United States
United States. Department of State
United States. Central Intelligence Agency
United States. Office of Strategic Services
Export-Import Bank of the United States
Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994
United States. Securities and Exchange Commission