Inventory of the Peters Z. Olins papers

Finding aid prepared by David Jacobs
Hoover Institution Library and Archives
© 2007
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA 94305-6003

Title: Peters Z. Olins papers
Date (inclusive): 1927-1962
Collection Number: 83010
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
Language of Material: Mainly in Latvian
Physical Description: 4 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box (2.0 Linear Feet)
Abstract: Correspondence, dispatches, writings, financial records, printed matter, photographs, and memorabilia, relating to Latvian foreign relations and émigré affairs.
Creator: Olins, Peters Z., -1962
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives


The collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.


For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 1997.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Peters Z. Olins Papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Biographical Note

1890 Born, Valmiera, Latvia
1919 Enters Latvian diplomatic service
1927 Awarded Ph.D. in history, American University, Washington, D.C.
1928 Author, The Teutonic Knights in Latvia. Promoted to rank of Minister Plenipotentiary.
1962 Died
1910-1914 Student at the University of St. Petersburg
1935-1962 Latvian minister to Argentina and Brazil

Scope and Content of Collection

Acquired in 1997, the Peters Z. Olins papers in the Hoover Institution Library & Archives comprise materials relating to this Latvian diplomat, who served most of his career in posts in Argentina and Brazil. Of perhaps most historical interest in the collection is the official correspondence exchanged between Olins and other Latvian representatives in London, Washington, and elsewhere, and especially his correspondence with Alfreds Bilmanis, Latvian ambassador to the United States. This series also includes copies of letters sent between the Foreign Ministry of Latvia and various Latvian legations, and covers the period before and during World War II. From this correspondence, it is possible to reconstruct the Latvian state's evaluation of its situation in the years immediately before its loss of independence in 1940. These materials also document the unsuccessful efforts of Latvian diplomats abroad to restore Latvian sovereignty after the end of the war.
Following the annexation of Latvia by the Soviet Union, many Latvian diplomats in the West, including Olins, retained their official status as representatives of Latvia and continued to exercise their duties. In this regard, the collection contains both correspondence as well as a number of reports written by Olins and sent to the Latvian Legation in the United States. There is also an album of photographs in the collection relating to Olins' life and career, including his early years as a student and a soldier in World War I, when Latvia was a province of the Russian empire.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Latvia -- Emigration and immigration
Diplomats -- Latvia
Argentina -- Foreign relations -- Latvia
Brazil -- Foreign relations -- Latvia
Latvia -- Foreign relations -- Argentina
Latvia -- Foreign relations -- Brazil


Correspondence 1935-1962


Bilmanis, Alfreds. 1941-1948

Scope and Contents note

Includes letters neither addressed to nor written by Peters Z. Olins
box 1, folder 1


box 1, folder 2


box 1, folder 3

Foreign Ministry of Brazil 1961


Foreign Ministry of Latvia.

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence between this ministry and Latvian legations in other countries
box 1, folder 4


box 1, folder 5-7


box 2, folder 1


box 2, folder 2



Latvian Legation (London) 1950-1962

box 2, folder 3


box 2, folder 4


box 2, folder 5


box 2, folder 6


box 2, folder 7

Latvian Legation (Washington, D.C.) 1955-1962

box 3, folder 1

Émigré publications 1950-1960

Scope and Contents note

Letters, with some transcripts of interviews and clippings
box 3, folder 2

Naturalization requests 1959-1960

box 3, folder 3

General 1933-1961

box 3, folder 4

Reports 1956-1957

box 3, folder 5

Inaugural program 1961

box 3, folder 6-7

Clippings 1935-1940

box 3, folder 8

Photograph undated

Scope and Contents note

One print depicting Vilhelms Munters and others
box 3, folder 9

Financial records 1952-1964

Scope and Contents note

Receipts and invoices
box 4, folder 1

Financial records 1954-1961

Scope and Contents note

One account book
box 4, folder 2

Olins, Peters Z., The Principle of the Equality of Men in the Movement for International Peace, doctoral thesis submitted to the American University, Washington, D.C. 1927 March.

Scope and Contents note

box 4, folder 3-6

Printed matter 1936-1938

box 4, folder 7

Album of photographs depicting Latvian participation in the commemoration of the fourth centenary of São Paulo, Brazil 1954


Biographical file circa 1890s-1960

box 5, folder 1

Album of photographs documenting the life and career of Peters Z. Olins circa 1890s-1960

Scope and Contents note

Includes photographs depicting Karlis Ulmanis and other Latvian officials
box 5, folder 2-4

Testimonials given to Peters Z. Olins from the Latvian émigré community in Brazil 1955-1959

box 5, folder 5

Certificate of consular authority, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 1933 February 21