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Inventory of the American National Red Cross records
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Related Material
  • Alternative Forms of Material Available
  • Historical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement

  • Title: American National Red Cross records
    Date (inclusive): 1906-1995
    Date (bulk): 1917-1922
    Collection Number: XX482
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 219 manuscript boxes, 1 card file box, 5 oversize boxes, 1 framed photograph, and 2 videotape cassettes (95.5 linear feet)
    Abstract: Correspondence, memoranda, reports, financial records, lists, and photographs relating to relief work in Europe and the Middle East, Russia, and China during and immediately after World War I. Also available on microfilm (339 reels).
    Physical location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: American National Red Cross.


    Microfilm use only.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], American National Red Cross records, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives

    Acquisition Information

    Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Searchworks at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Searchworks is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Related Material

    The Hazel Braugh Record Center and Archives of the American Red Cross http://www.redcross.org/museum/exhibits/braugh.asp  provides additional information on the records center holdings as well as other repositories that hold American Red Cross records, such as the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) and the Library of Congress.
    American Relief Administration Russian Operational records, 1919-1925, Hoover Institution Archives
    American Relief Administration European Operations Records, 1919-1923, Hoover Institution Archives
    Mary Catherine Roberts papers, 1918-1978, Hoover Institution Archives
    Burle Bramhall collection, 1973-1976, Hoover Institution Archives

    Alternative Forms of Material Available

    Also available on microfilm (339 reels).

    Historical Note

    The American Red Cross is a humanitarian organization led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principals of the International Red Cross Movement. The Federal Charter states it is a nonprofit, tax-exempt, charitable organization. The organization's seven fundamental principles are: humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity, and universality. This mission guides the organization to provide relief to victims of disasters and to help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.
    At the beginning of the World War I, the American Red Cross was a small organization still in the process of developing its identity and programs. When the United States declared war against Germany on April 6, 1917, the organization began a period of extraordinary growth. By the time the war ended in November 1918, the Red Cross had become a major national humanitarian organization with strong leadership, a huge membership base, universal recognition, and a broad and distinguished record of service. The Red Cross continues to respond to emergencies today.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The records of the American National Red Cross (ARC) in this collection deal mainly with relief around the world during and after World War I.
    The records of the ARC are arranged by geographical location where each particular commission operated: commissions for the Balkan States (including countries such as Albania, Austria-Hungary, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia), Belgium, China, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Palestine and Egypt, Switzerland, and Russia (Petrograd Children's Colony, Siberia, Southern Russia, Western Russia, and Baltic States). The documents reflect the massive efforts put forth by the ARC to deliver aid to regions devastated by the war.
    If the commission for a certain region or country operated in another territory (for example the Commission for Czechoslovakia opened hospitals on the territory of Russia), the documents may be found among the records of that geographic location. Along with official reports and financial records, correspondence of gratitude for the ARC gives a human side to the organization.
    The collection also contains records of related organizations including the American Relief Administration, International and Junior Red Cross, YMCA, and American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. The material presents a comprehensive history of relief work around the world, as well as economic and health conditions, political and social developments.
    The Miscellany series includes documents of most geographic areas of the American National Red Cross that were not included in the original arrangement, and contains supplemental records of each commission.
    Printed matter contains bulletins, magazines, reports, pamphlets, instructions, and manuals published by the ARC.


    Records are arranged as originally received from the organization; generally by Commission or Office in geographical locations as well as the Headquarters Offices. General materials, oversize items, and printed materials may be found after the geographic locations

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    International relief.
    World War, 1914-1918--Civilian relief.
    World War, 1914-1918--War work.