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Finding Aid to Caroline Schulz Service Papers, 1919-1997
BANC MSS 99/237 cz  
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Collection Details
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  • Collection Summary
  • Information for Researchers
  • Administrative Information
  • Biography

  • Collection Summary

    Collection Title: Caroline Schulz Service Papers
    Date (inclusive): 1919-1997
    Collection Number: BANC MSS 99/237 cz
    Creator: Service, Caroline Schulz
    Extent: 5 boxes 2 oversize folders 2.4 linear feet
    Repository: The Bancroft Library
    University of California, Berkeley
    Berkeley, CA 94720-6000
    Phone: (510) 642-6481
    Fax: (510) 642-7589
    Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
    URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
    Abstract: Contains correspondence between Caroline Schultz Service and family and friends, as well as writings and personal papers.
    Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English
    Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

    Information for Researchers

    Access Information

    Collection is open for research.

    Conditions of Use

    Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the appropriate curator or the Head of Public Services for forwarding. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Caroline Schulz Service Papers, BANC MSS 99/237 cz, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley

    Related Material

    Caroline Schulz Service: State Department Duty in China, the McCarthy era, and after, 1933 1977, oral history transcript, BANC MSS 79/82 c Caroline Service Letters to Lisa Green, BANC MSS 99/81 cz
    John Service Papers, BANC MSS 87/21 cz John S. Service: State Department Duty in China, the McCarthy Era, and after, 1933 1977, oral history transcript, BANC MSS 82/106 c
    Grace Service Papers, BANC MSS 87/22 cz

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog
    Service, Caroline Schulz, 1909-1997 -- Archives
    Service, John S. (John Stewart), 1909-1999
    Service Family
    United States. Foreign Service -- Officials and employees
    Diplomats' spouses
    Service, Caroline
    China -- Description and travel

    Administrative Information

    The Caroline Schulz Service Papers were given to The Bancroft Library by John S. Service in July 1998; additions made by Robert E. Service on February 24, 1999.


    Caroline Edward Service was born November 30, 1909, in Kansas City, Missouri, the third daughter of Col. Edward Hugh Schulz and his wife, Katherine Muhleman Schulz. Her father was a career army officer who had graduated first in his class from West Point in 1895 and went on to a career in the Engineers Corp, retiring from the Presidio in San Francisco in 1938.
    Caroline attended Oberlin College, receiving a B.A. in 1931. There she met John Stewart Service, known as Jack. They were married in Haiphong, French Indo-China in 1933, en route to Service’s first assignment at the Consulate in Kunming. A daughter, Virginia, was born there, and a son, Robert, when they moved to Beijing. Following a tour of duty in Shanghai, Caroline and the two children were repatriated to the United States in late 1940 and spent the war years in Berkeley, Calif., with Caroline’s parents. Following the birth of their third child, Philip, in 1945, the Services served two years in New Zealand. While there, Caroline became a good friend with Lisa Green, wife of Marshall Green. They corresponded almost continually for the next 50 years.
    In 1950/51, Caroline and the children spent a year in New Delhi waiting for Jack to join them. He had been caught up in the McCarthy-inspired purges of government officials and was fired from the State Department in December 1951. The Services moved to New York for five years where Jack worked for a steam trap company and Caroline contributed to family finances by working in a jewelry store. In 1957 the U.S. Supreme Court ordered Service reinstated. Their last post was in Liverpool, England.
    In 1962, the Services returned to California. They lived for many years in north Berkeley, before moving to a retirement home in Oakland in 1986. Caroline accompanied her husband on four trips to China beginning in 1971, and wrote a few articles. She was also an amateur poet. Caroline Service died in 1997.
    Written by son, Robert E. Service, 10 February 2002.

    Scope and Content Note

    The Caroline Schulz Service Papers, 1919-1997, consist of correspondence with family and friends, writings, and a small amount of personal papers. The bulk of letters are from Jack, her husband, including some early correspondence written while he was in China before their marriage. Also of interest is some early correspondence from Caroline to her family regarding her life in China upon first settling there with Jack, as well as subsequent family developments and events. The bulk of Caroline’s correspondence with friends was written after the Services had resettled in the San Francisco Bay Area in the 1970s, but also includes a small amount of her frequent correspondence later in life with several newspaper and journal editors concerning various issues and concerns. Caroline’s writings consist of articles, editorials, poetry, and personal trip journals. These often incorporated her personal experiences in China as well as revealed her political and humanistic concerns.