Inventory of the Peters Z. Olins Papers

Processed by: David Jacobs
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
© 2007
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Inventory of the Peters Z. Olins Papers

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California
Processed by:
David Jacobs
Date Completed:
Encoded by:
Elizabeth Konzak
© 2007 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Peters Z. Olins Papers
Dates: 1927-1962
Collection number: 83010
Creator: Olins, Peters Z., d. 1962.
Collection Size: 4 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box (2 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Correspondence, dispatches, writings, financial records, printed matter, photographs, and memorabilia, relating to Latvian foreign relations and émigré affairs.
Physical location: Hoover Institution Archives
Languages: Languages represented in the collection: Latvian English

Administrative Information


Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Peters Z. Olins Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1997.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

1890 Born, Valmiera, Latvia
1919 Enters Latvian diplomatic service
1927 Awarded Ph.D. in history, American University, Washington, D.C.
1928 Author, The Teutonic Knights in Latvia. Promoted to rank of Minister Plenipotentiary.
1962 Died
1910-1914 Student at the University of St. Petersburg
1935-1962 Latvian minister to Argentina and Brazil

Scope and Content of Collection

Acquired in 1997, the Peters Z. Olins papers in the Hoover Institution Archives comprise materials relating to this Latvian diplomat, who served most of his career in posts in Argentina and Brazil. Of perhaps most historical interest in the collection is the official correspondence exchanged between Olins and other Latvian representatives in London, Washington, and elsewhere, and especially his correspondence with Alfreds Bilmanis, Latvian ambassador to the United States. This series also includes copies of letters sent between the Foreign Ministry of Latvia and various Latvian legations, and covers the period before and during World War II. From this correspondence, it is possible to reconstruct the Latvian state's evaluation of its situation in the years immediately before its loss of independence in 1940. These materials also document the unsuccessful efforts of Latvian diplomats abroad to restore Latvian sovereignty after the end of the war.
Following the annexation of Latvia by the Soviet Union, many Latvian diplomats in the West, including Olins, retained their official status as representatives of Latvia and continued to exercise their duties. In this regard, the collection contains both correspondence as well as a number of reports written by Olins and sent to the Latvian Legation in the United States. There is also an album of photographs in the collection relating to Olins' life and career, including his early years as a student and a soldier in World War I, when Latvia was a province of the Russian empire.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.


Latvians in foreign countries.
Argentina--Foreign relations--Latvia.
Brazil--Foreign relations--Latvia.
Latvia--Foreign relations--Argentina.
Latvia--Foreign relations--Brazil.



Container List


Correspondence 1935-1962


Bilmanis, Alfreds. 1941-1948

Scope and Content Note

Includes letters neither addressed to nor written by Peters Z. Olins
Box 1, Folder 1


Box 1, Folder 2


Box 1, Folder 3

Foreign Ministry of Brazil, 1961


Foreign Ministry of Latvia.

Scope and Content Note

Includes correspondence between this ministry and Latvian legations in other countries
Box 1, Folder 4


Box 1, Folder 5-7


Box 2, Folder 1


Box 2, Folder 2



Latvian Legation (London) 1950-1962

Box 2, Folder 3


Box 2, Folder 4


Box 2, Folder 5


Box 2, Folder 6


Box 2, Folder 7

Latvian Legation (Washington, D.C.), 1955-1962

Box 3, Folder 1

Émigré publications, 1950-1960

Scope and Content Note

Letters, with some transcripts of interviews and clippings
Box 3, Folder 2

Naturalization requests, 1959-1960

Box 3, Folder 3

General, 1933-1961

Box 3, Folder 4

Reports, 1956-1957

Box 3, Folder 5

Inaugural program, 1961

Box 3, Folder 6-7

Clippings, 1935-1940

Box 3, Folder 8

Photograph, undated

Scope and Content Note

One print depicting Vilhelms Munters and others
Box 3, Folder 9

Financial records, 1952-1964

Scope and Content Note

Receipts and invoices
Box 4, Folder 1

Financial records, 1954-1961

Scope and Content Note

One account book
Box 4, Folder 2

Olins, Peters Z., The Principle of the Equality of Men in the Movement for International Peace, doctoral thesis submitted to the American University, Washington, D.C., 1927 March.

Scope and Content Note

Box 4, Folder 3-6

Printed matter, 1936-1938

Box 4, Folder 7

Album of photographs depicting Latvian participation in the commemoration of the fourth centenary of São Paulo, Brazil, 1954


Biographical file, circa 1890s-1960

Box 5, Folder 1

Album of photographs documenting the life and career of Peters Z. Olins, circa 1890s-1960

Scope and Content Note

Includes photographs depicting Karlis Ulmanis and other Latvian officials
Box 5, Folder 2-4

Testimonials given to Peters Z. Olins from the Latvian émigré community in Brazil, 1955-1959

Box 5, Folder 5

Certificate of consular authority, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1933 February 21