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Inventory of the Huang Fu (黄孚) papers
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Collection Details
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  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Biographical/Historical note

  • Title: Huang Fu (黄孚) papers
    Date (inclusive): 1916-1937
    Collection Number: 72027
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: In Chinese.
    Physical Description: 7 manuscript boxes (2.8 linear feet)
    Abstract: Correspondence, reports, writings, and printed matter, relating to Chinese foreign relations, the 1927 incident at Nanjing, the Tanggu Truce settlement with Japan in 1933, domestic politics in China, Chiang Kai-shek, and the Nationalist government of China.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Huang, Fu, 1880-1936.


    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Huang Fu papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1972.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The papers of Huang Fu (黄孚) document the political activities of a government official and sworn "blood brother" of Chiang Kai-shek (蒋介石) during the early Republic of China period. The collection includes Huang's personal and official correspondence, reports, directives, speeches and writings, newspapers clippings and other posthumous materials.
    In the early 1920s, Huang held such posts in Beijing such as acting foreign minister, acting premier and minister of education. During the Nanjing decade he served in multiple positions, including Shanghai mayor (1927), the National Government as minister of foreign affairs (1928), minister of the interior (1934) and chairman of the Beiping political affairs council (1933 to 1935).
    Materials that relate to the fall of Cao Kun (曹锟) in the 1924 Beijing coup, when Huang Fu became acting premier of the Republic of China at the request of warlord Feng Yuxiang (冯玉祥), are in the Coup D'etat of 1924 File.
    The Nanjing Incident (南京事件) file groups materials relating to the Incident which occurred in March 1927 when the National Revolutionary Army, comprised of both Kuomintang (KMT) and Communist troops, ransacked and looted foreign properties in Nanjing. This resulted in property damage and casualties of British, French and American citizens. Huang Fu played an instrumental role in negotiating settlements with the affected parties.
    The Jinan Incident (济南事件) file includes materials relating to the May 3, 1928 armed conflict between the Japanese Army allied with Northern Chinese warlords against the KMT's southern army in Jinan, the capital of Shandong Province, during the Northern Expedition.
    Documents relating to the Tanggu Truce (塘沽停战协定), a cease fire agreement signed on May 1, 1933, which ceded portions of northern Hebei Province to the Japanese, can be found in the Tangu Truce File, 1933-1934
    In 1934, Huang Fu, in his capacity as commissioner in Northern China, had to mollify Japanese demands to restore railway and postal services between Manchuria and Northern China. Though Chiang Kai-shek (蒋介石) supported Huang's decision, the concession received considerable opposition within the government since the dealings lent de facto legitimacy to Japanese rule in Manchuria.
    Lastly, papers deemed "private" include Huang's articles and public talks on Sino-Japanese relations affairs, as well incremental materials dealing specifically dealing with the resumption of postal and railway services in 1934 and the Nanjing Incident.

    Biographical/Historical note

    Biographical Note

    1880 Born, in Zhejiang Province, China
    1905-1908 Matriculated at Shimbu Gakko (military preparatory school) and joined Tongmenghui
    1910 Graduated from Military Survey Academy in Tokyo, Japan
      Served as a topographer for the Military Advisory Bureau in Beijing
    1912 Superintendent of base headquarters of the northern expeditionary forces
    1915 Resided in Oakland, California
    1916 Went to Shanghai to help plan military action in Zhejiang and assume post of military commissioner for the revolution troops there.
    1917 Organized the National Peace Association
    1918 Published Ou Zhan Zhi Jiao Xun yu Zhongguo zhi Jiang Lai ( Lessons of the European War and the Future of China)
    1919 Published Zhan Hou Zhi Shi Jie ( The World After the War), a series of lectures he gave in Tianjin
    1920 Served as consultant in the presidential office and director of the Chinese economic investigation bureau
      Published Ou Zhan Hou Zhongguo: Jingji yu Jiaoyu ( China After the European War: Economics and Education)
    1921 Sent to the United States and Europe to study economic conditions
    1922 Returned to Tianjin, China
      Served as acting foreign minister
    1923 Appointed Minister of Education
    1924 Vice Chairman of the financial rehabilitation commission
    1927 Mayor of Shanghai from July 7 to August 12
    1928 Member of the State Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs
    1931 Organized the New China Reconstruction Society
    1933 Established the Mokan Elementary School and organized the Mokan Countryside Improvement Association
      Chairman of the Peiping political affairs council where he facilitated the Tanggu Truce
    1934 Appointed Minister of Interior
    1936 Died of liver cancer in Shanghai, China on December 6

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Chiang, Kai-shek, 1887-1975.
    China--Foreign relations--Japan.
    China--Foreign relations.
    China--Politics and government--1912-1949.
    Japan--Foreign relations--China.