Inventory of the Lei Zhen papers

Finding aid prepared by Lisa H. Nguyen
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6003
(650) 723-3563
hooverarchives@stanford.edu
© 2009


Title: Lei Zhen papers
Date (inclusive): 1960-1977
Collection Number: 2008C3
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: Chinese
Physical Description: 2 manuscript boxes (0.8 linear feet)
Abstract: Lei Zhen (1897-1979) was a human rights activist, liberal thinker, and vigorous political opponent of Chiang Kai-shek and Kuomintang rule in post-1949 Taiwan. The collection, consisting of Lei Zhen's memoir, correspondence, and writings dated 1960-1977, primarily relates to the pro-democracy movement in Taiwan.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Lei, Zhen

Access

The collection is open for research; materials must be requested at least two business days in advance of intended use.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Lei Zhen papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2008.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

1897 June 25 Born, Zhejiang province, China, nè Yonglong
1916 Studied in Japan; entered the Chinese Revolutionary Party (Zhonghua Geming Dang)
1926 Graduated from Kyoto Imperial University; entered law school to study constitutional law
1928 Instructor at the Central Military Academy
1929 Professor of Law at National Central University
1931 Kuomintang (KMT) Special Municipalities Committee member
1932 Chairman of the KMT National Congress in Nanjing
1933 Chief of the Department of Education's General Administrative Affairs Office
1937 Member of the Military Affairs Commission
1943 Deputy Secretary General of the People's Political Council
1945 Appointed by Chiang Kai-shek as Secretary General of the Political Consultant Conference
1946 Deputy Secretary General of the National Assembly
1947 Minister without Portfolio
1949 Launched the first issue of the Free China Journal
1950 Presidential policy advisor, Central Bank board member
1952 Secretary General of the Sino-Japanese Cultural and Economic Association
1960 Sentenced to 10 years in prison by Chiang Kai-shek
1970 September Released from prison
1979 March 7 Died, Taipei, Taiwan

Scope and Content of Collection

Lei Zhen (1897-1979) was a human rights activist, liberal thinker, and vigorous political opponent of Chiang Kai-shek and Kuomintang rule in post-1949 Taiwan. Acquired by the Hoover Institution in 2007, the collection, consisting of Lei Zhen's memoir, correspondence, and writings dated 1960-1977, primarily relates to the pro-democracy movement in Taiwan.
Lei Zhen launched the Free China Journal in 1949. Due to the journal's pro-democracy stance and criticism of Chiang Kai-shek, Lei was arrested for treason on September 4, 1960, and sentenced to ten years in prison. The magazine was subsequently shut down.
While in prison, Lei wrote a four million character memoir chronicling his life and thoughts on democracy, freedom of speech, and an open society. However, the memoir and most government records regarding the controversial "Lei Zhen Incident" have either disappeared or been destroyed.
During the last two years of his life, Lei attempted to reconstruct the memoir. The result was a five chapter, three hundred thousand character manuscript titled The Black Book of Forming a New Party (Lei Zhen Huiyi Lu Zhi Xin Dang Yundong Hei Pi Shu) that described Lei's vision for Taiwan's democratization process, constitutional reform, and future prospects.
Included in the collection is a draft of this manuscript and letters to his children and other family members. Portions of this memoir, as well as family letters were published in 2003. The collection also includes unpublished material such as the first chapter of the manuscript, and additional correspondence.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Taiwan--Politics and government--1945-1975.

 

Manuscript 1977

Scope and Contents note

Written during the last two years of Lei's life, the manuscript titled The Black Book of Forming a New Party (Lei Zhen Huiyi Lu Zhi Xin Dang Yundong Hei Pi Shu), describes Lei's vision for Taiwan's democratization process, constitutional reform, and future prospects, arranged by chapters. In Chinese.
 

The Black Book of Forming a New Party (Lei Zhen Huiyi Lu Zhi Xin Dang Yundong Hei Pi Shu), manuscript 1977.

Scope and Contents note

Describes Lei's vision for Taiwan's democratization process and prospects
Box/Folder 1 : 1

Chapters One and Two

Box/Folder 1 : 2-3

Chapter Three

Box/Folder 1 : 4-6

Chapter Four

Box/Folder 1 : 7

Chapter Five Part One

Box/Folder 2 : 1-2

Chapter Five Part One (continued)

Box/Folder 2 : 3-4

Chapter Five Part Two

 

Correspondence 1960-1970

Scope and Contents note

Letters written in prison addressed to Lei Zhen's wife, Xiang Yun, five children, Meilin, Meili, Meimin, Meimei, Tianhong, and Tianxi. In Chinese.
Box/Folder 2 : 5

Published letters

Box/Folder 2 : 6-7

Unpublished letters