Inventory of the Milovan Djilas papers

Finding aid prepared by Hoover Institution Library and Archives Staff
Hoover Institution Library and Archives
© 2008, 2018
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA 94305-6003

Title: Milovan Djilas papers
Date (inclusive): 1931-1989
Collection Number: 80128
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
Language of Material: In Serbo-Croatian and English
Physical Description: 43 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box, 378 digital image files (.007 GB), 3 sound tape reels (18.3 Linear Feet)
Abstract: Writings, translations, correspondence, printed matter and photographs relating to communism, communism in Yugoslavia, and President Josip Broz Tito.
Creator: Djilas, Milovan, 1911-1995
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives


The collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.


For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 1980, followed by a large increment in 2014.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Milovan Djilas papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Biographical Note

Milovan Djilas (1911-1995) was a Yugoslav communist leader who subsequently became the first prominent dissident in the history of communist Eastern Europe.
Djilas said that he "traveled the entire road of communism," from a youthful revolutionary, partisan guerrilla fighter against Nazi invaders of his native Montenegro, to a zealous believer in Stalinism, to complete disillusionment and rejection of a system "capable of destroying nine-tenths of the human race to 'make happy' the one-tenth." Djilas was for many years the closest associate of Josip Broz Tito, the founder of communist Yugoslavia. It was Djilas who Tito sent to Moscow early in 1948 to inform Stalin that Yugoslavia would follow its own national development, outside the Soviet bloc. Soon, however, the relationship with Tito soured as Djilas became increasingly critical of the party and its ideology. In 1954 he was expelled from the party and his government job and, in the following year, put on trial for "hostile propaganda." Djilas spent the next four decades in either prison or official isolation.
In 1957 Djilas was able to smuggle his manuscript of The New Class to the West. It was published in English by Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, which was then owned by the author's friend, William "Bill" Jovanovich. The book made Djilas famous. Eventually translated into sixty languages and having sold three million copies, it was a devastating critique of the communist system. The New Class resulted in another trial and seven-year sentence for "being hostile to the people and the state of Yugoslavia."
In 1962, Djilas published Conversations with Stalin, which resulted in another prison term. Let out in 1966, he was allowed to travel and spent time in Britain, the United States, and Australia. The Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 found him a visiting professor at Princeton. He was highly critical of the Soviets, which on his return to Yugoslavia resulted in the revocation of his passport for the next eighteen years and his living in isolation in Belgrade. The domestic ban on Djilas's publications was not lifted until 1988, with his full rehabilitation the following year.

Scope and Content of Collection

The collection contains Djilas's manuscripts and typescripts sent by him to publisher William "Bill" Jovanovich, both published and unpublished, along with correspondence and related materials. There are more than a dozen book manuscripts and numerous essays and articles for the American and Western press. Djilas heavily annotated and corrected most of the manuscripts by hand. Included is the still unpublished English translation of his three-volume novel Worlds and Bridges, and the original Serbian manuscript. Djilas considered this novel about the bloody conflicts between the Serbs and Muslims after World War I his life's main work. The collection also includes the unpublished Jail Diaries.
The original acquisition contained a typescript of "Nova Klasa: Kritika Savremenog Komunizma," circa 1957, and a photocopy of a typescript of "Druþenje s Titom," 1980, relating to the communist regime in Yugoslavia and to President Josip Broz Tito. They were published under the same titles (Belgrade, 1990; Harrow, England, 1980).
A manuscript and typescript of Djilas's diary from 1953 and 1954 can be found in box 11. The papers also contain rich correspondence, much of which can be found in boxes 17, 18, 27, 28, 42 and 43, as well as scattered throughout the collection.

Index to Writings

Although the papers have not been arranged, this index can serve as a guide to the Djilas writings within the collection.
Djilas wrote a three volume autobiography. The first volume, Land Without Justice, was published in 1958. The second volume was originally titled Rebellious Youth, and was later referred to as Land Without Justice II. In 1973, Memoir of a Revolutionary was published, which combined volumes 2 and 3 of the autobiography. Within the collection, material from the autobiography is listed under all three titles.
Box Numbers Titles
13, 28, 38-39 Conversations with Stalin (Susreti sa Staljinom)

6, 21 Ideas and Times: Political Essays and Articles

37-39 Jail Diaries (Zatvorski dnevnik)

18-19, 22, 24, 35-36 Land Without Justice, (Beslidna zemlja)

16, 28 The Leper and Other Stories (Gubavac i druge pripovetke)

13, 30, 40-41 Lost Battles/Under the Colors (Izgubljene bitke)

3, 4, 22, 34-35 Memoir of a Revolutionary (Pobunjena mladost II; Besudna zemlja, knjiga III)

7, 41-42 Montenegro (Crna Gora)

19-21, 33 Njegoš

1, 11, 22 The New Class (Nova klasa)

15, 33-34 Paradise Lost (Izgubljeni raj)

12, 32 Rebellious Youth (Pobunjena mladost)

10 The Stone and the Violets (Kamen i ljubičice)

1, 24-25, 36 Tito: The Story From the Inside

2, 29 Thieves' Fate

19, 28, 31-32 The Unperfect Society: Beyond the New Class (Nesavršeno društvo)

8, 29 Wartime

5, 23-24, 28, 30, 36-37, 39, 40, 44 Worlds and Bridges (Svetovi I mostovi)

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Yugoslavia -- Politics and government -- 1945-1980
Communism -- Yugoslavia
Dissenters -- Yugoslavia
Tito, Josip Broz, 1892-1980

box 1, folder 1

Two CD-Rs containing 378 digital image files depicting Milovan Djilas' life and family, circa 1931-1989


Original disks closed. Use copies of electronic files available in the Hoover Archives reading room.
box 1, folder 2

Tito: The Story From the Inside (Druzenje s Titom), annotated typescript undated

box 1, folder 3

The New Class (Nova klasa), annotated typescript undated

box 2, folder 1-2

"Thieves' Fate," annotated typescritpts undated

box 2, folder 3

"Barovic: Fearlessness Against Lawlessness," 1979, undated

Scope and Contents

Includes translation by Mate Mestrovic and edited translation by Drenka Willen
box 2, folder 4

Articles for New York Times and Esquire, typescripts and clippings undated

Scope and Contents

Includes "USSR-China: The Essential Differences," "Yugoslavia:An Economy Still Weighed Down by Dogmatism," and "Testimony of Four Peers"
box 2, folder 5

Tromedja 1980


Memoir of a Revolutionary

Scope and Contents

Original English language version, translated and edited by Drenka Willen.
box 3, folder 1-5

Annotated typescript 1972

box 4, folder 1-5

Photocopy 1972


Worlds and Bridges, (Svetovi I mostovi), Volume III

box 5, folder 1-2

Typescript in Serbo-Croatian circa 1974

box 5, folder 3-5

English translation by Lovett F. Edwards undated


Ideas and Times: Political Essays and Articles

box 6, folder 1-4

English translation by Dorian Cooke 1973-1975

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence and annotated typescripts
box 6, folder 5-6

Annotated typescripts in Serbo-Croatian 1972-1975


Montenegro, (Crna Gora)

box 7, folder 1-2

Annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian undated

box 7, folder 3-5

Annotated typescripts in English undated


Sound recordings

Scope and Contents

Contains 3 1/4-inch by 7-inch sound tape reels
box MC10

"Reading in English From Recent Prose Work (Introduced by William Jovanovich)" 1968 December 3

Physical Description: 2, 1/4-inch sound tape reels (7-inch)
box MC10


Physical Description: 1, 1/4-inch sound tape reels (7-inch)
box 8, folder 3

Typescripts, correspondenece, and clippings 1962-1971

Scope and Contents

Includes "Soviet Power Without Ideology," "The New Left--A Mixture of Enthusiasm and Manipulation," Land Without Justice footnotes, and Montenegro introduction and preface,
box 8, folder 4-5

Wartime, correspondence, annotated typescript fragments, and list of corrections 1975-1978

box 8, folder 6

"Und wer verandert die Revolutionare," in Christ und Welt 1969


Personal file

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence and clippings
box 9, folder 1


box 9, folder 2


box 9, folder 3


box 9, folder 4



The Stone and the Violets, (Kamen i ljubičice)

box 10, folder 1

Annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian circa 1968

box 10, folder 2

Annotated typescript, materials not included in published volume circa 1968

box 10, folder 3

Annotated typescript in English 1972

Scope and Contents

Translated by Lovett F. Edwards
box 11, folder 1

"Soviet Union Today," typescript circa 1955-1956

box 11, folder 2

Letters to Vlado Dedijer 1955

box 11, folder 3

Notes on Vlado Dedijer 1955

box 11, folder 4

Trial proceedings and Djilas' speech at trial 1954-1955

box 11, folder 5

Letter to Josip Broz Tito 1967

box 11, folder 6

The New Class, first concepts in essays form, annotated typescripts undated

box 11, folder 7

"Nordiski San (Nordic Dream)," typescripts and introduction circa 1954

box 11, folder 8

"Sveznanje Gluposti," annotated typescript undated

box 11, folder 9

Writings, letter to Vlado Dedijer, and contents list 1955-1968, undated

box 11, folder 10

Diary from 1953 to 1954, typescript and manuscript 1952-1961

Scope and Contents

Includes letter from Stevo Dedijer to Djido
box 12, folder 1-2

Rebellious Youth, (Pobunjena mladost), manuscript in Serbo-Croatian circa 1955

Scope and Contents

Second volume of autobiography. See also Box 22.
box 12, folder 3-5

Personal file 1964-1965

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence
box 13, folder 1-3

Conversations with Stalin, (Susreti sa Staljinom), annotated typescripts 1961

box 13, folder 4-5

Lost Battles, (Izgubljene Bitke), annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian 1967

Scope and Contents

Published as Under the Colors
box 14, folder 1-5

Pre-war writings, typescripts and photocopies 1931, undated

box 15, folder 1-2

Pre-war writings, typescripts and photocopies, (cont'd.)


Paradise Lost (Izgubljeni raj)

Scope and Contents

Translation by Djilas
box 15, folder 3

Correspondence, memoranda, and production notes 1968-1969

box 15, folder 4-5

Annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian undated



box 16, folder 1

Letters to Vlado Dedijer from Djilas 1973-1977

box 16, folder 2

Letters to senators from William Jovanovich 1962

box 16, folder 3-4

"The Mountain Wreath," correspondence and introduction 1964-1966

Scope and Contents

Concerns the translation of the Njegoš work into English
box 16, folder 5

The Leper and Other Stories, (Gubavac i druge pripovetke), typescript undated



Scope and Contents

See also Box 27
box 17, folder 1


box 17, folder 2


box 17, folder 3


box 17, folder 4


box 18, folder 1


box 18, folder 2



Land Without Justice, (Beslidna zemlja)

Scope and Contents

Volume 3 of autobiography
box 18, folder 3

Manuscript in Serbo-Croatian 1969

box 18, folder 4

Photocopy undated

box 18, folder 5

Correspondence 1975

box 19, folder 1-2

Photocopy undated

box 19, folder 3-4

The Unperfect Society: Beyond the New Class, (Nesavršeno društvo), annotated typescript and galley 1969



Scope and Contents

Djilas' study of the 1847 poem of Petar II Petrovic-Njegoš
box 19, folder 5-6

Annotated typescript undated

box 20, folder 1-2

Annotated typescript, fragment undated

box 20, folder 3-4

Visit to United States 1968-1969

box 20, folder 5-6

Djilas: The Metamorphosis of a Marxist, typescript by Stephen Clissold undated

box 21, folder 1-2

Njegoš, annotated typescript and correspondence 1961, undated

box 21, folder 3

Ideas and Times: Political Essays and Articles, typescript 1975

box 21, folder 4

Unidentified typescript undated

Scope and Contents

Possibly Leper and Other Stories or Worlds and Bridges
box 22, folder 1

Pre-war writings undated

box 22, folder 2-3

The New Class, monographs 1957

box 22, folder 4-5

Land Without Justice, Volume 2, (Pobunjena Mladost), manuscript photocopy circa 1955

Scope and Contents

Second volume of autobiography. See also Box 12.

Worlds and Bridges

box 23, folder 1-3

Annotated typescript in English, undated

box 23, folder 4-5

Annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian undated

box 24, folder 1

Annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian, (cont'd.)

box 24, folder 1-5

Land Without Justice, annotated typescripts undated


Tito: The Story From the Inside,

box 24, folder 6

Annotated galley proofs in English 1980

box 25, folder 1-3

Typescript in Serbo-Croatian 1980

box 25, folder 4-6

Annotated typescript in English 1980

box 26

Oversize material

Scope and Contents

Includes photographs
box 27, folder 1

Publication of memoir in Serbian, correspondence 1974

box 27, folder 2

Interview 1968-1969

box 27, folder 3-4

Aleksa Djilas 1967-1982

box 27, folder 5

Michael M. Milenkovitch 1968-1974

box 27, folder 6

The Book of Dirges by Matija Bećković, correspondence and typescript 1976

Scope and Contents

Translated by Momčilo Selić


Scope and Contents

See also Box 17
box 27, folder 7


box 27, folder 8-9


box 27, folder 10


box 27, folder 11


box 28, folder 1

The Leper and Other Stories, introduction and correspondence 1966


Correspondence and typescripts

box 28, folder 2


box 28, folder 3


box 28, folder 4


box 28, folder 5


box 28, folder 6

Article about Djilas, Encounter Magazine, clipping undated



box 28, folder 7

The Unperfect Society 1968-1969

box 28, folder 8

Correspondence between publishers, Milovan Djilas, and Aleksa Djilas 1984-1989

box 28, folder 9

Worlds and Bridges 1974-1977

box 28, folder 10

Trip to United States 1969-1970

box 28, folder 11

Conversations With Stalin 1968-1969

box 28, folder 12

Rolf Hochhuth 1967

box 29, folder 1

General 1977-1979

box 29, folder 2

"Civil War Years," printed copy 1977

box 29, folder 3

"Thieves' Fate," typescripts and correspondence 1978

box 29, folder 4-5

Wartime, (Revolucionarni Rat), annotated typescript 1975

box 30, folder 1-3

Worlds and Bridges, annotated typescript 1971

box 30, folder 4

Under the Colors, index cards undated

Scope and Contents

Other titles include "Lost Battles"
box 30, folder 5

Monographs 1962-1963

box 31, folder 1-3

Monographs (cont'd.)


The Unperfect Society

box 31, folder 4-5

Annotated typescripts and notes undated

box 32, folder 1

Photocopy 1968

box 32, folder 2

Unidentified typescript undated

box 32, folder 3-5

Rebellious Youth, typescript in English undated

box 33, folder 1-2

Njegoš, annotated typescript undated


Paradise Lost

box 33, folder 5

Photocopy and notes

box 34, folder 1

Photocopy and notes (cont'd.)

box 34, folder 2-3

Annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian undated


Correspondence and subject files

box 34, folder 4

Stefanija Djilas 1965

box 34, folder 5

Aleksa Djilas 1987-1988

box 34, folder 6

Introduction to The Leper and Other Stories and review of book by Victor Gollanz 1966-1968

box 34, folder 7

Drenka Willen, Belgrade trip 1967-1978

box 34, folder 8

Marver H. Bernstein 1981-1982

box 34, folder 9

Desimir Tochitch 1980

box 34, folder 10

Ethnic composition of Yugoslavia 1975-1978

box 34, folder 11

Vane Ivanovic 1974-1977

box 34, folder 12

Trip to Belgrade, William Jovanovich, notebook 1967

box 34, folder 13

Roksanda Cerovic's visa 1970-1972

box 34, folder 14

Croatian book, Vane Ivanovic 1975

box 34, folder 15

General correspondence 1970-1975


Memoir of a Revolutionary

box 34, folder 16

Page proofs in English 1973

box 35, folder 1

Page proofs in English (cont'd.)

box 35, folder 2

Galley proofs in English 1972-1973


Subject file

box 35, folder 3

Jovan Barovic 1966-1982

box 35, folder 4

Matija Beckovic 1976

box 35, folder 5

Biography of Djilas by Daniel Ivin 1972-1976


Land Without Justice

box 35, folder 6

Correspondence 1956-1962

box 36, folder 1

Correspondence (cont'd.)

box 36, folder 3

Reviews and introduction 1958


Interviews of Djilas

box 36, folder 4

John Morgan 1973-1974

box 36, folder 5-6

Radio Liberty 1968-1969

box 36, folder 7

Life interview, printed copy 1970

box 36, folder 8

Trip to Yugoslavia 1975

Scope and Contents

Includes bibliography
box 36, folder 8

Willam Jovanovich's appearance before a senate hearing 1962

box 36, folder 9

Bibliography and contract information 1975

box 36, folder 10

Imprisonment of Djilas, clippings 1958-1962

box 36, folder 11

Tito: The Story From the Inside, clippings 1980

box 36, folder 12

Djilas correspondence 1974-1977

box 36, folder 13

Worlds and Bridges, Volume 2, annotated typescript in English 1974

box 37, folder 1-2

Worlds and Bridges, Volume 2, annotated typescript in English (cont'd.)


Jail Diaries (Zatvorski dnevnik)

box 37, folder 3-4

Typescript in Serbo-Croatian, part 1 (1958-1961) undated

Scope and Contents

box 37, folder 5

Typescript in Serbo-Croatian, part 2 (Zatvorske Beleske, 1962-1966) undated

box 38, folder 1

Typescript in Serbo-Croatian, part 2 (Zatvorske Beleske, 1962-1966) (cont'd.)


Conversations with Stalin

box 38, folder 2-3

Annotated typescripts, notes, correspondence, and memoranda 1961-1968, undated

box 38, folder 4

Galley proofs 1961

box 38, folder 5

Annotated galley proofs, author's set 1961

Scope and Contents

Possibly the galleys which William Jovanovich delivered to Belgrade to be corrected by Djilas
box 39, folder 1

Correspondence and clippings 1962

box 39, folder 2-3

Jail Diaries, photocopy and memo undated

box 39, folder 4-5

Worlds and Bridges, typescript in Serbo-Croatian undated

box 40, folder 1-3

Worlds and Bridges, typescript in Serbo-Croatian (cont'd.)

box 40, folder 4

Lost Battles, annotated typescript and list of corrections 1967

Scope and Contents

Published as Under the Colors
box 41, folder 1-2

Lost Battles, annotated typescript and list of corrections (cont'd.)



box 41, folder 3-4

Annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian undated

box 41, folder 5

Annotated galley proofs in English undated

box 42, folder 1

Galley proofs in English 1962-1963

box 42, folder 2

Galley proofs of novel excerpt, "The Eve of the Battle," 1962

Scope and Contents

Published in limited edition as a New Year's greeting


box 42, folder 3-7


Scope and Contents

Includes letters related to visits and speaking engagements
box 43, folder 1-4

1968, 1973

box 43, folder 5

Miscellaneous 1971-1979

Scope and Contents

Includes typescript of Časovnik
box 44, folder 1-2

Worlds and Bridges, annotated typescript in Serbo-Croatian 1973

Scope and Contents

"Brought from Belgrade by Peter Jovanovich"