Papers belonging to American physicians, scientists, and planters, Dr. Rush Nutt and his son Dr. Haller Nutt.
Dr. Rush Nutt, planter, physician, enslaver, and scientist of Jefferson County, Mississippi. A native of Virginia, he studied
medicine at the University of Pennsylvania under Dr. Benjamin Rush. (He changed his first name from Rushworth to Rush in honor
of his teacher.) In 1805, he moved West, settling on a large plantation, Laurel Hill, near Rodney, Mississippi. He taught
and practiced medicine and was one of the founders of the Agricultural and Mechanical College in Alcorn, Mississippi. Dr.
Nutt was particularly interested in scientific principles and methods of agriculture. He was known for the development of
a new brand of cottonseed. He was married to Eliza Ker, daughter of Judge David Ker. His son, Dr. Haller Nutt (1816-1865),
was also a planter, physician, enslaver, and scientist. Having received his medical degree at the University of Louisville,
joined his father in the management of the plantations. Together with his father, he also worked in the improvement of the
cotton gin, use of various fertilizers, and selection of cottonseed. He inherited his father's plantations in Tensas Parish,
Louisiana, and Laurel Hill, and later purchased several other plantations in Mississippi and Louisiana. In 1840, he married
Julia Augusta Williams of Ashburn in Natchez, Mississippi. He served as justice of the peace and the president of the Police
Jury in Tensas Parish, Louisiana. In 1860, he began the construction of his mansion Longwood in Natchez, an octagonal building
designed by the Philadelphia architect Samuel Sloan. Also in 1860, Dr. Haller Nutt's listed property included over 800 enslaved
people. A Union sympathizer, Dr. Nutt suffered losses during the American Civil War. After his death, his widow filed a lawsuit
against the Federal government to recover some of the damages.
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