Register of the STCIRCUS Archive of Tibetan Resistance

Finding aid prepared by Brad Bauer, Beth Goder, and Hoover Institution Library and Archives Staff
Hoover Institution Library and Archives
© 2012
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA 94305-6003

Title: STCIRCUS Archive of Tibetan Resistance
Date (inclusive): 1958-2011
Collection Number: 2006C8
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 7 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize folder, 1 digital print, digital media (3.2 Linear Feet)
Abstract: Writings, instructional and propaganda material, printed matter, photographs, video tapes, and memorabilia, relating to Central Intelligence Agency programs to train Tibetan guerrillas.
Creator: Walker, Bruce, 1932-
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives


Box 5 and art rack items may not be used without permission of the Archivist. The remainder of the collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.


For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 2006.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], STCIRCUS Archive of Tibetan Resistance, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Processing Information

Title of collection changed from Bruce Walker papers to STCIRCUS Archive of Tibetan Resistance in 2022 at the request of the donor.

Biographical Note

1932 August 29 Born, Bronxville, New York
1953 Second lieutenant, United States Marines
  Graduated from DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana, with a major in economics and minor in Spanish
1954-1955 Stationed in Korea with the First Marine Air Wing. Promoted to first lieutenant
1955 Honorably discharged at Treasure Island
1956-1973 Case officer, Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
1957-1959 Assigned to U.S. Consulate in Guayaquil, Ecuador
1960 Enrolled in Tibetan studies courses at the University of Washington, Seattle
  Transferred to Near East Division and started work on STCIRCUS
1962 Private audience with the Dalai Lama
  Student, Namgyal Institute of Tibetology in Gangtok, Sikkim, India
1962-1964 Trained Tibetans at Camp Hale, Colorado, as part of STCIRCUS project
1965-1966 Worked at Tibetan project desk, where one of his duties was to oversee the Cornell University program for Tibetans under the STCIRCUS project
1966 Assigned to U.S. Embassy in New Delhi, India, using State Department cover, as the replacement STCIRCUS representative at the Joint Operations Center
1968 Six month leave of absence from CIA
1969 Transferred to Hong Kong desk in China Operations
1971 Assigned to U.S. Consulate-General in Hong Kong as a case officer under State Department cover
1973 Married Mary Frances Doyle
  Resigned from CIA
1974 Moved to San Francisco
1974-1988 Worked in several business development departments of Bechtel Corporation
1980-1988 Member, Board of Directors, Merola Opera Program of the San Francisco Opera
1985 Established a Merola scholarship endowment fund
1994 Became a volunteer at the San Francisco Performing Arts Library & Museum
2004 Elected president of the board of the San Francisco Performing Arts Library & Museum

Scope and Content of Collection

The collection documents Bruce Walker's role in STCIRCUS, a Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) project to give support to the Tibetan resistance by training Tibetan guerrillas, providing arms to the Chushi Gangdruk fighters, and using radio teams to communicate information to the CIA. Bruce Walker's initial assignment for the project was to transfer Tibetans to Camp Hale, Colorado, for training in "high-speed radio operations, clandestine communications, small arms, map reading, tradecraft," and other skills, including parachuting (curriculum vitae, box 1, folder 1). In 1962, Walker became part of the training staff at Camp Hale.
The arrangement of the STCIRCUS file is based on the order of materials found in a partial inventory of the collection created by Bruce Walker, although the arrangement does not exactly match this list. The file includes photographs at Camp Hale and of Chushi Gangdruk fighters, clippings, a report by Sam Curry, and propaganda booklets. Detailed descriptions of materials in the collection can be found in Walker's inventory (box 1, folder 2).
Items not listed in Walker's inventory of September 2005 can be found in the Incremental material. Several folders include detailed container lists. The Oversize material contains cloth flags with the logo of the Chushi Gangdruk and the painting "The Secret PLA Pouch Heads for CIA's K Building, West Tibet" by Keith Woodcock. The listed biography is for Bruce Walker.

Related Collections

American Emergency Committee for Tibetan Refugees Records, Hoover Institution Library & Archives
S. Fawl typescript, Hoover Institution Library & Archives

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Secret service -- United States
Tibet Autonomous Region (China) -- History -- 1951-
Guerrillas -- China -- Tibet Autonomous Region
United States. Central Intelligence Agency


STCIRCUS File 1958-2005

Scope and Contents note

Includes partial inventory by Bruce Walker, photographs, clippings, English-Tibetan dictionary, reports, transcripts, and audiovisual material related to a CIA project to train Tibetan guerrilla fighters.
box 1, folder 1

Curriculum vitae of Bruce Walker 2005

box 1, folder 2

Partial inventory, compiled by Bruce Walker 2005

box 1, folder 3

STCIRCUS bibliography 2005



box 1, folder 4

John Kenneth Knaus, "Official Policies and Covert Programs," 2003

box 1, folder 5

Miscellaneous 1961-1988

box 1, folder 6

Miscellaneous 1991-1997

box 1, folder 7

Miscellaneous 1998-1999

box 1, folder 8

Miscellaneous 2000-2004

box MC21

VHS tape, The Shadow Circus: The CIA in Tibet undated

Scope and Contents note

Formerly Box/Folder 1 : 9.
box 1, folder 10

Reunion of STCIRCUS personnel in Las Vegas 2004




Camp Hale, Colorado

box 1, folder 11

General 1961-1964

box StillNegPos Box 2

Slides by Bruce Walker 1961-1964

Scope and Contents note

Formerly Box/Folder 1 : 12.
box 2, folder 1

Black and white prints by Bruce Walker 1961-1964

box 2, folder 2

Black and white prints, miscellaneous 1961-1964

box 2, folder 3

Reproductions by Bruce Walker 1961-1964

box 2, folder 4

Cornell University: Tibetan trainees 1964-1966

Scope and Contents note

By Bruce Walker
box 2, folder 5

Chushi Gangdruk fighters 1958

Scope and Contents note

Photocopies of photographs
box 2, folder 6

Chushi Gangdruk general meeting, New Delhi 1997

Scope and Contents note

Photocopy of photograph
box 2, folder 7

Dhokham Chushi Gangdruk (New York): pamphlets and cover letter from Kalsang Gyatotsang 2004


Propaganda booklets and brochures

box 2, folder 8

Booklets in Tibetan language 1963

Scope and Contents note

Five brochures by Ken Knaus and STRANCH trainees
box 2, folder 9

Brochures in Tibetan language undated

box 2, folder 10

Brochure circa 1963

box 2, folder 11

First-aid brochure in Tibetan language undated

box 2, folder 12

Maps of Tibet region undated


English-Tibetan dictionary

Scope and Contents note

Prepared by Bruce Walker and Tibetan interpreters and trainees at Camp Hale, Colorado
box 2, folder 13

Drafts 1964

box 2, folder 14

Printed version 1964

box 2, folder 15

Drawings and text by Tibetan trainees, Stranch, Nepal undated

box 2, folder 16

Transcript, "The Science of Spying," NBL-TV 1965 May 4


Anthony Poshepny (also known as Tony Poe) file

box 2, folder 17

News articles 1972-2000

box 2, folder 18

Death and funeral 2003

Scope and Contents note

Includes photographs
box 2, folder 19

Report by Sam Curry undated

box 3, folder 1-2

Typescript, "Tears of the Lotus: The Savaging of Tibet" by Roger E. McCarthy 1994

Scope and Contents note

Two copies. Includes correspondence
box 3, folder 3

Sound cassette, Interview of Alan Farley by Ken Knaus, "Orphans of the Cold War" 1999


Incremental Material 1967-2011

Scope and Contents note

Includes materials not listed in Walker's partial inventory of September 2005, such as clippings, video tapes, and correspondence.
box 3, folder 4

Articles 2008-2009

box 3, folder 5

Booklet on Archangel aircraft 2007

box 4, folder 1

Correspondence and articles 1994-2006, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence about "Tears of the Lotus" manuscript
box 4, folder 2

Materials received in 2008 1998-2008, undated

box 4, folder 3

Materials received in 2011 1967-2011

Scope and Contents note

Includes articles, maps, and STCIRCUS bibliography
box MC24

VHS tape, "Meeting with the Dalai Lama," with Roger E. McCarthy and Mikel Dunham 1999 March 23

Scope and Contents

Originally housed in Box 4
box MC24

VHS tape, Talk by Roger E. McCarthy at the University of Toronto 1998 October 1

Scope and Contents

Originally housed in Box 4

Oversize Material 1961, undated

box 5

Cloth flags undated

Scope and Contents note

Two cotton flags containing the Chushi Gangdruk logo of crossed swords in black on a solid orange background. One flag contains a motto


Box 5 may not be used without permission of the Archivist.
art rack

"The Secret PLA Pouch Heads for CIA's K Building, West Tibet," by Keith Woodcock, Framed digital print on canvas 1961 October 25

Conditions Governing Access

May not be used without permission of the Archivist.

Operational maps of Tibet printed on silk undated


Additional Incremental Material

Material Specific Details: Materials not yet described.
box 6

Material not yet described.

box 7

Material not yet described.

box 8

Material not yet described.


Digital materials


Digital materials are not available until processed. If interested in accessing these materials, please contact us for more information.
box MC4

Roger McCarthy Interview at the University of Toronto 1998 November

Physical Description: 1 optical disk
box MC4

Roger McCarthy interview undated

Physical Description: 1 DVD
box MC4

Ray Starke - Camp Hale 1959 2010-2013

Physical Description: 5 CDs, digital photographs
box MC3

Ray Starke Camp Hale 1959-1960

Physical Description: 1 optical disk
box MC3

Susie Stapanek "An 'intelligence briefing' on the CIA in Colorado's Back Country" 2009 April 18

Physical Description: 1 optical disk