Register of the Friends' War Victims' Relief Committee records

Finding aid prepared by Jessica Lemieux
Hoover Institution Library and Archives
© 2008
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA 94305-6003
hoover-library-archives@stanford.edu


Title: Friends' War Victims' Relief Committee records
Date (inclusive): 1914-1923
Collection Number: XX333
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 2 manuscript boxes (0.8 Linear Feet)
Abstract: Reports, correspondence, descriptive accounts, and meeting minutes relating to work conducted by the Friends' War Victims' Relief Committee during World War I and in its aftermath. Includes documentation of Quaker relief and rebuilding efforts in France, Germany, Austria, Holland, Hungary, and Poland.
Creator: Friends' War Victims' Relief Committee (London, England)
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives

Access

The collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.

Use

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Friends' War Victims' Relief Committee records, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

Historical Note

The Friends' War Victims' Relief Committee was originally established by the London Yearly Meeting in 1870 to assist civilian towns damaged by the Franco-Prussian War. This Quaker relief effort is particularly notable because it established a policy of no discrimination between the sides in war. Prior to World War I, War Victims' Relief Committees were revived in Eastern Europe (1876) and in the Balkans (1912). As World War I broke out, the War Victims' Relief Committee was reestablished to undertake relief work and post-war reconstruction. The work began in the Marne district of France and expanded to include the Netherlands, Russia, Germany, Austria, and Poland. Following America's entry into the war, the American Friends Service Committee became involved with the War Victims' Relief Committee as well. The relief work of the Friends War Victims' Relief Committee was cited by Gunnar Jahn, Chairman of the Nobel Committee, as he gave the presentation speech for the 1947 Nobel Peace Prize to the Friends Service Council and the American Friends Service Committee.

Scope and Content Note

Reports, correspondence, descriptive accounts, and meeting minutes relating to work conducted by the Friends' War Victims' Relief Committee during World War I and in its aftermath. Includes documentation of Quaker relief and rebuilding efforts in France, Germany, Austria, Holland, Hungary, and Poland.
The Society of Friends War Victims Relief Committee worked throughout World War I to reduce the impact of the fighting on the civilian population, and helped both the Allied and the Central powers recover after the war was over. The Committee's work included providing food and clothing, establishing orphanages and hospitals, combating typhus and tuberculosis, encouraging agriculture and manufacturing, improving prison conditions, and rebuilding destroyed homes. The collection is arranged alphabetically by country receiving aid.

Arrangement

The collection is organized into 5 series: Austria-Hungary, 1919-1921; France, 1914-1920; Germany, 1919-1923; Holland, 1915-1918; and Poland, 1916-1923. The original arrangement by country was maintained, reflecting the local nature of work done by the War Victims' Relief Committee. The files describing work done in Holland were separated from those describing Austria-Hungary, since the aid provided was different in each country. Within each series, folder titles and arrangement were imposed during processing due to the absence of a useable original order.

Related Material

Emergency and War Victims Relief Committee publications, Hoover Institution Library

Subjects and Indexing Terms

World War, 1914-1918 -- Poland
World War, 1914-1918 -- Civilian relief
World War, 1914-1918 -- Austria
International relief
World War, 1914-1918 -- France
World War, 1914-1918 -- Germany
World War, 1914-1918 -- Hungary
Society of Friends

box 1, folder 1-6

Austria-Hungary 1919-1921.

Physical Description: 0.2 Linear Feet

Scope and Contents note

Consists of correspondence, reports, and descriptive accounts of the conditions and relief work in Austria and Hungary after World War I. In addition to information about agriculture, prisons, clothing distribution and hospitals, includes detailed descriptions of the plight of hungry Viennese children and students.

Arrangement note

Arranged alphabetically by physical form.
box 1, folder 1

Correspondence 1919-1920

box 1, folder 2

Descriptive accounts 1920

box 1, folder 3

Descriptive accounts 1921

box 1, folder 4

Descriptive accounts undated

box 1, folder 5

Reports 1919-1920

box 1, folder 6

Reports 1920-1921

 

France 1914-1920.

Physical Description: 0.4 Linear Feet

Scope and Contents note

Contains reports, correspondence, descriptive accounts, and meeting minutes. Comprises the bulk of the collection, including detailed reports of work accomplished. Depicts civilian life in the Marne district and along the Western Front, and documents medical, agricultural, manufacturing, and food assistance.

Arrangement note

Arranged alphabetically by physical form.
box 1, folder 7

Articles and descriptive accounts 1915-1919

box 1, folder 8

Correspondence 1914-1918

box 1, folder 9

Minutes 1915-1917

box 1, folder 10

Minutes 1918-1920

box 1, folder 11

General reports 1914-1915

box 1, folder 12

General reports 1915

box 1, folder 13

General reports 1916-1918

box 2, folder 1

Agricultural reports 1915-1918

box 2, folder 2

Agricultural reports 1918-1919

box 2, folder 3

Building reports 1916-1918

box 2, folder 4

Manufacturing reports 1918

box 2, folder 5

Medical reports 1916-1918

box 2, folder 6-9

Germany 1919-1923.

Physical Description: 0.1 Linear Feet

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence, reports, and descriptive accounts of postwar conditions in Germany. Focuses on starvation conditions, tuberculosis, and education. Discusses devaluation of the German currency.

Arrangement note

Arranged alphabetically by physical form.
box 2, folder 6

Correspondence 1919-1921

box 2, folder 7

Descriptive accounts and reports 1919-1920

box 2, folder 8

Descriptive accounts and reports 1921-1923

box 2, folder 9

Descriptive accounts and reports undated

box 2, folder 10

Holland 1915-1918.

Physical Description: 0.02 Linear Feet

Scope and Contents note

Reports documenting conditions in Holland for Belgian refugees during the war. Describes camp organization and providing work for the refugees.

Arrangement note

Arranged alphabetically by physical form.
box 2, folder 10

Reports 1915-1918

box 2, folder 11-14

Poland 1916-1923.

Physical Description: 0.08 Linear Feet

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, reports, and descriptive accounts discussing reconstructing agriculture and homes, food programs, and preventing typhus. Also includes brief descriptions of relief work in East Galicia, West Ukraine, and Serbia.

Arrangement note

Arranged alphabetically by physical form.
box 2, folder 11

Correspondence 1919-1923

box 2, folder 12

Descriptive accounts 1918-1923

box 2, folder 13

Descriptive accounts undated

box 2, folder 14

Reports 1916-1920