Inventory of the Milovan Djilas papers

Finding aid prepared by Hoover Institution Archives Staff
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6003
(650) 723-3563
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© 2008, 2018


Title: Milovan Djilas papers
Date (inclusive): 1931-1989
Collection Number: 80128
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: Serbian and English
Physical Description: 43 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box, 378 digital image files (.007 GB) (18.3 linear feet)
Abstract: Writings, translations, correspondence, printed matter and photographs relating to communism, communism in Yugoslavia, and President Josip Broz Tito.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Djilas, Milovan, 1911-1995.

Access

Collection is open for research.
Use copies of some computer media in this collection are available for immediate access. To access sound recordings, video recordings, motion picture material, or other computer media please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Milovan Djilas papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1980, followed by a large increment in 2014.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

Milovan Djilas (1911-1995) was a Yugoslav communist leader who subsequently became the first prominent dissident in the history of communist Eastern Europe.
Djilas said that he “traveled the entire road of communism,” from a youthful revolutionary, partisan guerrilla fighter against Nazi invaders of his native Montenegro, to a zealous believer in Stalinism, to complete disillusionment and rejection of a system “capable of destroying nine-tenths of the human race to ‘make happy’ the one-tenth.” Djilas was for many years the closest associate of Josip Broz Tito, the founder of communist Yugoslavia. It was Djilas who Tito sent to Moscow early in 1948 to inform Stalin that Yugoslavia would follow its own national development, outside the Soviet bloc. Soon, however, the relationship with Tito soured as Djilas became increasingly critical of the party and its ideology. In 1954 he was expelled from the party and his government job and, in the following year, put on trial for “hostile propaganda.” Djilas spent the next four decades in either prison or official isolation.
In 1957 Djilas was able to smuggle his manuscript of The New Class to the West. It was published in English by Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, which was then owned by the author’s friend, William “Bill” Jovanovich. The book made Djilas famous. Eventually translated into sixty languages and having sold three million copies, it was a devastating critique of the communist system. The New Class resulted in another trial and seven-year sentence for “being hostile to the people and the state of Yugoslavia.”
In 1962, Djilas published Conversations with Stalin, which resulted in another prison term. Let out in 1966, he was allowed to travel and spent time in Britain, the United States, and Australia. The Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 found him a visiting professor at Princeton. He was highly critical of the Soviets, which on his return to Yugoslavia resulted in the revocation of his passport for the next eighteen years and his living in isolation in Belgrade. The domestic ban on Djilas’s publications was not lifted until 1988, with his full rehabilitation the following year.

Scope and Content of Collection

The collection contains Djilas’s manuscripts and typescripts sent by him to publisher William "Bill" Jovanovich, both published and unpublished, along with correspondence and related materials. There are more than a dozen book manuscripts and numerous essays and articles for the American and Western press. Djilas heavily annotated and corrected most of the manuscripts by hand. Included is the still unpublished English translation of his three-volume novel Worlds and Bridges, and the original Serbian manuscript. Djilas considered this novel about the bloody conflicts between the Serbs and Muslims after World War I his life’s main work. The collection also includes the unpublished Jail Diaries.
The original acquisition contained a typescript of "Nova Klasa: Kritika Savremenog Komunizma," circa 1957, and a photocopy of a typescript of "Druþenje s Titom," 1980, relating to the communist regime in Yugoslavia and to President Josip Broz Tito. They were published under the same titles (Belgrade, 1990; Harrow, England, 1980).
A manuscript and typescript of Djilas's diary from 1953 and 1954 can be found in box 11. The papers also contain rich correspondence, much of which can be found in boxes 17, 18, 27, 28, 42 and 43, as well as scattered throughout the collection.

Index to Writings

Although the papers have not been arranged, this index can serve as a guide to the Djilas writings within the collection.
Djilas wrote a three volume autobiography. The first volume, Land Without Justice, was published in 1958. The second volume was originally titled Rebellious Youth, and was later referred to as Land Without Justice II. In 1973, Memoir of a Revolutionary was published, which combined volumes 2 and 3 of the autobiography. Within the collection, material from the autobiography is listed under all three titles.
Box Numbers Titles
13, 28, 38-39 Conversations with Stalin, (Susreti sa Staljinom)

6, 21 Ideas and Times: Political Essays and Articles

37-39 Jail Diaries, (Zatvorski dnevnik)

18-19, 22, 24, 35-36 Land Without Justice, (Beslidna zemlja)

16, 28 The Leper and Other Stories, (Gubavac i druge pripovetke)

13, 30, 40-41 Lost Battles/Under the Colors, (Izgubljene bitke)

3, 4, 22, 34-35 Memoir of a Revolutionary (Pobunjena mladost II; Besudna zemlja, knjiga III)

7, 41-42 Montenegro (Crna Gora)

19-21, 33 Njegoš

1, 11, 22 The New Class

15, 33-34 Paradise Lost, (Izgubljeni raj)

12, 32 Rebellious Youth, (Pobunjena mladost)

10 The Stone and the Violets, (Kamen i ljubičice)

1, 24-25, 36 Tito: The Story From the Inside

2, 29 Thieves’ Fate

19, 28, 31-32 The Unperfect Society: Beyond the New Class, (Nesavršeno društvo)

8, 29 Wartime

5, 23-24, 28, 30, 36-37, 39, 40, 44 Worlds and Bridges (Svetovi I mostovi)

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Tito, Josip Broz, 1892-1980.
Communism--Yugoslavia.
Communism.
Dissenters--Yugoslavia.
Yugoslavia--Politics and government--1945-1980.

Box/Folder 1 : 1

Two CD-Rs containing 378 digital image files depicting Milovan Djilas' life and family, circa 1931-1989

Access

Original disks closed. Use copies of electronic files available in the Hoover Archives reading room.
Box/Folder 1 : 2

Tito: The Story From the Inside (Druzenje s Titom), annotated typescript, undated

Box/Folder 1 : 3

The New Class (Nova klasa), annotated typescript, undated

Box/Folder 2 : 1-2

"Thieves' Fate," annotated typescritpts, undated

Box/Folder 2 : 3

"Barovic: Fearlessness Against Lawlessness," 1979, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes translation by Mate Mestrovic and edited translation by Drenka Willen
Box/Folder 2 : 4

Articles for New York Times and Esquire, typescripts and clippings, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes "USSR-China: The Essential Differences," "Yugoslavia:An Economy Still Weighed Down by Dogmatism," and "Testimony of Four Peers"
Box/Folder 2 : 5

Tromedja, 1980

 

Memoir of a Revolutionary,

Scope and Contents note

Original English language version, translated and edited by Drenka Willen. Third volume of autobiography.
Box/Folder 3 : 1-5

Annotated typescript, 1972

Box/Folder 4 : 1-5

Photocopy, 1972

 

Worlds and Bridges, (Svetovi I mostovi), Volume III

Box/Folder 5 : 1-2

Typescript in Serbo-Croatian, circa 1974

Box/Folder 5 : 3-5

English translation by Lovett F. Edwards, undated

 

Ideas and Times: Political Essays and Articles

Box/Folder 6 : 1-4

English translation by Dorian Cooke, 1973-1975

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence and annotated typescripts
Box/Folder 6 : 5-6

Annotated typescripts in Serbo-Croatian, 1972-1975

 

Montenegro, (Crna Gora)

Box/Folder 7 : 1-2

Annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian, undated

Box/Folder 7 : 3-5

Annotated typescripts in English, undated

 

Sound tape reels

Scope and Contents note

Contains 3 1/4-inch by 7-inch sound tape reels
Box/Folder 8 : 1

"Reading in English From Recent Prose Work (Introduced by William Jovanovich)," (2 reels), 1968

Box/Folder 8 : 2

Unlabeled reel, undated

Box/Folder 8 : 3

Typescripts, correspondenece, and clippings, 1962-1971

Scope and Contents note

Includes "Soviet Power Without Ideology," "The New Left--A Mixture of Enthusiasm and Manipulation," Land Without Justice footnotes, and Montenegro introduction and preface,
Box/Folder 8 : 4-5

Wartime, correspondence, annotated typescript fragments, and list of corrections, 1975-1978

Box/Folder 8 : 6

"Und wer verandert die Revolutionare," in Christ und Welt, 1969

 

Personal file

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence and clippings
Box/Folder 9 : 1

1966

Box/Folder 9 : 2

1960-1962

Box/Folder 9 : 3

1962-1963

Box/Folder 9 : 4

1963

 

The Stone and the Violets, (Kamen i ljubičice)

Box/Folder 10 : 1

Annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian, circa 1968

Box/Folder 10 : 2

Annotated typescript, materials not included in published volume, circa 1968

Box/Folder 10 : 3

Annotated typescript in English, 1972

Scope and Contents note

Translated by Lovett F. Edwards
Box/Folder 11 : 1

"Soviet Union Today," typescript, circa 1955-1956

Box/Folder 11 : 2

Letters to Vlado Dedijer, 1955

Box/Folder 11 : 3

Notes on Vlado Dedijer, 1955

Box/Folder 11 : 4

Trial proceedings and Djilas' speech at trial, 1954-1955

Box/Folder 11 : 5

Letter to Josip Broz Tito, 1967

Box/Folder 11 : 6

The New Class, first concepts in essays form, annotated typescripts, undated

Box/Folder 11 : 7

"Nordiski San (Nordic Dream)," typescripts and introduction, circa 1954

Box/Folder 11 : 8

"Sveznanje Gluposti," annotated typescript, undated

Box/Folder 11 : 9

Writings, letter to Vlado Dedijer, and contents list, 1955-1968, undated

Box/Folder 11 : 10

Diary from 1953 to 1954, typescript and manuscript, 1952-1961

Scope and Contents note

Includes letter from Stevo Dedijer to Djido
Box/Folder 12 : 1-2

Rebellious Youth, (Pobunjena mladost), manuscript in Serbo-Croatian, circa 1955

Scope and Contents note

Second volume of autobiography. See also Box 22.
Box/Folder 12 : 3-5

Personal file, 1964-1965

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence
Box/Folder 13 : 1-3

Conversations with Stalin, (Susreti sa Staljinom), annotated typescripts, 1961

Box/Folder 13 : 4-5

Lost Battles, (Izgubljene Bitke), annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian, 1967

Scope and Contents note

Published as Under the Colors
Box/Folder 14 : 1-5

Pre-war writings, typescripts and photocopies, 1931, undated

Box/Folder 15 : 1-2

Pre-war writings, typescripts and photocopies, (cont'd.)

 

Paradise Lost (Izgubljeni raj)

Scope and Contents note

Translation by Djilas
Box/Folder 15 : 3

Correspondence, memoranda, and production notes, 1968-1969

Box/Folder 15 : 4-5

Annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian, undated

 

Correspondence

Box/Folder 16 : 1

Letters to Vlado Dedijer from Djilas, 1973-1977

Box/Folder 16 : 2

Letters to senators from William Jovanovich, 1962

Box/Folder 16 : 3-4

"The Mountain Wreath," correspondence and introduction, 1964-1966

Scope and Contents note

Concerns the translation of the Njegoš work into English
Box/Folder 16 : 5

The Leper and Other Stories, (Gubavac i druge pripovetke), typescript, undated

 

Correspondence

Scope and Contents note

See also Box 27
Box/Folder 17 : 1

1971

Box/Folder 17 : 2

1972

Box/Folder 17 : 3

1973-1976

Box/Folder 17 : 4

1968

Box/Folder 18 : 1

1969

Box/Folder 18 : 2

1970

 

Land Without Justice, Beslidna zemlja

Scope and Contents note

Volume 3 of autobiography
Box/Folder 18 : 3

Manuscript in Serbo-Croatian, 1969

Box/Folder 18 : 4

Photocopy, undated

Box/Folder 18 : 5

Correspondence, 1975

Box/Folder 19 : 1-2

Photocopy, undated

Box/Folder 19 : 3-4

The Unperfect Society: Beyond the New Class, (Nesavršeno društvo), annotated typescript and galley, 1969

 

Njegoš

Scope and Contents note

Djilas' study of the 1847 poem of Petar II Petrovic-Njegoš
Box/Folder 19 : 5-6

Annotated typescript, undated

Box/Folder 20 : 1-2

Annotated typescript, fragment, undated

Box/Folder 20 : 3-4

Visit to United States, 1968-1969

Box/Folder 20 : 5-6

Djilas: The Metamorphosis of a Marxist, typescript by Stephen Clissold, undated

Box/Folder 21 : 1-2

Njegoš, annotated typescript and correspondence, 1961, undated

Box/Folder 21 : 3

Ideas and Times: Political Essays and Articles, typescript, 1975

Box/Folder 21 : 4

Unidentified typescript, undated

Scope and Contents note

Possibly Leper and Other Stories or Worlds and Bridges
Box/Folder 22 : 1

Pre-war writings, undated

Box/Folder 22 : 2-3

The New Class, monographs, 1957

Box/Folder 22 : 4-5

Land Without Justice, Volume 2 (Pobunjena Mladost), manuscript photocopy, circa 1955

Scope and Contents note

Second volume of autobiography. See also Box 12.
Box/Folder 23-24

Worlds and Bridges

Box/Folder 23 : 1-3

Annotated typescript in English, undated

Box/Folder 23 : 4-5

Annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian, undated

Box/Folder 24 : 1

Annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian, (cont'd.)

Box/Folder 24 : 1-5

Land Without Justice, annotated typescripts, undated

 

Tito: The Story From the Inside,

Box/Folder 24 : 6

Annotated galley proofs in English, 1980

Box/Folder 25 : 1-3

Typescript in Serbo-Croatian, 1980

Box/Folder 25 : 4-6

Annotated typescript in English, 1980

Box 26

Oversize material

Scope and Contents note

Includes photographs
Box/Folder 27 : 1

Publication of memoir in Serbian, correspondence, 1974

Box/Folder 27 : 2

Interview, 1968-1969

Box/Folder 27 : 3-4

Aleksa Djilas, 1967-1982

Box/Folder 27 : 5

Michael M. Milenkovitch, 1968-1974

Box/Folder 27 : 6

The Book of Dirges by Matija Bećković, correspondence and typescript, 1976

Scope and Contents note

Translated by Momčilo Selić
 

Correspondence

Scope and Contents note

See also Box 17
Box/Folder 27 : 7

1966

Box/Folder 27 : 8-9

1967

Box/Folder 27 : 10

1962

Box/Folder 27 : 11

1980-1984

Box/Folder 28 : 1

The Leper and Other Stories, introduction and correspondence, 1966

 

Correspondence and typescripts

Box/Folder 28 : 2

1970-1979

Box/Folder 28 : 3

1968-1970

Box/Folder 28 : 4

1972-1976

Box/Folder 28 : 5

1978-1979

Box/Folder 28 : 6

Article about Djilas, Encounter Magazine, clipping, undated

 

Correspondence

Box/Folder 28 : 7

The Unperfect Society, 1968-1969

Box/Folder 28 : 8

Correspondence with publishers, Milovan Djilas, and Aleksa Djilas, 1984-1989

Box/Folder 28 : 9

Worlds and Bridges, 1974-1977

Box/Folder 28 : 10

Trip to United States, 1969-1970

Box/Folder 28 : 11

Conversations With Stalin, 1968-1969

Box/Folder 28 : 12

Rolf Hochhuth, 1967

Box/Folder 29 : 1

1977-1979

Box/Folder 29 : 2

"Civil War Years," printed copy, 1977

Box/Folder 29 : 3

"Thieves' Fate," typescripts and correspondence, 1978

Box/Folder 29 : 4-5

Wartime, (Revolucionarni Rat), annotated typescript, 1975

Box/Folder 30 : 1-3

Worlds and Bridges, annotated typescript, 1971

Box/Folder 30 : 4

Under the Colors, index cards, undated

Scope and Contents note

Other titles include "Lost Battles"
Box/Folder 30 : 5

Monographs, 1962-1963

Box/Folder 31 : 1-3

Monographs (cont'd.)

 

The Unperfect Society

Box/Folder 31 : 4-5

Annotated typescripts and notes, undated

Box/Folder 32 : 1

Photocopy, 1968

Box/Folder 32 : 2

Unidentified typescript, undated

Box/Folder 32 : 3-5

Rebellious Youth, typescript in English, undated

Box/Folder 33 : 1-2

Njegoš, annotated typescript, undated

 

Paradise Lost

Box/Folder 33 : 5

Photocopy and notes,

Box/Folder 34 : 1

Photocopy and notes (cont'd.)

Box/Folder 34 : 2-3

Annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian, undated

 

Correspondence and subject files

Box/Folder 34 : 4

Stefanija Djilas, 1965

Box/Folder 34 : 5

Aleksa Djilas, 1987-1988

Box/Folder 34 : 6

Introduction to The Leper and Other Stories and review of book by Victor Gollanz, 1966-1968

Box/Folder 34 : 7

Drenka Willen, Belgrade trip, 1967-1978

Box/Folder 34 : 8

Marver H. Bernstein, 1981-1982

Box/Folder 34 : 9

Desimir Tochitch, 1980

Box/Folder 34 : 10

Ethnic composition of Yugoslavia, 1975-1978

Box/Folder 34 : 11

Vane Ivanovic, 1974-1977

Box/Folder 34 : 12

Trip to Belgrade, William Jovanovich, notebook, 1967

Box/Folder 34 : 13

Roksanda Cerovic's visa, 1970-1972

Box/Folder 34 : 14

Croatian book, Vane Ivanovic, 1975

Box/Folder 34 : 15

General correspondence, 1970-1975

 

Memoir of a Revolutionary

Box/Folder 34 : 16

Page proofs in English, 1973

Box/Folder 35 : 1

Page proofs in English (cont'd.)

Box/Folder 35 : 2

Galley proofs in English, 1972-1973

 

Subject file

Box/Folder 35 : 3

Jovan Barovic, 1966-1982

Box/Folder 35 : 4

Matija Beckovic, 1976

Box/Folder 35 : 5

Biography of Djilas by Daniel Ivin, 1972-1976

 

Land Without Justice

Box/Folder 35 : 6

Correspondence, 1956-1962

Box/Folder 36 : 1

Correspondence (cont'd.)

Box/Folder 36 : 3

Reviews and introduction, 1958

 

Interviews of Djilas

Box/Folder 36 : 4

John Morgan, 1973-1974

Box/Folder 36 : 5-6

Radio Liberty, 1968-1969

Box/Folder 36 : 7

Life interview, printed copy, 1970

Box/Folder 36 : 8

Trip to Yugoslavia, 1975

Scope and Contents note

Includes bibliography
Box/Folder 36 : 8

Willam Jovanovich's appearance before a senate hearing, 1962

Box/Folder 36 : 9

Bibliography and contract information, 1975

Box/Folder 36 : 10

Imprisonment of Djilas, clippings, 1958-1962

Box/Folder 36 : 11

Tito: The Story From the Inside, clippings, 1980

Box/Folder 36 : 12

Djilas correspondence, 1974-1977

Box/Folder 36 : 13

Worlds and Bridges, Volume 2, annotated typescript in English, 1974

Box/Folder 37 : 1-2

Worlds and Bridges, Volume 2, annotated typescript in English (cont'd.)

 

Jail Diaries (Zatvorski dnevnik)

Box/Folder 37 : 3-4

Typescript in Serbo-Croatian, part 1 (1958-1961), undated

Scope and Contents note

Unpublished
Box/Folder 37 : 5

Typescript in Serbo-Croatian, part 2 (Zatvorske Beleske, 1962-1966), undated

Box/Folder 38 : 1

Typescript in Serbo-Croatian, part 2 (Zatvorske Beleske, 1962-1966) (cont'd.)

 

Conversations with Stalin

Box/Folder 38 : 2-3

Annotated typescripts, notes, correspondence, and memoranda, 1961-1968, undated

Box/Folder 38 : 4

Galley proofs, 1961

Box/Folder 38 : 5

Annotated galley proofs, author's set, 1961

Scope and Contents note

Possibly the galleys which William Jovanovich delivered to Belgrade to be corrected by Djilas
Box/Folder 39 : 1

Correspondence and clippings, 1962

Box/Folder 39 : 2-3

Jail Diaries, photocopy and memo, undated

Box/Folder 39 : 4-5

Worlds and Bridges, typescript in Serbo-Croatian, undated

Box/Folder 40 : 1-3

Worlds and Bridges, typescript in Serbo-Croatian (cont'd.)

Box/Folder 40 : 4

Lost Battles, annotated typescript and list of corrections, 1967

Scope and Contents note

Published as Under the Colors
Box/Folder 41 : 1-2

Lost Battles, annotated typescript and list of corrections (cont'd.)

 

Montenegro

Box/Folder 41 : 3-4

Annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian, undated

Box/Folder 41 : 5

Annotated galley proofs in English, undated

Box/Folder 42 : 1

Galley proofs in English, 1962-1963

Box/Folder 42 : 2

Galley proofs of novel excerpt, "The Eve of the Battle," 1962

Scope and Contents note

Published in limited edition as a New Year's greeting
 

Correspondence

Box/Folder 42 : 3-7

1968

Scope and Contents note

Includes letters related to visits and speaking engagements
Box/Folder 43 : 1-4

1968, 1973

Box/Folder 43 : 5

Miscellaneous, 1971-1979

Scope and Contents note

Includes typescript of Časovnik
Box/Folder 44 : 1-2

Worlds and Bridges, annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian, 1973

Scope and Contents note

"Brought from Belgrade by Peter Jovanovich"