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Whitlock (Brand) papers
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  • Use
  • Acquisition Information
  • Preferred Citation
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Title: Brand Whitlock papers
    Date (inclusive): 1913-1934
    Collection Number: 53011
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
    Language of Material: English, French, and Flemish
    Physical Description: 9 manuscript boxes, 4 oversize boxes, 1 oversize folder (11.0 Linear Feet)
    Abstract: Writings, diaries, scrapbooks, drawings, printed matter, and photographs relating to Belgian-American relations during World War I, the work of the Commission for Relief in Belgium, and the writings of Brand Whitlock.
    Creator: Whitlock, Brand, 1869-1934
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives


    The collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.


    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 1953.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Brand Whitlock papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Biographical Note

    Brand Whitlock was an American author, politician, diplomat, and ambassador to Belgium from 1913 to 1922. After serving as mayor of Toledo, Ohio from 1906 to 1913, Whitlock was appointed ambassador to Belgium by President Woodrow Wilson in 1913. In 1914, Whitlock's diplomatic duties increased significantly when the outbreak of the First World War and subsequent German occupation of Belgium put him in charge of various relief efforts for Belgian citizens. Whitlock's efforts to ensure that food sent by the Committee for Relief in Belgium went directly to Belgian citizens and not German forces, as well as his frequent appeals to German military authorities on behalf of condemned prisoners in Belgium, earned him the nickname Le Ministre Protecteur. In addition to his diplomatic and political efforts, Whitlock published several novels, biographies, articles, and short essays.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The Brand Whitlock papers consist of writings, diaries, photographs, albums, scrapbooks, drawings, illustrations, and printed matter relating to Belgian-American relations during World War I, the work of the Commission for Relief in Belgium, and the numerous writings of Brand Whitlock. Several of the writings in the collection appear to be unpublished.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    World War, 1914-1918 -- Civilian relief
    Diplomats -- United States
    International relief
    American literature
    World War, 1914-1918 -- Belgium
    Belgium -- History -- German occupation, 1914-1918
    Belgium -- Foreign relations -- United States
    United States -- Foreign relations -- Belgium
    Commission for Relief in Belgium (1914-1930)